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Conflict Trends Issue 4 2011

'Imperatives for Post-conflict Reconstruction in Libya' asserts that for an effective launching of a national construction process, Libyans as well as the international community should take into consideration certain imperatives for rebuilding a...

The Somali Diaspora Options for Post-Conflict Reconstruction

"The civil unrest in Somalia dispersed a large number of Somalis to different parts of the globe. Owing to the efforts of the international community in establishing a new government, there is a renewed sense of hope for Somalia’s reconstruction....

Eastern Congo: Why Stabilisation Failed

"Since Bosco Ntaganda’s mutiny in April 2012 and the subsequent creation of the 23 March rebel movement (M23), violence has returned to the Kivus. However today’s crisis bears the same hallmarks as yesterday’s, a consequence of the failure to impl...

South Sudan: Compounding Instability in Unity State

"Given its history, resources, ethno-political significance and location – at once both strategic and isolated – Unity state is today a territory of unique importance and complexity. Instability must be considered in light of the complicated hist...

Assessing Turkey’s Role in Somalia

"Somalis of all walks of life refer to Turkey’s arrival as a miracle and Godsend. But that honeymoon is ending. The famine’s back has been broken and Al-Shabaab has been pushed out of the capital – although it is still a serious threat. Now comes ...

Tunisia: Confronting Social and Economic Challenges

"Eighteen months after initiating the Arab spring, Tunisia still can boast of an ongoing, successful transition. The former regime, which came to symbolise corruption and social injustice, is gone and democratic gains are palpable. Yet, formidable...

Tunisia: Combatting Impunity, Restoring Security

"Since January 2011, not only has the former leader, President Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali, fallen from power, but an entire system has been overwhelmed, if not overhauled, relatively peacefully and with the support of a fairly broad consensus. The co...

Eastern Congo: The ADF-NALU’s Lost Rebellion

"The fight against armed groups in eastern Congo continues to be viewed through a military lens, but it would be wise to avoid another ineffective military operation. The International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR), the UN, the DRC ...

Cote d'Ivoire : Defusing Tensions

"A volatile security situation and mounting political tensions are threatening Côte d’Ivoire’s recovery. In the last few months the country has been subjected to a series of deadly attacks, whose targets have included: a police station, an import...

Rwanda Case Study on Economic Transformation

"In this research project, we conduct a study on economic transformation in Rwanda. The aim of the study is to assess how Rwanda has fared with respect to economic transformation over the past 30 years and suggest recommendations for accelerating ...

Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy 2008 - 2012

"The EDPRS is set out as follows. Chapter 2 provides a summary of what Rwanda has achieved to date in terms of recent growth performance, poverty reduction, human development and governance reform. It identifies the major challenges to be faced in...

Exploring the Post Gaddafi Repercussions in the Sahel

"The Arab Spring that greeted North Africa and resulted in the fall of the Gadaffi regime has brought in its wake consequences that transcend national boundaries. One region in Africa that is grappling with the post Gaddafi repercussions, is the S...

Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement Viewed Through the Eyes of the Women of South Sudan

"This paper discusses the experiences of South Sudanese women in this new time of peace. By exploring women’s agency and victimisation during the war, the paper argues that the current celebrated liberation and peace, while it has been successful ...

South Sudan, Africa’s Newest State: Challenges, Prospects and Lessons for South Africa

"South Sudan achieved independence on 9 July 2011 after more than six years of practising the art of statecraft under its semi-autonomous status as prescribed by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). The CPA ended almost 22 years of armed confl...

Gender Justice in Post Conflict Countries in East, Central and Southern Africa

"During a country's transition to peace, unique opportunities emerge to promote gender equality and gender justice, particularly in the context of peace negotiations and post-conflict reconstruction processes and structures. The articles in this m...

Traditional Justice and War Crimes in Northern Uganda

"This policy brief assesses the continuing relevance of traditional justice in Northern Uganda. Over two years after the dissolution of the Juba peace negotiations in November 2008, several questions continue to remain unanswered regarding how tra...

Policy Framework for Social Cohesion

"The Government of Rwanda has had as one of its main policy objectives the creation of a stable, cohesive society. This effort has been focused largely around the elimination of extreme poverty and fostering a sense of national unity and integrati...

Somalia : Fighting the Odds in the Search for Peace after the Transition

"Despite renewed hope in the future of Somalia, post-transition efforts towards peace and stability in this country face numerous challenges. This situation report notes that progress will be defined by the dynamics surrounding the strengths or w...

Mediation in African conflicts: The gap between mandate and capacity

"Given the frequency with which high-level peacemaking is undertaken in Africa, there is surprisingly little discussion in official circles about the science and art of mediation. The first part of this paper examines some of the specific problems...

The Role of Informal Justice Systems in Fostering the Rule of Law in Post-Conflict Situations: The Case of Burundi

"Burundi, a tiny country in Central Africa, is slowly emerging from more than forty years of cyclical violence. The worst episodes, widely recognised as genocide, took place in 1972 with the massacre of tens of thousands of the Hutu ethnic group b...

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