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Oil, Resource Conflicts and the Post Conflict Transition in the Niger Delta Region: Beyond the Amnesty

This study commenced with an introduction and conceptual and theoretical clarifications of central concepts and issues particularly those of demilitarization, disarmament, demobilization, rehabilitation, reinsertion, reintegration and resettle…

The Amnesty Programme and the Resolution of the Niger Delta Crisis : Progress, Challenges and Prognosis

Some of the interim findings of a comprehensive study of the amnesty for peace programme, was presented in this monograph. The general objective of the research is to assess the impacts, challenges and sustainability of the amnesty programme and the…

Fractured Peacebuilding in the Central African Republic Lessons for African Union Engagement

The Central African Republic (CAR) have experienced decades of fractured peace building processes. After the 2016 elections, the country can seize the opportunity to reach sustainable peace. This policy brief focused on the role played by the Africa…

Mending Broken Relations after Civil War: The ‘Palava Hut’ and the Prospects for Lasting Peace in Liberia

This policy brief focused on the potential contribution of the Palava Hut process towards reconciliation and the restoration of justice in Liberia. In order to do so, the paper briefly discusses the Palava Hut and the philosophical assumptions tha…

The complexity of applying UN Resolution 1325 in post conflict reintegration processes: The case of Northern Uganda

"The United Nations (UN) Security Council Resolution 1325 calls on all actors involved to address the special needs of women and girls during rehabilitation, reintegration and post-conflict reconstruction. This study endeavors to analyse the reinte…

Liberia: How Sustainable is the Recovery?

"Liberia’s October 2011 general and presidential elections, the second since civil war ended in 2003, are an opportunity to consolidate its fragile peace and nascent democracy. Peaceful, free and fair elections depend on how well the National Elect…

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2009

This issue comprises several articles entitled as follows: 1)Resolving Land Disputes in Burundi 2)Effectively Confronting a Regional Threat: Somali Piracy 3)The Challenges of Small Arms and Light Weapons in Africa 4)Explaining the December 2008 Mili…

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2005

This issue comprises several articles which are as follows: 1)From Peacekeeping to Peace Operations 2)The Civilian Dimensions of the African Standy-by Force System 3) Sexual Abuse and Exploitation: Power Tools in Peacekeeping Missions 4)Towards a C…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2005

"This issue of Conflict Trends highlights the plight of displaced persons in Africa, at the present time. It therefore covers refugees, IDPs and the communities that are affected by displacement. We examine the complex body of legislation, rules an…

Southern Sudan: the Option of Secession and its Regional Implications

"As Sudan enters the final and most critical year of its post-war transition period, the other countries that form the Horn and central Africa are on the alert. Southern Sudan’s self-determination referendum, scheduled for January 2011, could very …

Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Peacebuilding

"The primary objective of this seminar was to bring together researchers, practitioners and policymakers to reflect critically upon the nature of current post-conflict reconstruction and peacebuilding efforts, assess the challenges of fostering peac…

China and Post-Conflict Reconstruction in Africa: The Case of Sudan

"From Darfur to Zimbabwe, the DRC to Guinea, China’s African engagement is linked commonly to different forms of conflict. A less-observed phenomenon, however, is China’s developing post-conflict role in Africa. This trend shows signs of becoming …

Liberia: Time for Much-Delayed Reconciliation and Reform

"After a credible, though contentious, election, President Johnson Sirleaf is governing a still-divided country under a weak mandate. A fragile peace remains vulnerable to destabilisation by disputes over natural resources, a weak police force and …

Somalia: An Opportunity that Should Not Be Missed

"The next six months will be crucial for Somalia. The international community is taking a renewed interest in the country; the mandate of the feeble and dysfunctional Transitional Federal Government (TFG) expires in a half-year; and emboldened troop…

Promoting Reconciliation Through Exhuming and Identifying Victims in the 1994 Rwandan Genocide

"This policy brief considers the past, present and future of forensic exhumations in Rwanda in the aftermath of the 1994 genocide. Past exhumations conducted by Physicians for Human Rights (PHR) at the request of the International Criminal Tribun…

Promoting Reconciliation through Exhuming and Indentifying Victims in the 1994 Rwanda Genocide

"This discussion paper provides an overview of three different phases of exhumations that have taken place in Rwanda following the 1994 genocide. Drawing upon qualitative data resulting from interviews with 24 survivors from Kibuye, as well as meeti…

International Law and the Self-Determination of South Sudan

"In this paper the author have explored the vexing question of the right to self-determination in Africa with particular reference to developments under both general international law and African regional law regarding the tension between self-deter…

Diamonds Without Maps Liberia, the UN, Sanctions and the Kimberley Process

"This paper argues that while diamonds represent a very small part of Liberia’s potential postwar economy, they loom large in the country’s political schema, and they retain their enormous potential for national and regional destabilization. Liberia…

Studies in Reconstruction and Capacity Building in Post-conflict Countries in Africa: Some Lessons of Experience from Mozambique

"The purpose of this study is to document how Mozambique, a country that suffered catastrophic civil war, has addressed some critical capacity building challenges in the post-conflict reconstruction period, and to suggest some lessons and/or options…

Informal Taxation in Post-Conflict Sierra Leone: Taxpayers’ Experiences and Perceptions

Citizens often pay a range of ‘taxes’ that differ substantially from statutory policies, in low-income and post-conflict countries and particularly in rural areas. These ‘informal taxes’, paid to a variety of state and non-state actors, are frequent…

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