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China and Post-Conflict Reconstruction in Africa: The Case of Sudan

"From Darfur to Zimbabwe, the DRC to Guinea, China’s African engagement is linked commonly to different forms of conflict. A less-observed phenomenon, however, is China’s developing post-conflict role in Africa. This trend shows signs of becoming …

Mediation in African conflicts: The gap between mandate and capacity

"Given the frequency with which high-level peacemaking is undertaken in Africa, there is surprisingly little discussion in official circles about the science and art of mediation. The first part of this paper examines some of the specific problems i…

The Role of Informal Justice Systems in Fostering the Rule of Law in Post-Conflict Situations: The Case of Burundi

"Burundi, a tiny country in Central Africa, is slowly emerging from more than forty years of cyclical violence. The worst episodes, widely recognised as genocide, took place in 1972 with the massacre of tens of thousands of the Hutu ethnic group by …

Assessing Security Sector Reform and its Impact on the Kivu Provinces

"The principal intention of this situation report is to evaluate what is believed to be one of the main obstacles to peace: the lack of progress in the reform of DR Congo’s security sector. The continuing war in eastern DRC is a reminder of the para…

Managing Post-War Liberia: An Update

"The purpose of this situation report is to discuss the progress in the post-conflict reconstruction process in Liberia. It analyses the various initiatives and challenges associated with Liberian post-war experiences, taking into account domestic …

From Soldiers To Citizens The Social, Economic and Political Reintegration of Unita Ex Combatants

"Demilitarisation of conflict and society is crucial to building sustainable peace in countries emerging from the scourge of civil war. As longstanding conflicts come to an end, a variety of approaches are adopted by national governments and interna…

The United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC): Experiences and Lessons

"A plethora of tasks remain ahead for the Congo – and for the UN and the international community. A number of these tasks are left over from the transition: establishing a capable, responsible army and civilian police force; justice reform, includin…

A Technical Analysis of Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration a Case Study from Burundi

"The Monograph explains in detail the process of DDR followed by AMIB and ONUB. The authors discuss in detail the efforts by the AMIB mission to start the DDR process and the problems of dealing with more than one ceasefire agreement, as well as …

Sudan's Aspirational Army: A History of the Joint Integrated Units

"One of the consequences of Southern Sudan’s vote for secession in January 2011 is the disbanding of the Joint Integrated Units (JIUs), a joint force formed as part of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement, which ended the civil war between the nor…

SA’s Post-Conflict Development and Peacebuilding Experiences in the DRC Lessons Learnt

"This policy brief analyses South Africa’s post-conflict development and peacebuilding engagements in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). It identifies lessons learnt that could inform the policy and programming development of the envisaged Sou…

South Africa and South Sudan Lessons for Post-Conflict Development and Peacebuilding Partnerships

"This policy brief analyses South Africa’s post-conflict development and peacebuilding in South Sudan. South Africa has fraternal relations with South Sudan stemming from the ties of the liberation struggles of the African National Congress (ANC) a…

Debates in Post-Conflict Development in Africa Lessons for Development Agencies

"Post-conflict societies face enormous challenges and international development agencies work in complex and volatile contexts. This brief has argued that in order to do justice to the role that international assistance could play in supporting deve…

Enhancing South Africa’s Post-Conflict Development Role in the Africa Union

"This paper examines South Africa’s engagement in the AU, both broadly and more specifically in terms of PCRD and peacebuilding. It draws on desktop and field research to make observations about South Africa’s engagements to date. During March 2014…

Opportunities for Gender Justice and Reconciliation in South Sudan

"This Policy Brief explores the nexus of gender justice and reconciliation in South Sudan. It addresses women’s historical engagement in reconciliation processes in South Sudan at the grassroots and national levels and highlights their achievements …

Restive Jonglei From the Conflict's Roots to Reconciliation

"This working paper analyses the roots of the conflict in Jonglei state and the role of ethnic divisions in perpetuating the conflict, and interrogates the 2012 Jonglei peace processes to determine effective pathways towards authentic and sustainabl…

Mali: Reform or Relapse

"This report is based on several dozen interviews conducted in Bamako, Gao, Niamey, Dakar and Paris with Malian political and military actors, their foreign partners and Malian civil society representatives in both the north and south of the count…

Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy 2008 - 2012

"The EDPRS is set out as follows. Chapter 2 provides a summary of what Rwanda has achieved to date in terms of recent growth performance, poverty reduction, human development and governance reform. It identifies the major challenges to be faced in t…

Exploring the Post Gaddafi Repercussions in the Sahel

"The Arab Spring that greeted North Africa and resulted in the fall of the Gadaffi regime has brought in its wake consequences that transcend national boundaries. One region in Africa that is grappling with the post Gaddafi repercussions, is the Sah…

Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement Viewed Through the Eyes of the Women of South Sudan

"This paper discusses the experiences of South Sudanese women in this new time of peace. By exploring women’s agency and victimisation during the war, the paper argues that the current celebrated liberation and peace, while it has been successful in…

South Sudan, Africa’s Newest State: Challenges, Prospects and Lessons for South Africa

"South Sudan achieved independence on 9 July 2011 after more than six years of practising the art of statecraft under its semi-autonomous status as prescribed by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). The CPA ended almost 22 years of armed conflic…

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