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Ethiopian-Eritrean Relations: Reading the Balance Sheet

"The end of the two-year Eritrea-Ethiopia war with the signing of the Algiers Accord was a cause for celebration among the people of the two countries. It brought hope that, with the settlement of the border issue, the relationship between them wou…

A Step Towards Peace Disarmament in Africa

"This monograph sets out to evaluate the evolution of disarmament during peacekeeping operations and look at how these programmes have become an integral component of peace support operations in Africa. Two recent efforts at disarmament in Africa ar…

Peacekeeping in Sierra Leone: UNAMSIL Hits the Home Straight

"This monograph provides a brief overview of the inconclusive interventions in the Sierra Leone conflict, up to and including the initial phase of UNAMSIL deployment. It reports in more detail on the subsequent advances made in the peace process, wi…

Peacekeeping in the DRC MONUC and the Road to Peace

"The aim of this monograph is to enhance understanding of the complex array of actors and actions that underpin the current Congolese ‘peace process’ — from the key protagonists and their interests in the DRC, to the deployment of MONUC, and attempt…

Regional Power Politics under Cover of SADC - Running Amok with a Mythical Organ

"The recent military interventions by SADC member states in the DRC and Lesotho are a serious cause for concern. The governments of SADC member states have sent a message to the world that Africans prefer different, more brutal methods for dealing…

Angola - at the Precipice

"In April 1998, the Institute for Security studies published a paper entitled Angola: Endgame or Stalemate? in which the deterioration of the security situation in Angola was analysed. A number of possible scenarios were suggested, based upon the an…

Peacekeeping in Africa - Trends and Responses

"Despite the supposedly broad array of conflict management techniques, international attention remains fixed on 'peacekeeping', or the utility of multinational military interventions as an essential element in the amelioration or resolution of arme…

US Response to African Crises : An Overview and Preliminary Analysis of the ACRI

"Africa does need assistance in the realm of conflict management and peace operations, and the ACRI is no doubt motivated by a well intentioned desire to do something about this. But Africans need to define the type of assistance they require very c…

Don't Hold the African Crisis Response Force Hostage to Unrealistic Demands

"The institution of a standing African force tasked with a peacekeeping responsibility, however, should be assessed in a sober and dispassionate manner and is, for political and practical reasons, more a medium to long term matter than it is an imme…

Surveying the Middle Ground : Conceptual Issues and Peace Keeping in Southern Africa

"It is amidst this conceptual uncertainty that attempts have been initiated to enhance the capacity of African states in general, and Southern African states in particular, to participate effectively in multilateral peacekeeping missions through the…

Mainstreaming or Maneuvering? Gender and Peacekeeping in West Africa

"The aim of this study is to evaluate the roles and impact of Gender Advisors (GA) and gender mainstreaming strategies in UN Peacekeeping missions, with specific reference to Sierra Leone and Liberia as case studies. These countries and missions are…

Cultural Diversity in Peace Operations: Training Challenges

"The aim of this paper is to analyse what kind of mindset, skills and knowledge peacekeepers have to obtain, to become competent in unfamiliar multicultural contexts, and to explore how this competence might possibly be acquired through training. Th…

Transition with Minimal Assistance: Lessons from Guinea-Bissau?

"The aim of this paper is to provide a brief chronological account of the ensuing crisis and the regional and international response – starting with the civil war and the peacemaking process that led to the signing of a peace accord in Abuja in Nove…

Towards the Operationalisation of the Civilian Component of the ECOWAS Standby Force

"This policy paper takes a look at the progress made by ECOWAS in developing the civilian component of its future stand‐by force. It also makes policy recommendations on the kind of civilian expertise that is likely to be required and what the impli…

Protecting Civilians in La Cote d’Ivoire: Addressing Unanswered Questions

"This policy brief explores the concept of civilian protection and how it applies to the ongoing Ivorian crisis, and conflict situations broadly. Specifically, it discusses the challenges of promoting civilian protection in La Cote d’Ivoire and sug…

An Examination of the Rule of Law Provisions within the African Standby Force

"This paper will examine the ASF’s preparations in the area of rule of law. Part I discusses both what is meant by “RoL” and what particular rule of law challenges emerge in post-conflict environments. Part II addresses the development of the Africa…

Building Stability in Africa: Challenges for the New Millenium

"This monograph contains most of the papers presented at the conference on Building stability in Africa: The challenge for the next millennium that was organised by the Institute for Security Studies in Pretoria, South Africa, from 22 to 24 November…

Boundaries of Peace Support Operations: The African Dimension

"Annika Hansen makes an attempt to define or delineate some universally applicable principles on when, where and how third-party intervention should take place. An attempt at circumscribing what should or should not be done under the rubric of ‘pea…

Canada and Missions for Peace: Lessons from Nicaragua, Camboida and Somalia

One of the defining features of Canada’s role in the world, both for Canadians and the international community, has been our unflagging support for United Nations peacekeeping. Up until the beginning of this decade, when the number of intrastate con…

Counter-Terrorism in Somalia- Losing Hearts and Minds

Nearly four years after 9/11, hardly a day passes without the "war on terrorism" making headlines, with Iraq, Afghanistan, Indonesia and now London holding centre stage. But away from the spotlight, a quiet, dirty conflict is being waged in Somalia:…

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