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Social determinants of health for Uganda's indigenous Batwa population

"Uganda’s Indigenous Batwa people are among the most vulnerable populations in the world and have limited access to key social determinants of health, including health care, education, clean water, employment and adequate clothing, food, and secu...

Institutional Analysis of Nutrition in Tanzania

"This special paper provides a summary of the situation of nutrition in Tanzania, and an institutional analysis of the principal actors in nutrition nationally and locally. The paper argues the need to focus on prevention on malnutrition by protec...

Service Delivery in Tanzania: Findings from Six Councils 2000-2003

"This report analyses data on service delivery and poverty alleviation from 2000 to 2003. The emphasis is on describing the situation at a certain point in time, in line with a baseline approach. However, much of the description is based on citize...

Children and Vulnerability in Tanzania : A Brief Synthesis

"The intention of this paper is to highlight the key issues of children and vulnerability in Tanzania. This study underscores the importance of understanding local and circumstantial factors which determine the extent to which communities, househo...

Coping Strategies Used by Street Children in the Event of Illness

"This study examined the health seeking behaviours of street children in three municipal districts of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. The research was carried out in October 2005 and involved 272 street children, aged 10 to 18 years of age. Findings reve...

Africa's Tsunami: Turning the Tide on Aids

"According to UNAIDS' most recent epidemic update, sub-Saharan Africa has just over 10% of the world's population, but more than 60% of all people living with HIV/Aids. The three case studies in this book look at the history of national Aids cont...

Tuberculosis and Drug Resistant Tuberculosis in South Africa

"The emergence of drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) in South Africa represents a unique policy challenge primarily because of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Current TB management needs strengthening to deal with drug-resistant TB while, at the same time, n...

Political and Social Challenges facing the Reduction of Uganda's Maternal Mortality Rates

"While there has been a recent worldwide decline in maternal mortality rates, mothers in developing countries, like Uganda, continue to face challenges in receiving effective reproductive health care. Uganda’s maternal mortality and morbidity rate...

Equity Implications of Health Sector User Fees in Tanzania.Do we retain the user fee or do we set the user f(r)ee?

"Equity means that everyone should, in practice, and not just in theory, be able to access and use appropriate health services. Health services should not only be for the dominant population group. This implies equitable access and use, given that...

Improving the Mental Health Treatment Gap in Ghana

"Mental health in Ghana, like most other developing countries, is severely under-funded by the national government and international donors. The mental disorder treatment gap (percentage of people with untreated illness) is estimated at 98 percen...

Medical Xenophobia: Zimbabwean Access to Health Services in South Africa

"Hostility towards migrants and refugees makes South Africa one of the most migrant-unfriendly countries in the world. In May 2008, the country was rocked by violent attacks on the lives and property of Africans from other parts of the continent. ...

The economic problems and policies of South Africa's neighbouring black African states

"Westerners tend to assume that the newly independent states of Africa are somehow, morally bound to make economic development their first and foremost priority. However, to Africans, no less than to other people, independence means to be master ...

Climate Change in Africa: Adaptation, Mitigation and Governance Challenges

"The hardest hit region has benefited least from the international climate change regime because previous and current global climate change agreements have had little relevance to Africa. The next climate change negotiations will take place in Co...

Health Seeking Behaviour in the Reform Process for Rural Households: The Case of Mwea Division, Kirinyaga District, Kenya

"Cost sharing resulted in a drop in the use of public health facilities in Kenya. But, these facilities continued to take a high priority among the other alternatives when sickness befell. Shifts across the facilities indicated a search for health...

Household and Provider Behaviour in the Health Sector in Africa: What has been Learned from Program Evaluations?

"This paper reports on what has been learned about these issues in the African context through (primarily) evaluations of health interventions. The focus, as in many surveys of research, is broadly speaking on ‘what works’ (or does not work). Howe...

Impact Evaluation of Service Delivery Programs: Methods and Concepts for Impact Assessments in Basic Education, Health, Water and Sanitation

"This paper is an introduction and, to some extent, a practical guide for researchers and practitioners interested in impact evaluation in education, health, water and sanitation. However,since the methods and concepts dealt with in this paper do...

Poverty and the Anthropometric Status of Children: A Comparative Analysis of Rural and Urban Households in Togo

"The aim of this study is thus to model and estimate the determinants of child malnutrition in Togo according to their area of residence. Specifically, the study measures and analyses the nutritional status of children, and assesses the impact of...

Distribution Impact of Public Spending in Cameroon: The Case of Health Care

"The study assessed Cameroonians’ participation in public health care services in order to grasp the distributional effects of those services. Three specific objectives are specified: determine the extent to which public spending on health care ma...

Evaluating the Impact of Health Programmes

"This paper has two broad objectives. The first objective is broadly methodological and deals with some of the more pertinent estimation issues one should be aware of when studying the impact of health status on economic outcomes. We discuss some ...

Farmers’ Health Status, Agricultural Efficiency, and Poverty in Rural Ethiopia: A Stochastic Production Frontier Approach

"The stochastic frontier production function is used to estimate agricultural efficiency index. Then, controlling for household characteristics and other exogenous variables, the efficiency index is regressed on the probability of being sick. Est...

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