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The Central African Crisis : From Predation to Stabilisation

"The current crisis in the Central African Republic (CAR) has sealed the fate of a state that depends on international aid and has long ceased to exist. Government has become little more than a patronage exercise, in which appointments to decisionm…

Crime Networks and Governance in Cape Town The Quest for Enlightened Responses

The enduring nature of organised crime in Cape Town is explained in this paper. It explores the impact of crime networks on systems and formal structures of governance. It confirms the findings of earlier research that crime networks may be more…

African-centred Solutions for Peace and Security (AfSol): Workshop Report

"The objective of the workshop was to define and refine the concept of AfSol (African-centred Solutions in Peace and Security) through presentations followed by in-depth discussions and debates. The discussions led to a common understanding on certa…

eAfrica: The electronic Journal of Governance and Innovation, Vol 2, May 2004

Reports on the second meeting of the African Partnership Forum which was held from 16-17 April 2011 to discuss issues such as peace and security, HIV/AIDS, food security, education and poverty alleviation. Reflects on some of the issues Zimbabwe has…

Political leaders in Africa: Presidents, Patrons or Profiteers?

"The perception is that African leaders rule failed states that have acquired tags such as “corruptocracies”, “chaosocracies” or “terrorocracies”. Perspectives on political leadership in Africa vary from the “criminalisation” of the state to politic…

An Econometric Analysis of Capital Flight from Nigeria: A Portfolio Approach

"This study provides measures of real capital flight from Nigeria based on the residual method adjusted for exchange rate fluctuations and trade misinvoicing. The portfolio choice approach is explored, in which the flow of capital is accumulated int…

Citizens Demand Tougher Action on Corruption in Tanzania

"This brief examines the extent of corruption perceived by residents of six councils in Tanzania. Corruption is perceived to be a major problem by the majority of citizens in these councils. Yet, many respondents did not know how to report cases of …

Going to Scale in Fragile States: Can It Work? Should We Try?

"The term fragile state is used to describe a country whose government struggles to perform some of its most basic functions,due to a lack of either political will or capacity or a combination of the two. In these states one typically observes persi…

The Roots of Corruption: The Ghanaian Enquiry Revisited

Due to its deleterious and corrosive consequences on politics, governance, security and socio-economic development, corruption has engaged the attention of the international community, politicians and citizens. Several strategies including reform o…

When Politics darkens the Independence of South African Justice

The decision of the South African High Court on June 15, 2017, ordering to seize the Moroccan phosphate cargo destined for New Zealand and to take the case to trial, has been considered by OCP and the Moroccan Government as an indignation and a law …

Lorsque la Politique occulte l’indépendance de la Justice sud-africaine / When Politics darkens the Independence of South African Justice

The decision of the South African High Court on June 15, 2017, ordering to seize the Moroccan phosphate cargo destined for New Zealand and to take the case to trial, has been considered by OCP and the Moroccan Government as an indignation and a law …

The Tensions between Cultural and Constitutional Values: Chapter Nine Institutions and Gender Equality

The Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, and the Johannesburg-based Foundation for Human Rights (FHR) hosted two public dialogues in Cape Town, on 12 August 2015 on “The Role of Tradition and Culture: What Has South Africa Achieved in G…

Egypt's Constitutional Test: Averting the March toward Islamic Fundamentalism

After gaining overwhelming support in a March 2007 national referendum, long-time Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak introduced new constitutional amendments that effectively give more power to the president and loosen controls on security forces. Mub…

African Governance Institutions: Accountability Mechanisms Or Enablers Of Corruption?

Over the past 15 years, policy-makers have increasingly focused on the importance of effective institutions and governance as critical determinants for stable economic growth and poverty reduction. This focus on institutions has been especially mark…

Northern Uganda Peace Process: The Need To Maintain Momentum

Peace talks between the Ugandan government and the insurgent Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) are moving in the right direction, but the core issues – justice, security and livelihoods – are still to be resolved and require difficult decisions, includin…

Liberia: The Key to Ending Regional Instability

While the international community has made great strides in improving the security situation in Sierra Leone, Liberia remains a wellspring for continued conflict stretching across Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea. Given the regional ambitions of its…

Zimbabwe At The Crossroads: Transition Or Conflict?

Despite broad international condemnation and a tremendous thirst among the people of Zimbabwe for change, the Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) government succeeded in systematically manipulating the March 2002 election pro…

How Kabila Lost His Way: The Performance of Laurent Désiré Kabila's Government

A continental war has begun in Africa. It reaches almost without interruption from the Red Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. Whereas some of the conflicts along this path started decades ago, a new phase involving more than a dozen states has now begun. Th…

The Challenge of Political Reform: Egypt After the Iraq War

This briefing is one of a series of occasional ICG briefing papers and reports that will address the issue of political reform in the Middle East and North Africa. The absence of a credible political life in most parts of the region, while not neces…

Zimbabwe: Another Election Chance

Zimbabwe's crisis -- political as well as economic -- remains as deep as ever, with widespread abuse of human rights and ever harder lives for the average citizen. The ruling ZANU-PF party continues to use repression and manipulate food aid unscrupu…

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