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Exploring alternative approaches for managing electoral injustice in Africa: The case of breast protests in Nigeria and the sex strike in Kenya

"This study deals with three main issues. The first is the role of traditional and urban women’s movements in managing the protracted electoral crises in Nigeria and Kenya. The second is the impact of customary and orthodox repercussions of the ...

Rhodesia: Quo Vadis?

The document starts by giving background on Rhodesia’s past from 1922 until the present, then discusses its present and possible future. The author believes that it is in the best interests of all Rhodesians to reach an agreement with the British ...

Political Development of Somaliland and its Conflict with Puntland

"Through successive clan conferences, Somaliland established relatively viable institutions which paved the path for reconstruction of an entity mainly employing local resources. Somaliland has thus been depicted as ‘an oasis of stability in an o...

Providing Security and Justice for the People Security Sector Reform in Zimbabwe

"This paper considers the need for security sector reform (SSR) in Zimbabwe and highlights potential short-term and long-term priorities in this regard. Following renewed interest in, and possibilities for, SSR in Zimbabwe, it has become apparent...

Malawi's Referendum on Multi-Party Politics: Banda's Battle of Hastings?

"This paper discusses the 1992 referendum held under the regime of President Banda, the demands made by the opposition as well as UN election monitoring and concludes that Pres Banda will not be the power behind the throne indefinitely. Especiall...

The German Elections: Implications for South Africa

"This paper discusses the runup to the 1995 German elections. It is argued that the outcome of elections is likely to have little impact on German policy towards South Africa which has remained constant and favourable even during the apartheid ye...

Has the disinvestment issue been carefully considered?

This paper considers the question of disinvestment to put economic pressure on the South African government. It is often proposed as a means of resolving the political crisis in South Africa, with a view that disinvestment will weaken the South Af...

Continuity and change in South Africa's present and future foreign policy

This occasional paper concerns questions relating to the domestic political, economic and social character of the post-apartheid state, examines a number of assumptions commonly held about South Africa’s foreign policy in the post-apartheid period...

Beyond the numbers: Women’s Participation in the Kenya National Dialogue and Reconciliation

"Since the end of the Cold War, much international attention has focused on identifying which factors within a mediation process contribute to sustainable peace. Research by academics and practitioners alike has identified several important areas...

Rule of Law through imperfect bodies? The informal justice systems of Burundi and Somalia

"This paper provides an overview of the central findings emerging from the two studies, Stateless Justice in Somalia – Formal and Informal Rule of Law Initiatives and The Role of Informal Justice Systems in Reconstructing the Rule of Law in Post-C...

Burundi Elections Without Competition and no Peace Without Participation: Where Might it Go from Here?

"This policy brief aims to discuss the current situation in Burundi. Topics under consideration in this brief include: reactions to the communal elections; how did we get here; possible future scenarios, including a return to rebellion,maintenanc...

Nigeria’s Elections: Reversing the Degeneration?

"The April 2011 general elections – if credible and peaceful – would reverse the degeneration of the franchise since Nigeria returned to civilian rule in 1999, yield more representative and legitimate institutions and restore faith in a democrati...

Somalia: The Transitional Government on Life Support

"Somalia’s Transitional Federal Government (TFG) has squandered the goodwill and support it received and achieved little of significance in the two years it has been in office. It is inept, increasingly corrupt and hobbled by President Sharif’s w...

Sudan Scenarios to Strategies Workshop

"The workshop aimed to provide a relaxed and informal setting in which various influential Sudanese opinion formers from various parts of the social and political spectrum could reflect on what might happen in their country before and after the r...

Symposium on ‘The ICC that Africa wants' 9-10 November 2009, Spier Hotel Stellenbosch, Key outcomes and recommendations

"The report reflects on key issues that were raised and provides recommendations developed by the authors that draw on the rich and diverse presentations and discussions at the symposium. This report and its recommendations therefore reflect the ...

Mozambique: a success story continues?

During Mozambique’s multiparty elections in December 1999, FRELIMO won against RENAMO-UE in the presidential and parliamentary elections. RENAMO refused to accept the results, but the Supreme Court declared them valid. Economically, at the end...

SADC Barometer Issue 1

The SADC Barometer is intended to provide an independent and critical evaluation of progress on implementation of the various protocols, political and economic convergence and progress toward SADC's economic and social development goals. The reg...

Zimbabwe

This background briefing describes the situation in Zimbabwe with regard to the socialist politics of Prime Minister Mugabe, whose scientific socialism is moderated by practical constraints like the role of the Politburo and the upcoming elections...

American attitudes towards South Africa: Constructive engagement and the divestment debate

This background briefing describes American attitudes toward South Africa. The importance for the Reagan Administration of the policy of constructive engagement was emphasised in an address of the Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs, Mr...

Settlement of the Namibian dispute: A question of political will

This brief report describes recent problems that held up implementation of the Western-sponsored UN plan for Namibian independence, whose success depends on the degree of political will and determination on the part of the contending parties. Futu...

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