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Race, growth and development

"In reflecting on the meeting as a whole, CDE raised several issues: The first being; whether policies of racial redress were impeding the drive for growth and development. There was no exploration of the content and consequences of present polici...

Africa and the Geopolitics of the Indian Ocean

"Throughout the history of the Indian Ocean, littoral, island and extra-regional states have vied to secure their trade routes,which in turn affects Africa. By reviewing the stakeholders’ dynamics in the Indian Ocean, the implications and challeng...

Addressing the Use of Private Security and Military Companies at the International Level

"The aim of this paper is firstly, to contribute to the scholarly debate regarding the use of PMSCs in conflict and post - conflict situations. Secondly, to comment on the current Draft International Convention on the Regulation, Oversight and Mo...

A bridge too far? Considering security sector reform in Africa

"Security sector reform has become an accepted part of the international peace- building and post-conflict reconstruction agenda. It is posited as a crucial aspect in the creation of an enabling environment for development and stability. Experienc...

The Panel of the Wise: A Comprehensive Introduction to a Critical Pillar of the African Peace and Security Architecture

"This paper is an attempt to provide a comprehensive introduction to the recently established Panel of the Wise of the African Union. It commences with an overview of the developments leading up to the establishment of the Panel of the Wise, its ...

Intelligence and Accountability in Africa

"Building systems of accountability for intelligence services in Africa is relatively new phenomenon. The intelligence sector has traditionally been viewed as a core arena of state security outside of the purview of parliament and civil society. ...

Somalia: The Transitional Government on Life Support

"Somalia’s Transitional Federal Government (TFG) has squandered the goodwill and support it received and achieved little of significance in the two years it has been in office. It is inept, increasingly corrupt and hobbled by President Sharif’s w...

Report of the 3rd African Conference of Commandants. Hosted by the Egyptian Command and Staff College, Cairo, Egypt, 9 – 13 November 2009

"The agenda of the 3rd ACoC focused on the following issues: The training method and combat doctrine of the ASF, The role of Regional Economic Communities (RECs)in the implementation of ASF Doctrine, The role of African think tanks in military edu...

Report of a Roundtable Workshop: Strategies for the Implementation of a Union Government of Africa

"The workshop participants agree that the union government must be a union of the African people and not merely a union of states and governments. It must furthermore be based on shared values drawn from both African culture and African societies...

A Strategic Conflict Assessment of Zambia

"The purpose of this study on Zambia is to present an overview of current trends, risks and opportunities for conflict mitigation. The study highlights potential areas of concern, and will conclude with recommendations to guide strategy aimed at m...

Namibia and the sanctions controversy

The Foreign Minister’s European visit culminated on his return with statements about possible sanctions. The controversy obscured the realities of continuing negotiations on Namibia, and confused the public by implying that negotiations will be po...

Completing the Demobilisation, Disarmament and Reintegration Process of Armed Groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Link to Security Sector Reform of FARDC

"This situation report examines the demo- bilisation process in the DRC, including the factors impacting on the process, the new Army Reform plan, the role of the STAREC and UNSSSS plans, challenges,recommendations and the way forward. Demobilisa...

Liberia: The 2011 Elections and Building Peace in the Fragile State

"At the conclusion of Liberia’s 2005 elections, which itself was a culmination of years of an excruciatingly slow, fitful and bloody transition from interminable low-intensity warfare to relative peace, one of the country’s leading citizens made t...

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 8, no. 1, 1984

This edition of the Bulletin contains the texts of five papers presented at a conference on "South Africa and its Neighbours: Policy Questions for the 1980V. The first article by Robert Legvold discusses the threat that the Soviet Union holds fo...

Ghana’s 2008 Election: Towards a Consolidated Democracy?

"How has Ghana got it right? This paper argues that Ghana’s own political history and the electoral machinery continue to play a role in the steps taken towards effective political system based on democratic principles. Regarded by both local and...

Libya: A Critical Review of Tripoli’s Sub-Saharan African Policies

"The paper is divided into four sections. The first section looks at the internal structures of the Jamahiriya and addresses the internal dynamics within the revolutionary committees in the country. The second section deals with the main geo-poli...

The African Military in the 21st Century Sixth Tswalu Dialogue

"The 2007 Dialogue focused on the likely roles, shape and structure of the African military of the twentyfirst century. There are a number of reasons why this topic is important. First, security and stability is an essential prerequisite to develo...

Egypt’s Evolving Role in Africa: A Sub-Saharan Perspective; A presentation at the Institute of Diplomatic Studies, Cairo

"Talking about the role of a country in a specific region means, to a large extent, talking about its foreign policy vis-à-vis that region. One could therefore write the title of this presentation as “Egypt’s foreign policy towards Africa” or “Egy...

Regional Workshop on Promoting SSR in the Horn of Africa

"This paper presented the findings of a survey of security system reform (SSR) in African countries. The survey suggests that changing political, economic and security circumstances have obliged virtually all African governments to consider some ...

United States of Africa Positioning the Pan-African Parliament and Court in the Political Union Debate

"The paper argues that whatever model may be chosen for the political union, reforms of the two institutions as currently constituted will be an absolute necessity. With respect to the African Court, the suggestion is made that reform should take...

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