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The Social Security And National Insurance Trust: Is There The Need For Reforms

"This paper provides an assessment of the long-term financial viability of SSNIT based on the Auditor-General's reports for 1994 and 1997. It discusses some of the factors that adversely affect the long-term viability of the Trust as well as the iss…

Challenge of African Youth Unemployment

Many African youth face high unemployment or employment in low-wage temporary jobs that compound their poverty, especially in northern and southern Africa. Urban areas have much higher rates of unemployment than rural areas—as do women than men—and,…

Youth Unemployment in Africa: Capacity Building and Innovative Strategies from Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, and Swaziland

Worldwide, as well as in every African country, jobs and opportunity for the youth are consistently at the top of development agendas. By 2050, 29 percent of the total world youth population will live in Africa. For African countries, youth represen…

Adolescent and Youth Sexual and Reproductive Health in Kenya

"In this fact sheet, adolescents comprise 24% of Kenya's population. This large adolescent population has implications on the country's health and development agenda as it is likely to place increasing demands on provision of services."

Health and HIV/AIDS along the East African Community Transport Corridors: A Situational Analysis

"This Policy Brief provides an overview of the findings of a situational analysis conducted in July 2014, on health and HIV/AIDS to support the development of a regional strategy for integrated health and HIV programming along the East Africa Commun…

Facilitating Fertility Decline to Maximise on the Window of Opportunity

"Kenya’s initial rapid fertility decline in the 1980s was followed by stagnation at high levels in the 1990s. On the other hand, child mortality rates have recently dropped by substantial margins. This has resulted in rapid population increase, and …

Improving the Health of Kenya’s Present and Future Workforce for Enhanced Socioeconomic Development

"All Kenyan’s have a right to the highest attainable standard of health and health services including reproductive healthcare. This right is enshrined in The Constitution of Kenya 2010 article 43(a). Further, Kenya’s long-term development plan, Visi…

Harnessing the Demographic Dividend: Accelerating Socioeconomic Transformation in Uganda

"Uganda’s young age structure can be turned into a valuable asset for achieving the socioeconomic transformation envisaged in Vision 2040 if birth rates decline rapidly. This will create a population with more working age people than children, which…

Population, Climate Change, and Sustainable Development in Malawi

"Malawi is one of the 15 countries categorized as a population and climate change “hotspot” because of its rapidly growing population, water scarcity and falling food production. Malawi’s population has grown from 6 million in 1966 to about 15 milli…

Population, Climate Change, and Sustainable Development in Kenya

"Like many other African countries, Kenya is faced with a rapidly growing population and low resilience to climate change. Its current population of about 41 million people is projected to grow to 97 million by 2050, and reach 160 million by 2100. A…

Prospects and Challenges for Harnessing the Demographic Dividend in Tanzania

"The past and current high levels of fertility in the midst of steadily declining child mortality rates have created a youthful population with a high child dependency ratio in Tanzania. The country’s population has grown from 12.3 million in 1967 t…

Crisis In The Sahel – Possible Solutions and the Consequences of Inaction

"A report following the OASIS Conference (Organizing to Advance Solutions in the Sahel) hosted by the University of California, Berkeley and African Institute for Development Policy in Berkeley on September 21, 2012. The goal of this report is to st…

The Role of Political Will and Commitment in Improving Access to Family Planning in Africa

"A few countries in Eastern and Southern Africa - namely Ethiopia, Malawi, and Rwanda - have demonstrated a new wave of optimism and made good progress in addressing barriers of access to modern contraception over the past decade or so. Further, pro…

Africa on the Move! The Role of Political Will and Commitment in Improving Access to Family Planning in Africa

"Despite commitments to the program of action for the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) and MDG 5 (focused on maternal and reproductive health), little progress has been made in improving access to family planning an…

AFIDEP News Issue No 3

This newsletter covers a number of topics. In ‘How evidence-based is evidence-informed policy making?’ the aim of the conference was to go beyond theory and create a platform where practical experiences and lessons in applying evidence in decision m…

Promoting job-rich urbanisation in Zambia

"Despite the country’s robust economic growth, evidence shows that its urban labor markets are not creating enough of the kinds of jobs that will propel inclusive growth and maximize Zambia’s “demographic dividend.” Real wages declined between 2012 …

The Role of Traditional Irrigation Systems (Vinyungu) in Alleviating Poverty in Iringa Rural District, Tanzania

"This study was conducted to assess the role of the vinyungu irrigation system in alleviating poverty in Iringa rural district in the southern highlands of Tanzania and covered five villages, Wasa, Uhominyi, Kihanga, Kising'a, and Lulanzi, represent…

Ticking Time Bomb or Demographic Dividend ? Youth and Reconciliation in South Africa

"This year’s Reconciliation Barometer report focuses on youth attitudes emerging from round 12 of this nationally representative public opinion survey, conducted annually by the IJR since 2003. Until recently, it has been a challenge to measure and …

Madagascar

This article gives background information on the island of Madagascar. It describes the geography and climate, its population, political organization, and history from its discovery by the Portuguese to independence in 1960 under President Tsirane. …

New light on South West Africa: Some extracts from and comments on the Odendaal Report

This document is a summary of the Odendaal Report, with comments by the author and a supplementary section dealing with the international position of the territory and with the Republican Government’s decisions to date on the Report. The Commissi…

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