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Development Domains for Ethiopia: Capturing the Geographical Context of Smallholder Development Options

"The choices that smallholder farmers are able to make are strongly conditioned by the geographic conditions in which they live. The importance of this fact for rural development strategy is not lost on policy makers. For example, the government...

An Exploratory Study of Land Use, Management and Degradation

"The research findings identify a variety of land use activities and a range of choice decision factors. The diversity of crops and mixed stock is shown to respond to good yields and easy management. The socio-economic characteristics of the samp...

Gender and Housing Development in the Low Income Suburbs of Jinja Municipality, Uganda

"This study attempted to determine the nature and relative importance of the socio-cultural and economic factors that facilitated or impeded men and women’s engagement in urban housing development. It also attempted to determine the differences be...

Impacts of Interventions in Bee-keeping and Irrigation on Household Welfare in the Kerio Basin Development lone, Kenya

"The Primary purpose of this study was to examine the impact of interventions in bee-keeping and irrigation on household welfare in the Kerio Basin Development Zone. Specifically, the study has analysed four main areas of impacts: employment-creat...

Population Change Among the Maasai

"Among the specific objectives of this study were the following: 1) examining the effects of population and fertility changes on the Maasai and their landscape; 2) investigating the way Maasai pastoral lifestyle and social structure regulated fert...

A Macroeconomic Demographic Model for Ethiopia: Specification, Estimation and Simulation

"The preceding simulation and estimation process showed that one can get some insight into economic demographic interactions, and that the use of demographic variables as policy instruments could yield a higher per capita income in general and per...

Issues and Challenges of Measurement of Health: Implications for Economic Research

"Several objectives or perspectives are distinguished in the measurement of health. They would concern: 1)Public Health - where it will be essential to assess the level of a population’s health status, to compare its level and its trend over the t...

Whatever Happened to Africa's Rapid Urbanisation?

"It is widely believed that urbanisation is occurring faster in sub-Saharan Africa than anywhere else in the world, as migrants move from rural to urban settlements. This is a fallacy. While the populations of numerous urban areas are growing rap...

Affirmative action in Malaysia - Costs and benefits

"Malaysia was shocked into taking affirmative action seriously by race riots in 1969. Their three-pronged approach to affirmative action in ownership, employment and poverty alleviation has been successful in reducing ethnic inequalities while ach...

Madagascar

This article gives background information on the island of Madagascar. It describes the geography and climate, its population, political organization, and history from its discovery by the Portuguese to independence in 1960 under President Tsirane...

New light on South West Africa: Some extracts from and comments on the Odendaal Report

This document is a summary of the Odendaal Report, with comments by the author and a supplementary section dealing with the international position of the territory and with the Republican Government’s decisions to date on the Report. The Commis...

Urbanization and Spatial Connectivity in Ethiopia: Urban Growth Analysis Using GIS

"In comparison to other African countries, Ethiopia has a low urbanization rate. According to the World Bank World Development Report (WDR) 2009, Sub-Sahara Africa is 30% urbanized, whereas Ethiopia is only 10.9% urbanized. Urbanization rates diff...

Adolescent and Youth Sexual and Reproductive Health in Kenya

"In this fact sheet, adolescents comprise 24% of Kenya's population. This large adolescent population has implications on the country's health and development agenda as it is likely to place increasing demands on provision of services."

Health and HIV/AIDS along the East African Community Transport Corridors: A Situational Analysis

"This Policy Brief provides an overview of the findings of a situational analysis conducted in July 2014, on health and HIV/AIDS to support the development of a regional strategy for integrated health and HIV programming along the East Africa Comm...

Facilitating Fertility Decline to Maximise on the Window of Opportunity

"Kenya’s initial rapid fertility decline in the 1980s was followed by stagnation at high levels in the 1990s. On the other hand, child mortality rates have recently dropped by substantial margins. This has resulted in rapid population increase, an...

Improving the Health of Kenya’s Present and Future Workforce for Enhanced Socioeconomic Development

"All Kenyan’s have a right to the highest attainable standard of health and health services including reproductive healthcare. This right is enshrined in The Constitution of Kenya 2010 article 43(a). Further, Kenya’s long-term development plan, Vi...

Harnessing the Demographic Dividend: Accelerating Socioeconomic Transformation in Uganda

"Uganda’s young age structure can be turned into a valuable asset for achieving the socioeconomic transformation envisaged in Vision 2040 if birth rates decline rapidly. This will create a population with more working age people than children, whi...

Population, Climate Change, and Sustainable Development in Malawi

"Malawi is one of the 15 countries categorized as a population and climate change “hotspot” because of its rapidly growing population, water scarcity and falling food production. Malawi’s population has grown from 6 million in 1966 to about 15 mil...

Population, Climate Change, and Sustainable Development in Kenya

"Like many other African countries, Kenya is faced with a rapidly growing population and low resilience to climate change. Its current population of about 41 million people is projected to grow to 97 million by 2050, and reach 160 million by 2100....

Prospects and Challenges for Harnessing the Demographic Dividend in Tanzania

"The past and current high levels of fertility in the midst of steadily declining child mortality rates have created a youthful population with a high child dependency ratio in Tanzania. The country’s population has grown from 12.3 million in 1967...

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