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Top Five Reasons Why Africa Should Be a Priority for the United States

"With the dramatic changes that have taken place over the last decade, sub-Saharan Africa has become increasingly important to the rest of the world. In the past, relationships for many African countries were dominated by the former colonial powers…

Ending war in Africa: The power of dialogue

"Africa has much to boast about these days. Crude clichés of a continent blighted by disease, poverty and bloodshed are steadily giving way to a far more promising narrative. In the face of a global economic slump, for instance, Africa keeps company…

America is Coming to Africa: a Comparison with China

"President Barack Obama visited some African countries in June 2013. Later, he announced that there would be an American-African summit in August of 2014 in Washington. For this purpose he has extended invitation letters to African leaders with the …

Butterfly Effect of the Arab Spring

"There are many theories that have been developed by great thinkers in various fields of study. One of them is “Chaos Theory”, used in such fields as mathematics, physics, meteorology, and engineering. The root of this theory is the hypothesis prese…

The African Union and Foreign Policy

"Foreign policy is a set of principles of governments that defines their external relations with other countries. It also serves as an instrument to achieve the national interests of a nation. In implementing their foreign policy, governments manage…

A Cosmetic End to Madagascar's Crisis?

"Madagascar is a divided, impoverished, broken democracy that has suffered a “cyclical pattern from crisis to crisis, but the period in between each appears to be getting shorter”. Its latest crisis has proven particularly intense, drawn-out and dam…

South Sudan: A Civil War by Any Other Name

"The conflict that broke out on 15 December 2013 was decades in the making. The speed with which the SPLM and SPLA collapsed reveals the ephemeral nature of the “big tent” policy. The transition to more broadly representative political and military …

"Home at last?" Land Conflicts in Burundi and the Right of Victims to Reparations

"This Policy Brief will assess whether reparations as a form of redress for historical injustice can be utilised to address the grievances of Burundian victims of land expropriation. The Policy Brief begins by describing the legacy of conflict and t…

Rule of Law and Development in Ethiopia : Now and Twenty Years from Now

"According to democratic thinking, the basis for the relationship that exists between peoples and governments is the social contract that the two parties [freely] enter into. For, after all, the existence of societies and the individuals who constit…

Côte d’Ivoire’s Great West: Key to Reconciliation

"Western Côte d’Ivoire’s land, security and identity problems make this vast border territory the country’s most unstable area. Reconciliation has yet to begin there and communal tensions remain acute. Two administrative regions are especially pro…

Mali: Reform or Relapse

"This report is based on several dozen interviews conducted in Bamako, Gao, Niamey, Dakar and Paris with Malian political and military actors, their foreign partners and Malian civil society representatives in both the north and south of the count…

China in Africa: Implications for U.S. Competition and Diplomacy

"China is an increasingly important player in the politics, economic development and security of Africa. Historically, China has prioritized strong diplomatic relations and political ties with African states with an ideological aspiration anchored …

Discordant Development and Insecurity in Africa

Many African countries are now showing sustained economic growth. Not to be overlooked, however, are the persistent security dilemmas in many parts of the continent exacerbated by “discordant development.” Addressing these troubling problems of secu…

Kenya at a Tipping Point : The 2013 Presidential Election

The 2012 year was a mixed year for democracy in Africa, with both progress and disappointment. The presidential election of Kenya in March 2013 is one of the most significant elections and will have far-reaching implications for Kenya and the region…

Economic and Administrative Implications of the Devolution Framework Established by the Constitution of Kenya

"Decentralisation, as envisaged in the Constitution of Kenya will entail sharing of political, administrative and fiscal responsibilities between the national and the county governments. Political decentralisation involves the transfer of political …

Economic and Administrative Implications of the Devolution Framework Established by the Constitution of Kenya

The devolution framework entrenched in the Constitution of Kenya 2010 offers opportunities for the country to address key national challenges. These include: high poverty levels, inequalities, corruption and poor service delivery in the public se…

African Peer Review Mechanism: Development Lessons from Africa's Remarkable Governance Assessment System

This case study of the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) seeks to examine the lessons it holds about South–South knowledge exchange, South–South co-operation(SSC), capacity development and development effectiveness. This case study outlines the…

Devolution in Kenya Prospects, Challenges and Future

"In Chapter two the author defines the concept of devolution and provides the rationale for devolution based on the theories of devolution and the experiences of other countries. Further, she assesses Kenya's efforts of devolution since independence…

Elections in Mozambique A Smooth Journey, or a Hurdle to Skip?

"Mozambique’s fifth democratic election is due to take place in October 2014. Until June 2014, it appeared as if Renamo would escalate its armed resistance against Frelimo, the ruling party, because of alleged unfulfilled terms of the 1992 peace agr…

Radicalisation in Kenya Recruitment to al-Shabaab and the Mombasa Republican Council

"Despite a history of extremism and unconventional political developments in Kenya, relatively little empirical research has been done to determine why and how individuals join al-Shabaab and the Mombasa Republican Council (MRC). This paper is based…

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