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Beyond the signature: Appraisal of the Zimbabwe Global Political Agreement (GPA) and Implications for Intervention

"This Policy and Practice Brief assesses the outcomes of the GPA, appraises the performance of the Government of National Unity and examines the implications of the Zimbabwe situation on sustainable peace in Southern Africa. It makes proposals and...

Strategies to prevent and manage electoral violence : Considerations for policy

This Policy and Practice Brief offers insights for policymakers regarding strategies to prevent and manage electoral violence. It forms part of ACCORD’s research and interventions on elections and violence. Our work seeks to inform interventions b...

Is Botswana advancing or regressing in its democracy?

"There is wide consensus among academics and political analysts that Botswana has been hailed as one of the “old democracies” in Africa, but that there have been reports of political wrangling in the country. Landsberg maintains that the southern ...

Elections, Politics and External Involvement in Djibouti

"The first part of this situation report provides a brief overview of the political and electoral history of Djibouti. The second gives the legal framework for the conduct of elections and then examines the preparations for the April 2011 presiden...

Uganda: Analysis of and Reflection on the 2011 Elections

"This situation report provides an overview of the elections. It reflects on the major concerns of the people of Uganda before, during and after the 2011 elections. It also compares the performance of opposition parties in earlier and the recent ...

The 2011 Elections in Nigeria: a New Dawn?

"This situation report follows a three-week visit by the author to Nigeria – principally Abuja (the federal capital) and Lagos (the commercial capital) – in March 2011. 'The 2011 presidential, National Assembly, gubernatorial, and State Assembly e...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 21

This edition is covering letters and statements on the negotiation with regard to Namibia from the South African Foreign Minister to the United Nations Secretary –General and from the United Nations Secretary-General to the South African Foreign M...

Zimbabwe From a Global (dis)agreement to Free and Fair Elections? Considering Scenarios for Zimbabwe’s Future

"With the second anniversary of Zimbabwe’s Interim Government (IG)fast approaching, the protagonists in and observers of what has ironically become Zimbabwe’s global and persistent political disagreement are now beginning to focus their atten...

Zimbabwe: the one party state issue

“It is pertinent to pose the question: why do most African states adopt a one party state system, as opposed to a multi-party system, at, or soon after independence? This paper attempts to address this issue with particular reference to the Zimbab...

Synopsis Policy Studies Bulletin of CPS Vol 10 No 4, December 2009

"This edition of Synopsis focuses attention on the elections in Southern Africa and Africa in general. Several African States in the SADC region have either held elections recently or will be holding elections in 2010/2011. The articles cover sele...

Election Synopsis Volume 1 No. 3, 2004

"Bob Jones provides a valuable overview of the smorgasboard of parties which is being presented to the voters, with helpful comparative reference to party choice which was available in 1994 and 1999. Janet Cherry examines how the party lists are c...

Election Synopsis Volume 1 No. 2, 2004

"This issue focuses on the central question of electoral behaviour: What influences the political choices of the electorate? Do voters make purely rational, instrumental, technical and utilitarian decisions, when choosing to vote for a particular ...

Election Synopsis Volume 1, No. 4, 2004

"The articles in this final edition of election synopsis illustrate that these commentators were wrong, and that the actual results of the elections point to enormous complexities and nuances within voting behaviour, and dynamics between and withi...

Democracy, Elections & Political Parties A Conceptual Overview with Special Emphasis on Africa

"This paper develops,in a manageable manner, a conceptual framework in order to adequately define the essentially contested concepts of democracy, elections and political parties. There is much overlap in these concepts which are abundantly used i...

Turning Elections into a Development Asset in Africa

"This contribution seeks to highlight the fact that properly conducted elections (based on genuine and effective functioning electoral machinery and respect for the will and choices of the people with respect to those who seek to govern them) in a...

Nigeria’s Elections: Reversing the Degeneration?

"The April 2011 general elections – if credible and peaceful – would reverse the degeneration of the franchise since Nigeria returned to civilian rule in 1999, yield more representative and legitimate institutions and restore faith in a democrati...

Sierra Leone: Business More Than Usual

"This latest political mini-drama in Sierra Leone, happening far ahead of the elections themselves, would appear rather steeped in bathos: from having to deal with a uniquely brutal war – which necessitated the deployment of over 16 000 foreign tr...

Burundi: Overview of the 2010 Elections and Observations on the Way Forward

"This situation report provides an overview of the main developments in Burundi’s 2010 electoral process. Following a short section to provide the context in which the 2010 elections took place,the report will briefly discuss the pre-electoral cli...

Ghana’s 2008 Election: Towards a Consolidated Democracy?

"How has Ghana got it right? This paper argues that Ghana’s own political history and the electoral machinery continue to play a role in the steps taken towards effective political system based on democratic principles. Regarded by both local and...

Kenya – A Year After The Crisis: The Quest for Electoral Reform and Transitional Justice

"This Situation Report assessess the key issues raised by the Kriegler and Waki Commissions. In specific, it seeks to evaluate the challenges of implementing the recommendations pertaining to electoral reform and transitional justice. There is a...

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