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The politics of resources, resistance and peripheries in Sudan

"In July 2011, Southern Sudan will become Africa’s 54th independent state. Since independence in 1956, Sudanese people have been subjected to two civil wars spanning 40 years. Factors, such as clashing identities and political marginalisation th...

Black Gold in the Congo : Threat to Stability or Development Opportunity

"Although it should provide development opportunities,renewed oil interest in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) represents a real threat to stability in a still vulnerable post-conflict country. Exploration has begun, but oil prospecting ...

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2008

This Issue features several articles under the following headings: Regional Child Warriors in West Africa. Strategies for Peace Education Integration in ECOWAS Member States’ Tertiary School Curricula. Intelligence and Peacekeeping − Are We Winnin...

Uganda: No Resolution to Growing Tensions

"This background report provides the context for growing tensions and analyses the unresolved issues of national integration that plagued Ugandan governments long before independence. It examines the effect of the decision to reestablish the tradi...

Enhancing the Governance of Africa’s Oil Sector

"This paper evaluates several important international governance initiatives in the African oil sector, including the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, Publish What You Pay, Transparency International and Global Witness. What are the ...

The Oil Factor in Sino–Angolan Relations at the Start of the 21st Century

"Even though trade figures are the most impressive feature of Sino–Angolan bilateral relations after 2002, the main reason why China’s engagement in Angola has been attracting so much attention from scholars, the media and politicians is the fact ...

Is Uganda Ready for Oil Revenues?

Following the discovery of substantial petroleum deposits in Uganda, expectations are high that oil revenues will lead to economic prosperity and improved standards of living. However, if not handled properly, oil revenues can exacerbate the resou...

The Niger Delta Crisis and its Implications for Nigeria’s 2007 Elections

"The present political situation in Nigeria is one of great flux; there are so many uncertainties, as this analysis makes clear. The Niger Delta, and the calculations of the leading actors in the region – state functionaries, politicians, armed mi...

São Tomé and Príncipe Update

"When President Menezes refused to accept Prime Minister Maria das Neves’resignation following the July 2003 coup, insisting on her re-appointment,many observers expected a period of political stability because the relationship between the two se...

Coup d’état in São Tomé e Príncipe: Domestic Causes, the Role of Oil and Former “Buffalo” Battalion Soldiers

"It is clear that the country’s future oil wealth cannot be considered the principal cause of the coup, although it probably influenced its timing. The rebels wanted to denounce the unequal distribution of the country’s resources before the oil re...

Natural Resource Management and its Implications on National and Sub-Regional Security: The Case of the Niger Delta

"The focus of this paper is poor resource management and the impact on the political, economic and environmental situations. At the root of most of the violent conflicts in history has been the competition for territory and resources, and specific...

The Petroleum Sector Should Be Fully Deregulated And Depoliticized In The National Interest

"For more than a decade, a process to deregulate the domestic petroleum sector remains uncompleted. This is because successive Governments have not been able to muster the necessary political courage to implement it fully. At best, the policy has ...

Improving the Performance of Natural Resource Taxation in Developing Countries

This paper focuses on the administrative challenges which is posed to developing countries, as a result of the increasing emphasis in fiscal regimes for natural resource extraction since the Second World War on income-based taxes, including both c...

Technology Transfer and Acquisition in the Oil Sector and Government Policy in Nigeria

"The analysis presented in this report shows the level of development and upgrading of the core technological capabilities in the Nigerian oil industry since independence in 1960. The study examines the nature of technological capabilities formed ...

Les Determinants de la Fluctuation des Prix à la Pompe des Produits Pétroliers au Togo/ Fluctuation Determinants of the Pump Prices for Petroleum Products in Togo

Oil is the most used energy source in the world, with an overall energy consumption of 37%, ahead of coal (24%) and natural gas (23%). The two largest oil consuming countries in the world, the United States and China together, makes up a third (...

Constraints and Opportunities for SMEs Investment in Uganda’s Oil and Gas Sector

"Uganda’s Oil Industry has attracted huge foreign investment, but participation by SMEs has remained poor despite their importance in income generation, employment and poverty eradication. Although the Oil industry is highly specialised, it provid...

Corporate Governance of State-owned Extractive Companies: What Uganda can Learn from Norway.

"The Petroleum Bills of 2012 provide for the creation of a national oil company (NOC) in Uganda. However, it is arguable whether the corporate governance framework will protect the proposed company from the governance challenges that have charact...

Accelerating Growth and Maintaining Intergenerational Equity Using Oil Resources in Uganda

"This paper seeks to interrogate three major aspects of oil extraction and revenue management that relate to issues around intergenerational equity in the Ugandan context. The first aspect concerns the management of the process of extracting the o...

Local Content in the Oil and Gas Sector An Assessment of Uganda’s Legal and Policy Regimes

This policy brief assesses the legal and policy approaches so far adopted in ensuring the participation of Ugandans in the oil and gas sector. The brief assesses the standards set in the Oil and Gas Policy, 2008, the Petroleum (Exploration, Devel...

Maroc : qu’en sera-t-il de l’après pétrole ? / Morocco: What Will it be after Oil?

Many analysts believe that oil could soon move from a demand-driven market to a limited power market. (1)Therefore, the price of oil production procedures and national policies will remain extremely uncertain. (2)Instability and uncertainty are th...

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