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The population explosion and international relations

This article briefly summarises some of the problems of population increase.Population increase is comparatively modern, and due to a declining mortality rate rather than rising birth rates. Primary factors contributing to this decline are: an incre…

Demography, Environment and Conflict in West Africa

"In this paper, we argue that West Africa’s conflict experiences since 1990 have never been devoid of the concurrent influence of the youth bulge problematic and the effects of the economic downturns of countries in the sub-region. These factors can…

Public Spending, Taxation and Deficits

"The purpose of this study was twofold. First, it tested the causality between public spending and public revenue. Second, it tested the hypothesis that high deficits lead to increased spending. The following conclusions may be drawn from the findin…

National Workshop on Natural Resources and Development in Uganda

The theme of the workshop was "Natural Resources and Development in Uganda." Eight papers were presented and the proceedings of the workshop are summarized in this report. The focus of these papers are centered around urban poverty, natural resource…

The Distribution of Expenditure Tax Burden before and after Tax Reform: The Case of Cameroon

"This paper concentrates on indirect tax incidence as these taxes constitute an important component of the overall government revenue in Cameroon. In most developing countries where the formal tax base is not well established, taxation of goods and …

Mediating Land Conflict in Burundi : A Documentation and Analysis Project

"Part I of this report highlights the multiple challenges that Burundi experiences in terms of the repatriation and reintegration of refugees, as well as reconciliation between different societal groups. It underlines the importance of land tenure f…

Multidimensional Poverty in Cameroon: Determinants and Spatial Distribution

"The aim of this study was to target poverty following a multidimensional approach. The main contribution of this approach is that its study of poverty covers monetary indicators,that is, welfare indicators which cannot be acquired easily through p…

Population Dynamics: a Survey of Key Demographic Concepts

"Demography is the discipline whose primary concern is measuring the size and composition of populations, and the changes in size and composition of populations over time. It is sometimes used to encompass, in addition, the causes and consequences o…

A Simple Formula for Forecasting the Botswana Urban Population Total

"The aim of the present paper is to establish a simple functional relationship linking urbanisation and economic growth. The paper consequently focuses on the interplay between developments in urban population and basic economic variables, with the …

Poverty Assessment and Poverty Alleviation in Botswana

"This paper examines the nature and extent of poverty using the Household Income and Expenditure Survey 1984/85 and 1993/94 and goes on to give a synoptic view of Government's poverty alleviation strategies in which six policies and programs are rev…

Empowering the Poor and other Disadvantaged Groups

"This paper attempts to outline past and proposed future action plans undertaken by the government, the private sector and civil society to further citizen economic empowerment among the poor and other needy groups in Botswana. In particular, three …

BIDPA Annual Report 1996/97

"The events of BIDPA’s second year have underlined that our Institute is “coming of age”: Several projects come to their conclusion, most of them with good results. “BIDPA” has not yet become a household concept in Botswana, but is on the way to doi…

The Best Ten School Essays for Rural Development Policy Review Project 2000/2001

"The ten school essays included in this document were winners in the school essay competition. The competition was judged jointly by BIDPA and SIAPAC. There were ten cash prizes. The eleven winning essays are included in the document without any edi…

A Revised Poverty Datum Line for Botswana Revised Poverty Datum Line Estimates for Botswana, for the Analysis of Househol Income and Expenditure Data for 1993/94 and 1985/86

"This paper is part of a larger study of poverty alleviation in Botswana, undertaken by BIDPA for the Ministry of Finance and Development Planning. The paper presents revised estimates of the Poverty Datum Line (PDL) for Botswana, needed to analyse …

Poverty Among the Elderly and Children in Mainland Tanzania

"This brief analyses the economic situation of elderly persons and children in Tanzania. Significantly, the analysis found that households with elderly and children only are by far the poorest, in both urban and rural areas; 45% of these households …

Determinants of Rural Income in Tanzania : An Empirical Approach

"Despite many initiatives to reduce rural poverty in Tanzania in the last ten years, rural incomes have not improved significantly. Rural poverty remains a critical economic problem. To better inform rural policies and interventions, this study cond…

Putting the Brakes on Road Traffic Fatalities in Africa

"The Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011–2020 could succeed in directing attention and resources toward road safety in the developing world. This policy brief explores what could happen if initiatives like this were to have a significant impact in…

Rural-Urban Transformation in Uganda

"Uganda over the last twenty years has maintained high economic growth rates, increasing urbanization and shifting patterns in sectoral contribution to overall development. This transformation is dominated by an increasing proportion of the wealth g…

Household Incomes, Poverty and Inequality in a Multivariate Framework

"The existing work on household poverty and inequality in South Africa has shown that poverty and inequality differ markedly by race, location, education, gender of the head, household demographics and household labour market participation. However,…

Poverty and Inequality Dynamics in Uganda: Insights from the Uganda National Panel Surveys 2005/6 and 2009/10

"While Uganda has made significant efforts in reducing the proportion of individuals and households living below the absolute poverty line, nearly 10 percent of the households continue to live in persistent or chronic poverty with significant differ…

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