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The EU/AU Partnership in Darfur: Not Yet a Winning Combination

The African Union's (AU) intervention in Sudan's Darfur region tests the effectiveness of its own peace and security structures and those of the European Union (EU). The AU has taken the lead both in the political negotiations between the governme...

The Khartoum-SPLM Agreement: Sudan's Uncertain Peace

The January 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) formally ended war between the Khartoum government and the insurgent Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A), Africa's longest civil conflict. Yet as SPLM Chairman John Garang was sworn...

To Save Darfur

The international strategy for dealing with the Darfur crisis primarily through the small (7,000 troops) African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS) is at a dead end. AMIS credibility is at an all-time low, with the ceasefire it could never monitor prop...

The Swamps of Insurgency: Nigeria’s Delta Unrest

A potent cocktail of poverty, crime and corruption is fuelling a militant threat to Nigeria’s reliability as a major oil producer. Since January 2006, fighters from a new group, the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND), have fou...

Zimbabwe: An End to the Stalemate

After years of political deadlock and continued economic and humanitarian decline, a realistic chance has at last begun to appear in the past few months to resolve the Zimbabwe crisis, by retirement of President Robert Mugabe, a power-sharing tran...

Zimbabwe: An Opposition Strategy

The risk of an explosion that could cost thousands of lives in the country and shatter the stability of Southern Africa is growing in Zimbabwe. Political reform is blocked, and virtually every economic indicator continues to trend downward. Inflat...

Zimbabwe: A Regional Solution?

Six months before scheduled elections, Zimbabwe is closer than ever to complete collapse. Inflation is between 7,600 per cent (government figures) and 13,000 per cent (independent estimates). Four out of five of the country’s twelve million people...

Zimbabwe’s Continuing Self-Destruction

With scheduled presidential elections less than eighteen months away, Zimbabwe faces the prospect of greater insecurity and violence. The economy’s free fall has deepened public anger, and the ruling Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front...

The Challenges of Diaspora Representation in the African Union's ECOSOCC Assembly

"This policy brief examines the challenges facing the effective representation of the African Diaspora in the General Assembly of the AU’s ECOSOCC."

SAIIA Southern Africa Record No 38

This edition covers the agreement to exchange trade representatives between South Africa and Swaziland. The next section includes remarks, declarations and statements concerning the relationship between South Africa and Mozambique. The section on ...

Elections and the Management of Diversity in Botswana

"Good governance has come to be the prerequisite for foreign direct investment in developing countries. While the definition of good governance remains disputed, its fundamental elements are generally agreed. These include: free, fair and transpa...

Sharing the Spoils

"Africa is struggling to come to grips with the concept of power sharing. Along with the return of military intervention and the abuse of religion, power sharing arrangements seem to be growing in popularity. Whether they are called unity governme...

South African Youth Patriotic, Optimistic about National Cohesion, but Low on Civic Engagement

"South Africa celebrates Youth Day every June 16 to commemorate the students who lost their lives during the Soweto Uprising in 1976. An estimated 3,000-10,000 students marched to protest the apartheid government’s directive to make Afrikaans a co...

Reserving Special Seats for Women in Parliament: Issues and Obstacles

"The ''representativeness'' of institutions of political representation in gender terms have featured in a number of studies. The base argument is that Parliament should be a microcosm of the nation as a whole. Hamilton opined: ''it is said to be...

Practitioner Perspectives on Transitional Justice: Tunisia

This brief provides an outline of the key transitional mechanisms and institutions that were established, while highlighting factors that enabled the transition as well as the challenges that face the newly democratic Tunisia. There is hope that T...

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