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Food Remittances: Migration and Food Security in Africa

Cash remittances have grown rapidly over the past two decades and are now at an all-time high. The World Bank estimates that international remittances reached USD436 billion in 2014, and predicts that they will increase to USD601 billion in 2016. …

The New Brain Drain from Zimbabwe

All the signs point to the existence of a growing exodus of skilled Zimbabweans from the country. Although the precise dimensions and impacts of this “brain drain” have yet to be determined, the Zimbabwean government has recently sought to stem the …

Changing Attitudes to Immigration and Refugee Policy in Botswana

For the last two decades, Botswana has had the reputation as a “country of immigration,” based on the large-scale import of skilled expatriates from Africa, Asia and the West. This policy has been accompanied by a general acceptance, and even openn…

Evaluation de l'Efficacité des Politiques en Matiere de l'emploi des Jeunes au Togo / Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Youth Employment Policies in Togo

The results of the last general census regarding the population and housing (2010) indicate that the Togolese population of 6,191,155 inhabitants is very young, as it has 60% under 25s and 42% under 15s. The number of unemployed is estimated at ar…

The Gap between Rich and Poor: South African Society’s Biggest Divide Depends on Where You Think You Fit In

This paper investigated the possible relationship between relative financial situation and the sentiment whether or not inequality is the primary source of division in South Africa. This matters, as we have shown through our literature review, becau…

Social Cohesion and Inequality in South Africa

In this paper, we examine recent trends in social cohesion and inequality, and the relationship between the two in South Africa, using data from the South African Reconciliation Barometer (SARB) surveys. Given the country’s history of long-term raci…

High and Persistent Skilled Unemployment In Morocco: Explaining it by Skills Mismatch

This paper sheds light on the increasing and persistent skilled unemployment in Morocco over the past decade – oscillating around 20% of total unemployment. It identifies and estimates the role and significance of a skill mismatch between Morocco’s …

Addressing the Youth Unemployment Challenge: International Lessons Learned that can be useful for Morocco

Current levels of youth unemployment have hovered much higher than average unemployment in many developed and developing countries. European and MENA region countries are the hardest hit with rates climbing to record highs following the global fina…

East African Regional Analysis of Youth Demographics

This report summarizes the findings of research on the socioeconomic implications of youth demographics in four East African Community (EAC) countries namely: Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda. For the study, we used systematic mapping approaches …

Regional Analysis of Youth Demographers: East African Community Countries

Approximately 17% of the world’s 7.5 billion people live in Africa, and by 2065, the continent’s population will comprise 28% of the world’s population. Roughly 60% of the African population is less than 25 years old (compared with 41% globally), an…

Getting to Africa’s Demographic Dividend

The purpose of this report is to explore the timing and conditions for African states’ achieving a demographic dividend that can accelerate the rate of improvement in livelihoods. To that end, the first part of this report presents a definition of …

West Africa Insight Vol 6 No.3: Urbanization in West Africa

UN habita predicts that before 2050, the total urban population in Africa will grow from the current estimate of 400 million to in excess of 1.26 billion. By 2030 the urban population of West Africa will range from 46.2%(Guinea) to 63.1% (Ivory Coa…

Regional Analysis of Youth Demographics: Uganda

This briefing note summarizes a review of literature and policies on youth demographics and implications from our scenario modelling of the short-term and medium-term projections of the youth population in Uganda. Specifically, the briefing note hi…

Urban Areas Performance Index 2017: Eldoret

This brief shows performance of Eldoret town based on three areas, namely: service delivery, conditions for investment and governance. This town's performance was assessed using the Urban Areas Performance Index, a composite Index comprising 67 ind…

Once Poor always Poor? Exploring Consumption- and Asset-based Poverty Dynamics in Ethiopia

This paper examines the dynamics of well-being in Ethiopia by assessing changes in poverty status based on consumption and asset ownership. Using panel data from the first two waves of the Ethiopia Socioeconomic Survey (ESS), we discover that althou…

The Determinants of Agricultural Productivity and Rural Household Income in Ethiopia

This paper aims at investigating the determinants of agricultural productivity and rural household income in Ethiopia. Three econometric models namely: Pooled ordinary least square (POLS), fixed effects (FE) and random effects (RE) model were used t…

The 'Containment Compact': The EU Migration 'Crisis' and African Complicity in Migration Management

In 2015 over 1 million people crossed the Mediterranean Sea from Africa in search of refuge and economic security in Europe. Nearly 4 000 died making the treacherous journey. Media images of dangerously overcrowded, rickety boats and dead bodies was…

Towards Maximising the Demographic Dividend in Namibia

The primary objective of this study was to assess Namibia’s prospects for harnessing the demographic dividend and to identify priority options for maximising the dividend. Demographic change has implications for the realisation of these ambitions. T…

Rural Non-Farm Activities and Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania: A Case Study of Two Villages in Chamwino and Bahi Districts of Dodoma Region

The study assessed the role of rural non-farm activities on poverty alleviation in Tanzania. Specifically, it examined the factors affecting the performance of rural non-farm activities, the mechanisms through which rural non-farm and farm activit…

Regional Analysis of Youth Demographics: Briefing note Tanzania

This briefing note summarises a review of literature and policies on youth demographics and implications from our scenario modelling of the short, medium and long-term projections of the youth population in Tanzania, and their demand for services. F…

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