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Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 28 No. 5 September-October 2016

This issue of HAB, "A year after Valetta: What has changed?" focuses on the large volume of people migrating from the Middle East and Africa - fleeing conflict or poverty and heading to Europe. This issue coincides with the one-year anniversary of…

The Khartoum Process A Sustainable Response to Human Smuggling and Trafficking?

With the "migration crisis", in 2012 - 2015, citizens from the Horn of Africa have been arriving irregularly in Europe in unprecedented numbers, whilst featuring disproportionately amongst the fatalities. This has prompted the launch of the Khartoum…

From Conflict to Illicit: Mapping the Diamond Trade from Central African Republic to Cameroon

The smuggling of diamonds is investigated in this report, specifically from the Central African Republic into Cameroon. The focus is also on the impact that this illicit trade has on Cameroon’s internal controls as well as the broader integrity of t…

Europe in North Africa: Fighting Short-Termism

The stability, security and prosperity of both Europe and North Africa are inextricably linked and both regions are bound in a strategic relationship. European countries - both individually and collectively (inside and outside the framework of the …

Refugee Entrepreneurial Economies in Urban South Africa

The primary aim of this report is to examine what we call “refugee entrepreneurial economies” in urban South Africa. Within the informal sector, refugee enclaves have often been viewed as stagnant pools of desperation, providing narrow opportunities…

Comparing Refugees and South Africans in the Urban Informal Sector

This report compares the business operations of over 2,000 South Africans and refugees in the urban informal economy and systematically dispels some of the myths that have grown up around their activities. First, the report takes issue with the perc…

Rendering South Africa Undesirable: A Critique of Refugee and Informal Sector Policy

To understand the policy environment within which refugees establish and operate their enterprises in South Africa’s informal sector, this report brings together two streams of policy analysis. The first concerns the changing refugee policies and th…

The APRM and Migration Trends in Africa

Migration is often identified as a last resort for people hoping to improve their standard of living. Favourable global conditions such as the demand for labour in destination countries and a booming international market have, in the past, made it r…

The UN Global Compacts on Migration and Refugees: A New Solution to Migration Management, or More of the Same?

On 22 and 23 May 2017, the UN hosted its second informal thematic session of the Global Compact on Migration. Designed to gather information, the sessions provide an informal setting for sharing experiences among UN member states, together with civi…

Cameroon’s Forceful Repatriation of Nigerian Refugees

Since Boko Haram launched its violent campaign in 2009, its reign of terror has spread well beyond Nigeria. It has asserted itself as a regional threat through a growing number of attacks and displaced people throughout the Lake Chad Basin (which co…

How Boko Haram Specifically Targets Displaced People

Since 2009, Boko Haram has proven to be a highly adaptable foe, routinely realigning its tactics to suit changing circumstances. In recent years, this has increasingly involved focusing on soft targets, including displaced people (both refugees an…

Migrant Smuggling Paths from the Horn of Africa to Yemen and Saudi Arabia

This report examines the smuggling networks facilitating irregular migration from the Horn of Africa to countries in the Arabian Peninsula, also referred to as the Gulf. In addition to analysing the structure and modus operandi of migrant smugglin…

Migration Policy Frameworks in Africa

There are various migration policy frameworks and regimes on the African continent. These include policies developed by the African Union (AU) and the various regional economic communities, as well as those adopted by the AU in agreement with the E…

"Home at last?" Land Conflicts in Burundi and the Right of Victims to Reparations

"This Policy Brief will assess whether reparations as a form of redress for historical injustice can be utilised to address the grievances of Burundian victims of land expropriation. The Policy Brief begins by describing the legacy of conflict and t…

Citizens Perception on Migration in South Africa

This bulletin gives insight into the feelings of South Africans with regard to migrants. It gives a perception of how migrants will be accepted into the workplace and neighbourhoods. It also looks at the extent to which migrants will be welcomed as…

Xenophobic Violence in South Africa: Denialism, Minimalism, Realism

"Violent xenophobia has become a regular feature of South African life. Everyday animosity frequently spills over into violence against individual migrants and refugees and their economic enterprises. Some of these incidents reach the scrutiny of th…

Survive and Advance The Economics of Smuggling Refugees and Migrants into Europe

An unprecedented number of refugees and migrants have been driven to Europe due to violent conflicts, terrorism, long-standing repressive regimes, chronic poverty and inequality. Those making the journey are assisted by an increasingly violent and o…

Lecture du Compte-Rendu Onusien de l’entretien entre Ban Ki-moon et Salaheddine Mezouar / Interpretation of the UN Report of the Meeting between Ban Ki-moon and Salaheddine Mezouar

On 14th March 2016, Morocco accused the United Nations chief Ban Ki-moon of speaking out of turn during a visit to restart talks between Rabat and the Algeria-backed Polisario Front on the disputed area of Western Sahara. The Moroccan government not…

When refugees cannot return home: A conflict conundrum in Africa’s Great Lakes region

"The large number of refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the Great Lakes region poses immense challenges to peacebuilding processes within the countries affected, as well as in that entire conflict system. An influx of refugees impac…

Angolan refugees in Zambia: Reflecting on local integration as a sustainable solution

"Local integration continues to be an important option in the basket of comprehensive strategies to achieve long-term solutions to refugee crises, particularly those caused by protracted conflicts. While many refugees may voluntarily repatriate to …

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