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A Tale of Two Continents: Comparing Migration Experiences in South Africa and Germany

South Africa and Germany are continents apart and are also very different economically, yet they both dominate their respective regions. As a result, they are attractive destinations for all kinds of migrants, including refugees, asylum seekers and …

The 1969 OAU Refugee Convention at 50

This report aims to contribute to the African Union’s (AU) Year of Refugees, Returnees and Internally Displaced Persons, which in part marks the 50th anniversary of the adoption of the 1969 Organization of African Unity (OAU) Convention Governing th…

Is the Global Compact on Refugees fit for Africa's Purposes?

The Global Compact for Refugees (GCR) advocates a ‘whole of society’ approach to resolving and managing the forced displacement ‘crisis’ by setting out specific targets, objectives and pathways for UN member states to follow. Its novelty lies in the…

Africa & Europe: Different Demographic Trends Seeds for a Smart Partnership

In Africa’s impending demographic dividend and the looming threat posed by Europe’s aging, lie the seeds of an agenda with the possibilities to generate win-wins for both continents. Might Europe’s future labor market requirements hold the key for…

Complementarity: The Global Compact on Refugees and 1969 OAU Refugee Convention

This policy brief highlights three areas where the Global Compact on Refugees (GCR) can support the implementation of the 1969 Organization of African Unity Refugee Convention. These are: enhancing African solidarity and international cooperation;…

Return and (Re)Integration in Fragile Contexts: The Experiences of Somali Returnees

Given the increasing number of people returning to Somalia and the political, social and economic consequences thereof, the reintegration of these Somali refugees, rejected asylum seekers, deportees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) becomes an…

Half of South Africans would Refuse Asylum, bar Foreign Workers, Place Refugees in Camps

Every few years, since 2008, South Africa is rocked by xenophobic violence. Houses are burnt, shops are looted, and people are killed, injured, or forced out of their homes and communities. This violence usually erupts under the pretext that foreign…

Refugees Facing COVID-19: A Double Burden

The worldwide spread of the Covid-19 pandemic has had a severe human impact, mainly in the United States and Europe. For the time being, Africa seems to be less affected, based on the relatively small number of infected people and deaths. Several ex…

Les Réfugiés face au Covid-19: La Double Peine / Refugees Facing COVID-19: A Double Burden

The worldwide spread of the Covid-19 pandemic has had a severe human impact, mainly in the United States and Europe. For the time being, Africa seems to be less affected, based on the relatively small number of infected people and deaths. Several ex…

Problematizing the Foreign Shop: Justifications for Restricting the Migrant Spaza Sector in South Africa

Small businesses owned by international migrants and refugees are often the target of xenophobic hostility and attack in South Africa. This has led various governance actors including the police, government ministers and provincial premiers to call…

Promises and Challenges of Ethiopia’s Refugee Policy Reform

Ethiopia’s implementation of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework is central to expanding refugees’ socio-economic opportunities. This is a major policy change. For decades, the country’s policy required most refugees to live in camps with…

Ethiopia’s Refugee response: Focus on Socio-Economic Integration and Self-Reliance

Implementation of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework represents a major shift in Ethiopia’s refugee policy. Refugees living in camps will benefit from paid employment. Those in protracted situations will have opportunities to integrate loc…

Investing in “Migrant” Human Capital

This Policy Brief offers a new perspective on African migration to Europe, by proposing to invest in the economic and human capital represented by African migrants. This would require professional training of candidates wanting to migrate, mainly th…

Investir dans le capital humain ‘’migrant’’ / Investing in “Migrant” Human Capital

This Policy Brief offers a new perspective on African migration to Europe, by proposing to invest in the economic and human capital represented by African migrants. This would require professional training of candidates wanting to migrate, mainly th…

Nobody came to ask us: South Sudanese refugee perceptions of the peace process

Refugees are one of the most affected yet least consulted groups when it comes to issues of peace and conflict in South Sudan. This report attempts to address that gap by presenting findings of refugee interviews in Ethiopia and Uganda. Understandin…

Peace and Security Council Report No.110

The first article in this report is titled: With four new members, is the PSC at a crossroads? On 7 February 2019, at its 34th Ordinary Session, the Executive Council of the African Union (AU) elected four new members to the Peace and Security Coun…

Role of refugees in South Sudan’s peace process

Refugees tend to be more accommodating of ethnic differences, which makes them good agents for peacebuilding.

Living at the edge of the world: Stories of Sahrawi refugees

Western Sahara is a territory located in North-Western Africa, bordering Morocco, Algeria and Mauritania. The Territory was under Spanish administration until 1963, when the decolonisation process of Western Sahara began. That same year, it was adde…

Unaccompanied and afraid in Egypt

At 14, Abdulrahman Ali* was persistently pursued by Al-Shabaab recruiters in Mogadishu to become a child soldier. He never considered it: he ignored their text messages and rarely left his uncle’s house. He felt safe for a while living in a section …

IN DEPTH: Unpacking Ethiopia's revised refugee law

Ethiopia's parliament adopted a revised refugee law on 17 January 2019, which the United Nations (UN) has hailed as one of the most progressive refugee laws on the continent. It replaces the country's 2004 Refugee Proclamation, and grants the countr…

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