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The Role of Traditional Irrigation Systems (Vinyungu) in Alleviating Poverty in Iringa Rural District, Tanzania

"This study was conducted to assess the role of the vinyungu irrigation system in alleviating poverty in Iringa rural district in the southern highlands of Tanzania and covered five villages, Wasa, Uhominyi, Kihanga, Kising'a, and Lulanzi, represe...

Ticking Time Bomb or Demographic Dividend ? Youth and Reconciliation in South Africa

"This year’s Reconciliation Barometer report focuses on youth attitudes emerging from round 12 of this nationally representative public opinion survey, conducted annually by the IJR since 2003. Until recently, it has been a challenge to measure an...

Development Domains for Ethiopia: Capturing the Geographical Context of Smallholder Development Options

"The choices that smallholder farmers are able to make are strongly conditioned by the geographic conditions in which they live. The importance of this fact for rural development strategy is not lost on policy makers. For example, the government...

An Exploratory Study of Land Use, Management and Degradation

"The research findings identify a variety of land use activities and a range of choice decision factors. The diversity of crops and mixed stock is shown to respond to good yields and easy management. The socio-economic characteristics of the samp...

Gender and Housing Development in the Low Income Suburbs of Jinja Municipality, Uganda

"This study attempted to determine the nature and relative importance of the socio-cultural and economic factors that facilitated or impeded men and women’s engagement in urban housing development. It also attempted to determine the differences be...

Impacts of Interventions in Bee-keeping and Irrigation on Household Welfare in the Kerio Basin Development lone, Kenya

"The Primary purpose of this study was to examine the impact of interventions in bee-keeping and irrigation on household welfare in the Kerio Basin Development Zone. Specifically, the study has analysed four main areas of impacts: employment-creat...

Population Change Among the Maasai

"Among the specific objectives of this study were the following: 1) examining the effects of population and fertility changes on the Maasai and their landscape; 2) investigating the way Maasai pastoral lifestyle and social structure regulated fert...

A Macroeconomic Demographic Model for Ethiopia: Specification, Estimation and Simulation

"The preceding simulation and estimation process showed that one can get some insight into economic demographic interactions, and that the use of demographic variables as policy instruments could yield a higher per capita income in general and per...

Issues and Challenges of Measurement of Health: Implications for Economic Research

"Several objectives or perspectives are distinguished in the measurement of health. They would concern: 1)Public Health - where it will be essential to assess the level of a population’s health status, to compare its level and its trend over the t...

Whatever Happened to Africa's Rapid Urbanisation?

"It is widely believed that urbanisation is occurring faster in sub-Saharan Africa than anywhere else in the world, as migrants move from rural to urban settlements. This is a fallacy. While the populations of numerous urban areas are growing rap...

Madagascar

This article gives background information on the island of Madagascar. It describes the geography and climate, its population, political organization, and history from its discovery by the Portuguese to independence in 1960 under President Tsirane...

New light on South West Africa: Some extracts from and comments on the Odendaal Report

This document is a summary of the Odendaal Report, with comments by the author and a supplementary section dealing with the international position of the territory and with the Republican Government’s decisions to date on the Report. The Commis...

Urbanization and Spatial Connectivity in Ethiopia: Urban Growth Analysis Using GIS

"In comparison to other African countries, Ethiopia has a low urbanization rate. According to the World Bank World Development Report (WDR) 2009, Sub-Sahara Africa is 30% urbanized, whereas Ethiopia is only 10.9% urbanized. Urbanization rates diff...

Affirmative action in Malaysia - Costs and benefits

"Malaysia was shocked into taking affirmative action seriously by race riots in 1969. Their three-pronged approach to affirmative action in ownership, employment and poverty alleviation has been successful in reducing ethnic inequalities while ach...

The Social Security And National Insurance Trust: Is There The Need For Reforms

"This paper provides an assessment of the long-term financial viability of SSNIT based on the Auditor-General's reports for 1994 and 1997. It discusses some of the factors that adversely affect the long-term viability of the Trust as well as the i...

Challenge of African Youth Unemployment

Many African youth face high unemployment or employment in low-wage temporary jobs that compound their poverty, especially in northern and southern Africa. Urban areas have much higher rates of unemployment than rural areas—as do women than men—an...

Youth Unemployment in Africa: Capacity Building and Innovative Strategies from Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, and Swaziland

Worldwide, as well as in every African country, jobs and opportunity for the youth are consistently at the top of development agendas. By 2050, 29 percent of the total world youth population will live in Africa. For African countries, youth repres...

Land Constraints and Agricultural Intensification in Ethiopia A Village-level Analysis of High-Potential Areas

"Highland Ethiopia is one of the most densely populated regions of Africa and has long been associated with both Malthusian disasters and Boserupian agricultural intensification. This paper explores the race between these two countervailing forces...

The Role of Targeting in Service Delivery to Vulnerable Populations - The FANRPAN Household Vulnerability Index (HVI) A Synthesis of Three Country Reports

"The objective of the HVI pilot study conducted in Lesotho, Swaziland and Zimbabwe was to further develop and test the HVI as a statistical tool for quantifying household vulnerability resulting from shocks such as HIV and AIDS. Key outputs from t...

Opportunities and Policy Actions to Maximise the Demographic Dividend in Botswana

Botswana’s socio-economic development aspirations as spelt out in its current long-term development strategy, Vision 2036, is to graduate from being an upper-middle-income country (UMIC) to a high-income country (HIC) with prosperity for all. Demo...

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