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Assessment of Internal and External Risks Associated with the Implementation of the African Union's Agenda 2063

Agenda 2063 represents a transformative vision of the African Union (AU) to achieve “an integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in the global arena” (AUC 2014). In celebration of the...

Practitioner Perspectives on Transitional Justice: Tunisia

This brief provides an outline of the key transitional mechanisms and institutions that were established, while highlighting factors that enabled the transition as well as the challenges that face the newly democratic Tunisia. There is hope that T...

A New Chapter Beckons: South Africa at the Crossroads

This paper analyzed the recent developments on the South African political landscape, which marked a rupture from one chapter within an epoch to a new one. To be more explicit, the recent manoeuvres by President Jacob Zuma facilitated the conclusi...

Africa and the Remaking of Global Order

This paper makes the case for Africa to play a role in remaking global order. This is based on the need to address geopolitical insecurity as well as the continent’s need to redress its historical exclusion from the design of the international sys...

Africa’s Natural Resources and Geopolitical Realities

For its 6th edition, the Tana High-Level Forum on Security in Africa, focused on the theme of Natural Resource Governance in Africa. One of the forum session’s key discussion points sought to "understand and explain why the exploitation of these ...

Liberia and Sierra Leone- Rebuilding Failed States

The interventions in Liberia and Sierra Leone are failing to produce states that will be stable and capable of exercising the full range of sovereign responsibilities on behalf of their long-suffering populations. This is essentially because they ...

Burundi: Democracy and Peace at Risk

Since the new, democratically elected government came to power in September 2005, the first since 1993, there has been marked deterioration in Burundi’s political climate. Led by the National Council for the Defense of Democracy-Forces for the Def...

Burundi: Finalising Peace With The FNL

Burundi has made relatively rapid, substantial progress in democracy and easing of inter-ethnic tensions, due to its citizens desire to embrace national unity and compromise, as well as the international community’s heavy involvement in the Arusha...

Beyond Victimhood, Women’s Peacebuilding in Sudan, Congo and Uganda

Peacebuilding cannot succeed if half the population is excluded from the process. Crisis Group’s research in Sudan, Congo (DRC) and Uganda suggests that peace agreements, post-conflict reconstruction, and governance do better when women are involv...

Côte d'Ivoire - Les demi-mesures ne suffiront pas

Les Ivoiriens n'iront pas élire leur futur Président le 30 octobre 2005, comme ils auraient dû le faire. Le Gouvernement de réconciliation nationale (GRN) n'a réconcilié personne. Il a encore moins préparé le terrain pour une élection présidentiel...

Escaping the Conflict Trap- Promoting Good Governance in the Congo

The Democratic Republic of Congo’s strides toward peace could prove short-lived if the government and donors do not increase efforts to create a transparent and accountable government. State institutions such as parliament, courts, the army an...

Ethiopia and Eritrea- Preventing War

The fragile peace maintained by Ethiopia and Eritrea since they signed a comprehensive agreement at Algiers in December 2000 is fraying dangerously. With a costly two-year war now followed by nearly five years of stalemate, patience on both sides ...

Getting the UN into Darfur

The impasse over deploying a major UN peacekeeping force to Darfur results directly from the international community’s three-year failure to apply effective diplomatic and economic pressure on Sudan’s government and its senior officials. Unless co...

Guinea in Transition

For too long, public figures within and outside Africa have been timid about discussing Guinea’s deep-rooted problems. Its strong anti-imperialist stance in the 1960s and beyond earned it respect among pan-Africanists, but the hands-off attitude t...

Liberia- Staying Focused

2006 is a decisive year for Liberia and with it West Africa. Just as Liberia once dragged its neighbours into a horrific war, it could now – with good policy and strong donor support – become an anchor for stability in Sierra Leone, Guinea and Côt...

Liberia- Resurrecting the Justice System

Reform of the justice system needs to be a top priority for Liberia’s new government and donors alike.1 After fourteen years of civil war, the system is in shambles. Impunity prevails, and in this atmosphere, the government cannot adequately addre...

Nigeria’s Elections: Avoiding a Political Crisis

Nigeria’s democracy faces a crucial test. Presidential, parliamentary and state gubernatorial and assembly elections scheduled for 14 and 21 April 2007 are not a routine quadrennial ritual. Success would offer the country the first opportunity to ...

Nigeria’s Faltering Federal Experiment

Nigeria’s federal system and politics are deeply flawed, contributing to rising violence that threatens to destabilise one of Africa’s leading countries. Failing to encourage genuine power sharing, they have sparked dangerous rivalries between the...

Reforming Egypt - In Search of A Strategy

Egypt's first multi-candidate presidential election, a response to U.S. pressure, was a false start for reform. Formal pluralism has never seriously limited the dominance of President Mubarak's National Democratic Party (NDP); extension to the pre...

Somaliland: Time for African Union Leadership

On 18 May 2006, the self-declared Republic of Somaliland marked fifteen years since it proclaimed independence from Somalia. Although its sovereignty is still unrecognised by any country, the fact that it is a functioning constitutional democracy ...

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