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The Role of Political Parties at the Local Government Level A Reflection on South Africa at the time of the Policy Process of Review on Decentralisation

"The ongoing review of decentralisation in South Africa will definitely affect political parties’ legitimisation mechanisms at the local level. For this reason, one may expect the same actors, together with civil society organisations (CSOs), to be …

Elections and the Management of Diversity in Botswana

"Good governance has come to be the prerequisite for foreign direct investment in developing countries. While the definition of good governance remains disputed, its fundamental elements are generally agreed. These include: free, fair and transpare…

Resource Abundance in Mozambique: Avoiding Conflict, Ensuring Prosperity

"This paper investigates the likelihood of violence as a result of natural resource abundance in the country. Specifically, by combining general typologies of conflict and more specific theories on natural resource abundance and conflict, this pap…

Examining the Relevance of Political Parties in Malawi

"This briefing paper examines the relevance of political parties in Malawi’s democracy. Beyond the functionalist assumption that existence suggests some positive contribution of an organ to the whole, this paper looks at social operational pre-requi…

A Fine Balance: Assessing the Quality of Governance in Botswana

"This is the inaugural Democracy Index for Botswana and is intended to set a benchmark for democracy to be measured against in the future. It has several aims, the first of which is to set out evidence affirming Botswana’s credentials as a democracy…

A Country Turning Blue?: Political Party Support and the End of Regionalism in Malawi

"This bulletin draws on data collected in four Afrobarometer surveys of public attitudes to examine trends in party support in Malawi over the course of the last decade, looking especially at the extent of regionalism in Malawian party politics. How…

Namibia Political Party Prospects Leading to the 2009 Elections

This briefing paper examines the 2009 elections in Namibia to determine if the new parties formed for this election can break the monopoly of voters for the ruling party, SWAPO. The survey focused on the party support for the various parties and to …

Party Identification in South Africa: Profiles for the ANC and DA

This brief provides profiles on supporters of the ANC and DA. The paper focuses on the demographic attributes of supporters of the ANC and DA. The results of this survey indicates that the DA is fundamentally an urban party and although the majority…

Contesting and Turning Over Power: Implications for Consolidation of Democracy in Lesotho

Since its transition to electoral democracy in 1993, Lesotho has experienced a series of upheavals related to the electoral process. Election results were vehemently contested in 1998, when the ruling Lesotho Congress for Democracy (LCD) won all but…

Zimbabweans See Corruption on the Increase but Fear Consequences of Reporting

"Transparency International consistently ranks Zimbabwe among the most corrupt countries in the world (156th out of 175 countries in its 2014 Corruption Perceptions Index). In the latest Afrobarometer survey, a majority of adult Zimbabweans say that…

Sudan's Southern Kordofan Problem: The Next Darfur?

Excerpt: "The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that ended Sudan’s generation-long North-South civil war in 2005 is at risk in Southern Kordofan state, where many of the same ingredients exist that produced the vicious Darfur conflict. Both partie…

Guinea: Military Rule Must End

"The killing of at least 160 participants in a peaceful demonstration, the rape of many women protestors, and the arrest of political leaders by security forces in Conakry on 28 September 2009 showed starkly the dangers that continued military rule …

From Fatigues to Three-Piece Suits: East African Guerrillas in Power

"Since decolonisation in African countries ethno-political differences have led to guerrilla warfare. Through these movements, authoritarian regimes have been created. In Uganda, after the National Resistance Movement took power a ‘no-party democrac…

Prospects of the SPLA/M's Transition into a Political Party in Sudan

"This paper argues that the predominant circumstances in Sudan are likely to prevent the Sudan People’s Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M) from evolving into a political party. At present, the political class in the North has not reached a consensus …

The Evolution and Development of the New Patriotic Party in Ghana

"This paper examines the emergence and development of the ruling New Patriotic Party (NPP) government in the context of a broader examination of the roles of political parties within the Ghanaian political landscape. After describing the political a…

Political Liberalisation and Party Radicalisation in Algeria: The Case of the Islamic Front of Salvation

"Starting in the late 1980s the Algerian political system underwent important changes. In 1989 Algeria moved from a one-party system to multipartyism. The Islamic parties were the biggest beneficiaries of the country’s political liberalisation. The …

South Africa and the United States in a Post-Bush Era

As South Africa faced its own transition of national leadership, its leaders were tasked with dealing with a new administration in Washington, DC, following the United States' national elections due in November 2008.

Africanism on the march: old ideas, new directions

This brief report describes the revival of the Pan Africanist Congress of Azania at a recent Consultative Conference in Harare where the organisation’s leadership held talks with delegates from inside South Africa. The conference is partly a conseq…

U.S. Foreign policy toward Southern Africa: continuity and change

Africa has been, and still remains the area of lowest priority for U.S foreign policy. Presidential attention to Africa and in particular Southern Africa has been the crucial test of the area’s insignificance; even after making allowances for varia…

From Rhodesia to Zimbabwe: An analysis of the 1980 elections and an assessment of the prospects

"Before attempting to analyze the four month period which started with rival of the British Governor, Lord Soames, in war-torn Rhodesia on 12 December 1979, and ended with the peaceful emergence of an independent Zimbabwe on 18 April, 1980, it is w…

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