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Governance, Accountability and Effective Basic Service Delivery in Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone’s Post-War development is normatively and politically hinged on a signpost of good governance. Almost all the governance related strategies and public policy documents articulate the consequences of bad governance. Most of these polic...

Promoting Accountability Through State Audit: A Review Of The Auditor General’s Report On The Consolidated Fund 1994-1999

"Public auditing is one of the cornerstones of public sector financial accountability. Auditing involves the examination of public revenue and expenditure with the aim of ensuring that revenues collected are spent in accordance with the legal mand...

Operational Performance Of Ghana Airways: A Review Of The Auditor General’s Report

"The State-owned airline, Ghana Airways, was created in 1958 soon after the country gained independence. It was the first national airline in sub-Saharan Africa when it began its operations, but for a number of years it has been on a downward spir...

The New Sub-Metropolitan District Council Establishment Instruments: Lack of Policy Clarity or Failure of Legislation Drafting?

"The otherwise serene existence of Sub-Metropolitan District Councils as the first levels of the metropolitan structures of the metropolitan assemblies has been thrown into confusion as a result of the enactment of four pieces of subsidiary legisl...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 31

This issue is on the United States policy on trade with South Africa, a statement on the Reagan Administration’s Southern Africa Policy and an address entitled “Constructive Engagement at Mid-Term.” It includes three extracts and a speech by the Z...

Problem Territories of Southern Africa: Basutoland, Bechuanaland Protectorate, Swaziland

The book gives a historical and political background of the three South African territories from the period before European settlement, during the settlement and the British intervention. It then describes the European, Coloured and African popula...

Prospects of the SPLA/M's Transition into a Political Party in Sudan

"This paper argues that the predominant circumstances in Sudan are likely to prevent the Sudan People’s Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M) from evolving into a political party. At present, the political class in the North has not reached a consensu...

The APRM's Economic Governance and Management Standards: What Civil Society Should Look For

Civil society research and advocacy groups dedicated to safeguarding the rights of citizens, may find an unexpected opportunity to monitor their own governments through the APRM process. This paper argues that, in a democratic state, citizens have...

The State of Governance in Africa

"Informal, neo-patrimonial power structures partly explain why over 30 years of structural adjustment and calls for good governance have failed to inspire lasting change in Africa. What can be done? The good governance agenda, advocated in the N...

Democracy and Accountability: Balancing Majority Rule and Minority Rights

This paper identifies accountability as the essential ingredient required to make the ideals of constitutionalism a reality. The author offers a definition in which three tests for constitutionalism are set out. These are, firstly, limitations on ...

Common African Political Governance Issues: Lessons from Six Early APRM Reports

"This paper analyses the discussion and recommendations about Africa's pressing political governance issues - including the separation of powers, election management and corruption - from the APRM reports of Ghana, Rwanda, Kenya, , South Africa, A...

The African Peer Review Mechanism: Assessing Origins, Institutional Relations and Achievements

"This paper assesses the origins of the APRM, the benefits that it has brought to the continent, and the obstacles that militate against success. To assess the impact of the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), it is necessary to understand where...

SAIIA Roundtable: The African Peer Review Mechanism - Progress and Prospects

"The roundtable agreed that, seven years on, the APRM has notched up notable achievements. It has defied the sceptics by attracting 30 member states to accede voluntarily to its rules. After a slow start, a dozen states have now completed their Co...

Falling between the Cracks? Prospects for Environmental Litigation Arising from Oil Production in Southern Sudan

"Oil production in Southern Sudan has degraded agricultural lands and caused mass displacement and suffering of local pastoralist and agriculturalist communities. This paper seeks to identify the legal system governing the adjudication of environ...

The DRC at 50: Confronting the Challenges of Peace and Territorial Consolidation

"On 30 June 2010 the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) celebrated 50 years of independence from colonial rule. At 50, the country is torn between competing and contradictory internal forces as it tries to negotiate a path towards self understandi...

Understanding the Efficiency and Effectiveness of the Dispute Resolution System in South Africa: An Analysis of CCMA Data

"Dispute resolution has shown itself to be the most important section of the labour debate as it revolves directly around mistreatment of workers and a possibility to influence job creation in the future. With employment grievances coming to the C...

Unchecked Executive Powers: Lessons in Effective Government Design

"Without checks and balances, the executive branch of government will inevitably dominate governance structures. This tendency has been particularly pronounced in Africa, in part because countries inherited the structures of the colonialists and t...

Civil Society Participation in Uganda's APRM Process

Ugandan NGOs faced challenges in influencing their national APRM process, but this paper shows that with resourcefulness, focus and energy, motivated groups can make a difference. In Uganda, umbrella organisations were appointed to represent civil...

Understanding APRM Research: Planning, Process and Politics. A Practical Handbook for Peer Review Research

Based on experiences of researchers working on early APRM reports, this handbook offers practical advice on tackling all aspects of this complex research process. This edition of the SAIIA Occasional Papers Series presents two papers by SAIIA res...

Addressing the African Peer Review Mechanism's Programmes of Action

Examining the first six APRM Programmes of Action, this paper traces how PoAs are developed, implemented and monitored, and how they could be strengthened going forward. This edition of the SAIIA Occasional Papers Series presents two papers by SAI...

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