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Regional Integration in Africa: Some Recent Developments and Challenges

African countries accounted for only 3.2 percent of world trade in 2013 compared to 5 percent in the mid-1960s and have been left out of the recent benefits accruing from international trade. This weak performance can be reversed by regional integra…

African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crisis: Advice for African Policymakers

"Despite the operationalisation of the African Standby Force (ASF) within the AU security system, rapid reaction remains a challenging task, as the crisis in Mali has demonstrated. The African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crisis (ACIRC) has t…

Trilateral Development Cooperation can Enhance South Africa’s Development Partnership Capabilities in Peacebuilding and Post-Conflict Reconstruction

In keeping with its foreign policy identity which promotes peace, security and development on the continent, South Africa has played an important peacemaking role in Africa. This softer approach to post conflict reconstruction has been informed by S…

R2P @10: What Lessons for South Africa and Africa?

150 World states endorsed the principle of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) at the 2005 World Summit. 2015 marks ten years since this occasion. Paragraphs 138 and 139 of the 2005 World Summit Outcome Document noted that ‘each individual State h…

Political Risks Facing African Democracies: Evidence from Afrobarometer

"Where are African countries headed politically? How resilient are Africa’s governments, regimes, and states? What are the characteristics of political risk? This paper is motivated by a desire to discover whether it is possible to identify early-wa…

Norm Revisionists, not Norm Breakers: The Emerging Multipolar Landscape of Peace Operations

The ability of African countries, in the past two decades, to contribute assets to peace operations has increased to a remarkable degree. This surge is undeniably contributing in sum to stabilising different conflict areas and demonstrates the will…

Zimbabwe seen Headed in the Wrong Direction, but President's Leadership Approval Steady

"Most Zimbabweans express discontent with the overall direction of their country, deteriorating economic conditions, rising corruption, and the performance of their elected leaders – except for President Robert Mugabe. Overall, the public mood is no…

Rising Middle Classes in India, Brazil and South Africa: What is Happening and What are the Implications

The rise of the middle class in emerging democracies is an important global issue. An expanding and large middle class is vital for inclusion and stability, especially in developing countries with many poor and excluded people. However, comparativ…

State of the Union South Africa Report 2010

"This report deals with South Africa’s compliance with 12 selected AU instruments. Eight of these 12 instruments are treaties while four are strategies, resolutions or plans of action. While treaties are legally binding on States Parties, resolutio…

Election Management and Electoral Violence Mitigation ahead of 2016 Elections

Remarkable progress over the years, in election management has been registered across Africa. East African countries, in particular, have embraced democracy. However high levels of electoral-related violence remain a major challenge during election…

Angolan refugees in Zambia: Reflecting on local integration as a sustainable solution

"Local integration continues to be an important option in the basket of comprehensive strategies to achieve long-term solutions to refugee crises, particularly those caused by protracted conflicts. While many refugees may voluntarily repatriate to …

Planning for Peace Lessons from Mozambique’s Peacebuilding Process

Within more than two decades since Mozambique’s civil war ended and its first multiparty elections were held, the country still faces persistent social, political, economical and developmental challenges. What have been some of the main drivers and…

Liberation Technology: Mobile Phones and Political Mobilization in Africa

"Can digital information and communication technology (ICT) foster mass political mobilization? We use a novel geo-referenced dataset for the entire African continent between 1998 and 2012 on the coverage of mobile phone signal together with geo-re…

2016 Background Paper “Africa in the Global Security Agenda” 5th Tana High-Level Forum on Security in Africa

Rethinking Africa’s role in the global security agenda (architecture) is an urgent task. Some of the key questions focused on by the Fifth Tana High-Level Forum on Security in Africa, are : 1)What is the state of knowledge about “global security” …

The Dynamics of Youth Radicalisation in Africa Reviewing the Current Evidence

Youth radicalisation towards violent extremism is a global phenomenon that threatens peace, security and stability. The evidence on the factors that may contribute to the dynamics of youth radicalization is reviewed in this paper. Available finding…

Race, growth and development

"In reflecting on the meeting as a whole, CDE raised several issues: The first being; whether policies of racial redress were impeding the drive for growth and development. There was no exploration of the content and consequences of present policies…

Africa and the Geopolitics of the Indian Ocean

"Throughout the history of the Indian Ocean, littoral, island and extra-regional states have vied to secure their trade routes,which in turn affects Africa. By reviewing the stakeholders’ dynamics in the Indian Ocean, the implications and challenges…

Addressing the Use of Private Security and Military Companies at the International Level

"The aim of this paper is firstly, to contribute to the scholarly debate regarding the use of PMSCs in conflict and post - conflict situations. Secondly, to comment on the current Draft International Convention on the Regulation, Oversight and Moni…

A bridge too far? Considering security sector reform in Africa

"Security sector reform has become an accepted part of the international peace- building and post-conflict reconstruction agenda. It is posited as a crucial aspect in the creation of an enabling environment for development and stability. Experience …

The Panel of the Wise: A Comprehensive Introduction to a Critical Pillar of the African Peace and Security Architecture

"This paper is an attempt to provide a comprehensive introduction to the recently established Panel of the Wise of the African Union. It commences with an overview of the developments leading up to the establishment of the Panel of the Wise, its st…

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