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The African Union at Ten: Problems, Progress and Prospects

The year 2013 marks the 50th anniversary of post-independence pan-Africanism with the birth of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) in May 1963. As the golden jubilee is celebrated, this report reflects on the hopes for an “African Renaissance...

L’Etat, les Frontières et le Territoire au Sahel: Cas du G5 Sahel / State, Borders and Territory in the Sahel: The Case of the G5 Sahel

Ce titre et disponible en Anglais: State, Borders and Territory in the Sahel: The case of the G5 Sahel. This Policy Brief highlights the depths of the Sahel crisis. Some aspects of the crisis, such as extremist violence, migration, transnational c...

Stabilising Sudan: Domestic, Sub-Regional and Extra Regional Challenges

After Sudan – Africa’s geographically largest country – emerged from the continent’s longest civil war in 2005 with the signing of a Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) by the government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SP...

Abyei Dialogue: Bottom Up and Top Down

This report on the case of the Ngok Dinka of Abyei provides a model for the National Dialogue that substantiates the Bottom-Up-Top-Down approach, which the President has stipulated in his various statements, and in his Concept Note. The experien...

Maroc-CEDEAO: Comprendre les Réticences pour Mieux les Dépasser / Morocco-ECOWAS: Understanding Reluctance in order to Surpass it

One should bear in mind that joining a group such as ECOWAS, which ensures the free movement of goods, persons and services and aspiring to a single currency regime in 2020 - was not a straightforward matter with regards to the institutional, regu...

Africa's Evolving Human Rights Architecture

The African continent has yet to witness a paradigm shift towards privileging the human rights of its 800 million citizens. Africa’s human rights regime is still relatively weak, despite the growing body of declarations, conventions and protocol...

South Africa in Africa: The Post Apartheid Decade

The Stellenbosch seminar placed special emphasis on the interface between South Africa’s domestic political, economic and social contexts, and its foreign policy, especially its geo-strategic location in Africa. South Africa’s political transition...

Post Conflict Reconstruction in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)

This seminar report with the theme “Post-Conflict Reconstruction in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)”, was held in response to a request from the Southern African Development Community (SADC) secretariat in Botswana and assessed the c...

Foresight Africa: Top Priorities for the Continent in 2018

In Chapter 1, African leaders describe initiatives to help the continent harness its potential to secure its future. African institutions—particularly the African Union, the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, the African Development Ba...

West Africa's Evolving Security Architecture: Looking back to the future

The seminar’s focus was on the evolution of ECOWAS’ security architecture, as outlined in the 1999 ECOWAS Mechanism for Conflict Prevention, Management, Resolution, Peacekeeping and Security (commonly referred to as “the Mechanism”) and the ECOWAS...

Building an African Union for the 21st Century: Relations with Regional Economic Communities (RECs), NEPAD and Civil society

There is a need to examine the significance and progress of the African Union (AU), which was officially launched in Durban, South Africa, in July 2002. The AU and its programme for economic recovery - the New Partnership for Africa’s Development ...

Nigeria Conflict Insight

The modern state of Nigeria was the product of a merger, by the British, of the North and Southern Protectorates with the Colony of Lagos in 1914. Prior to the amalgamation, the country had been home to numerous kingdoms and tribes over millennia...

Libya Conflict Insight

Libya achieved independence from United Nations (UN) trusteeship in 1951 as an amalgamation of three former Ottoman provinces, Tripolitania, Cyrenaica and Fezzan under the rule of King Mohammed Idris. In 1969, King Idris was deposed in a coup st...

Burundi Conflict Insight

Since gaining independence in 1962, Burundi has experienced several violent conflicts, including a civil war that took place between 1993 and 2005. The common denominator of these conflicts was the politicization of divisions between the Hutu and ...

Uganda’s Slow Slide into Crisis

Major violence is unlikely for now, but Uganda nonetheless faces the gradual fraying of order, security and governance. Discontent is growing, particularly among youth, against what many Ugandans see as perpetual rule by President Museveni and his...

Cameroon's Anglophone Crisis: How the Catholic Church Can Promote Dialogue

Cameroon faces critical risks going into this electoral year. Boko Haram remains active in the Far North, instability prevails along the eastern border with the Central African Republic and popular discontent continues to roil large cities. But th...

Zimbabwe’s “Military-assisted Transition” and Prospects for Recovery

Zimbabwe’s military unexpectedly ousted President Robert Mugabe in late 2017, nearly four decades after he took power. Debilitating internal factionalism within the ruling Zanu-PF party over succession to Mugabe has culminated in the elevation of ...

The APRM and Migration Trends in Africa

Migration is often identified as a last resort for people hoping to improve their standard of living. Favourable global conditions such as the demand for labour in destination countries and a booming international market have, in the past, made it...

Bridging the Gap between Commitment and Capacity

This paper set out to evaluate the extent to which the APRM has emphasised corruption, transparency and accountability to date by analysing the relative frequency of word clusters related to these concepts in the 16 Country Review Reports that are...

Africa's Untapped Resource: Analyzing Youth in the APRM

Africa is the next frontier – a continent full of possibility, a market of untapped and underutilised natural and human resources. Nowhere is this more apparent than in the youth populations of African states. Africa in 2015 exists in a context i...

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