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Zimbabwe in Crisis: Mugabe's Policies and Failures

Exemplifying the negative consequences of a variety of inappropriate fiscal and social policies, Zimbabwe has failed to realize its potential to become a strong, independent state, going from the admiration and envy of its neighbours to near-compl...

Picking Up the Pieces of Zimbabwe's Economy

Zimbabwe's prolonged crisis illustrates the consequences of short-sighted and inappropriate economic policies, as it continues to fail to realize its potential to become a strong, independent state. Triggered in part by the Mugabe government's dec...

Ethiopia: Ethnic Federalism and its Discontents

Excerpt: "The Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), led by its chairman and prime minister, Meles Zenawi, has radically reformed Ethiopia’s political system. The regime transformed the hitherto centralized state into the Fed...

Somalia: To Move Beyond the Failed State

Excerpt: "Since 1991 Somalia has been the archetypal failed state. Several attempts to create a transitional set-up have failed, and the current one is on the brink of collapse, overtaken yet again by an Islamist insurgency, despite the support of...

Guinea-Bissau: In Need of a State

Excerpt: "Guinea-Bissau needs a state. Its political and administrative structures are insufficient to guarantee control of its territory, assure minimum public services or counter-balance the army’s dominance. This core weakness has been at the r...

Guinea: Ensuring Democratic Reforms

Excerpt: "The political and economic change Guineans demanded in 2007 at the cost of nearly 200 lives is in jeopardy. Dismissal on 20 May 2008 of Prime Minister Lansana Kouyaté and his replacement by Tidiane Souaré, a close ally of President Lansa...

Zimbabwe: Political and Security Challenges to the Transition

"As Zimbabwe enters its second year under a unity government, the challenges to democratic transformation have come into sharp focus. Despite reasonable progress in restoring political and social stability, ending widespread repression and stabili...

Managing Resources and the Democratic Order: The Experience of Botswana

"Africa is a potentially rich continent that remains one of the poorest in the world. For most African countries, an abundance of resources has not only contributed to underdevelopment but has undermined democracy. Public office is a major source ...

Prospects of the SPLA/M's Transition into a Political Party in Sudan

"This paper argues that the predominant circumstances in Sudan are likely to prevent the Sudan People’s Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M) from evolving into a political party. At present, the political class in the North has not reached a consensu...

The Evolution and Development of the New Patriotic Party in Ghana

"This paper examines the emergence and development of the ruling New Patriotic Party (NPP) government in the context of a broader examination of the roles of political parties within the Ghanaian political landscape. After describing the political...

Political Liberalisation and Party Radicalisation in Algeria: The Case of the Islamic Front of Salvation

"Starting in the late 1980s the Algerian political system underwent important changes. In 1989 Algeria moved from a one-party system to multipartyism. The Islamic parties were the biggest beneficiaries of the country’s political liberalisation. Th...

The DRC at 50: Confronting the Challenges of Peace and Territorial Consolidation

"On 30 June 2010 the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) celebrated 50 years of independence from colonial rule. At 50, the country is torn between competing and contradictory internal forces as it tries to negotiate a path towards self understandi...

Madagascar avoidable disaster, test case for African diplomacy

"The battle for control of Madagascar underscored the devastating, long-lasting effect that political instability has on economic development. It not only reversed a promising economic turnaround, but, did grave damage to Madagascar's (previously...

Southern Africa in retrospect: The views of two foreign correspondents

This paper is the viewpoint of the political situation in South Africa during the 1970s as experienced by two foreign correspondents. They describe the situation in South Africa as they perceived it and how the changes in Zimbabwe and Namibia infl...

The total onslaught: How does it look from Moscow?

"Consideration of the external threat to South Africa should not be a matter of party politics. One sometimes has the impression that talk of a "total onslaught" is regarded in some quarters as an exaggerated slogan used as a device for enhancing...

Perceptions of western attitudes to South Africa three views

"The three articles in this paper are the texts of addresses to three separate meetings of a study group on the politics of perceptions, held at Jan Smuts House on 26 November 1981, 26 January 1981 and 24 March 1982. They present the views of a ...

BRIC and IBSA Forums: Neo-liberals in Disguise or Champions of the South?

South–South co-operation has existed for many decades and has played a key role in solidifying unity among developing countries. However, the concept of South–South co-operation has evolved from being concerned with geopolitics and opposing imperi...

Senghor speaks on Africa

"This is the edited text of an interview in French, given by former President Leopold Sedar Senghor on 13 February, 1982, to Christine von Gamier,correspondent for Agence France-Presse, the Journal de Geneve and the Neue Zürcher Zeitung." This re...

Whither South Africa?

"Southern Africa has today arrived at the crossroads, and whatever might have been the issues that united or divided its peoples in the past, the choice which confronts them today is clear; it is -between the institution of a free enterprise ec...

SWA/Namibie: Probleme en beleidskeuses verbonde aan politieke oorgang

"This paper sets out to attempt three things. Firstly, to advance a theoretical perspective based largely on the work of Rothchild and Curry (1978) on the problems generated by political transition in the case of most new states. Secondly, to defi...

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