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The population explosion and international relations

This article briefly summarises some of the problems of population increase.Population increase is comparatively modern, and due to a declining mortality rate rather than rising birth rates. Primary factors contributing to this decline are: an inc...

Demography, Environment and Conflict in West Africa

"In this paper, we argue that West Africa’s conflict experiences since 1990 have never been devoid of the concurrent influence of the youth bulge problematic and the effects of the economic downturns of countries in the sub-region. These factors c...

Trends and Drivers of Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria

"Agriculture is the economic mainstay of the majority of households in Nigeria and is a significant sector in Nigeria’s economy. The important benefits of the agricultural sector to Nigeria’s economy include: the provision of food, contribution to...

Urbanization and Spatial Connectivity in Ethiopia: Urban Growth Analysis Using GIS

"In comparison to other African countries, Ethiopia has a low urbanization rate. According to the World Bank World Development Report (WDR) 2009, Sub-Sahara Africa is 30% urbanized, whereas Ethiopia is only 10.9% urbanized. Urbanization rates diff...

Citizen Entrepreneur Mortgage Assistance Equity Fund ( CEMAEF)

"The objective of the Citizen Entrepreneur Mortgage Assistance Equity Fund (CEMAEF) is to mitigate the process whereby citizen investments in commercial/industrial properties and land facing foreclosures by the lending institutions are easily acqu...

Decision Time in Zimbabwe

Change is in the air in Zimbabwe. Its citizens no longer talk about whether it will come, but rather when. All acknowledge, however, that the road will be dangerous, possibly violent. South Africa is the single country with ability to help its nei...

Understanding the Efficiency and Effectiveness of the Dispute Resolution System in South Africa: An Analysis of CCMA Data

This paper, while broadly located within reforming the labour market policy debate, is specifically focused on one aspect of the labour regulatory regime, namely the dispute resolution system. Hence, we attempt to understand the efficiency and eff...

Nutrition Mapping in Tanzania

"For effective decisionmaking, policymakers and program managers often need detailed information about the welfare of the population, including knowledge about which specific areas are most affected by poverty and undernutrition. Household sample...

Is Food Insecurity More Severe in South Asia or Sub-Saharan Africa? A Comparative Analysis Using Household Expenditure Survey Data

"This paper uses data from national household expenditure surveys to explore whether food insecurity is more severe in South Asia or Sub-Saharan Africa. It employs two indicators of the diet quantity dimension of food insecurity, or the inability...

The Story Behind the Well A Case Study of Successful Community Development in Makutano, Kenya

Kenyans voted overwhelmingly for a new constitution in August 2010, following the post-election violence of 2008. This development was of huge importance, not least because there had been many previous attempts to overhaul the old constitution. H...

Nigeria Economic Review Second Quarter Report 2016

An overview of the Nigerian economy is presented in this report by examining key macroeconomic indicators, external sector performance and key domestic sector performance in 2016Q2. The evidence presented shows that the internal and external secto...

Unlocking Africa’s Potential: The Relationship between Effective Governance and Poverty

Extreme Poverty is defined by the World Bank as a ‘condition of life so characterized by malnutrition, illiteracy and disease as to be beneath any reasonable definition of human decency’. This paper addresses this issue and uses US$1.90 per person...

Promoting and Supporting Informal Sector Activities in Nigeria during the Period of Economic Crisis

Nigeria has the largest, and arguably the most dynamic, informal sector in sub-Saharan Africa. Informal activities are estimated to have increased from approximately 50 per cent of the urban workforce in the late 1970s to 65 per cent by the late ...

Recounting the Miseries of the Poor - A Multidimensional Measurement of Poverty in Zambia

The approach of this report is multi dimensional in nature, which means it considers additional poverty indicators alongside the traditional income approach. Therefore the report highlights some of the important aspects of human needs and the ext...

Increasing Employment Opportunities : Navigating Africa’s Complex Job Market

Chapter 2 of the Foresight Africa 2017 report, explores six overarching themes that provide opportunities for Africa to overcome its obstacles and spur inclusive growth. The themes are as follows: The tipping point: The youth bulge and the sub-Sah...

No Country Left Behind : The Case for Focusing Greater Attention on the World's Poorest Countries

In the global pursuit of poverty reduction, a minority of countries risks being left behind, both in terms of their levels of deprivation and in the way global progress is accounted for. This suggests that the “leave no-one behind” principle, ori...

Spatial Variation in Rural Development and Internal Migration in Delta State, Nigeria

This study of the Delta State rural development pattern, has shown that rural communities in the state are at different stages of socio-economic development as some are better developed than others. The migration patterns and trends shown in thi...

Improvement in the Processing of Cassava by Small Scale Farmers in Jesse Community, Nigeria: An Action Research

The findings of a participatory action research programme on promoting the improvement of cassava processing by small scale farmers in Jesse community of Delta State in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria, is presented in this paper. In the first s...

Accelerating Fertility Decline in Zambia Opening the Window of Opportunity for the Demographic Dividend

Over the past three decades, Zambia’s fertility has declined slowly in the context of steady decline in child mortality. Consequently, 45% of the population is under 15 years of age, which has resulted in a high child dependency burden. The popula...

Survey Report on Key Socio Economic and Governance Issues in Ghana - Main Report

The IEA Socio-Economic and Governance Surveys, seeks the opinion of the public on socio-economic and governance issues including people’s living conditions, government’s performance in addressing key socio-economic challenges, peace and security, ...

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