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Sudan: Now or Never in Darfur

A month after the international community solemnly marked the tenth anniversary of the Rwandan genocide in April 2004 with promises of "never again", it faces a man-made humanitarian catastrophe in western Sudan (Darfur) that can easily become nearl…

Decision Time in Zimbabwe

Change is in the air in Zimbabwe. Its citizens no longer talk about whether it will come, but rather when. All acknowledge, however, that the road will be dangerous, possibly violent. South Africa is the single country with ability to help its neigh…

Zimbabwe: At The Crossroads

Zimbabwe's 24-25 June 2000 parliamentary election resulted in President Robert Mugabe's ruling ZANU (PF) party retaining power. However, the nine month old opposition party, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), made an impressive showing, winni…

Zimbabwe: The Politics of National Liberation and International Division

Despite the rising humanitarian costs of the crisis in Zimbabwe, the international community remains deeply divided about its response, allowing President Mugabe to believe that he can exploit the policy fissure between - broadly - the West and Afri…

Zimbabwe's Election: The Stakes for Southern Africa

Since the intensification of Zimbabwe's political, economic and humanitarian crisis following defeat of a government-sponsored constitution in a national referendum nearly two years ago, the International Crisis Group (ICG) has documented the escala…

Rebuilding Liberia: Prospects and Perils

Liberia is a collapsed state that has become in effect a UN protectorate. Whether its political and economic reconstruction can begin depends on how quickly security spreads throughout the country. Squabbles over jobs by leaders of the armed faction…

Can the Somali Crisis Be Contained?

Somalia has been drifting toward a new war since the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) was formed in late 2004 but the trend has recently accelerated dramatically. The stand-off between the TFG and its Ethiopian ally on the one hand, and the…

Zimbabwe: A Regional Solution?

Six months before scheduled elections, Zimbabwe is closer than ever to complete collapse. Inflation is between 7,600 per cent (government figures) and 13,000 per cent (independent estimates). Four out of five of the country’s twelve million people l…

Chad: Powder Keg in the East

Excerpt: "Large-scale internal displacement and a massive influx of Sudanese refugees have upset eastern Chad’s demographic balance and intensified the struggle for resources. Both the Chadian government and rebel groups have armed their supporters,…

South West Africa and the United Nations: South African letter addressed to the U. N Secretary-General on 27 January 1976

"This paper contains the full text of a letter, dated 27 January, 1976 addressed to the Secretary-General of the United Nations' by the Permanent Representative of South Africa to the United Nations, Ambassador R.F. Botha. There can be no doubt that…

Southern Africa and the UN

This Southern Africa Record contains the following texts:Southern Africa and the UN: Memorandum of Understanding dated 29 November 1991; The Question of South Africa: Report of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, 15 and 16 July 1992; Resolu…

Synopsis Policy Studies Bulletin of CPS Vol 10 No 3, August 2009

"The four papers contained in this edition of Synopsis provide insightful and compelling perspectives on different aspects of xenophia and migration and therefore bring much needed attention and contribute to ongoing public policy debates on the cha…

A Strategic Conflict Assessment of Zambia

"The purpose of this study on Zambia is to present an overview of current trends, risks and opportunities for conflict mitigation. The study highlights potential areas of concern, and will conclude with recommendations to guide strategy aimed at mit…

Wading Through a Domestic Political Crisis in a Turbulent Region

"This paper highlights the structural causes of conflict in Chad, and argues that the success of any external intervention in the region will depend on the capacity of the international community to look beyond the narrow lens of the Darfur question…

Lesotho's troubled road

This brief reports describes the reasons and consequences of the coup d’etat in Lesotho on 20 January this year. The government of Prime Minister Leabua Jonathan and his ruling party faced two interrelated problems before the coup: waning domestic s…

“We Can’t Eat the Constitution” Transformation and the Socio-Economic Reconstruction of Burundi

"The Republic of Burundi is poised at the helm of a new chapter in its history following the end of a decade of civil war and ethnic division. The country’s astounding progress on the political level has raised expectations that the upcoming democr…

A Mixed Reception Mozambican and Congolese Refugees in South Africa

"This monograph reviews existing literature on two episodes of forced migration to South Africa. The first is the flight and reception of between 250,000 and 350,000 Mozambicans during that country’s civil war in the 1980s. The second is an influx o…

An Evaluation of the Post Savimbi Peace Process in Angola since February 2002 : The Victor's Peace Treaty

"The war in Angola had culminated in the suspension of political life, the exclusive focus of the economy towards the war effort, and the subordination of the human rights and security of ordinary people. After Savimbi’s untimely death in February, …

Peacekeeping in the DRC MONUC and the Road to Peace

"The aim of this monograph is to enhance understanding of the complex array of actors and actions that underpin the current Congolese ‘peace process’ — from the key protagonists and their interests in the DRC, to the deployment of MONUC, and attempt…

Refugee Camp Security in West Africa: An ECOWAS Priority?

"The aim of this paper is to highlight the negative effects that the lack of security in refugee camps in West Africa can have on individuals and society as a whole, and to suggest measures to address the security gap. This is done by outlining the …

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