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Attitudes to Firearms and Crime in Nairobi: Results of a City Survey

"Kenya is at the crossroads of conflict in East Africa and the Horn. Small arms trafficking and proliferation in the region threatens security, stability, and sustainable development.Based on the premise that guns flourish where insecurity prevail...

Peace and Security through Good Governance A Guide to the NEPAD African Peer Review Mechanism

"This paper is focused on the political and governance component of NEPAD peer review. Hunger, poverty, HIV/AIDS and lack of development in Africa are in the first instance political and governance issues. Both economic and corporate governance t...

AIDS, Security and Governance in Southern Africa Exploring the Impact

"By undermining health and the development of human capital, it is widely acknowledged that HIV/AIDS will increasingly undermine the foundations of human and economic development, although the details of this impact are as yet poorly understood....

NEPAD’s Peer Review Mechanism

"NEPAD is a work in progress and recent developments have proved confusing to many. This paper explains the recent compromise regarding political and economic review by the African Peer Review Mechanism. As a background to this, the NEPAD structur...

Defence Conversion in South Africa: A Faded Ideal?

"Exploring the links and overlaps between programmes focused on defence conversion and other development initiatives in the country may result in a positive contribution to the poverty alleviation in South Africa. This paper examines defence con...

South-South Cooperation and Peacebuilding: Turkey's Involvement in Somalia

Turkey has become one of Somalia’s most important partners, providing humanitarian and development aid, military training and private investment. Its novel approach has strengthened the fledgling Somali Federal Government (SFG) at a critical mo...

Determinants Of Economic Growth In Ghana

"An econometric analysis of the factors influencing long-run economic growth in Ghana since independence was undertaken using a variant of neo-classical growth model based on available data from 1966 to 2000. The dependent variable of this long-r...

China and Liberia: Engagement in a Post-Conflict Country: 2003-2013

"Since the resumption of diplomatic relations between China and Liberia in 2003, China has been one of the major foreign participants in Monrovia’s efforts to rebuild its society. Both within the framework of the UN Mission in Liberia and at a b...

Trade Patterns in the SADC Region: Key Issues for the FTA

"This policy brief examines trade patterns in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) over the period 1980 to 1997. Perhaps the most notable conclusion about trade trends in the region is the rather disturbing lack of trend. Trade patte...

Sudan: Now or Never in Darfur

A month after the international community solemnly marked the tenth anniversary of the Rwandan genocide in April 2004 with promises of "never again", it faces a man-made humanitarian catastrophe in western Sudan (Darfur) that can easily become nea...

Côte d'Ivoire: No Peace in Sight

The January 2003 Linas-Marcoussis Accords have been badly compromised by a lack of good faith and political will. All the key issues -- nationality, eligibility for elections, and disarmament -- that they attempted to address in order to restore p...

Côte d'Ivoire: "The War Is Not Yet Over"

"The war is not yet over", an ICG mission to Côte d'Ivoire repeatedly heard in November 2003. There are ominous signs that the Côte d'Ivoire peace process initiated in January 2003 has broken down. If the country goes back to war, it could well ta...

Zimbabwe's Operation Murambatsvina: The Tipping Point?

Operation Murambatsvina (Restore Order) cost some 700,000 Zimbabweans their homes or livelihoods or both and otherwise affected nearly a fifth of the troubled country's population. Its impact, as documented in a scathing UN report, has produced a ...

Zimbabwe: In Search of a New Strategy

For all the sound and fury of international condemnation and domestic opposition, octogenarian President Robert Mugabe maintains the upper hand in Zimbabwe. He has bludgeoned opposition parties and neutralised mass action strategies, minimised Afr...

Zimbabwe: The Politics of National Liberation and International Division

Despite the rising humanitarian costs of the crisis in Zimbabwe, the international community remains deeply divided about its response, allowing President Mugabe to believe that he can exploit the policy fissure between - broadly - the West and Af...

Zimbabwe: What Next?

In the aftermath of the deeply flawed March 2002 presidential election, Zimbabwe has dropped off the radar screen of most policy-makers and media but its crisis is deepening: * the ruling ZANU-PF party and the government are systematically us...

Zimbabwe: Time for International Action

The International Crisis Group (ICG) published a detailed report in summer 2001 that found Zimbabwe to be in a severe political and economic crisis, characterised by state-directed violence aimed at crushing political opposition and by growing pot...

Zimbabwe's Election: The Stakes for Southern Africa

Since the intensification of Zimbabwe's political, economic and humanitarian crisis following defeat of a government-sponsored constitution in a national referendum nearly two years ago, the International Crisis Group (ICG) has documented the esca...

Zimbabwe: Three Months after the Elections

In the immediate aftermath of Zimbabwe's 24-25 June 2000 Parliamentary elections, many Zimbabweans optimistically expected that their country would begin to return to normal-leaving behind the six months of violence, intimidation, farm invasions, ...

Rebuilding Liberia: Prospects and Perils

Liberia is a collapsed state that has become in effect a UN protectorate. Whether its political and economic reconstruction can begin depends on how quickly security spreads throughout the country. Squabbles over jobs by leaders of the armed facti...

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