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Patients Without Borders : Medical Tourism and Medical Migration in Southern Africa

"Medical tourism has become a major focus of research and policy interest in the Global South in recent years. Much of the discussion focuses on the motives and impact of Europeans and North Americans who travel to developing countries for lower c...

Institutional Analysis of Nutrition in Tanzania

"This special paper provides a summary of the situation of nutrition in Tanzania, and an institutional analysis of the principal actors in nutrition nationally and locally. The paper argues the need to focus on prevention on malnutrition by protec...

Service Delivery in Tanzania: Findings from Six Councils 2000-2003

"This report analyses data on service delivery and poverty alleviation from 2000 to 2003. The emphasis is on describing the situation at a certain point in time, in line with a baseline approach. However, much of the description is based on citize...

Children and Vulnerability in Tanzania : A Brief Synthesis

"The intention of this paper is to highlight the key issues of children and vulnerability in Tanzania. This study underscores the importance of understanding local and circumstantial factors which determine the extent to which communities, househo...

Coping Strategies Used by Street Children in the Event of Illness

"This study examined the health seeking behaviours of street children in three municipal districts of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. The research was carried out in October 2005 and involved 272 street children, aged 10 to 18 years of age. Findings reve...

Reproductive Health Issues and Women in Ghana: The 'Double Burden' of Undernutrition and Overnutrition Disease in Ghana

"A change in Ghanaian lifestyles and consumption patterns is contributing to rising levels of obesity and chronic non-communicable diseases. Ghana now suffers from both undernutrition and overnutrition. Although the government of Ghana has made s...

Is the Community Health Fund Better Than User Fees for Financing Public Health Care?

"Local institutions have huge potential for improving public health services if they can effectively manage the local delivery process and mobilize community contributions to complement the resources they receive from the government. Where council...

Increasing the Uptake of HIV Testing in Maternal Health in Malawi

"This study has explored why some women presenting in labour wards with unknown HIV status do not receive HTC at an ANC or do not accept HTC either during or after labour. Several contributing factors were found. The main system-related barriers t...

Tuberculosis and Drug Resistant Tuberculosis in South Africa

"The emergence of drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) in South Africa represents a unique policy challenge primarily because of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Current TB management needs strengthening to deal with drug-resistant TB while, at the same time, n...

Social determinants of health for Uganda's indigenous Batwa population

"Uganda’s Indigenous Batwa people are among the most vulnerable populations in the world and have limited access to key social determinants of health, including health care, education, clean water, employment and adequate clothing, food, and secu...

Africa's Tsunami: Turning the Tide on Aids

"According to UNAIDS' most recent epidemic update, sub-Saharan Africa has just over 10% of the world's population, but more than 60% of all people living with HIV/Aids. The three case studies in this book look at the history of national Aids cont...

Climate Change in Africa: Adaptation, Mitigation and Governance Challenges

"The hardest hit region has benefited least from the international climate change regime because previous and current global climate change agreements have had little relevance to Africa. The next climate change negotiations will take place in Co...

Financing National Health Insurance in Ghana

"Like many other countries in Africa, Ghana spent much of the 1980s and 1990s paying off debt and enacting austerity measures designed to shore up its economy. The country’s health sector noticeably suffered under the economic cutbacks, resulti...

Medical Xenophobia: Zimbabwean Access to Health Services in South Africa

"Hostility towards migrants and refugees makes South Africa one of the most migrant-unfriendly countries in the world. In May 2008, the country was rocked by violent attacks on the lives and property of Africans from other parts of the continent. ...

Nursing the Future: e-Learning and Clinical Care, in Kenya

"The Policy Voices Series examines the policy implications arising from the experience of innovators in Africa. This paper considers the work of an organisation, chronicling what must be the ultimate test of any distance-learning programme: to ac...

Health Challenges Threaten Gains in Universal Primary Education in Sub-Saharan Africa

"In recent years, Sub-Saharan Africa has recorded strong progress in universal primary education for children. The population of school-age children has increased by 20 million and the size of the out-of-school child population has been reduced ...

The economic problems and policies of South Africa's neighbouring black African states

"Westerners tend to assume that the newly independent states of Africa are somehow, morally bound to make economic development their first and foremost priority. However, to Africans, no less than to other people, independence means to be master ...

Evaluating the Impact of Health Programmes

"This paper has two broad objectives. The first objective is broadly methodological and deals with some of the more pertinent estimation issues one should be aware of when studying the impact of health status on economic outcomes. We discuss some ...

Farmers’ Health Status, Agricultural Efficiency, and Poverty in Rural Ethiopia: A Stochastic Production Frontier Approach

"The stochastic frontier production function is used to estimate agricultural efficiency index. Then, controlling for household characteristics and other exogenous variables, the efficiency index is regressed on the probability of being sick. Est...

Poverty and the Anthropometric Status of Children: A Comparative Analysis of Rural and Urban Households in Togo

"The aim of this study is thus to model and estimate the determinants of child malnutrition in Togo according to their area of residence. Specifically, the study measures and analyses the nutritional status of children, and assesses the impact of...

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