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Heart of Darkness: Politics in Zaire

The continuing conflict in Zaire and the disintegration of that country’s political and socio-economic fabric, have their roots in the legacies of colonial rule. After independence in 1960, the political struggle for control of the new state erupt...

Zimbabwe: the one party state issue

“It is pertinent to pose the question: why do most African states adopt a one party state system, as opposed to a multi-party system, at, or soon after independence? This paper attempts to address this issue with particular reference to the Zimbab...

Cote d'Ivoire : Defusing Tensions

"A volatile security situation and mounting political tensions are threatening Côte d’Ivoire’s recovery. In the last few months the country has been subjected to a series of deadly attacks, whose targets have included: a police station, an import...

Accelerated Development in Southern Africa

"The articles in this volume are based on papers presented at a Conference held at Jan Smuts House, Johannesburg, from 21 March to 25 March 1972. After the introductory chapter, Part One deals with certain basic dimensions of development in eight ...

Sanctioning South Africa: Obstacles and Prospects

"Apartheid in South Africa constitutes the object of dispute between the Pretoria-based minority government of Pieter Botha and the majority black South Africans. Can sanctions, with this type of situation, be used as a means to effect a change of...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 22

The volume is on South Africa’s proposals for a Constellation of Southern African States. The introductory note speaks on the concept of a total national strategy. It then discusses the 12-point plan which is an extract from an address by Minister...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 21

This edition is covering letters and statements on the negotiation with regard to Namibia from the South African Foreign Minister to the United Nations Secretary –General and from the United Nations Secretary-General to the South African Foreign M...

The Political Outlook in Southern Africa

"The political outlook at the present time is filled with many uncertainties and much is unpredictable. Uncertain factors within many of these countries and in relations between some of them make the future of the whole region very unpredictable a...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 5

This edition of the Southern Africa Record includes an address by the US Secretary of State with regard to the relations between Africa and America, interviews with President Kenneth Kaunda and the Prime Minister of South Africa B J Vorster, speec...

Eastern Congo: Why Stabilisation Failed

"Since Bosco Ntaganda’s mutiny in April 2012 and the subsequent creation of the 23 March rebel movement (M23), violence has returned to the Kivus. However today’s crisis bears the same hallmarks as yesterday’s, a consequence of the failure to impl...

The Kenyan Military Intervention in Somalia

"The government’s hasty, insufficiently prepared decision to intervene militarily in Somalia will have profound consequences for stability in both countries. Al-Shabaab now clearly intends not only to destabilise the North Eastern Province, but a...

South Sudan: Compounding Instability in Unity State

"Given its history, resources, ethno-political significance and location – at once both strategic and isolated – Unity state is today a territory of unique importance and complexity. Instability must be considered in light of the complicated hist...

Assessing Turkey’s Role in Somalia

"Somalis of all walks of life refer to Turkey’s arrival as a miracle and Godsend. But that honeymoon is ending. The famine’s back has been broken and Al-Shabaab has been pushed out of the capital – although it is still a serious threat. Now comes ...

Tunisia: Confronting Social and Economic Challenges

"Eighteen months after initiating the Arab spring, Tunisia still can boast of an ongoing, successful transition. The former regime, which came to symbolise corruption and social injustice, is gone and democratic gains are palpable. Yet, formidable...

Tunisia: Combatting Impunity, Restoring Security

"Since January 2011, not only has the former leader, President Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali, fallen from power, but an entire system has been overwhelmed, if not overhauled, relatively peacefully and with the support of a fairly broad consensus. The co...

One Year After South Sudan's Independence: Opportunities and Obstacles for Africa's Newest Country

"As South Sudan prepares to move from its transitional constitution to a permanent framework of governance, the new nation should focus on strengthening the federal system. Already, there are concerns that the centralization of power in Juba is ma...

Ethiopia After Meles

"For more than two decades, Prime Minister Meles Zenawi managed Ethiopia’s political, ethnic and religious divides and adroitly kept the TFPL and EPRDF factions under tight control by concentrating power, gradually closing political space and stif...

Mkukuta Cluster III: Governance and Accountability

"MKUKUTA’s third cluster has the following seven supporting goals: 1)Structures and systems of governance as well as the rule of law to be democratic, participatory, representative, accountable and inclusive 2) Equitable allocation of public reso...

South African Foreign Policy in Today's World

This article looks at "the major thrust of South African policies in the Southern African Region. It focuses on the outward movement and some of the implications on this movement of recent changes in Angola and Mozambique, as well as potential cha...

Co-operation in Southern Africa: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow

"The establishment of international and/or regional co-operation is characterised by multi-speed process. The international economic and political order has for the best part of the last three decades been engaged in a process of transition toward...

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