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The African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance: Declaration vs policy practice

"This Policy Brief unravels the evolution of the African Charter which, if effectively implemented, may radically transform Africa’s governance architecture and in the process improve the livelihoods of ordinary people on the continent. The democrat…

The MDG's and Africa: The Elusive Partnership?

"In September 2000, 89 countries met at United Nations (UN) headquarters in New York amid great fanfare to adopt the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The MDGs sought to generate international consensus to eliminate international poverty and bri…

Perspectives and Hidden Ambiguities in the 'African Agenda'

"This paper seeks to undertake a brief examination and analysis of this seemingly non-problematic, popular and widely used concept. It is hoped that through this examination and analysis, the notion of the ‘African Agenda’ will be problematised, w…

Advancing South Africa's Agenda through the 'African Agenda'

"This policy brief seeks to explore the strategic significance for South Africa of pursuing its ‘African Agenda’ through engagement within the affairs of the African continent. It argues that South Africa’s advancement of the ‘African Agenda’ and i…

Race, growth and development

"In reflecting on the meeting as a whole, CDE raised several issues: The first being; whether policies of racial redress were impeding the drive for growth and development. There was no exploration of the content and consequences of present policies…

Africa and the Geopolitics of the Indian Ocean

"Throughout the history of the Indian Ocean, littoral, island and extra-regional states have vied to secure their trade routes,which in turn affects Africa. By reviewing the stakeholders’ dynamics in the Indian Ocean, the implications and challenges…

Addressing the Use of Private Security and Military Companies at the International Level

"The aim of this paper is firstly, to contribute to the scholarly debate regarding the use of PMSCs in conflict and post - conflict situations. Secondly, to comment on the current Draft International Convention on the Regulation, Oversight and Moni…

A bridge too far? Considering security sector reform in Africa

"Security sector reform has become an accepted part of the international peace- building and post-conflict reconstruction agenda. It is posited as a crucial aspect in the creation of an enabling environment for development and stability. Experience …

The Panel of the Wise: A Comprehensive Introduction to a Critical Pillar of the African Peace and Security Architecture

"This paper is an attempt to provide a comprehensive introduction to the recently established Panel of the Wise of the African Union. It commences with an overview of the developments leading up to the establishment of the Panel of the Wise, its st…

Intelligence and Accountability in Africa

"Building systems of accountability for intelligence services in Africa is relatively new phenomenon. The intelligence sector has traditionally been viewed as a core arena of state security outside of the purview of parliament and civil society. As…

Somalia: The Transitional Government on Life Support

"Somalia’s Transitional Federal Government (TFG) has squandered the goodwill and support it received and achieved little of significance in the two years it has been in office. It is inept, increasingly corrupt and hobbled by President Sharif’s wea…

Report of the 3rd African Conference of Commandants. Hosted by the Egyptian Command and Staff College, Cairo, Egypt, 9 – 13 November 2009

"The agenda of the 3rd ACoC focused on the following issues: The training method and combat doctrine of the ASF, The role of Regional Economic Communities (RECs)in the implementation of ASF Doctrine, The role of African think tanks in military educa…

Report of a Roundtable Workshop: Strategies for the Implementation of a Union Government of Africa

"The workshop participants agree that the union government must be a union of the African people and not merely a union of states and governments. It must furthermore be based on shared values drawn from both African culture and African societies, …

A Strategic Conflict Assessment of Zambia

"The purpose of this study on Zambia is to present an overview of current trends, risks and opportunities for conflict mitigation. The study highlights potential areas of concern, and will conclude with recommendations to guide strategy aimed at mit…

Namibia and the sanctions controversy

The Foreign Minister’s European visit culminated on his return with statements about possible sanctions. The controversy obscured the realities of continuing negotiations on Namibia, and confused the public by implying that negotiations will be poin…

Completing the Demobilisation, Disarmament and Reintegration Process of Armed Groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Link to Security Sector Reform of FARDC

"This situation report examines the demo- bilisation process in the DRC, including the factors impacting on the process, the new Army Reform plan, the role of the STAREC and UNSSSS plans, challenges,recommendations and the way forward. Demobilisati…

Liberia: The 2011 Elections and Building Peace in the Fragile State

"At the conclusion of Liberia’s 2005 elections, which itself was a culmination of years of an excruciatingly slow, fitful and bloody transition from interminable low-intensity warfare to relative peace, one of the country’s leading citizens made the…

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 8, no. 1, 1984

This edition of the Bulletin contains the texts of five papers presented at a conference on "South Africa and its Neighbours: Policy Questions for the 1980V. The first article by Robert Legvold discusses the threat that the Soviet Union holds for …

Ghana’s 2008 Election: Towards a Consolidated Democracy?

"How has Ghana got it right? This paper argues that Ghana’s own political history and the electoral machinery continue to play a role in the steps taken towards effective political system based on democratic principles. Regarded by both local and e…

Libya: A Critical Review of Tripoli’s Sub-Saharan African Policies

"The paper is divided into four sections. The first section looks at the internal structures of the Jamahiriya and addresses the internal dynamics within the revolutionary committees in the country. The second section deals with the main geo-politi…

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