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Building Effective Drinking Water Management Policies in Rural Africa: Lessons from Northern Uganda

"While the need to provide clean drinking water is widely recognized as a priority in rural Sub-Saharan Africa, there is a lack of specific data on water quality to build effective drinking water management policies. This discussion paper describes …

Ill-health and Labour Market Outcomes in Uganda

"The role health plays in reducing poverty and economic development particularly in developing countries is undisputable in the economic literature. Health of the population is a key factor for labor productivity, poverty reduction and overall econo…

Explaining the Health Status of Children in Sierra Leone: Parental Socioeconomic Status and Demand for Health Inputs

"In most developing countries, maternal and child health issues have received considerable attention in public health policies and pose formidable challenges. Several studies provide evidence of a strong relationship between socioeconomic factors s…

Determinants of Child and Maternal Health Status and Demand for Health Care Services in Nigeria

" Key findings for this policy brief is:Improving mother’s educational status, reducing food prices and residing in the urban sector are important factors for improving demand for health input such as immunization. Demand for place of delivery with …

The Effects of Socioeconomic Status and Health Insurance on the Demand for Prenatal and Postnatal Health Care in Ghana

"Ghana is committed to achieving Millennium Development Goals (MDG) 4 and 5, which aim to reduce child and maternal deaths by 2015. This commitment is manifested in the way prenatal and postnatal health care services are being made accessible to wo…

Health Care Reform in the US and in South Africa: Does New Policy Cure the Disease or Merely Alleviate the Symptoms?

"Both South Africa and the United States (US) have proposed and implemented extensive health care reform in their respective countries within the last two years. For the US, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) was meant to overha…

What Factors Influence Health Policy Entrepreneurs in West Africa?

"This paper investigates the agenda-setting criteria used by policy entrepreneurs directly involved in the implementation of user-fee abolition or reduction policies for maternal care services in Africa. The study uses an experimental technique, bes…

The Impact of Irrigation on Nutrition, Health and Gender: A Review Paper with Insights for Africa south of the Sahara

"Agriculture in Africa south of the Sahara (SSA) is still largely rainfed. SSA also exhibits the lowest crop yields for major staples in the world, largely due to low use of irrigation and fertilizer. Rainfed agriculture poses growing production ris…

Farmers’ Health Status, Agricultural Efficiency, and Poverty in Rural Ethiopia: A Stochastic Production Frontier Approach

"The stochastic frontier production function is used to estimate agricultural efficiency index. Then, controlling for household characteristics and other exogenous variables, the efficiency index is regressed on the probability of being sick. Estim…

Distribution Impact of Public Spending in Cameroon: The Case of Health Care

"The study assessed Cameroonians’ participation in public health care services in order to grasp the distributional effects of those services. Three specific objectives are specified: determine the extent to which public spending on health care may …

Evaluating the Impact of Health Programmes

"This paper has two broad objectives. The first objective is broadly methodological and deals with some of the more pertinent estimation issues one should be aware of when studying the impact of health status on economic outcomes. We discuss some al…

Health Seeking Behaviour in the Reform Process for Rural Households: The Case of Mwea Division, Kirinyaga District, Kenya

"Cost sharing resulted in a drop in the use of public health facilities in Kenya. But, these facilities continued to take a high priority among the other alternatives when sickness befell. Shifts across the facilities indicated a search for health s…

Household and Provider Behaviour in the Health Sector in Africa: What has been Learned from Program Evaluations?

"This paper reports on what has been learned about these issues in the African context through (primarily) evaluations of health interventions. The focus, as in many surveys of research, is broadly speaking on ‘what works’ (or does not work). Howeve…

Impact Evaluation of Service Delivery Programs: Methods and Concepts for Impact Assessments in Basic Education, Health, Water and Sanitation

"This paper is an introduction and, to some extent, a practical guide for researchers and practitioners interested in impact evaluation in education, health, water and sanitation. However,since the methods and concepts dealt with in this paper do n…

Poverty and the Anthropometric Status of Children: A Comparative Analysis of Rural and Urban Households in Togo

"The aim of this study is thus to model and estimate the determinants of child malnutrition in Togo according to their area of residence. Specifically, the study measures and analyses the nutritional status of children, and assesses the impact of t…

Poverty Reduction Initiatives in Tanzania The State of the Arts, Challenges and Prospects

"A total of eighteen papers were presented during the two-day workshop. The papers presented during the workshop were essentially focused on the persistent problem of poverty in Tanzania with the aim of examining poverty reduction initiatives in Tan…

Services Delivery Reforms in Africa: A Review of Initiatives and Outcomes

"This paper has addressed the questions of public service delivery in Africa by focusing on the education, health, water and sanitation sectors. It has reviewed some of the reforms implemented in Africa to enhance service delivery. It has also discu…

Service Delivery Indicators: Pilot in Education and Health Care in Africa

"The Service Delivery Indicators ("the Indicators") provide a set of metrics for benchmarking service delivery performance in education and health in Africa to track progress across and within countries over time. The Indicators seek to enhance ac…

Tuberculosis and Drug Resistant Tuberculosis in South Africa

"The emergence of drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) in South Africa represents a unique policy challenge primarily because of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Current TB management needs strengthening to deal with drug-resistant TB while, at the same time, new…

Africa's Tsunami: Turning the Tide on Aids

"According to UNAIDS' most recent epidemic update, sub-Saharan Africa has just over 10% of the world's population, but more than 60% of all people living with HIV/Aids. The three case studies in this book look at the history of national Aids contro…

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