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The population explosion and international relations

This article briefly summarises some of the problems of population increase.Population increase is comparatively modern, and due to a declining mortality rate rather than rising birth rates. Primary factors contributing to this decline are: an incre…

Demography, Environment and Conflict in West Africa

"In this paper, we argue that West Africa’s conflict experiences since 1990 have never been devoid of the concurrent influence of the youth bulge problematic and the effects of the economic downturns of countries in the sub-region. These factors can…

Trends and Drivers of Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria

"Agriculture is the economic mainstay of the majority of households in Nigeria and is a significant sector in Nigeria’s economy. The important benefits of the agricultural sector to Nigeria’s economy include: the provision of food, contribution to t…

Urbanization and Spatial Connectivity in Ethiopia: Urban Growth Analysis Using GIS

"In comparison to other African countries, Ethiopia has a low urbanization rate. According to the World Bank World Development Report (WDR) 2009, Sub-Sahara Africa is 30% urbanized, whereas Ethiopia is only 10.9% urbanized. Urbanization rates differ…

Citizen Entrepreneur Mortgage Assistance Equity Fund ( CEMAEF)

"The objective of the Citizen Entrepreneur Mortgage Assistance Equity Fund (CEMAEF) is to mitigate the process whereby citizen investments in commercial/industrial properties and land facing foreclosures by the lending institutions are easily acquir…

Decision Time in Zimbabwe

Change is in the air in Zimbabwe. Its citizens no longer talk about whether it will come, but rather when. All acknowledge, however, that the road will be dangerous, possibly violent. South Africa is the single country with ability to help its neigh…

Understanding the Efficiency and Effectiveness of the Dispute Resolution System in South Africa: An Analysis of CCMA Data

This paper, while broadly located within reforming the labour market policy debate, is specifically focused on one aspect of the labour regulatory regime, namely the dispute resolution system. Hence, we attempt to understand the efficiency and effec…

Integrating Employment Creation and Skills Development : The Case of Expanded Public Works Programmes in South Africa

"The major driver of unemployment in South Africa is the lack of skills and experience among the unemployed population. This policy brief sets out to investigate the impact of the training provided by the Expanded Public Works Programme (EPWP) on em…

Sustainable Development Planning in South Africa: a Case of Over-Strategizing?

"Cross-governmental planning and coordinating policies are among the main challenges for sustainable, low carbon development. Why is sustainable development planning so ineffective? How can governments plan and coordinate public policy interventions…

The Real Project Failure Factors and the Effect of Culture on Project Management in Ghana

"This study identifies the general reasons why projects fail in Ghana and the effect of culture on project management in a multi-cultural society like Ghana. The study is based on the assumption that cultural differences play a leading role in the e…

Contribution of Informal Businesses to Private Sector Development: A CaseStudy of the Central Region of Liberia

"The objective of the study is to assess the overall performance of IBs in order to determine their contribution to private sector-based economic interventions that are aimed at national socio-economic development in Liberia, using the CRL as a case…

Effets des Privatisations Camerounaises et Necessite d'une Redefinition du role des Parties Prenantes / Effects of Privatization and Cameroonian Need for Redefining the Role of Stakeholders

"20 years after the start of the privatization process occurred in Cameroon, we can ask questions about the real impact. The objective of this study is to analyze the effects of privatization of public enterprises in Cameroon regarding performance a…

Urbanization for National Development in Ethiopia

"In the preceding pages, we started our discussion with a description of the role and characteristics of urban centers, explored the status and conditions of our cities, and projected our vision of what they would be like in 2020, suggesting along t…

The Security Challenges of Pastoralism in Central Africa

"Since it began in prehistoric times, pastoralism in Africa has been a story of perpetual movement by cattle and their herders, who have adapted to the region’s climatic and security constraints over thousands of years. In Central Africa, transhuman…

Household Incomes, Poverty and Inequality in a Multivariate Framework

"The existing work on household poverty and inequality in South Africa has shown that poverty and inequality differ markedly by race, location, education, gender of the head, household demographics and household labour market participation. However,…

Poverty and Inequality Dynamics in Uganda: Insights from the Uganda National Panel Surveys 2005/6 and 2009/10

"While Uganda has made significant efforts in reducing the proportion of individuals and households living below the absolute poverty line, nearly 10 percent of the households continue to live in persistent or chronic poverty with significant differ…

Replacer l’Agriculture au Coeur des Politiques de Développement / Putting Agriculture at the Heart of Development Policies

"In the context of segmentation of family farms, the government should: (i)solve structural issues related to land management by allowing actors operating land to be secured through the acquisition of real property rights; (ii) ensure that the limit…

Highway or Byway? The National Development Plan 2030

"This publication, the first in a series of three, considers the feasibility of the central economic growth target that is set out in South Africa’s National Development Plan 2030. It then explores some of the associated human development targets. T…

Artisans must Adapt to Reach New Markets

"Just three years ago, Elizabeth Njeri was scraping by as a subsistence farmer and part-time potter in Kenya’s central highlands. Then opportunity struck. As she was peddling her wares one day at a local market, a visiting trader placed a large or…

Nutrition Mapping in Tanzania

"For effective decisionmaking, policymakers and program managers often need detailed information about the welfare of the population, including knowledge about which specific areas are most affected by poverty and undernutrition. Household sample …

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