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SAIIA Newsletter No. 5, 1970

This newsletter contains four articles and two brief reports: Luciano Tomassini’s article concerns Latin American nationalism in the light of the Consensus of Vina del Mar, where the Latin American governments concluded that the domestic effort...

How long can Zaire survive?

This brief report deals with three topics: President Mobuto’s attempts to rescue Zaire’s troubled economy in order to receive further Western aid; the failure of communism in the People’s Republic of the Congo, which is turning to the capitalist w...

A Review of Methodological Approaches used to Analyse the Impact of Trade Liberalisation on Growth and Poverty in South Africa

"A critical review of the methodological approaches used to explore the impact of trade liberalisation in South Africa on growth and poverty in particular is preceded by a re-examination of key features of the theoretical debate on trade liberalis...

Access to Justice in Africa Comparisons between Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"The provision of justice represents a significant challenge to developing countries, not least Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia. Where justice is apparent, and the rule of law upheld, the processes of development and democratisation are support...

SADC Barometer Issue 7

This SADC Barometer contains the following articles: Addressing poverty on a global scale. Achieving the millennium development goals in SADC. This article provides an overview of where countries in the sub-region stand, as well as reflects on ...

Human Security in India: A mixed bag

"India is racing against time. The Millennium Development Goals are still far away. But the government has taken a series of policy measures which, if pursued meticulously, could take it nearer the goals. In order to bridge the urban-rural divide,...

Going Public: How Africa's integration can work for the poor

"In the heyday of African nationalism, the continent’s founding fathers plotted their vision of pan-African unity. The twin paths of closer political and economic integration appeared to them as the only means to achieve dignity, prosperity and s...

Affirmative action in Malaysia - Costs and benefits

"Malaysia was shocked into taking affirmative action seriously by race riots in 1969. Their three-pronged approach to affirmative action in ownership, employment and poverty alleviation has been successful in reducing ethnic inequalities while ach...

Assessing Human Development in SADC: 1990-2008

"This paper assesses the state of progress in human development across selected key development indicators in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. This is a largely descriptive exercise based on a review and presentation of da...

Poverty and Inequality: Facts, trends and Hard Choices

"The discussion was marked by the tension between the need to focus on inequality per se as opposed to focusing on mass poverty and unemployment as the best way of improving the quality of people’s lives. Some participants argued that addressing ...

Labour Intensive Public Works: Towards providing Employment for all South African's willing to work

"The study begins by discussing the scale and nature of unemployment, making the point that the dominant type of unemployment in South Africa is long-term youth unemployment. This is a problem for which labour-intensive public works is an approp...

Why is South Africa failing to get the growth and jobs that it needs?

"In the first half of the Round Table, participants analysed a number of serious obstacles to growth and job creation. These included the causes of current low investor confidence; deeper-lying obstacles to growth in particular the difficulties as...

Political Violence in Kenya A Study of Causes, Responses, and a Framework for Discussing Preventive Action

"This paper focuses on political violence in Kenya. The rationale of the paper is to understand how such violence can best be prevented. To do this, we must first understand the history of political violence in Kenya and what factors in society co...

Climate Change, Population Pressure and Conflict in Africa

"Africa is characterised by widespread and deeply entrenched poverty, armed conflict, slow economic development until recently, and agricultural systems proven to failure during frequent and persistent drought. With its tremendous natural resource...

Migration, Urbanisation and Sustainable Livelihoods in South Africa

"Crises present both opportunities and dangers. When facing turmoil in the 1980s, South Africa embraced an aggressive agenda of social, economic, and political transformation. The results are imperfect, but few question the underlying wisdom of th...

Migration and Development in Mozambique: Poverty, Inequality and Survival

"Despite Mozambique’s economic growth rate being one of the highest in Africa over the past few years, much of the growth is linked to the development of highly capital intensive “mega” projects with limited absorption of unskilled workers. The ur...

Shared Growth and the Role of the State

"The discussion has shown that there are many key areas relating to the role of the state and growth where there is broad agreement and a strong commitment to take action and find solutions. Almost all the participants agreed that: Levels of pover...

Migrant Remittances and Household Survival in Zimbabwe

"Migrant remittances are now recognised as an important source of global development finance and there is increasing evidence that international remittances have considerable developmental impacts. The contribution of remittances to GDP in many d...

Why Fighting Crime can Assist Development in Africa Rule of Law and Protection of the Most Vulnerable

"This Report looks at a factor that is often overlooked in explaining Africa’s persistent underdevelopment: crime. Limited government capacity has meant that official data on crime in Africa are sparse, and independent research has also been limit...

Southern Africa Assessment: Food Security and HIV/AIDS

"The following pages identify HIV/AIDS and food insecurity (particularly in the rural areas) as the two most severe and inter- related humanitarian issues currently facing Southern Africa. It is argued that the current situation must be contexual...

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