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Kenya – A Year After The Crisis: The Quest for Electoral Reform and Transitional Justice

"This Situation Report assessess the key issues raised by the Kriegler and Waki Commissions. In specific, it seeks to evaluate the challenges of implementing the recommendations pertaining to electoral reform and transitional justice. There is a p…

Negotiating Sudan’s North-South Future

"Sudan’s fragile Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) is entering its final phase, and a critical vote on Southern self-determination looms, but foundations for a constructive post-referendum relationship are yet to be laid. In addition to a handfu…

Implications of the 2007 Elections on Moroccan Political Development

"This report discussed and analyzed the 2007 elections in Morocco. The setbacks that was experienced should be understood particularly viewing the consensus around the economy, the relative strength of the monarchy, the trouble within the Islamist m…

The Root Causes of the Conflict in Ivory Coast

"The conflict in Ivory Coast is a by-product of deep-seated cleavages revolving around ethnicity, nationality and religion. Politicians tapped into these differences to consolidate their monopoly on power, and in the process, pushed the country towa…

Mozambique's 2004 General Elections

"The period around the turn of the millennium, in particular, indicated that democracy was not yet consolidated in Mozambique. FRELIMO benefited from the disbursement of state funds and other resources for its campaign, as well as from biased rep…

Strengthening parliamentary democracy in SADC countries: Namibia Country Report

"This report examines how the Namibian parliament engages with the public in its work and, in turn, how civil society actively participates in the legislative process. In order to gain an understanding of these processes, research in Windhoek and …

Strengthening parliamentary democracy in SADC countries: Mozambique Country Report

"The objective of this study is to find answers to a number of questions regarding parliament in Mozambique, namely: • What are the roles, functions and importance of parliament? • How important is parliament to Mozambique's democracy? • What is…

Up-coming Local Elections in Mozambique: Context, Meaning and Relevance

"The results of the up-coming local elections may sketch possible outcomes for the 2004 legislative and presidential elections,but only in a very limited manner, as the rural population, which represents the majority of the Mozambicans,is excluded, …

Zimbabwe’s Movement for Democratic Change:Briefing Notes

"What follows is an attempt to analyse the MDC’s progress as a political party despite the huge political challenges it has had to face from the governing ZANU-PF party, which has made concerted efforts, legal and illegal, to undermine support for t…

Tension in Ituri: An Update on the Democratic Republic of the Congo

"Although the withdrawal of foreign forces from the DRC and more specifically the Ituri province are unquestionably pre-requisites for the observance of the cease-fire, the power vacuum that may ensue must be avoided. The establishment of an accepta…

Individual Confidence and Personal Security in the 2005 Zimbabwean Elections

"The 2005 elections are the sixth parliamentary elections since Zimbabwe gained independence in 1980. The first popular elections in Zimbabwe were held after the attainment of independence from colonial rule in 1980 and were held under the Lancaster…

Zimbabwe : 90 Days After the Elections

"The electoral campaign had been marked by violence and intimidation on a scale unprecedented in the country. The principal targets of this had been opposition candidates and their supporters. In an effort to divert attention from the broader issues…

Politics and Transition in the New South Sudan

"South Sudan’s political and security landscape has evolved considerably since the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in 2005, but the most notable domestic changes may unfold now that the January 2011 self-determination referendum…

Sudan's Southern Kordofan Problem: The Next Darfur?

Excerpt: "The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that ended Sudan’s generation-long North-South civil war in 2005 is at risk in Southern Kordofan state, where many of the same ingredients exist that produced the vicious Darfur conflict. Both partie…

Guinea: Military Rule Must End

"The killing of at least 160 participants in a peaceful demonstration, the rape of many women protestors, and the arrest of political leaders by security forces in Conakry on 28 September 2009 showed starkly the dangers that continued military rule …

From Fatigues to Three-Piece Suits: East African Guerrillas in Power

"Since decolonisation in African countries ethno-political differences have led to guerrilla warfare. Through these movements, authoritarian regimes have been created. In Uganda, after the National Resistance Movement took power a ‘no-party democrac…

Prospects of the SPLA/M's Transition into a Political Party in Sudan

"This paper argues that the predominant circumstances in Sudan are likely to prevent the Sudan People’s Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M) from evolving into a political party. At present, the political class in the North has not reached a consensus …

The Evolution and Development of the New Patriotic Party in Ghana

"This paper examines the emergence and development of the ruling New Patriotic Party (NPP) government in the context of a broader examination of the roles of political parties within the Ghanaian political landscape. After describing the political a…

Political Liberalisation and Party Radicalisation in Algeria: The Case of the Islamic Front of Salvation

"Starting in the late 1980s the Algerian political system underwent important changes. In 1989 Algeria moved from a one-party system to multipartyism. The Islamic parties were the biggest beneficiaries of the country’s political liberalisation. The …

South Africa and the United States in a Post-Bush Era

As South Africa faced its own transition of national leadership, its leaders were tasked with dealing with a new administration in Washington, DC, following the United States' national elections due in November 2008.

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