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Beyond the signature: Appraisal of the Zimbabwe Global Political Agreement (GPA) and Implications for Intervention

"This Policy and Practice Brief assesses the outcomes of the GPA, appraises the performance of the Government of National Unity and examines the implications of the Zimbabwe situation on sustainable peace in Southern Africa. It makes proposals and...

Strategies to prevent and manage electoral violence : Considerations for policy

This Policy and Practice Brief offers insights for policymakers regarding strategies to prevent and manage electoral violence. It forms part of ACCORD’s research and interventions on elections and violence. Our work seeks to inform interventions b...

Is Botswana advancing or regressing in its democracy?

"There is wide consensus among academics and political analysts that Botswana has been hailed as one of the “old democracies” in Africa, but that there have been reports of political wrangling in the country. Landsberg maintains that the southern ...

Elections, Politics and External Involvement in Djibouti

"The first part of this situation report provides a brief overview of the political and electoral history of Djibouti. The second gives the legal framework for the conduct of elections and then examines the preparations for the April 2011 presiden...

Uganda: Analysis of and Reflection on the 2011 Elections

"This situation report provides an overview of the elections. It reflects on the major concerns of the people of Uganda before, during and after the 2011 elections. It also compares the performance of opposition parties in earlier and the recent ...

The 2011 Elections in Nigeria: a New Dawn?

"This situation report follows a three-week visit by the author to Nigeria – principally Abuja (the federal capital) and Lagos (the commercial capital) – in March 2011. 'The 2011 presidential, National Assembly, gubernatorial, and State Assembly e...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 21

This edition is covering letters and statements on the negotiation with regard to Namibia from the South African Foreign Minister to the United Nations Secretary –General and from the United Nations Secretary-General to the South African Foreign M...

Zimbabwe From a Global (dis)agreement to Free and Fair Elections? Considering Scenarios for Zimbabwe’s Future

"With the second anniversary of Zimbabwe’s Interim Government (IG)fast approaching, the protagonists in and observers of what has ironically become Zimbabwe’s global and persistent political disagreement are now beginning to focus their atten...

Zimbabwe: the one party state issue

“It is pertinent to pose the question: why do most African states adopt a one party state system, as opposed to a multi-party system, at, or soon after independence? This paper attempts to address this issue with particular reference to the Zimbab...

Implications of the 2007 Elections on Moroccan Political Development

"This report discussed and analyzed the 2007 elections in Morocco. The setbacks that was experienced should be understood particularly viewing the consensus around the economy, the relative strength of the monarchy, the trouble within the Islamist...

The Root Causes of the Conflict in Ivory Coast

"The conflict in Ivory Coast is a by-product of deep-seated cleavages revolving around ethnicity, nationality and religion. Politicians tapped into these differences to consolidate their monopoly on power, and in the process, pushed the country to...

Mozambique's 2004 General Elections

"The period around the turn of the millennium, in particular, indicated that democracy was not yet consolidated in Mozambique. FRELIMO benefited from the disbursement of state funds and other resources for its campaign, as well as from biased r...

Strengthening parliamentary democracy in SADC countries: Namibia Country Report

"This report examines how the Namibian parliament engages with the public in its work and, in turn, how civil society actively participates in the legislative process. In order to gain an understanding of these processes, research in Windhoek an...

Strengthening parliamentary democracy in SADC countries: Mozambique Country Report

"The objective of this study is to find answers to a number of questions regarding parliament in Mozambique, namely: • What are the roles, functions and importance of parliament? • How important is parliament to Mozambique's democracy? • What ...

Up-coming Local Elections in Mozambique: Context, Meaning and Relevance

"The results of the up-coming local elections may sketch possible outcomes for the 2004 legislative and presidential elections,but only in a very limited manner, as the rural population, which represents the majority of the Mozambicans,is excluded...

Zimbabwe’s Movement for Democratic Change:Briefing Notes

"What follows is an attempt to analyse the MDC’s progress as a political party despite the huge political challenges it has had to face from the governing ZANU-PF party, which has made concerted efforts, legal and illegal, to undermine support for...

Tension in Ituri: An Update on the Democratic Republic of the Congo

"Although the withdrawal of foreign forces from the DRC and more specifically the Ituri province are unquestionably pre-requisites for the observance of the cease-fire, the power vacuum that may ensue must be avoided. The establishment of an accep...

Individual Confidence and Personal Security in the 2005 Zimbabwean Elections

"The 2005 elections are the sixth parliamentary elections since Zimbabwe gained independence in 1980. The first popular elections in Zimbabwe were held after the attainment of independence from colonial rule in 1980 and were held under the Lancast...

Zimbabwe : 90 Days After the Elections

"The electoral campaign had been marked by violence and intimidation on a scale unprecedented in the country. The principal targets of this had been opposition candidates and their supporters. In an effort to divert attention from the broader issu...

Politics and Transition in the New South Sudan

"South Sudan’s political and security landscape has evolved considerably since the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in 2005, but the most notable domestic changes may unfold now that the January 2011 self-determination referend...

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