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The Niger Delta Crisis and its Implications for Nigeria’s 2007 Elections

"The present political situation in Nigeria is one of great flux; there are so many uncertainties, as this analysis makes clear. The Niger Delta, and the calculations of the leading actors in the region – state functionaries, politicians, armed mi...

São Tomé and Príncipe Update

"When President Menezes refused to accept Prime Minister Maria das Neves’resignation following the July 2003 coup, insisting on her re-appointment,many observers expected a period of political stability because the relationship between the two se...

Coup d’état in São Tomé e Príncipe: Domestic Causes, the Role of Oil and Former “Buffalo” Battalion Soldiers

"It is clear that the country’s future oil wealth cannot be considered the principal cause of the coup, although it probably influenced its timing. The rebels wanted to denounce the unequal distribution of the country’s resources before the oil re...

Natural Resource Management and its Implications on National and Sub-Regional Security: The Case of the Niger Delta

"The focus of this paper is poor resource management and the impact on the political, economic and environmental situations. At the root of most of the violent conflicts in history has been the competition for territory and resources, and specific...

Enhancing the Governance of Africa’s Oil Sector

"This paper evaluates several important international governance initiatives in the African oil sector, including the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, Publish What You Pay, Transparency International and Global Witness. What are the ...

The Oil Factor in Sino–Angolan Relations at the Start of the 21st Century

"Even though trade figures are the most impressive feature of Sino–Angolan bilateral relations after 2002, the main reason why China’s engagement in Angola has been attracting so much attention from scholars, the media and politicians is the fact ...

Is Uganda Ready for Oil Revenues?

Following the discovery of substantial petroleum deposits in Uganda, expectations are high that oil revenues will lead to economic prosperity and improved standards of living. However, if not handled properly, oil revenues can exacerbate the resou...

The politics of resources, resistance and peripheries in Sudan

"In July 2011, Southern Sudan will become Africa’s 54th independent state. Since independence in 1956, Sudanese people have been subjected to two civil wars spanning 40 years. Factors, such as clashing identities and political marginalisation th...

Black Gold in the Congo : Threat to Stability or Development Opportunity

"Although it should provide development opportunities,renewed oil interest in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) represents a real threat to stability in a still vulnerable post-conflict country. Exploration has begun, but oil prospecting ...

Alternatives to Local Content

This analysis of local content combines the conceptual and theoretical analysis with a qualitative empirical analysis. A comprehensive treatment is provided of the effects of local content, incorporating insights from the political economy literat...

Issues in Fiscal Policy Management under the Economic Reforms (2003-7)

In this paper the recent policy measures are reviewed which have been introduced by the federal government to enable a more prudent management of oil revenue and also to improve the quality of the government’s capital spending. The broad conclusio...

Oil, Resource Conflicts and the Post Conflict Transition in the Niger Delta Region: Beyond the Amnesty

This study commenced with an introduction and conceptual and theoretical clarifications of central concepts and issues particularly those of demilitarization, disarmament, demobilization, rehabilitation, reinsertion, reintegration and resett...

Strategic Significance of National Oil Companies: Lessons for Tanzania

The genesis of NOC’s is examined in this paper and how these institutions have contributed to the development needs of countries that have established them. The essay serves to enhance dialogue on this subject and to locate the evolution of the T...

Natural Resource Management In Ghana: A Case For Constitutional Amendment

"Mining (mineral extraction) in Ghana has a long history and that history is a love-hate one. Mining has been regarded with suspicion and has been attacked for several reasons, chief among which is the often leveled charge that the adverse environ...

Governing African Extractives for Development Lessons from Ghana’s Petroleum Revenue Management Law

In order to ensure transparency, accountability and good governance, Ghana’s initiatives and its efforts to guarantee the sustainability of revenues from the hydrocarbons sector, have been largely informed by mistakes the country made in managing ...

Oil From The Sea: Trends and Portents

The article looks at how oil is increasingly being extracted from the seabed and the exploitation of petroleum beneath the seas. "West Africa is growing into an important oil-producing region, with Nigeria in the lead."

Equitable Sharing of the Treasures of Oil and Gas In a Transparent and Environmentally Sustainable Manner

"The discussions centred on two important ideas: First, Parliament must actively engage in the legislative process and pass laws that are strong, detailed and responsive to the many risks that oil production creates. Second, Parliament must use i...

The Right to Own Property: Towards a just and fair Compensation in Uganda's Oil Sector

"As Uganda prepares for the construction of an oil refinery, there is a need to acquire land both for the building of the refinery and for associated supporting infrastructure like roads. Alongside this lies the Constitutional right not to be depr...

Escaping the Oil Curse and Making Poverty History: A Review of the Oil and Gas Policy and Legal Framework for Uganda

"The recent discovery of commercially viable oil deposits in the Abertine Graben region of Uganda (Lake Albert basin) raised hopes that the enormous revenues expected to accrue would make poverty history. At the same time however, the discovery ha...

The Heglig Oil Conflict: An Exercise of Sovereignty or an Act of Aggression?

"This policy brief examines the hostile interaction between the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan triggered by South Sudan’s invasion of the Heglig oilfield. The cumbersome nature of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) and the ...

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