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Ethiopia After Meles

"For more than two decades, Prime Minister Meles Zenawi managed Ethiopia’s political, ethnic and religious divides and adroitly kept the TFPL and EPRDF factions under tight control by concentrating power, gradually closing political space and stifli…

Mkukuta Cluster III: Governance and Accountability

"MKUKUTA’s third cluster has the following seven supporting goals: 1)Structures and systems of governance as well as the rule of law to be democratic, participatory, representative, accountable and inclusive 2) Equitable allocation of public resour…

South African Foreign Policy in Today's World

This article looks at "the major thrust of South African policies in the Southern African Region. It focuses on the outward movement and some of the implications on this movement of recent changes in Angola and Mozambique, as well as potential chang…

Co-operation in Southern Africa: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow

"The establishment of international and/or regional co-operation is characterised by multi-speed process. The international economic and political order has for the best part of the last three decades been engaged in a process of transition towards …

The Commonwealth After Harare

"The rapidly changing international environment confronts not only governments but international organizations of which they are members with new situations and challenges, and the Commonwealth is certainly no exception. A body whose membership is m…

Guinea-Bissau after Vieira: Challenges and Opportunities

"On 7 June 1998, an army mutiny led by former Chief of Staff, General Ansumane Mane, plunged the Republic of Guinea-Bissau into devasting civil war. The coup aimed to oust President Joao Bernardo Vieira, who had come to power in a military coup agai…

Ghana: A Beacon of Hope in Africa

"Focusing on relative internal peace, this brief starts by analysing key aspects of the Ghanaian constitution, which is the anchor of the country’s democracy. This is followed by an examination of the country’s electoral processes, which have been c…

Eastern Congo: Why Stabilisation Failed

"Since Bosco Ntaganda’s mutiny in April 2012 and the subsequent creation of the 23 March rebel movement (M23), violence has returned to the Kivus. However today’s crisis bears the same hallmarks as yesterday’s, a consequence of the failure to implem…

The Kenyan Military Intervention in Somalia

"The government’s hasty, insufficiently prepared decision to intervene militarily in Somalia will have profound consequences for stability in both countries. Al-Shabaab now clearly intends not only to destabilise the North Eastern Province, but als…

South Sudan: Compounding Instability in Unity State

"Given its history, resources, ethno-political significance and location – at once both strategic and isolated – Unity state is today a territory of unique importance and complexity. Instability must be considered in light of the complicated histor…

Assessing Turkey’s Role in Somalia

"Somalis of all walks of life refer to Turkey’s arrival as a miracle and Godsend. But that honeymoon is ending. The famine’s back has been broken and Al-Shabaab has been pushed out of the capital – although it is still a serious threat. Now comes th…

Tunisia: Confronting Social and Economic Challenges

"Eighteen months after initiating the Arab spring, Tunisia still can boast of an ongoing, successful transition. The former regime, which came to symbolise corruption and social injustice, is gone and democratic gains are palpable. Yet, formidable s…

Tunisia: Combatting Impunity, Restoring Security

"Since January 2011, not only has the former leader, President Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali, fallen from power, but an entire system has been overwhelmed, if not overhauled, relatively peacefully and with the support of a fairly broad consensus. The coun…

One Year After South Sudan's Independence: Opportunities and Obstacles for Africa's Newest Country

"As South Sudan prepares to move from its transitional constitution to a permanent framework of governance, the new nation should focus on strengthening the federal system. Already, there are concerns that the centralization of power in Juba is marg…

Cote d'Ivoire : Defusing Tensions

"A volatile security situation and mounting political tensions are threatening Côte d’Ivoire’s recovery. In the last few months the country has been subjected to a series of deadly attacks, whose targets have included: a police station, an importan…

The Problems and Prospects for ECOWAS Intervention in Mali

"As of late 2012, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) supports a policy of military intervention in northern Mali, where rebel groups continue to implement various forms of governance. While there is a legal basis for an ECOWAS in…

Trade Patterns in the SADC Region: Key Issues for the FTA

"This policy brief examines trade patterns in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) over the period 1980 to 1997. Perhaps the most notable conclusion about trade trends in the region is the rather disturbing lack of trend. Trade pattern…

Navigating Post-Peace Agreement Plebiscites: Zimbabwe and Kenya’s 2013 Elections

"This Policy & Practice Brief is informed by the persistent problem of contested electoral processes and results in a number of African countries. These are often accompanied by violence, with devastating effects not only on human security, but also…

The Troubled Road to Peace: Reflections on the Complexities of Resolving the Political Impasse in Madagascar

"Madagascar was thrown into political crisis in 2009 by an unconstitutional change in leadership which replaced Marc Ravalomanana with Andry Rajoelina as head of state. Over the past four years this crisis deteriorated into a firmly-embedded politic…

Unconstitutional Changes of Government in Africa: An Assessment of the Relevance of the Constitutive Act of the African Union

"The Constitutive Act of the African Union marks a new era in institution-building in post-colonial Africa. It is conceived as an aspect of Africa’s response to the challenges of globalisation and regional integration. The Constitutive Act, amended …

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