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eAfrica: The electronic Journal of Governance and Innovation, Vol 3, June 2005

Several articles addresses the problem of the African banks and how they can be revitalized and how technology can open banking access. Other articles touches on the control for the African development bank and how high taxes on drugs block access …

Reversing Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Decline in Tanzania: Policy Options and Constraints

The key messages in this policy brief are as follows: -Pharmaceutical production has been a Tanzanian industrial success, generating industrial skills and employment and sustaining access to essential medicines for the Tanzanian population, especial…

Local Supply Chains for Medicines and Medical Supplies in Kenya: Understanding the Challenges

"The project aimed to identify opportunities for improved local industrial supply of medical products to strengthen Kenyan and Tanzanian health system performance. This working paper briefly outlines project methods and key concepts. It then summari…

Value-added Tax in the Pharmaceutical Industry: What does it really mean for Kenya's Industralisation/

"A key issue for many countries is how to manage trade taxation policy in such a way that necessary public revenue can be acquired but not at the cost of long term industrialisation. An important area here is that of VAT and how best to levy it with…

Spotlight on Pharmaceutical Pricing Regulation in Kenya: How Much does it Really Contribute to Access?

"Ensuring access to essential medicines by low income consumers is a challenge to many countries. Pharmaceutical expenditure is rising in Kenya, as is the health expenditure. However, our research found that on average, public sector facilities inte…

Pharmaceutical Manufacturing in Kenya: Key Trends and Developments

"The improvement of health sector performance requires a holistic approach that addresses the wide ranging challenges that many African countries face: lack of adequate and highly skilled medical personnel; limited access to essential medicines an…

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