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The complexity of applying UN Resolution 1325 in post conflict reintegration processes: The case of Northern Uganda

"The United Nations (UN) Security Council Resolution 1325 calls on all actors involved to address the special needs of women and girls during rehabilitation, reintegration and post-conflict reconstruction. This study endeavors to analyse the rein...

Liberia: How Sustainable is the Recovery?

"Liberia’s October 2011 general and presidential elections, the second since civil war ended in 2003, are an opportunity to consolidate its fragile peace and nascent democracy. Peaceful, free and fair elections depend on how well the National Ele...

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2009

This issue comprises several articles entitled as follows: 1)Resolving Land Disputes in Burundi 2)Effectively Confronting a Regional Threat: Somali Piracy 3)The Challenges of Small Arms and Light Weapons in Africa 4)Explaining the December 2008 Mi...

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2005

This issue comprises several articles which are as follows: 1)From Peacekeeping to Peace Operations 2)The Civilian Dimensions of the African Standy-by Force System 3) Sexual Abuse and Exploitation: Power Tools in Peacekeeping Missions 4)Towards a...

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2005

"This issue of Conflict Trends highlights the plight of displaced persons in Africa, at the present time. It therefore covers refugees, IDPs and the communities that are affected by displacement. We examine the complex body of legislation, rules ...

Southern Sudan: the Option of Secession and its Regional Implications

"As Sudan enters the final and most critical year of its post-war transition period, the other countries that form the Horn and central Africa are on the alert. Southern Sudan’s self-determination referendum, scheduled for January 2011, could ver...

Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Peacebuilding

"The primary objective of this seminar was to bring together researchers, practitioners and policymakers to reflect critically upon the nature of current post-conflict reconstruction and peacebuilding efforts, assess the challenges of fostering pe...

China and Post-Conflict Reconstruction in Africa: The Case of Sudan

"From Darfur to Zimbabwe, the DRC to Guinea, China’s African engagement is linked commonly to different forms of conflict. A less-observed phenomenon, however, is China’s developing post-conflict role in Africa. This trend shows signs of becoming...

Liberia: Time for Much-Delayed Reconciliation and Reform

"After a credible, though contentious, election, President Johnson Sirleaf is governing a still-divided country under a weak mandate. A fragile peace remains vulnerable to destabilisation by disputes over natural resources, a weak police force an...

Somalia: An Opportunity that Should Not Be Missed

"The next six months will be crucial for Somalia. The international community is taking a renewed interest in the country; the mandate of the feeble and dysfunctional Transitional Federal Government (TFG) expires in a half-year; and emboldened tro...

Promoting Reconciliation Through Exhuming and Identifying Victims in the 1994 Rwandan Genocide

"This policy brief considers the past, present and future of forensic exhumations in Rwanda in the aftermath of the 1994 genocide. Past exhumations conducted by Physicians for Human Rights (PHR) at the request of the International Criminal Trib...

Promoting Reconciliation through Exhuming and Indentifying Victims in the 1994 Rwanda Genocide

"This discussion paper provides an overview of three different phases of exhumations that have taken place in Rwanda following the 1994 genocide. Drawing upon qualitative data resulting from interviews with 24 survivors from Kibuye, as well as mee...

International Law and the Self-Determination of South Sudan

"In this paper the author have explored the vexing question of the right to self-determination in Africa with particular reference to developments under both general international law and African regional law regarding the tension between self-det...

Diamonds Without Maps Liberia, the UN, Sanctions and the Kimberley Process

"This paper argues that while diamonds represent a very small part of Liberia’s potential postwar economy, they loom large in the country’s political schema, and they retain their enormous potential for national and regional destabilization. Liber...

Mediation in African conflicts: The gap between mandate and capacity

"Given the frequency with which high-level peacemaking is undertaken in Africa, there is surprisingly little discussion in official circles about the science and art of mediation. The first part of this paper examines some of the specific problems...

The Role of Informal Justice Systems in Fostering the Rule of Law in Post-Conflict Situations: The Case of Burundi

"Burundi, a tiny country in Central Africa, is slowly emerging from more than forty years of cyclical violence. The worst episodes, widely recognised as genocide, took place in 1972 with the massacre of tens of thousands of the Hutu ethnic group b...

Assessing Security Sector Reform and its Impact on the Kivu Provinces

"The principal intention of this situation report is to evaluate what is believed to be one of the main obstacles to peace: the lack of progress in the reform of DR Congo’s security sector. The continuing war in eastern DRC is a reminder of the pa...

Managing Post-War Liberia: An Update

"The purpose of this situation report is to discuss the progress in the post-conflict reconstruction process in Liberia. It analyses the various initiatives and challenges associated with Liberian post-war experiences, taking into account domesti...

From Soldiers To Citizens The Social, Economic and Political Reintegration of Unita Ex Combatants

"Demilitarisation of conflict and society is crucial to building sustainable peace in countries emerging from the scourge of civil war. As longstanding conflicts come to an end, a variety of approaches are adopted by national governments and inter...

The United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC): Experiences and Lessons

"A plethora of tasks remain ahead for the Congo – and for the UN and the international community. A number of these tasks are left over from the transition: establishing a capable, responsible army and civilian police force; justice reform, includ...

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