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Land Grabbing and Land Reform

Liberia is a country blessed with natural resources. Its natural endowments include diamonds, gold and iron ore, extensive stands of tropical timber, abundant water and cropland, and a climate and soil conditions conducive to the cultivation of …

Counter-Terrorism in Somalia- Losing Hearts and Minds

Nearly four years after 9/11, hardly a day passes without the "war on terrorism" making headlines, with Iraq, Afghanistan, Indonesia and now London holding centre stage. But away from the spotlight, a quiet, dirty conflict is being waged in Somalia:…

Disarmament in the Congo: Investing in Conflict Prevention

There are many challenges facing the Lusaka cease-fire signatories and the wider international community in implementing the Congolese peace agreement, but perhaps none so complex as the effort to disarm the non-Congolese armed groups destabilising…

Ethiopia and Eritrea: War or Peace?

The next few weeks will go far to determining whether Ethiopia and Eritrea resume a path toward war – which took some 100,000 lives between 1998 and 2000 – or solidify their peace agreement. Ethiopia must decide whether to allow demarcation of the b…

Liberia: The Key to Ending Regional Instability

While the international community has made great strides in improving the security situation in Sierra Leone, Liberia remains a wellspring for continued conflict stretching across Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea. Given the regional ambitions of its…

Rwanda/Uganda: A Dangerous War of Nerves

President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni of Uganda and President Paul Kagame of Rwanda were once called the "new breed" of African leaders but hopes that they can deliver peace and prosperity to their countries are being severely shaken. In early November t…

Rebuilding Liberia: Prospects and Perils

Liberia is a collapsed state that has become in effect a UN protectorate. Whether its political and economic reconstruction can begin depends on how quickly security spreads throughout the country. Squabbles over jobs by leaders of the armed faction…

Burundi: Finalising Peace with the FNL

Burundi has made relatively rapid, substantial progress in democracy and easing of inter-ethnic tensions, due to its citizens desire to embrace national unity and compromise, as well as the international community’s heavy involvement in the Arusha p…

From Civil Strife to Peacebuilding: The Private Sector's Role in West African Reconstruction

A conference on the post-conflict situation in the West African "fragile states" of Liberia, Sierra Leone and Côte d'Ivoire, organized by the Centre for International Governance Innovation, the Laurier Centre for Strategic Military and Disarmament S…

Somalia: To Move Beyond the Failed State

Excerpt: "Since 1991 Somalia has been the archetypal failed state. Several attempts to create a transitional set-up have failed, and the current one is on the brink of collapse, overtaken yet again by an Islamist insurgency, despite the support of a…

Sierra Leone: A New Era of Reform?

Excerpt: "Sierra Leone has made much progress since the civil war ended in 2002, but a number of social and economic time bombs must still be defused if an enduring peace is to be built. The 2007 elections, in which Ernest Bai Koroma won the preside…

Eritrea: The Siege State

"Eritrea has been deeply troubled since independence in 1991. Following the devastating war with Ethiopia (1998- 2000), an authoritarian, militarised regime has further tightened political space, tolerating neither opposition nor dissent. Relation…

Liberia: How Sustainable is the Recovery?

"Liberia’s October 2011 general and presidential elections, the second since civil war ended in 2003, are an opportunity to consolidate its fragile peace and nascent democracy. Peaceful, free and fair elections depend on how well the National Elect…

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2009

This issue comprises several articles entitled as follows: 1)Resolving Land Disputes in Burundi 2)Effectively Confronting a Regional Threat: Somali Piracy 3)The Challenges of Small Arms and Light Weapons in Africa 4)Explaining the December 2008 Mili…

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2005

This issue comprises several articles which are as follows: 1)From Peacekeeping to Peace Operations 2)The Civilian Dimensions of the African Standy-by Force System 3) Sexual Abuse and Exploitation: Power Tools in Peacekeeping Missions 4)Towards a C…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2005

"This issue of Conflict Trends highlights the plight of displaced persons in Africa, at the present time. It therefore covers refugees, IDPs and the communities that are affected by displacement. We examine the complex body of legislation, rules an…

Southern Sudan: the Option of Secession and its Regional Implications

"As Sudan enters the final and most critical year of its post-war transition period, the other countries that form the Horn and central Africa are on the alert. Southern Sudan’s self-determination referendum, scheduled for January 2011, could very …

Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Peacebuilding

"The primary objective of this seminar was to bring together researchers, practitioners and policymakers to reflect critically upon the nature of current post-conflict reconstruction and peacebuilding efforts, assess the challenges of fostering peac…

China and Post-Conflict Reconstruction in Africa: The Case of Sudan

"From Darfur to Zimbabwe, the DRC to Guinea, China’s African engagement is linked commonly to different forms of conflict. A less-observed phenomenon, however, is China’s developing post-conflict role in Africa. This trend shows signs of becoming …

Liberia: Time for Much-Delayed Reconciliation and Reform

"After a credible, though contentious, election, President Johnson Sirleaf is governing a still-divided country under a weak mandate. A fragile peace remains vulnerable to destabilisation by disputes over natural resources, a weak police force and …

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