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The Roots of Corruption: The Ghanaian Enquiry Revisited

Due to its deleterious and corrosive consequences on politics, governance, security and socio-economic development, corruption has engaged the attention of the international community, politicians and citizens. Several strategies including reform...

The Tensions between Cultural and Constitutional Values: Chapter Nine Institutions and Gender Equality

The Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, and the Johannesburg-based Foundation for Human Rights (FHR) hosted two public dialogues in Cape Town, on 12 August 2015 on “The Role of Tradition and Culture: What Has South Africa Achieved in...

When Politics darkens the Independence of South African Justice

The decision of the South African High Court on June 15, 2017, ordering to seize the Moroccan phosphate cargo destined for New Zealand and to take the case to trial, has been considered by OCP and the Moroccan Government as an indignation and a la...

Lorsque la Politique occulte l’indépendance de la Justice sud-africaine / When Politics darkens the Independence of South African Justice

The decision of the South African High Court on June 15, 2017, ordering to seize the Moroccan phosphate cargo destined for New Zealand and to take the case to trial, has been considered by OCP and the Moroccan Government as an indignation and a la...

Corruption as an Obstacle to Reconciliation: Its Impact on Inequality and the Erosion of Trust in Institutions and People

This paper explores the relationship between inequality and reconciliation, corruption and inequality, and corruption and institutional trust. We have seen how corruption and mismanagement, at a local and national level, has affected access to ba...

Ramaphosa at the Helm of the ANC: A Cloaked Cohabitation

Cyril Ramaphosa outpassed Dlamini Zuma in the elections for replacing Jacob Zuma at the head of the ANC. Yet, his victory does not allow him to enjoy a huge success given the short gap he has recorded against the Dlamini Zuma but also given the ba...

Ramaphosa à la Tête de l’ANC: Une Cohabitation qui ne Dit pas son Nom / Ramaphosa at the helm of the ANC: A cloaked cohabitation

Cyril Ramaphosa outpassed Dlamini Zuma in the elections for replacing Jacob Zuma at the head of the ANC. Yet, his victory does not allow him to enjoy a huge success given the short gap he has recorded against the Dlamini Zuma but also given the ba...

Going to Scale in Fragile States: Can It Work? Should We Try?

"The term fragile state is used to describe a country whose government struggles to perform some of its most basic functions,due to a lack of either political will or capacity or a combination of the two. In these states one typically observes per...

Insurgency in Nigeria: Addressing the Causes as Part of the Solution

The problem areas articulated by the former Chief Justice Dahiru Musdapher concerning causative factors of insurgency and instability in Nigeria, is examined in this article and a solution is proposed utilising an institutional framework that inco...

Eritrea: The Siege State

"Eritrea has been deeply troubled since independence in 1991. Following the devastating war with Ethiopia (1998- 2000), an authoritarian, militarised regime has further tightened political space, tolerating neither opposition nor dissent. Relati...

Northern Uganda Peace Process: The Need To Maintain Momentum

Peace talks between the Ugandan government and the insurgent Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) are moving in the right direction, but the core issues – justice, security and livelihoods – are still to be resolved and require difficult decisions, includ...

Liberia: The Key to Ending Regional Instability

While the international community has made great strides in improving the security situation in Sierra Leone, Liberia remains a wellspring for continued conflict stretching across Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea. Given the regional ambitions of i...

Zimbabwe At The Crossroads: Transition Or Conflict?

Despite broad international condemnation and a tremendous thirst among the people of Zimbabwe for change, the Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) government succeeded in systematically manipulating the March 2002 election p...

How Kabila Lost His Way: The Performance of Laurent Désiré Kabila's Government

A continental war has begun in Africa. It reaches almost without interruption from the Red Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. Whereas some of the conflicts along this path started decades ago, a new phase involving more than a dozen states has now begun. ...

The Challenge of Political Reform: Egypt After the Iraq War

This briefing is one of a series of occasional ICG briefing papers and reports that will address the issue of political reform in the Middle East and North Africa. The absence of a credible political life in most parts of the region, while not nec...

Zimbabwe: Another Election Chance

Zimbabwe's crisis -- political as well as economic -- remains as deep as ever, with widespread abuse of human rights and ever harder lives for the average citizen. The ruling ZANU-PF party continues to use repression and manipulate food aid unscru...

Zimbabwe: In Search of a New Strategy

For all the sound and fury of international condemnation and domestic opposition, octogenarian President Robert Mugabe maintains the upper hand in Zimbabwe. He has bludgeoned opposition parties and neutralised mass action strategies, minimised Afr...

Zimbabwe: Danger and Opportunity

The economic meltdown, government-created food crisis, and deepening state-sponsored violence that have plagued Zimbabwe in the year since President Robert Mugabe's ruling party rigged the presidential election continue to point in one ominous dir...

Zimbabwe: The Politics of National Liberation and International Division

Despite the rising humanitarian costs of the crisis in Zimbabwe, the international community remains deeply divided about its response, allowing President Mugabe to believe that he can exploit the policy fissure between - broadly - the West and Af...

Zimbabwe: What Next?

In the aftermath of the deeply flawed March 2002 presidential election, Zimbabwe has dropped off the radar screen of most policy-makers and media but its crisis is deepening: * the ruling ZANU-PF party and the government are systematically us...

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