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Regional Integration in Africa: Some Recent Developments and Challenges

African countries accounted for only 3.2 percent of world trade in 2013 compared to 5 percent in the mid-1960s and have been left out of the recent benefits accruing from international trade. This weak performance can be reversed by regional integra…

African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crisis: Advice for African Policymakers

"Despite the operationalisation of the African Standby Force (ASF) within the AU security system, rapid reaction remains a challenging task, as the crisis in Mali has demonstrated. The African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crisis (ACIRC) has t…

Trilateral Development Cooperation can Enhance South Africa’s Development Partnership Capabilities in Peacebuilding and Post-Conflict Reconstruction

In keeping with its foreign policy identity which promotes peace, security and development on the continent, South Africa has played an important peacemaking role in Africa. This softer approach to post conflict reconstruction has been informed by S…

R2P @10: What Lessons for South Africa and Africa?

150 World states endorsed the principle of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) at the 2005 World Summit. 2015 marks ten years since this occasion. Paragraphs 138 and 139 of the 2005 World Summit Outcome Document noted that ‘each individual State h…

Political Risks Facing African Democracies: Evidence from Afrobarometer

"Where are African countries headed politically? How resilient are Africa’s governments, regimes, and states? What are the characteristics of political risk? This paper is motivated by a desire to discover whether it is possible to identify early-wa…

Norm Revisionists, not Norm Breakers: The Emerging Multipolar Landscape of Peace Operations

The ability of African countries, in the past two decades, to contribute assets to peace operations has increased to a remarkable degree. This surge is undeniably contributing in sum to stabilising different conflict areas and demonstrates the will…

Zimbabwe seen Headed in the Wrong Direction, but President's Leadership Approval Steady

"Most Zimbabweans express discontent with the overall direction of their country, deteriorating economic conditions, rising corruption, and the performance of their elected leaders – except for President Robert Mugabe. Overall, the public mood is no…

Rising Middle Classes in India, Brazil and South Africa: What is Happening and What are the Implications

The rise of the middle class in emerging democracies is an important global issue. An expanding and large middle class is vital for inclusion and stability, especially in developing countries with many poor and excluded people. However, comparativ…

State of the Union South Africa Report 2010

"This report deals with South Africa’s compliance with 12 selected AU instruments. Eight of these 12 instruments are treaties while four are strategies, resolutions or plans of action. While treaties are legally binding on States Parties, resolutio…

Election Management and Electoral Violence Mitigation ahead of 2016 Elections

Remarkable progress over the years, in election management has been registered across Africa. East African countries, in particular, have embraced democracy. However high levels of electoral-related violence remain a major challenge during election…

Angolan refugees in Zambia: Reflecting on local integration as a sustainable solution

"Local integration continues to be an important option in the basket of comprehensive strategies to achieve long-term solutions to refugee crises, particularly those caused by protracted conflicts. While many refugees may voluntarily repatriate to …

Planning for Peace Lessons from Mozambique’s Peacebuilding Process

Within more than two decades since Mozambique’s civil war ended and its first multiparty elections were held, the country still faces persistent social, political, economical and developmental challenges. What have been some of the main drivers and…

Liberation Technology: Mobile Phones and Political Mobilization in Africa

"Can digital information and communication technology (ICT) foster mass political mobilization? We use a novel geo-referenced dataset for the entire African continent between 1998 and 2012 on the coverage of mobile phone signal together with geo-re…

2016 Background Paper “Africa in the Global Security Agenda” 5th Tana High-Level Forum on Security in Africa

Rethinking Africa’s role in the global security agenda (architecture) is an urgent task. Some of the key questions focused on by the Fifth Tana High-Level Forum on Security in Africa, are : 1)What is the state of knowledge about “global security” …

The Dynamics of Youth Radicalisation in Africa Reviewing the Current Evidence

Youth radicalisation towards violent extremism is a global phenomenon that threatens peace, security and stability. The evidence on the factors that may contribute to the dynamics of youth radicalization is reviewed in this paper. Available finding…

Burundi Missed Opportunities for South African Post-conflict Development and Peacebuilding?

"This policy brief analyses South Africa’s post-conflict development and peacebuilding engagements in Burundi and identifies lessons that could inform the policy and programming development of the envisaged South African Development Partnership Agen…

Red Flags Ignored: Governance Values and Practices in Africa

"Values are essential to set up normative standards that are indicative of the qualities of governance. This paper describes and analyses trends of governance values and practices in Africa using secondary data. There are positive and negative gover…

A Tree and its Branches... The Eye of a Storm Reflecting Nature in Project Design and Implementation

"Development work all over the world is plagued by two main challenges, that of ensuring the sustainability of a project beyond the funding life span, and transferring ownership of a project from the implementing agency to the communities with whom …

The Road to Reconciliation: A case study of Liberia’s Reconciliation Roadmap

"Years after the August 2003 signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) which brought to an end Liberia’s bloody civil war, there was realisation by the Government of Liberia that the reconciliation process had stalled. To correct this, and …

All That Glitters is Not Gold: Dubai, Congo, and the Illicit Trade of Conflict Minerals

Gold is considered to be a 'conflict mineral'. In the DRC gold and diamond trade were tainted by conflict financing, tax evasion, corruption and smuggling. This resulted in the illegal trade of gold, huge financial losses for the DRC and violent con…

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