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Beyond the signature: Appraisal of the Zimbabwe Global Political Agreement (GPA) and Implications for Intervention

"This Policy and Practice Brief assesses the outcomes of the GPA, appraises the performance of the Government of National Unity and examines the implications of the Zimbabwe situation on sustainable peace in Southern Africa. It makes proposals and...

Strategies to prevent and manage electoral violence : Considerations for policy

This Policy and Practice Brief offers insights for policymakers regarding strategies to prevent and manage electoral violence. It forms part of ACCORD’s research and interventions on elections and violence. Our work seeks to inform interventions b...

Is Botswana advancing or regressing in its democracy?

"There is wide consensus among academics and political analysts that Botswana has been hailed as one of the “old democracies” in Africa, but that there have been reports of political wrangling in the country. Landsberg maintains that the southern ...

Elections, Politics and External Involvement in Djibouti

"The first part of this situation report provides a brief overview of the political and electoral history of Djibouti. The second gives the legal framework for the conduct of elections and then examines the preparations for the April 2011 presiden...

Uganda: Analysis of and Reflection on the 2011 Elections

"This situation report provides an overview of the elections. It reflects on the major concerns of the people of Uganda before, during and after the 2011 elections. It also compares the performance of opposition parties in earlier and the recent ...

The 2011 Elections in Nigeria: a New Dawn?

"This situation report follows a three-week visit by the author to Nigeria – principally Abuja (the federal capital) and Lagos (the commercial capital) – in March 2011. 'The 2011 presidential, National Assembly, gubernatorial, and State Assembly e...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 21

This edition is covering letters and statements on the negotiation with regard to Namibia from the South African Foreign Minister to the United Nations Secretary –General and from the United Nations Secretary-General to the South African Foreign M...

Zimbabwe From a Global (dis)agreement to Free and Fair Elections? Considering Scenarios for Zimbabwe’s Future

"With the second anniversary of Zimbabwe’s Interim Government (IG)fast approaching, the protagonists in and observers of what has ironically become Zimbabwe’s global and persistent political disagreement are now beginning to focus their atten...

Zimbabwe: the one party state issue

“It is pertinent to pose the question: why do most African states adopt a one party state system, as opposed to a multi-party system, at, or soon after independence? This paper attempts to address this issue with particular reference to the Zimbab...

Sudan's Southern Kordofan Problem: The Next Darfur?

Excerpt: "The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that ended Sudan’s generation-long North-South civil war in 2005 is at risk in Southern Kordofan state, where many of the same ingredients exist that produced the vicious Darfur conflict. Both part...

Guinea: Military Rule Must End

"The killing of at least 160 participants in a peaceful demonstration, the rape of many women protestors, and the arrest of political leaders by security forces in Conakry on 28 September 2009 showed starkly the dangers that continued military rul...

From Fatigues to Three-Piece Suits: East African Guerrillas in Power

"Since decolonisation in African countries ethno-political differences have led to guerrilla warfare. Through these movements, authoritarian regimes have been created. In Uganda, after the National Resistance Movement took power a ‘no-party democr...

Prospects of the SPLA/M's Transition into a Political Party in Sudan

"This paper argues that the predominant circumstances in Sudan are likely to prevent the Sudan People’s Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M) from evolving into a political party. At present, the political class in the North has not reached a consensu...

The Evolution and Development of the New Patriotic Party in Ghana

"This paper examines the emergence and development of the ruling New Patriotic Party (NPP) government in the context of a broader examination of the roles of political parties within the Ghanaian political landscape. After describing the political...

Political Liberalisation and Party Radicalisation in Algeria: The Case of the Islamic Front of Salvation

"Starting in the late 1980s the Algerian political system underwent important changes. In 1989 Algeria moved from a one-party system to multipartyism. The Islamic parties were the biggest beneficiaries of the country’s political liberalisation. Th...

South Africa and the United States in a Post-Bush Era

As South Africa faced its own transition of national leadership, its leaders were tasked with dealing with a new administration in Washington, DC, following the United States' national elections due in November 2008.

Africanism on the march: old ideas, new directions

This brief report describes the revival of the Pan Africanist Congress of Azania at a recent Consultative Conference in Harare where the organisation’s leadership held talks with delegates from inside South Africa. The conference is partly a cons...

U.S. Foreign policy toward Southern Africa: continuity and change

Africa has been, and still remains the area of lowest priority for U.S foreign policy. Presidential attention to Africa and in particular Southern Africa has been the crucial test of the area’s insignificance; even after making allowances for var...

From Rhodesia to Zimbabwe: An analysis of the 1980 elections and an assessment of the prospects

"Before attempting to analyze the four month period which started with rival of the British Governor, Lord Soames, in war-torn Rhodesia on 12 December 1979, and ended with the peaceful emergence of an independent Zimbabwe on 18 April, 1980, it is...

South African policy towards Basutoland

Basutoland is completely surrounded by South Africa but essentially African territory with practically no European community. The basis of the economy is stock rearing, peasant agriculture and the main income comes from workers residing in South A...

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