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Setting Benchmarks for Enhanced Political Party Performance for Democratic Governance in Africa

"The main premise for the fifth symposium was the acknowledgement that political parties are the cornerstones of representative democracy. Political parties and party systems are necessary for functioning democratic governance systems, and appropr...

Handbook on Kenya's Electoral Laws and Systems: Highlights of the Electoral Laws and System established by and under the Constitution of Kenya 2010 and other Statutes

"The Handbook on Kenya’s Electoral Laws and System provides timely and invaluable one-stop reference to the electoral reforms recently undertaken in Kenya. By relating to international best practices, Conventions and special interest groups in ele...

France and Algeria Under De Gaulle

The author begins his article with a description of the man De Gaulle. He then turns to the revolution in Algeria and how the French experienced this so called revolution. It also speaks of Algeria as a colonial country of France, its constitution...

Organization of African Unity Summit Conference July 1978

This article is a report on the African Union Summit attended by 34 African Leaders. "The Summit made little progress in trying to end the various wars and border disputes in Africa, but it did agree on a number of initiatives aimed at settling, b...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record No 23

This edition focuses on the negotiations concerning SWA/Namibia. The articles cover statements from prominent political leaders, reports from the UN Secretary General concerning the implementation of Security Council Resolutions and several letter...

Liberia The 23 August 2011 Referendum The 11 October 2011 Presidential, Senate and House of Representatives Elections The 8 November 2011 Presidential Run off Election

"On the basis of its observations and information received from stakeholders in Liberia, and based on the benchmarks provided in the AU Declaration on the Principles Governing Democratic Elections in Africa, the Declaration of Principles on Intern...

Political Parties, Political Change and Environmental Governance in Uganda: A Review of Political Parties Manifestos

"This paper argues that political parties are going to be the main power blockers in the new political dispensation under a multiparty political system including making important decisions over the management and utilization of the environment and...

The Troubled Road to Peace: Reflections on the Complexities of Resolving the Political Impasse in Madagascar

"Madagascar was thrown into political crisis in 2009 by an unconstitutional change in leadership which replaced Marc Ravalomanana with Andry Rajoelina as head of state. Over the past four years this crisis deteriorated into a firmly-embedded polit...

Angola's Second Post War Elections: The Alchemy of Change

"The second post-war elections in Angola, in August 2012, have become a lens through which to observe the political changes this emerging African powerhouse will face in the coming years. President Jose Eduardo dos Santos was elected for the firs...

The Role of Political Parties at the Local Government Level A Reflection on South Africa at the time of the Policy Process of Review on Decentralisation

"The ongoing review of decentralisation in South Africa will definitely affect political parties’ legitimisation mechanisms at the local level. For this reason, one may expect the same actors, together with civil society organisations (CSOs), to b...

Elections and the Management of Diversity in Botswana

"Good governance has come to be the prerequisite for foreign direct investment in developing countries. While the definition of good governance remains disputed, its fundamental elements are generally agreed. These include: free, fair and transpa...

Beyond the signature: Appraisal of the Zimbabwe Global Political Agreement (GPA) and Implications for Intervention

"This Policy and Practice Brief assesses the outcomes of the GPA, appraises the performance of the Government of National Unity and examines the implications of the Zimbabwe situation on sustainable peace in Southern Africa. It makes proposals and...

Strategies to prevent and manage electoral violence : Considerations for policy

This Policy and Practice Brief offers insights for policymakers regarding strategies to prevent and manage electoral violence. It forms part of ACCORD’s research and interventions on elections and violence. Our work seeks to inform interventions b...

Is Botswana advancing or regressing in its democracy?

"There is wide consensus among academics and political analysts that Botswana has been hailed as one of the “old democracies” in Africa, but that there have been reports of political wrangling in the country. Landsberg maintains that the southern ...

Elections, Politics and External Involvement in Djibouti

"The first part of this situation report provides a brief overview of the political and electoral history of Djibouti. The second gives the legal framework for the conduct of elections and then examines the preparations for the April 2011 presiden...

Uganda: Analysis of and Reflection on the 2011 Elections

"This situation report provides an overview of the elections. It reflects on the major concerns of the people of Uganda before, during and after the 2011 elections. It also compares the performance of opposition parties in earlier and the recent ...

The 2011 Elections in Nigeria: a New Dawn?

"This situation report follows a three-week visit by the author to Nigeria – principally Abuja (the federal capital) and Lagos (the commercial capital) – in March 2011. 'The 2011 presidential, National Assembly, gubernatorial, and State Assembly e...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 21

This edition is covering letters and statements on the negotiation with regard to Namibia from the South African Foreign Minister to the United Nations Secretary –General and from the United Nations Secretary-General to the South African Foreign M...

Zimbabwe From a Global (dis)agreement to Free and Fair Elections? Considering Scenarios for Zimbabwe’s Future

"With the second anniversary of Zimbabwe’s Interim Government (IG)fast approaching, the protagonists in and observers of what has ironically become Zimbabwe’s global and persistent political disagreement are now beginning to focus their atten...

Zimbabwe: the one party state issue

“It is pertinent to pose the question: why do most African states adopt a one party state system, as opposed to a multi-party system, at, or soon after independence? This paper attempts to address this issue with particular reference to the Zimbab...

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