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KAIPTC Quarterly Newsletter, Vol 4, Issue 2, April - June 2012

This newsletter contains the following articles, which are entitled as follows: First Batch of MCPS Students Graduate, MGPS Inaugurated... Library Complex Inaugurated. Expert Workshop On Security Threats In The Sahel Held. Swiss Gov’t Sponsors MGPS …

Regional Integration in Africa: Some Recent Developments and Challenges

African countries accounted for only 3.2 percent of world trade in 2013 compared to 5 percent in the mid-1960s and have been left out of the recent benefits accruing from international trade. This weak performance can be reversed by regional integra…

African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crisis: Advice for African Policymakers

"Despite the operationalisation of the African Standby Force (ASF) within the AU security system, rapid reaction remains a challenging task, as the crisis in Mali has demonstrated. The African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crisis (ACIRC) has t…

Trilateral Development Cooperation can Enhance South Africa’s Development Partnership Capabilities in Peacebuilding and Post-Conflict Reconstruction

In keeping with its foreign policy identity which promotes peace, security and development on the continent, South Africa has played an important peacemaking role in Africa. This softer approach to post conflict reconstruction has been informed by S…

R2P @10: What Lessons for South Africa and Africa?

150 World states endorsed the principle of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) at the 2005 World Summit. 2015 marks ten years since this occasion. Paragraphs 138 and 139 of the 2005 World Summit Outcome Document noted that ‘each individual State h…

Political Risks Facing African Democracies: Evidence from Afrobarometer

"Where are African countries headed politically? How resilient are Africa’s governments, regimes, and states? What are the characteristics of political risk? This paper is motivated by a desire to discover whether it is possible to identify early-wa…

Norm Revisionists, not Norm Breakers: The Emerging Multipolar Landscape of Peace Operations

The ability of African countries, in the past two decades, to contribute assets to peace operations has increased to a remarkable degree. This surge is undeniably contributing in sum to stabilising different conflict areas and demonstrates the will…

Zimbabwe seen Headed in the Wrong Direction, but President's Leadership Approval Steady

"Most Zimbabweans express discontent with the overall direction of their country, deteriorating economic conditions, rising corruption, and the performance of their elected leaders – except for President Robert Mugabe. Overall, the public mood is no…

Rising Middle Classes in India, Brazil and South Africa: What is Happening and What are the Implications

The rise of the middle class in emerging democracies is an important global issue. An expanding and large middle class is vital for inclusion and stability, especially in developing countries with many poor and excluded people. However, comparativ…

State of the Union South Africa Report 2010

"This report deals with South Africa’s compliance with 12 selected AU instruments. Eight of these 12 instruments are treaties while four are strategies, resolutions or plans of action. While treaties are legally binding on States Parties, resolutio…

Election Management and Electoral Violence Mitigation ahead of 2016 Elections

Remarkable progress over the years, in election management has been registered across Africa. East African countries, in particular, have embraced democracy. However high levels of electoral-related violence remain a major challenge during election…

Angolan refugees in Zambia: Reflecting on local integration as a sustainable solution

"Local integration continues to be an important option in the basket of comprehensive strategies to achieve long-term solutions to refugee crises, particularly those caused by protracted conflicts. While many refugees may voluntarily repatriate to …

Planning for Peace Lessons from Mozambique’s Peacebuilding Process

Within more than two decades since Mozambique’s civil war ended and its first multiparty elections were held, the country still faces persistent social, political, economical and developmental challenges. What have been some of the main drivers and…

African Civil Society: Prospects for Raising Awareness on Priority Issues

Sub-Saharan Africa is grappling with such severe and recurring economic, political and social crises that some of them, including HIV/AIDS, food insecurity and civil war, have ended up as humanitarian disasters. Making such a statement is not indic…

Why Gender Still Matters: Sexual Violence and the Need to Confront Militarized Masculinity: A Case Study of the Conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

The ongoing war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has been marked by almost unimaginable atrocities, including millions killed and displaced in a war that seven nations have participated in. Most horrifically, sexual assault has become…

Land Grabbing and Land Reform

Liberia is a country blessed with natural resources. Its natural endowments include diamonds, gold and iron ore, extensive stands of tropical timber, abundant water and cropland, and a climate and soil conditions conducive to the cultivation of …

Peace and Development in Northern Somalia: Opportunities and Challenges

It must appear to much of the world that Somalia has ceased to exist. All diplomatic missions there have been closed and Somalia’s seat at the United Nations lies empty. Although limited UN aid programmes are operating, bilateral donors have larg…

Liberia- Unravelling

The international community is often left to bemoan the fact that it lacks effective early warning tools for major humanitarian crises and conflicts. Yet, today in Liberia it is presented with almost a textbook case of all the major warning signs of…

Stopping Guinea's Slide

Guinea risks becoming West Africa's next failed state. Its economy is faltering, the government has nearly ceased to provide services, and in 2004, there were isolated uprisings in at least eight towns and cities in all regions of the country. Getti…

The Inter-Congolese Dialogue: Political Negotiation or Game of Bluff?

More than two years after the signing of the Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement, the Inter-Congolese Dialogue officially opened in Addis Ababa on 15 October 2001, under the facilitation of Sir Ketumile Masire, the former President of Botswana. But the gover…

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