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Determinants Of Economic Growth In Ghana

"An econometric analysis of the factors influencing long-run economic growth in Ghana since independence was undertaken using a variant of neo-classical growth model based on available data from 1966 to 2000. The dependent variable of this long-run…

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2016

In ‘To Punish or to Reform? Survivor Justice in Africa’ focuses only on survivor justice as a model more suitable to African contexts, where conflicts are mostly internal and there are rarely decisive military victories between political adversaries…

Exclusion Issues and Challenges in the Implementation of the Amnesty Programme in the Niger Delta, Nigeria

This policy brief provides information on the findings of on-going research on “Amnesties for Peace in the Niger Delta: a critical assessment of whether forgiving crimes of the past contributes to lasting peace”. The study aimed to critically interr…

The Impact of the Amnesty Programme on Rural Communities in the Niger Delta : Perspectives on the Experiences and Views of Sampled Community Members

This policy brief is based on the views of the inhabitants of communities with respect to their experiences on the implementation of the Amnesty programme in the rural communities of the Niger Delta Region. The results of the impact of qualitative s…

In Zimbabwe, Tolerance Crosses Ethnic, Religious, National - but not Sexual - Lines

"Given Zimbabwe’s diversity of ethnic, religious, national, political, and social backgrounds, peace and stability would be unthinkable without some degree of tolerance for those who are different. On some fronts, the country has struggled with into…

Two Decades of Election Observation by the African Union: A Review

This article discusses the various phases the African Union Election Observation Missions (AUEOMs) have passed through since participation by the Organization of African Unity OAU in the UN-led mission to monitor Namibia’s referendum in 1989. The …

Do Africans Still want Democracy?

More than half of all Africans today live in functioning multi-party electoral democracies that are demonstrably freer than the military or one-party regimes that previously dominated the continent. At the same time, the post-1990 gains that African…

Côte d'Ivoire's Comeback: The Revival of Ivorian Regional Diplomacy

"Over the past few decades, Côte d’Ivoire has been a passive and often problematic actor within its region. This has been the case since the death of the first president of the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire, Félix Houphouët-Boigny, on 7 December 1993…

Findings across Agricultural Public Expenditure Reviews in African Countries

"This paper examines whether the consensus reached by the late 2000s among African Union member countries and their external partners on the need to reverse the decades-long decline in spending for essential public goods and services in agriculture …

The Importance of Agricultural Policy in Terms of Security, Defense and Sovereignty / L’importance des Politiques Agricoles en Termes de Sécurité, de Défense et de Souveraineté

Does agriculture indeed no longer have any place in national defense strategies? If the European and OECD examples encourage an affirmative answer, the counter-example comes from the United States of America, which considers agriculture and food iss…

Policy and Institutional Dimensions of Africa's Political Economy in an Age of Globalization

The study’s main intention was to generate knowledge to enhance the efficacy of Africa’s political economy and development pathways by identifying alternative macroeconomic policy and institutional options that can be deployed to enable deeper soci…

Arab Maghreb Union SADR Equation : A Moroccan Opening?

South Africa could go a long way toward restoring its African diplomatic credentials as the continent’s default leader. Were South Africa willing and able to negotiate a compromise bridging the Moroccan-SADR/Algeria divide? In the process, should a…

“20th Anniversary of the Barcelona Declaration Challenges to Opportunities: a Common Development Agenda for the Mediterranean”

The geopolitical situation that prevails in the Mediterranean region is difficult and complex, notably to the emergence of a new strategic equation which raises fears about a new outbreak of violence. In this troubled context Morocco, under the lead…

Rethinking the Mediterranean Strategic Agenda in an Evolving Environment

The initiation of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership had the aim to build a space of shared prosperity and security among all the countries in the region. The objective's achievement, however, continues to be challenged by several geopolitical, econ…

Opportunities and Challenges of Ensuring Stability in Kenya’s 2017 General Elections

This Policy and Practice Brief (PPB) examines the prospect for a peaceful election in Kenya. It offers insights on what can be done to mitigate any possible election-related violence with respect to the state of readiness of election management bodi…

South-South Cooperation and Peacebuilding: Turkey's Involvement in Somalia

Turkey has become one of Somalia’s most important partners, providing humanitarian and development aid, military training and private investment. Its novel approach has strengthened the fledgling Somali Federal Government (SFG) at a critical mome…

Region Building and Peace building in Southern Africa

The Botswana seminar assessed key issues on region-building and peace building in Southern Africa, while analyzing South Africa's leadership role in the sub-region. Several recommendations resulted from the two day seminar on “Region-Building and Pe…

Security and Governance in the Great Lakes Region

Several recommendations emerged from the Franschhoek policy advisory group seminar of May 2015. Autocratic governance structures throughout the Great Lakes region hinder national socio-economic progress, and have spread instability. Regional states …

Reducing Violence in South Africa: From Policing to Prevention

South Africa is one of the 10 most violent countries in the world, despite having achieved massive reductions in homicide levels since 1994. Murder has increased annually over the past four years (2012/13-2015/16). This raises the question of whet…

Peacebuilding in Post Cold War Africa: Problems, Progress and Prospects

The research and policy seminar, discussed in this report, was held in Gaborone, Botswana from 25 to 28 August 2009 on the theme “Peace building in Africa”. The meeting discussed the interplay between local, regional and global forces in relation t…

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