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Ethiopia: Ethnic Federalism and its Discontents

Excerpt: "The Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), led by its chairman and prime minister, Meles Zenawi, has radically reformed Ethiopia’s political system. The regime transformed the hitherto centralized state into the Feder…

Prospects of the SPLA/M's Transition into a Political Party in Sudan

"This paper argues that the predominant circumstances in Sudan are likely to prevent the Sudan People’s Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M) from evolving into a political party. At present, the political class in the North has not reached a consensus …

The Evolution and Development of the New Patriotic Party in Ghana

"This paper examines the emergence and development of the ruling New Patriotic Party (NPP) government in the context of a broader examination of the roles of political parties within the Ghanaian political landscape. After describing the political a…

Political Liberalisation and Party Radicalisation in Algeria: The Case of the Islamic Front of Salvation

"Starting in the late 1980s the Algerian political system underwent important changes. In 1989 Algeria moved from a one-party system to multipartyism. The Islamic parties were the biggest beneficiaries of the country’s political liberalisation. The …

South Africa and the United States in a Post-Bush Era

As South Africa faced its own transition of national leadership, its leaders were tasked with dealing with a new administration in Washington, DC, following the United States' national elections due in November 2008.

Chapter XI (i.e. articles 73 & 74) of the United Nations Charter and a self governing Transkei

This paper deals with the question of Transkeian independence and if this territory will fall within Article 73 that deals with Non-Self-governing territories. The solution to this is however not easy to find and as Transkei is still dependend on So…

EISA Technical assessment team report Swaziland House of assembly election 19 September 2008

"This report sets forth the assessment of the EISA team to the Swaziland elections including the team’s observations and analysis of the electoral process from the pre-election phase and the polling phase to the tabulation and announcement of the el…

Floor Crossing and its Political Consequences in South Africa

"This paper discusses the impact of floorcrossing on the party system and representative democracy in South Africa. It focuses specifically on the way in which floor-crossing affects the power balance among parties and in particular the level of r…

Defining Civil Society in the Context of the African Peer Review Mechanism

"This paper attempts to examine some of the prevailing definitions of civil society in the context of African governance, and identify a suitable means of conceptualizing civil society more specifically in the context of the APRM."

The Organisation of African Unity: The crisis comes at last?

The Organisation of African Unity (OAU) was scheduled to hold its 20th Summit Meeting in Conakry (Capital of Guinea) in May. However, the death of President Sekou Toure of Guinea in March and the subsequent coup in Guinea raises some doubts about w…

Women's Engagement with Political Parties in Contemporary Africa: Reflections on Uganda's Experience

"This paper reviews and reflects on the experience of women’s political engagement in contemporary Uganda after the introduction of multiparty competitive elections in 2006. While the paper explores the recent political changes in Uganda and the exp…

Beyond the signature: Appraisal of the Zimbabwe Global Political Agreement (GPA) and Implications for Intervention

"This Policy and Practice Brief assesses the outcomes of the GPA, appraises the performance of the Government of National Unity and examines the implications of the Zimbabwe situation on sustainable peace in Southern Africa. It makes proposals and r…

Is Botswana advancing or regressing in its democracy?

"There is wide consensus among academics and political analysts that Botswana has been hailed as one of the “old democracies” in Africa, but that there have been reports of political wrangling in the country. Landsberg maintains that the southern Af…

Women Transforming Conflicts in Africa: Descriptive Studies from Burundi, Côte d’Ivoire, Sierra Leone, South Africa and Sudan

"There is evidence of successful efforts to constructively respond to conflict and to undertake transformation, reconstruction and reconciliation in Africa. The inclusion of women as a strategic constituency is central to sustaining and consolidatin…

Client Power, Citizen Participation, Institutions and Services Delivery: Theory and Evidence with Special Emphasis on Africa

"This paper discusses the impact of alternative institutional arrangements of service delivery on clients’ power, with special emphasis on Africa. It reviews the existing economic literature with regard to the rationale for institutionalizing client…

Impact of China and India on Politics and Governance in SSA: Issues and Challenges

"What can Africa make of this new interest by China and India on African affairs, political and economic? This paper lays out a framework for the study of one dimension of these issues, the interplay between politics at the international and the do…

Lessons from Nigeria’s 2011 Elections

"With the April 2011 general elections, Nigeria may have taken steps towards reversing the degeneration of its previous elections, but the work is not finished. Despite some progress, early and intensive preparations for the 2015 elections need to …

South Africa: Optimising the Currency of Soft Power in the International Arena

"A conscious and consistent adherence to the currency of soft power could enable South Africa to push through a national, an African and a more humane global agenda of immense magnitude in the overall international arena. However, effective communic…

Burundi: The End of the Tunnel?

"The relief of the international community, which had laboured so long to achieve the desired breakthrough, was reflected in the agreement reached with the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund on 28 and 29 January 2009, to cancel 92 per ce…

Popular Protest in North Africa and the Middle East (I): Egypt Victorious?

"It is early days, and the true measure of what the Egyptian people have accomplished has yet to fully sink in. Some achievements are as clear as they are stunning. Over a period of less than three weeks, they challenged conventional chestnuts abou…

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