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Zimbabwe’s Continuing Self-Destruction

With scheduled presidential elections less than eighteen months away, Zimbabwe faces the prospect of greater insecurity and violence. The economy’s free fall has deepened public anger, and the ruling Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front...

Algeria's Economy: The Vicious Circle of Oil and Violence

The crisis in Algeria, now a decade old, is not merely a consequence of the interruption of the December 1991 elections by an army-backed coup to keep the Front Islamique du Salut (FIS: Islamic Salvation Front) from power. It is also an economic c...

Ending Zimbabwe's Nightmare: A Possible Way Forward

Excerpt: "The inter-party negotiations that have sought to end Zimbabwe’s political, economic and now full-blown humanitarian crisis following the fraudulent June 2008 presidential election run-off are hopelessly deadlocked. Robert Mugabe and his ...

Burundi : Restarting Political Dialogue

Excerpt: "Despite progress in implementing a peace agreement with the Party for the Liberation of the Hutu People - National Forces of Liberation (Palipehutu-FNL), the last active rebel movement, Burundi is going through a dangerous political cris...

Guinea: Ensuring Democratic Reforms

Excerpt: "The political and economic change Guineans demanded in 2007 at the cost of nearly 200 lives is in jeopardy. Dismissal on 20 May 2008 of Prime Minister Lansana Kouyaté and his replacement by Tidiane Souaré, a close ally of President Lansa...

Negotiating Zimbabwe's Transition

Excerpt: "The 29 March 2008 elections have dramatically changed Zimbabwe’s political landscape. For the first time since independence in 1980, Robert Mugabe ran second in the presidential voting, and the opposition – the Movement for Democratic Ch...

Zimbabwe: Prospects from a Flawed Election

Excerpt: "The regional mediation offering the most realistic chance to resolve Zimbabwe’s eight-year crisis has failed. South African President Thabo Mbeki’s stated objective in talks between the ruling ZANU-PF party and the opposition Movement fo...

Kenya in Crisis

Excerpt: "Since the announcement of the contested presidential election results on 30 December 2007 giving a second term to Mwai Kibaki, Kenya has been in its worst political crisis since independence. Over 1,000 people have died and 300,000 have ...

Eritrea: The Siege State

"Eritrea has been deeply troubled since independence in 1991. Following the devastating war with Ethiopia (1998- 2000), an authoritarian, militarised regime has further tightened political space, tolerating neither opposition nor dissent. Relati...

Security Sector Reform Monitor: Southern Sudan No. 3

The Security Sector Reform Monitor is a quarterly publication that tracks developments and trends in the ongoing security sector reform (SSR) processes of five countries: Afghanistan, Burundi, Timor-Leste, Haiti and Southern Sudan. The third editi...

Electoral Laws Under Extreme Conditions : The Case of Africa

"An analysis of the effects of electoral systems on party competition which mainly focus on countries or eras where contextual effects are not pronounced or remain essentially constant and avoid settings where conditions are not conducive to polit...

Popular Protest in North African and the Middle East (II): Yemen Between Reform and Revolution

"Even before the popular wave from Tunisia and Egypt reached Yemen, President Saleh’s regime faced daunting challenges. In the north, it is battling the Huthi rebellion, in the south, an ever-growing secessionist movement. Al-Qaeda in the Arabian...

Corruption and Governance in the DRC During the Transition Period (2003-2006)

"This study makes a modest contribution to a review of the transition period. It assesses the strengths and weaknesses of the anti-corruption institutions and laws that were in force during that time, evaluates the degree of their success or failu...

Sierra Leone: Business More Than Usual

"This latest political mini-drama in Sierra Leone, happening far ahead of the elections themselves, would appear rather steeped in bathos: from having to deal with a uniquely brutal war – which necessitated the deployment of over 16 000 foreign tr...

Madagascar: Anatomy of a Recurrent Crisis

"This paper examines three key issues: firstly, it seeks to answer the question as to why there was an unconstitutional change of government in Madagascar. This is in view of the debate around the appropriate qualification of the way in which Ra...

Egypt: The Political Process Between ‘Opening Up’ and ‘Control’

"This Situation Report looked at the political situation in Egypt over the last few years with the 8 April 2008 municipal and local council elections as the entry point. The report reveals that while there have been some positive developments and...

Popular Protest in North Africa and the Middle East (I): Egypt Victorious?

"It is early days, and the true measure of what the Egyptian people have accomplished has yet to fully sink in. Some achievements are as clear as they are stunning. Over a period of less than three weeks, they challenged conventional chestnuts ab...

Organised crime in Southern Africa First annual review

"The report shows that the more serious forms of crime in terms of the monetary value involved or the potential harm they cause have a transnational dimension, both in terms of being committed by people of varying nationalities and in terms of af...

Corruption and the Extractive Industries in Africa Can Combatting Corruption Cure the Resource Curse?

"As this paper will argue, corruption in the extractive industries is open to differing perspectives and isolating its significance is not straightforward. Moreover, despite a great deal of rhetoric in fighting corruption and achieving greater tr...

Implications of the 2007 Elections on Moroccan Political Development

"This report discussed and analyzed the 2007 elections in Morocco. The setbacks that was experienced should be understood particularly viewing the consensus around the economy, the relative strength of the monarchy, the trouble within the Islamist...

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