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eAfrica: The electronic Journal of Governance and Innovation, Vol 2, May 2004

Reports on the second meeting of the African Partnership Forum which was held from 16-17 April 2011 to discuss issues such as peace and security, HIV/AIDS, food security, education and poverty alleviation. Reflects on some of the issues Zimbabwe h...

Political leaders in Africa: Presidents, Patrons or Profiteers?

"The perception is that African leaders rule failed states that have acquired tags such as “corruptocracies”, “chaosocracies” or “terrorocracies”. Perspectives on political leadership in Africa vary from the “criminalisation” of the state to polit...

An Econometric Analysis of Capital Flight from Nigeria: A Portfolio Approach

"This study provides measures of real capital flight from Nigeria based on the residual method adjusted for exchange rate fluctuations and trade misinvoicing. The portfolio choice approach is explored, in which the flow of capital is accumulated i...

Citizens Demand Tougher Action on Corruption in Tanzania

"This brief examines the extent of corruption perceived by residents of six councils in Tanzania. Corruption is perceived to be a major problem by the majority of citizens in these councils. Yet, many respondents did not know how to report cases o...

Going to Scale in Fragile States: Can It Work? Should We Try?

"The term fragile state is used to describe a country whose government struggles to perform some of its most basic functions,due to a lack of either political will or capacity or a combination of the two. In these states one typically observes per...

Egypt's Constitutional Test: Averting the March toward Islamic Fundamentalism

After gaining overwhelming support in a March 2007 national referendum, long-time Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak introduced new constitutional amendments that effectively give more power to the president and loosen controls on security forces. M...

African Governance Institutions: Accountability Mechanisms Or Enablers Of Corruption?

Over the past 15 years, policy-makers have increasingly focused on the importance of effective institutions and governance as critical determinants for stable economic growth and poverty reduction. This focus on institutions has been especially ma...

Northern Uganda Peace Process: The Need To Maintain Momentum

Peace talks between the Ugandan government and the insurgent Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) are moving in the right direction, but the core issues – justice, security and livelihoods – are still to be resolved and require difficult decisions, includ...

Liberia: The Key to Ending Regional Instability

While the international community has made great strides in improving the security situation in Sierra Leone, Liberia remains a wellspring for continued conflict stretching across Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea. Given the regional ambitions of i...

Zimbabwe At The Crossroads: Transition Or Conflict?

Despite broad international condemnation and a tremendous thirst among the people of Zimbabwe for change, the Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) government succeeded in systematically manipulating the March 2002 election p...

How Kabila Lost His Way: The Performance of Laurent Désiré Kabila's Government

A continental war has begun in Africa. It reaches almost without interruption from the Red Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. Whereas some of the conflicts along this path started decades ago, a new phase involving more than a dozen states has now begun. ...

The Challenge of Political Reform: Egypt After the Iraq War

This briefing is one of a series of occasional ICG briefing papers and reports that will address the issue of political reform in the Middle East and North Africa. The absence of a credible political life in most parts of the region, while not nec...

Zimbabwe: Another Election Chance

Zimbabwe's crisis -- political as well as economic -- remains as deep as ever, with widespread abuse of human rights and ever harder lives for the average citizen. The ruling ZANU-PF party continues to use repression and manipulate food aid unscru...

Zimbabwe: In Search of a New Strategy

For all the sound and fury of international condemnation and domestic opposition, octogenarian President Robert Mugabe maintains the upper hand in Zimbabwe. He has bludgeoned opposition parties and neutralised mass action strategies, minimised Afr...

Zimbabwe: Danger and Opportunity

The economic meltdown, government-created food crisis, and deepening state-sponsored violence that have plagued Zimbabwe in the year since President Robert Mugabe's ruling party rigged the presidential election continue to point in one ominous dir...

Zimbabwe: The Politics of National Liberation and International Division

Despite the rising humanitarian costs of the crisis in Zimbabwe, the international community remains deeply divided about its response, allowing President Mugabe to believe that he can exploit the policy fissure between - broadly - the West and Af...

Zimbabwe: What Next?

In the aftermath of the deeply flawed March 2002 presidential election, Zimbabwe has dropped off the radar screen of most policy-makers and media but its crisis is deepening: * the ruling ZANU-PF party and the government are systematically us...

Zimbabwe: Time for International Action

The International Crisis Group (ICG) published a detailed report in summer 2001 that found Zimbabwe to be in a severe political and economic crisis, characterised by state-directed violence aimed at crushing political opposition and by growing pot...

Zimbabwe in Crisis: Finding a Way Forward

Zimbabwe is in a state of free fall. It is embroiled in the worst political and economic crisis of its twenty-year history as an independent state. The crisis has negatively affected virtually every aspect of the country and every segment of the p...

Zimbabwe's Election: The Stakes for Southern Africa

Since the intensification of Zimbabwe's political, economic and humanitarian crisis following defeat of a government-sponsored constitution in a national referendum nearly two years ago, the International Crisis Group (ICG) has documented the esca...

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