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Zaire: the Continuing Anarchy

This paper discusses the effects of post colonialism in Zaire and the tyrannic rule of President Mobutu.President Mobutu easily outclasses the most grasping of his counterparts. He rules over a state that has all but vanished while amassing a pers...

The Demobilisation, Disarmament and Reintegration Process in the Democratic Republic of Congo. A Neverending Story!

"The completion of the DDR process and the start of the Security Sector Reform (SSR) are crucial for the successful post-conflict reconstruction process in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The situation report will focus on the current security s...

Child Soldiers in Southern Africa

"This contribution provides a positive account of attempts now being made in Mozambique to reintegrate children involved in the armed conflict that ended in October 1992. The activities in question are being carried out by government, non-governm...

Political Killings in South Africa The Ultimate Intimidation

The nature and extent of political killings in South Africa is being discussed in this policy brief and a summary is provided of current information. The overwhelming majority of these killings occur in the province of Kwazulu-Natal. In recent ye...

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 14, no. 2, 2014

‘Security regionalism and flaws of externally forged peace in Sudan: The IGAD peace process and its aftermath’ examines the IGAD peace process in Sudan, highlighting the dynamics and relative roles of the principal actors involved. It argues that ...

Violent Islamist Extremism and Terror in Africa

An overview of large-scale violence by Islamist extremists in key African countries, is presented in this paper. The paper seeks an overview of the evolution of the associated terrorism through quantitative and contextual analysis using various l...

The AU and the ICGLR in Burundi

The Burundi crisis - brought on by the president’s decision to run for a third term – was a significant test of regional and continental organizations’ ability to effectively intervene in African member states experiencing instability. Emerging a...

At the Edge Trends and Routes of North African Clandestine Migrants

Over 16 000 Algerians, Tunisians and Moroccans were caught in 2015 while attempting to migrate to Europe covertly. Though North Africans are a relatively small portion of the masses of clandestine migrants, they are a critical group to understa...

Stories of Torture Survivors Who Sought Redress in Post-apartheid South Africa

The report looks only at experiences of torture amongst young black males in South Africa who have brought civil claims against police through court processes. It looks at all the steps and challenges that torture victims encounter in seeking jus...

La Chine face à la Prolifération du Phénomène Terroriste en Afrique / China faced with the Proliferation of the Terrorist Phenomenon in Africa

With the expansion of the terrorist phenomenon in Africa, China is placed in a dilemma: to remain true to its non-interference policy in the internal affairs of other States, even if Chinese citizens and interests are threatened or; adopt a more i...

The Nature of South Africa's Legal Obligations to Combat Xenophobia

"In March 2008, a wave of xenophobic violence swept across many parts of South Africa, including Tshwane. This study aims to provide an analysis of the potential role that law, and particularly human rights law, may play in combatting such violenc...

IJR Rwanda Profile

"The 1994 Rwandan genocide has been described as “the most intimate and effective in recent memory”. Between 800 000 and 1 000 000 people were killed in less than three months – the vast majority in face-to-face slaughter, with machetes and clubs....

African Journal on Conflict Resolution Vol. 10, No. 1, 2010

This article contains five topics and two book reviews. 'Implications of the Bakassi conflict resolution for Cameroon' sketches a conceptual framework of international conflict dynamics and resolution, examines geopolitics of the Bakassi dispute b...

Countering Violent Extremism and Terrorism in Burkina Faso

Until recently, Burkina Faso was relatively safe from terrorism. This changed in April 2015, when terrorists abducted a Romanian mining company worker in the northern part of the country and killed a security officer. Since then, as in West Afri...

“In Nigeria, we don’t want them back”: Amnesty, Defectors’ Programs, leniency measures, informal reconciliation, and punitive responses to Boko Haram

This report analyses the limitations, human rights violations, and counterproductive effects of the heavy-handed Nigerian military response to Boko Haram. It also looks at the multiple attempts at negotiating with Boko Haram, discussions of a poss...

Thinking about the Symbiotic Relationship between the Media and Terrorism

In terms of counter-terrorism, mass media coverage of terrorist acts created a situation where a symbiotic relationship is established between the media and terrorism. To elaborate, both of these parties rely on each other to further strengthen th...

Cameroon’s Far North: A New Chapter in the Fight Against Boko Haram

This report is one in a series of Crisis Group publications on the threat posed by Boko Haram in the Lake Chad basin. It is based on documentary research and some 150 interviews conducted from August 2017 to March 2018 in the Cameroonian capital...

Violent Crime on Farms and Smallholdings in South Africa

Farm attacks and farm murders are a contentious topic in South Africa. Claims have been made that the criminal attacks on farms are a deliberate form of white – specifically Afrikaner – genocide. But are farm dwellers and particularly white Afri...

After Boko Haram: Prospects for Transitional Justice in North East Nigeria

New research undertaken by the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) indicates that the level of violence in northeastern Nigeria has declined substantially in many areas since the height of the Boko Haram insurgency in 2015. In a survey enco...

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