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Medical Leave: The Exodus of Health Professionals from Zimbabwe

"Zimbabwe is faced with a growing problem of the emigration of its skilled labour. Health professionals in particular are migrating in search of greener pastures outside the country’s borders. This has negatively affected the quality of health ca...

Migration and Domestic Work in South Africa: Worlds of Work, Health and Mobility in Johannesburg

"South Africa is in the middle of a well-documented HIV/AIDS epidemic. Infection rates were calculated to be 22% of the adult population in 2003. A number of different reasons have been advanced to explain the HIV/AIDS epidemic in South Africa. ...

Medical Xenophobia: Zimbabwean Access to Health Services in South Africa

"Hostility towards migrants and refugees makes South Africa one of the most migrant-unfriendly countries in the world. In May 2008, the country was rocked by violent attacks on the lives and property of Africans from other parts of the continent. ...

Financing National Health Insurance in Ghana

"Like many other countries in Africa, Ghana spent much of the 1980s and 1990s paying off debt and enacting austerity measures designed to shore up its economy. The country’s health sector noticeably suffered under the economic cutbacks, resulti...

Climate Change in Africa: Adaptation, Mitigation and Governance Challenges

"The hardest hit region has benefited least from the international climate change regime because previous and current global climate change agreements have had little relevance to Africa. The next climate change negotiations will take place in Co...

The economic problems and policies of South Africa's neighbouring black African states

"Westerners tend to assume that the newly independent states of Africa are somehow, morally bound to make economic development their first and foremost priority. However, to Africans, no less than to other people, independence means to be master ...

Nursing the Future: e-Learning and Clinical Care, in Kenya

"The Policy Voices Series examines the policy implications arising from the experience of innovators in Africa. This paper considers the work of an organisation, chronicling what must be the ultimate test of any distance-learning programme: to ac...

Health Challenges Threaten Gains in Universal Primary Education in Sub-Saharan Africa

"In recent years, Sub-Saharan Africa has recorded strong progress in universal primary education for children. The population of school-age children has increased by 20 million and the size of the out-of-school child population has been reduced ...

Farmers’ Health Status, Agricultural Efficiency, and Poverty in Rural Ethiopia: A Stochastic Production Frontier Approach

"The stochastic frontier production function is used to estimate agricultural efficiency index. Then, controlling for household characteristics and other exogenous variables, the efficiency index is regressed on the probability of being sick. Est...

Distribution Impact of Public Spending in Cameroon: The Case of Health Care

"The study assessed Cameroonians’ participation in public health care services in order to grasp the distributional effects of those services. Three specific objectives are specified: determine the extent to which public spending on health care ma...

Evaluating the Impact of Health Programmes

"This paper has two broad objectives. The first objective is broadly methodological and deals with some of the more pertinent estimation issues one should be aware of when studying the impact of health status on economic outcomes. We discuss some ...

Health Seeking Behaviour in the Reform Process for Rural Households: The Case of Mwea Division, Kirinyaga District, Kenya

"Cost sharing resulted in a drop in the use of public health facilities in Kenya. But, these facilities continued to take a high priority among the other alternatives when sickness befell. Shifts across the facilities indicated a search for health...

Household and Provider Behaviour in the Health Sector in Africa: What has been Learned from Program Evaluations?

"This paper reports on what has been learned about these issues in the African context through (primarily) evaluations of health interventions. The focus, as in many surveys of research, is broadly speaking on ‘what works’ (or does not work). Howe...

Impact Evaluation of Service Delivery Programs: Methods and Concepts for Impact Assessments in Basic Education, Health, Water and Sanitation

"This paper is an introduction and, to some extent, a practical guide for researchers and practitioners interested in impact evaluation in education, health, water and sanitation. However,since the methods and concepts dealt with in this paper do...

Poverty and the Anthropometric Status of Children: A Comparative Analysis of Rural and Urban Households in Togo

"The aim of this study is thus to model and estimate the determinants of child malnutrition in Togo according to their area of residence. Specifically, the study measures and analyses the nutritional status of children, and assesses the impact of...

Poverty Reduction Initiatives in Tanzania The State of the Arts, Challenges and Prospects

"A total of eighteen papers were presented during the two-day workshop. The papers presented during the workshop were essentially focused on the persistent problem of poverty in Tanzania with the aim of examining poverty reduction initiatives in T...

Services Delivery Reforms in Africa: A Review of Initiatives and Outcomes

"This paper has addressed the questions of public service delivery in Africa by focusing on the education, health, water and sanitation sectors. It has reviewed some of the reforms implemented in Africa to enhance service delivery. It has also dis...

Service Delivery Indicators: Pilot in Education and Health Care in Africa

"The Service Delivery Indicators ("the Indicators") provide a set of metrics for benchmarking service delivery performance in education and health in Africa to track progress across and within countries over time. The Indicators seek to enhance ...

Tuberculosis and Drug Resistant Tuberculosis in South Africa

"The emergence of drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) in South Africa represents a unique policy challenge primarily because of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Current TB management needs strengthening to deal with drug-resistant TB while, at the same time, n...

Africa's Tsunami: Turning the Tide on Aids

"According to UNAIDS' most recent epidemic update, sub-Saharan Africa has just over 10% of the world's population, but more than 60% of all people living with HIV/Aids. The three case studies in this book look at the history of national Aids cont...

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