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Public Spending at the District Level in Ghana

"Public spending may influence poverty alleviation objectives at several levels including overall spending plans of government (aggregate fiscal policy), policy decisions funded in the budget and the flow of budgeted resources to Ministries, Depart…

Decentralization and Public Service Delivery in Nigeria

"Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa. The 2006 provisional census counted over 140 million people, 64 percent of whom live in rural areas. These rural areas are undergoing radical, noticeable change, particularly in the agricultural secto…

Problem Territories of Southern Africa: Basutoland, Bechuanaland Protectorate, Swaziland

The book gives a historical and political background of the three South African territories from the period before European settlement, during the settlement and the British intervention. It then describes the European, Coloured and African populati…

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 31

This issue is on the United States policy on trade with South Africa, a statement on the Reagan Administration’s Southern Africa Policy and an address entitled “Constructive Engagement at Mid-Term.” It includes three extracts and a speech by the Zim…

Effective Budget Oversight in Botswana: Role of the Legislature and the Office of the Auditor General

"The paper discusses the effectiveness of public budget oversight in Botswana. It assesses the roles of Parliament and the Office of the Auditor General in budget oversight and makes recommendations on how to improve the effectiveness of oversight o…

Local Government Councils' Performance and Public Service Delivery in Uganda Nakapiripirit District Council Score-Card Report 2009/2010

"This district report provides evidence-based policy options needed to improve the role of Nakapiripirit district local government council in the delivery of public services and the deepening of democracy and accountability in Uganda. By focusing on…

The Quality of Immigration and Citizenship Services in Namibia

"The Ministry of Home Affairs and Immigration (MHAI) in Namibia has sole responsibility for implementing and managing migration policy and legislation; the registration of births, deaths and marriages; and the issuing of identity documents, passpor…

Somalia: The Transitional Government on Life Support

"Somalia’s Transitional Federal Government (TFG) has squandered the goodwill and support it received and achieved little of significance in the two years it has been in office. It is inept, increasingly corrupt and hobbled by President Sharif’s wea…

British Native policy and administration in tropical Africa

The separation in 1925 of the Colonial Office into two Departments of State, for Dominions and Colonies, was a turning point in the history of the colonial dependencies, allowing the Secretary of State for the Colonies to concentrate on the problems…

Zimbabwe: The Road to Reform or Another Dead End?

"Intensified violence against those deemed to be ZANUPF enemies has exposed the limitations of Zimbabwe’s much delayed reform process and threatens to derail the Global Political Agreement (GPA). President Mugabe’s call for early elections has incr…

Decentralization and Public Service Delivery in Nigeria

"Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa. The 2006 provisional census counted over 140 million people, 64 percent of whom live in rural areas. These rural areas are undergoing radical, noticeable change, particularly in the agricultural secto…

Understanding the Efficiency and Effectiveness of the Dispute Resolution System in South Africa: An Analysis of CCMA Data

"Dispute resolution has shown itself to be the most important section of the labour debate as it revolves directly around mistreatment of workers and a possibility to influence job creation in the future. With employment grievances coming to the CCM…

Unchecked Executive Powers: Lessons in Effective Government Design

"Without checks and balances, the executive branch of government will inevitably dominate governance structures. This tendency has been particularly pronounced in Africa, in part because countries inherited the structures of the colonialists and the…

Civil Society Participation in Uganda's APRM Process

Ugandan NGOs faced challenges in influencing their national APRM process, but this paper shows that with resourcefulness, focus and energy, motivated groups can make a difference. In Uganda, umbrella organisations were appointed to represent civil s…

Understanding APRM Research: Planning, Process and Politics. A Practical Handbook for Peer Review Research

Based on experiences of researchers working on early APRM reports, this handbook offers practical advice on tackling all aspects of this complex research process. This edition of the SAIIA Occasional Papers Series presents two papers by SAIIA resea…

Addressing the African Peer Review Mechanism's Programmes of Action

Examining the first six APRM Programmes of Action, this paper traces how PoAs are developed, implemented and monitored, and how they could be strengthened going forward. This edition of the SAIIA Occasional Papers Series presents two papers by SAIIA…

Lessons in Effective Citizen Activism: The Anti-Third Term Campaign in Zambia

Learn how Zambian civil society mobilised effectively to stop former President Frederick Chiluba changing the Constitution to run for a third term as president. Often, we complain that we lack the time, money and expertise to make any difference ab…

Lessons from citizen activism in Uganda: Saving Mabira Forest

People power (and lessons from previous failures) enabled Ugandan environmentalists to save a vital forest from commercial exploitation. This paper examines how African civil society organisations have successfully influenced policy Often, we comp…

Engaging with Parliaments: Advice to Civil Society

Practical strategies and hands-on tactics for CSOs seeking to influence policy-making in African parliaments. This paper examines how African civil society organisations have successfully influenced policy. Often, we complain that we lack the time,…

Preventing Corruption in African Procurement

This paper discusses some of the ingredients for building stronger systems. It examines public procurement - the purchasing of goods and services by government departments or state-owned enterprises - which involves enormous sums of money, and there…

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