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Sharing the Spoils

"Africa is struggling to come to grips with the concept of power sharing. Along with the return of military intervention and the abuse of religion, power sharing arrangements seem to be growing in popularity. Whether they are called unity government…

South African Youth Patriotic, Optimistic about National Cohesion, but Low on Civic Engagement

"South Africa celebrates Youth Day every June 16 to commemorate the students who lost their lives during the Soweto Uprising in 1976. An estimated 3,000-10,000 students marched to protest the apartheid government’s directive to make Afrikaans a comp…

Reserving Special Seats for Women in Parliament: Issues and Obstacles

"The ''representativeness'' of institutions of political representation in gender terms have featured in a number of studies. The base argument is that Parliament should be a microcosm of the nation as a whole. Hamilton opined: ''it is said to be n…

SAIIA Southern Africa Record No 38

This edition covers the agreement to exchange trade representatives between South Africa and Swaziland. The next section includes remarks, declarations and statements concerning the relationship between South Africa and Mozambique. The section on th…

Elections and the Management of Diversity in Botswana

"Good governance has come to be the prerequisite for foreign direct investment in developing countries. While the definition of good governance remains disputed, its fundamental elements are generally agreed. These include: free, fair and transpare…

Between Principle and Pragmatism in Transitional Justice South Africa’s TRC and Peace Building

"This paper aims at conceptualising the role of transitional justice in peace building by focusing on South Africa’s TRC. It argues that building sustainable peace in societies that have suffered protracted conflict or human rights abuse calls not …

OSSREA Bulletin Vol 4 No 2

In this Bulletin several events within OSSREA was discussed, i.e. Meetings and workshops. The feature articles are entitled as follows: 1)50th Independence Anniversary, Celebrating Ghana 1957 and Forgetting the Sudan 1956; The Reasons Why 2) Doing …

The Challenges of Diaspora Representation in the African Union's ECOSOCC Assembly

"This policy brief examines the challenges facing the effective representation of the African Diaspora in the General Assembly of the AU’s ECOSOCC."

Egypt's Constitutional Test: Averting the March toward Islamic Fundamentalism

After gaining overwhelming support in a March 2007 national referendum, long-time Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak introduced new constitutional amendments that effectively give more power to the president and loosen controls on security forces. Mub…

Enduring Political Divides in South Africa

This paper offers an assessment of the foreign policy strategies adopted by both the Mandela and Mbeki administrations in their quest to shed the country’s image as a former defender of racial segregation, largely dislocated from the global economic…

Fragile Stability: Post-Apartheid South Africa

Despite the international recognition and praise that South Africa received in 1994 for organizing its first free and fair, multiracial presidential elections, the country continues to exhibit increasing signs of state fragility on a number of diffe…

Between Hope and Scepticism: Civil Society and the African Peer Review Mechanism

history. We are currently witnessing major ferment in the development of the poorest continent on the planet. In the wake of the failure of the structural adjustment policies of the Bretton Woods institutions and of the negative effects of nationa…

Élections au Burundi - Reconfiguration radicale du paysage politique

Les élections générales au Burundi viennent de conduire à une transformation totale du paysage politique. La victoire remarquable de l'ancienne rébellion du CNDD-FDD à tous les différents scrutins et l'élection de son candidat à la présidentielle, P…

The Kivus: The Forgotten Crucible of the Congo Conflict

December 2002 witnessed the signing of a power sharing agreement between Congolese parties under the auspices of the UN Special Envoy, Mustapha Niasse, and South Africa that should lead to finalisation of the Inter-Congolese Dialogue and a transitio…

Post-Election Zimbabwe: What Next?

The 31 March 2005 parliamentary elections that confirmed the full control of President Robert Mugabe and his ZANU-PF government were neither free nor fair and disappointed those who hoped they might mark a turn away from the crisis that has dominate…

Zimbabwe: At The Crossroads

Zimbabwe's 24-25 June 2000 parliamentary election resulted in President Robert Mugabe's ruling ZANU (PF) party retaining power. However, the nine month old opposition party, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), made an impressive showing, winni…

Zimbabwe: Danger and Opportunity

The economic meltdown, government-created food crisis, and deepening state-sponsored violence that have plagued Zimbabwe in the year since President Robert Mugabe's ruling party rigged the presidential election continue to point in one ominous direc…

Zimbabwe: Three Months after the Elections

In the immediate aftermath of Zimbabwe's 24-25 June 2000 Parliamentary elections, many Zimbabweans optimistically expected that their country would begin to return to normal-leaving behind the six months of violence, intimidation, farm invasions, ra…

Burundi: Finalising Peace with the FNL

Burundi has made relatively rapid, substantial progress in democracy and easing of inter-ethnic tensions, due to its citizens desire to embrace national unity and compromise, as well as the international community’s heavy involvement in the Arusha p…

Côte d'Ivoire - Les demi-mesures ne suffiront pas

Les Ivoiriens n'iront pas élire leur futur Président le 30 octobre 2005, comme ils auraient dû le faire. Le Gouvernement de réconciliation nationale (GRN) n'a réconcilié personne. Il a encore moins préparé le terrain pour une élection présidentielle…

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