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Somaliland: Time for African Union Leadership

On 18 May 2006, the self-declared Republic of Somaliland marked fifteen years since it proclaimed independence from Somalia. Although its sovereignty is still unrecognised by any country, the fact that it is a functioning constitutional democracy di…

Somalia: The Tough Part Is Ahead

Somalia’s Islamic Courts fell even more dramatically than they rose. In little more than a week in December 2006, Ethiopian and Somali Transitional Federal Government (TFG) forces killed hundreds of Islamist fighters and scattered the rest in a ligh…

Sudan: Saving Peace in the East

The low-intensity conflict between the government and the Eastern Front risks becoming a major new war with disastrous humanitarian consequences if the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) proceeds with its scheduled withdrawal from eastern Sud…

Somalia’s Islamists

Somalia’s long civil conflict and lack of central governing institutions present an international security challenge. Terrorists have taken advantage of the state’s collapse to attack neighbouring countries and transit agents and materiel. The count…

The AU's Mission in Darfur: Bridging the Gaps

The international community is failing in its responsibility to protect the inhabitants of Darfur, many of whom are still dying or face indefinite displacement from their homes. New thinking and bold action are urgently needed. The consensus to supp…

The EU/AU Partnership in Darfur: Not Yet a Winning Combination

The African Union's (AU) intervention in Sudan's Darfur region tests the effectiveness of its own peace and security structures and those of the European Union (EU). The AU has taken the lead both in the political negotiations between the government…

The Khartoum-SPLM Agreement: Sudan's Uncertain Peace

The January 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) formally ended war between the Khartoum government and the insurgent Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A), Africa's longest civil conflict. Yet as SPLM Chairman John Garang was sworn i…

To Save Darfur

The international strategy for dealing with the Darfur crisis primarily through the small (7,000 troops) African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS) is at a dead end. AMIS credibility is at an all-time low, with the ceasefire it could never monitor proper…

The Swamps of Insurgency: Nigeria’s Delta Unrest

A potent cocktail of poverty, crime and corruption is fuelling a militant threat to Nigeria’s reliability as a major oil producer. Since January 2006, fighters from a new group, the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND), have fough…

Zimbabwe: An End to the Stalemate

After years of political deadlock and continued economic and humanitarian decline, a realistic chance has at last begun to appear in the past few months to resolve the Zimbabwe crisis, by retirement of President Robert Mugabe, a power-sharing transi…

Zimbabwe: An Opposition Strategy

The risk of an explosion that could cost thousands of lives in the country and shatter the stability of Southern Africa is growing in Zimbabwe. Political reform is blocked, and virtually every economic indicator continues to trend downward. Inflatio…

Zimbabwe: A Regional Solution?

Six months before scheduled elections, Zimbabwe is closer than ever to complete collapse. Inflation is between 7,600 per cent (government figures) and 13,000 per cent (independent estimates). Four out of five of the country’s twelve million people l…

Zimbabwe’s Continuing Self-Destruction

With scheduled presidential elections less than eighteen months away, Zimbabwe faces the prospect of greater insecurity and violence. The economy’s free fall has deepened public anger, and the ruling Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (…

Practitioner Perspectives on Transitional Justice: Tunisia

This brief provides an outline of the key transitional mechanisms and institutions that were established, while highlighting factors that enabled the transition as well as the challenges that face the newly democratic Tunisia. There is hope that Tun…

The Challenges of Diaspora Representation in the African Union's ECOSOCC Assembly

"This policy brief examines the challenges facing the effective representation of the African Diaspora in the General Assembly of the AU’s ECOSOCC."

African States at the UN Human Rights Council in 2017

This report examines the actions of African countries on the UN Human Rights Council (HRC) during 2017. The African Group occupies 13 seats on the HRC. Using Freedom House’s measure, only four of the African members of the HRC in 2017 were ‘free’ …

Despite Freedoms seen as Growing, Tunisians Show Limited Citizen Engagement

Tunisia has been a model of successful democratic transition in the Arab world since its revolution in 2011. While Libya, Yemen, and Syria have descended into civil war, Egypt and Bahrain into repression and authoritarianism, Tunisia is the only Ar…

Born free: 40 years after independence in Zimbabwe

They call those of us born in Zimbabwe and after 1980 “bornfrees”. We are the “lucky” generations, the generations that do not know the heartbreak and terror of war, generations that know nothing about the indignity and injustice of racism, nothing …

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