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Zimbabwe: the one party state issue

“It is pertinent to pose the question: why do most African states adopt a one party state system, as opposed to a multi-party system, at, or soon after independence? This paper attempts to address this issue with particular reference to the Zimbab...

Political Parties, Political Change and Environmental Governance in Uganda: A Review of Political Parties Manifestos

"This paper argues that political parties are going to be the main power blockers in the new political dispensation under a multiparty political system including making important decisions over the management and utilization of the environment and...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 21

This edition is covering letters and statements on the negotiation with regard to Namibia from the South African Foreign Minister to the United Nations Secretary –General and from the United Nations Secretary-General to the South African Foreign M...

Zimbabwe From a Global (dis)agreement to Free and Fair Elections? Considering Scenarios for Zimbabwe’s Future

"With the second anniversary of Zimbabwe’s Interim Government (IG)fast approaching, the protagonists in and observers of what has ironically become Zimbabwe’s global and persistent political disagreement are now beginning to focus their atten...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record No 23

This edition focuses on the negotiations concerning SWA/Namibia. The articles cover statements from prominent political leaders, reports from the UN Secretary General concerning the implementation of Security Council Resolutions and several letter...

Liberia The 23 August 2011 Referendum The 11 October 2011 Presidential, Senate and House of Representatives Elections The 8 November 2011 Presidential Run off Election

"On the basis of its observations and information received from stakeholders in Liberia, and based on the benchmarks provided in the AU Declaration on the Principles Governing Democratic Elections in Africa, the Declaration of Principles on Intern...

France and Algeria Under De Gaulle

The author begins his article with a description of the man De Gaulle. He then turns to the revolution in Algeria and how the French experienced this so called revolution. It also speaks of Algeria as a colonial country of France, its constitution...

Organization of African Unity Summit Conference July 1978

This article is a report on the African Union Summit attended by 34 African Leaders. "The Summit made little progress in trying to end the various wars and border disputes in Africa, but it did agree on a number of initiatives aimed at settling, b...

From Rhodesia to Zimbabwe: An analysis of the 1980 elections and an assessment of the prospects

"Before attempting to analyze the four month period which started with rival of the British Governor, Lord Soames, in war-torn Rhodesia on 12 December 1979, and ended with the peaceful emergence of an independent Zimbabwe on 18 April, 1980, it is...

South African policy towards Basutoland

Basutoland is completely surrounded by South Africa but essentially African territory with practically no European community. The basis of the economy is stock rearing, peasant agriculture and the main income comes from workers residing in South A...

Zimbabwe : 90 Days After the Elections

"The electoral campaign had been marked by violence and intimidation on a scale unprecedented in the country. The principal targets of this had been opposition candidates and their supporters. In an effort to divert attention from the broader issu...

Politics and Transition in the New South Sudan

"South Sudan’s political and security landscape has evolved considerably since the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in 2005, but the most notable domestic changes may unfold now that the January 2011 self-determination referend...

Sierra Leone: Business More Than Usual

"This latest political mini-drama in Sierra Leone, happening far ahead of the elections themselves, would appear rather steeped in bathos: from having to deal with a uniquely brutal war – which necessitated the deployment of over 16 000 foreign tr...

Burundi: Overview of the 2010 Elections and Observations on the Way Forward

"This situation report provides an overview of the main developments in Burundi’s 2010 electoral process. Following a short section to provide the context in which the 2010 elections took place,the report will briefly discuss the pre-electoral cli...

Ghana’s 2008 Election: Towards a Consolidated Democracy?

"How has Ghana got it right? This paper argues that Ghana’s own political history and the electoral machinery continue to play a role in the steps taken towards effective political system based on democratic principles. Regarded by both local and...

Kenya – A Year After The Crisis: The Quest for Electoral Reform and Transitional Justice

"This Situation Report assessess the key issues raised by the Kriegler and Waki Commissions. In specific, it seeks to evaluate the challenges of implementing the recommendations pertaining to electoral reform and transitional justice. There is a...

Negotiating Sudan’s North-South Future

"Sudan’s fragile Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) is entering its final phase, and a critical vote on Southern self-determination looms, but foundations for a constructive post-referendum relationship are yet to be laid. In addition to a hand...

Individual Confidence and Personal Security in the 2005 Zimbabwean Elections

"The 2005 elections are the sixth parliamentary elections since Zimbabwe gained independence in 1980. The first popular elections in Zimbabwe were held after the attainment of independence from colonial rule in 1980 and were held under the Lancast...

Democracy, Elections & Political Parties A Conceptual Overview with Special Emphasis on Africa

"This paper develops,in a manageable manner, a conceptual framework in order to adequately define the essentially contested concepts of democracy, elections and political parties. There is much overlap in these concepts which are abundantly used i...

Turning Elections into a Development Asset in Africa

"This contribution seeks to highlight the fact that properly conducted elections (based on genuine and effective functioning electoral machinery and respect for the will and choices of the people with respect to those who seek to govern them) in a...

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