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The Petroleum Sector Should Be Fully Deregulated And Depoliticized In The National Interest

"For more than a decade, a process to deregulate the domestic petroleum sector remains uncompleted. This is because successive Governments have not been able to muster the necessary political courage to implement it fully. At best, the policy has be…

Improving the Performance of Natural Resource Taxation in Developing Countries

This paper focuses on the administrative challenges which is posed to developing countries, as a result of the increasing emphasis in fiscal regimes for natural resource extraction since the Second World War on income-based taxes, including both cor…

Technology Transfer and Acquisition in the Oil Sector and Government Policy in Nigeria

"The analysis presented in this report shows the level of development and upgrading of the core technological capabilities in the Nigerian oil industry since independence in 1960. The study examines the nature of technological capabilities formed in…

Les Determinants de la Fluctuation des Prix à la Pompe des Produits Pétroliers au Togo/ Fluctuation Determinants of the Pump Prices for Petroleum Products in Togo

Oil is the most used energy source in the world, with an overall energy consumption of 37%, ahead of coal (24%) and natural gas (23%). The two largest oil consuming countries in the world, the United States and China together, makes up a third (32…

Constraints and Opportunities for SMEs Investment in Uganda’s Oil and Gas Sector

"Uganda’s Oil Industry has attracted huge foreign investment, but participation by SMEs has remained poor despite their importance in income generation, employment and poverty eradication. Although the Oil industry is highly specialised, it provides…

Corporate Governance of State-owned Extractive Companies: What Uganda can Learn from Norway.

"The Petroleum Bills of 2012 provide for the creation of a national oil company (NOC) in Uganda. However, it is arguable whether the corporate governance framework will protect the proposed company from the governance challenges that have character…

Accelerating Growth and Maintaining Intergenerational Equity Using Oil Resources in Uganda

"This paper seeks to interrogate three major aspects of oil extraction and revenue management that relate to issues around intergenerational equity in the Ugandan context. The first aspect concerns the management of the process of extracting the oil…

Local Content in the Oil and Gas Sector An Assessment of Uganda’s Legal and Policy Regimes

This policy brief assesses the legal and policy approaches so far adopted in ensuring the participation of Ugandans in the oil and gas sector. The brief assesses the standards set in the Oil and Gas Policy, 2008, the Petroleum (Exploration, Develop…

Maroc : qu’en sera-t-il de l’après pétrole ? / Morocco: What Will it be after Oil?

Many analysts believe that oil could soon move from a demand-driven market to a limited power market. (1)Therefore, the price of oil production procedures and national policies will remain extremely uncertain. (2)Instability and uncertainty are the …

Accountability Mechanisms in Ghana’s 2010 Proposed Oil Legislation

This article assesses each of the July 2010 Bills vis-à-vis its potential to contribute to accountable and effective management of Ghana’s oil heritage. It asserts that the creative,forward-thinking elements of the Revenue Management Bill found thei…

An Evaluation of Ghana's Petroleum Fiscal Regime

With Ghana's emerging oil and gas industry, this country is poised to be one of the fastest growing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa. Yet, questions have arisen as to whether Ghana is getting its fair share of the revenues from exploiting its hydroca…

Oil From The Sea: Trends and Portents

The article looks at how oil is increasingly being extracted from the seabed and the exploitation of petroleum beneath the seas. "West Africa is growing into an important oil-producing region, with Nigeria in the lead."

Equitable Sharing of the Treasures of Oil and Gas In a Transparent and Environmentally Sustainable Manner

"The discussions centred on two important ideas: First, Parliament must actively engage in the legislative process and pass laws that are strong, detailed and responsive to the many risks that oil production creates. Second, Parliament must use its…

The Right to Own Property: Towards a just and fair Compensation in Uganda's Oil Sector

"As Uganda prepares for the construction of an oil refinery, there is a need to acquire land both for the building of the refinery and for associated supporting infrastructure like roads. Alongside this lies the Constitutional right not to be depriv…

Escaping the Oil Curse and Making Poverty History: A Review of the Oil and Gas Policy and Legal Framework for Uganda

"The recent discovery of commercially viable oil deposits in the Abertine Graben region of Uganda (Lake Albert basin) raised hopes that the enormous revenues expected to accrue would make poverty history. At the same time however, the discovery has …

The Heglig Oil Conflict: An Exercise of Sovereignty or an Act of Aggression?

"This policy brief examines the hostile interaction between the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan triggered by South Sudan’s invasion of the Heglig oilfield. The cumbersome nature of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) and the ap…

Oil Wealth and Potential Dutch Disease Effects in Uganda

"Based on the hypothesis that different spending options from oil inflows are likely to generate different Dutch disease effects, this study employs a dynamic Computable General Equilibrium Model to investigate how different spending option targeted…

The politics of resources, resistance and peripheries in Sudan

"In July 2011, Southern Sudan will become Africa’s 54th independent state. Since independence in 1956, Sudanese people have been subjected to two civil wars spanning 40 years. Factors, such as clashing identities and political marginalisation that…

Black Gold in the Congo : Threat to Stability or Development Opportunity

"Although it should provide development opportunities,renewed oil interest in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) represents a real threat to stability in a still vulnerable post-conflict country. Exploration has begun, but oil prospecting is…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2008

This Issue features several articles under the following headings: Regional Child Warriors in West Africa. Strategies for Peace Education Integration in ECOWAS Member States’ Tertiary School Curricula. Intelligence and Peacekeeping − Are We Winning?…

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