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Madagascar

This article gives background information on the island of Madagascar. It describes the geography and climate, its population, political organization, and history from its discovery by the Portuguese to independence in 1960 under President Tsirane...

New light on South West Africa: Some extracts from and comments on the Odendaal Report

This document is a summary of the Odendaal Report, with comments by the author and a supplementary section dealing with the international position of the territory and with the Republican Government’s decisions to date on the Report. The Commis...

Urbanization and Spatial Connectivity in Ethiopia: Urban Growth Analysis Using GIS

"In comparison to other African countries, Ethiopia has a low urbanization rate. According to the World Bank World Development Report (WDR) 2009, Sub-Sahara Africa is 30% urbanized, whereas Ethiopia is only 10.9% urbanized. Urbanization rates diff...

Affirmative action in Malaysia - Costs and benefits

"Malaysia was shocked into taking affirmative action seriously by race riots in 1969. Their three-pronged approach to affirmative action in ownership, employment and poverty alleviation has been successful in reducing ethnic inequalities while ach...

Opportunities and Policy Actions to Maximise the Demographic Dividend in Botswana

Botswana’s socio-economic development aspirations as spelt out in its current long-term development strategy, Vision 2036, is to graduate from being an upper-middle-income country (UMIC) to a high-income country (HIC) with prosperity for all. Demo...

Understanding the Drivers of Drought in Somalia: Environmental Degradation as a Drought Determinant

Drought recurrence is a persistent phenomenon in Somalia. The latest one has continued for the last three years. Although the subdued Gu rains that fell between April and May provided some temporary relief, the depressed nature of this critical ...

Affordable Housing in Kigali: Issues and Recommendations

Rwanda has been experiencing a very high rate of population and urban growth. This has posed serious problems for socio-economic development because of the inability of existing institutions and mechanisms to cope with emerging challenges. These...

Community-based Multi-dimensional Poverty Profiles in Greater Tzaneen and Mutale Local Municipalities in Limpopo Province South Africa: Key findings, Policy Implications and Recommendations

Poverty monitoring surveys in South Africa is significantly institutionalized both in design and coverage at the national level; however, the non-existence of any institutional mechanism to generate Multidimensional poverty data at Wards levels re...

Protection of Rights of Older Persons in South Sudan: Towards Enactment of Legislative Framework

The proportion of older persons in the world is increasing due to the gradual decline in death rates and rise in life expectancy, catching many governments totally unprepared. In South Sudan, the number of older persons was projected to increase b...

Land Constraints and Agricultural Intensification in Ethiopia A Village-level Analysis of High-Potential Areas

"Highland Ethiopia is one of the most densely populated regions of Africa and has long been associated with both Malthusian disasters and Boserupian agricultural intensification. This paper explores the race between these two countervailing forces...

The Role of Targeting in Service Delivery to Vulnerable Populations - The FANRPAN Household Vulnerability Index (HVI) A Synthesis of Three Country Reports

"The objective of the HVI pilot study conducted in Lesotho, Swaziland and Zimbabwe was to further develop and test the HVI as a statistical tool for quantifying household vulnerability resulting from shocks such as HIV and AIDS. Key outputs from t...

Challenge of African Youth Unemployment

Many African youth face high unemployment or employment in low-wage temporary jobs that compound their poverty, especially in northern and southern Africa. Urban areas have much higher rates of unemployment than rural areas—as do women than men—an...

Youth Unemployment in Africa: Capacity Building and Innovative Strategies from Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, and Swaziland

Worldwide, as well as in every African country, jobs and opportunity for the youth are consistently at the top of development agendas. By 2050, 29 percent of the total world youth population will live in Africa. For African countries, youth repres...

The Role of Traditional Irrigation Systems (Vinyungu) in Alleviating Poverty in Iringa Rural District, Tanzania

"This study was conducted to assess the role of the vinyungu irrigation system in alleviating poverty in Iringa rural district in the southern highlands of Tanzania and covered five villages, Wasa, Uhominyi, Kihanga, Kising'a, and Lulanzi, represe...

Ticking Time Bomb or Demographic Dividend ? Youth and Reconciliation in South Africa

"This year’s Reconciliation Barometer report focuses on youth attitudes emerging from round 12 of this nationally representative public opinion survey, conducted annually by the IJR since 2003. Until recently, it has been a challenge to measure an...

Adolescent and Youth Sexual and Reproductive Health in Kenya

"In this fact sheet, adolescents comprise 24% of Kenya's population. This large adolescent population has implications on the country's health and development agenda as it is likely to place increasing demands on provision of services."

Health and HIV/AIDS along the East African Community Transport Corridors: A Situational Analysis

"This Policy Brief provides an overview of the findings of a situational analysis conducted in July 2014, on health and HIV/AIDS to support the development of a regional strategy for integrated health and HIV programming along the East Africa Comm...

Facilitating Fertility Decline to Maximise on the Window of Opportunity

"Kenya’s initial rapid fertility decline in the 1980s was followed by stagnation at high levels in the 1990s. On the other hand, child mortality rates have recently dropped by substantial margins. This has resulted in rapid population increase, an...

Improving the Health of Kenya’s Present and Future Workforce for Enhanced Socioeconomic Development

"All Kenyan’s have a right to the highest attainable standard of health and health services including reproductive healthcare. This right is enshrined in The Constitution of Kenya 2010 article 43(a). Further, Kenya’s long-term development plan, Vi...

Harnessing the Demographic Dividend: Accelerating Socioeconomic Transformation in Uganda

"Uganda’s young age structure can be turned into a valuable asset for achieving the socioeconomic transformation envisaged in Vision 2040 if birth rates decline rapidly. This will create a population with more working age people than children, whi...

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