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International Peacekeeping by the United Nations: Some Main Issues and Problems Revisited

"The maintenance of peace has become the central problem and the overriding preoccupation of nation states, international law and international organization. The globalization of efforts aimed at peace maintenance and promotion has been achieved thr…

KAIPTC Quarterly Newsletter, Vol 4, Issue 4, April - June 2011

The following articles are contained in this newsletter. They are entitled as follows: KAIPTC Trained Police Personnel Deployed. The process towards sustainability, plans for the future. Maintaining relationships, building new partnerships. Highlig…

From AMIB to AMISOM The Need for Institutional and Mandate Clarity in APSA

"This paper seeks to assess some of the future institutional and mandate constraints that APSA may deal with as it continues to provide a framework for engaging in conflict situations on the continent. It attempts to do this through an in-depth exam…

The Negative Costs of Delaying the African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crises

The African Union (AU) was caught unprepared and highly embarrassed as France, under Operation Serval, managed to stop Jihadi militants from the northern region in their tracks after they launched an offensive bid to take over the running of Mali. F…

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2015

In ‘Contributing to Africa’s Peacekeeping Capacity: 20 Years of Training for Peace in Africa’ since the early 1990s, the focus of the United Nations’ (UN) peacemaking and peacekeeping efforts has largely been directed to Africa. In the beginning, th…

The African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crisis: Advice for African Policymakers

"Despite the operationalisation of the African Standby Force (ASF) within the AU security system, rapid reaction remains a challenging task, as the crisis in Mali has demonstrated. The African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crisis (ACIRC) has…

An Assessment of Police Pre-Deployment Training: Ghana Study

The relevance of the KAIPTC Pre Deployment Training and its contribution to effective peace operations in Africa was assessed in this study. The study focused on Ghanaian police officers who were former participants of the PDT. Based on extensive fi…

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2016

In ‘Conflict in the Great Lakes Region: Root Causes, Dynamics and Effects’ the Great Lakes Region constitutes a complex network of political and economic interactions with significant implications for peace, security and governance. It is also a reg…

Intervention Civile - Prevenir la Violence et Mettre en Place une Democratie / Civilian Peacekeeping Preventing Violence and Making Space for Democracy

“Something must be done!” This cry came as the genocide began in Rwanda, as the civil war in Colombia escalated, as Sudanese refugees began pouring into Darfur, and in countless other dark moments of history. Unarmed civilians around the world are …

Canada and Missions for Peace: Lessons from Nicaragua, Camboida and Somalia

One of the defining features of Canada’s role in the world, both for Canadians and the international community, has been our unflagging support for United Nations peacekeeping. Up until the beginning of this decade, when the number of intrastate con…

Counter-Terrorism in Somalia- Losing Hearts and Minds

Nearly four years after 9/11, hardly a day passes without the "war on terrorism" making headlines, with Iraq, Afghanistan, Indonesia and now London holding centre stage. But away from the spotlight, a quiet, dirty conflict is being waged in Somalia:…

Ethiopia and Eritrea- Preventing War

The fragile peace maintained by Ethiopia and Eritrea since they signed a comprehensive agreement at Algiers in December 2000 is fraying dangerously. With a costly two-year war now followed by nearly five years of stalemate, patience on both sides of…

Getting the UN into Darfur

The impasse over deploying a major UN peacekeeping force to Darfur results directly from the international community’s three-year failure to apply effective diplomatic and economic pressure on Sudan’s government and its senior officials. Unless conc…

Guinea in Transition

For too long, public figures within and outside Africa have been timid about discussing Guinea’s deep-rooted problems. Its strong anti-imperialist stance in the 1960s and beyond earned it respect among pan-Africanists, but the hands-off attitude tha…

Darfur’s Fragile Peace Agreement

The Darfur Peace Agreement (DPA) signed under African Union (AU) auspices on 5 May 2006 between Sudan’s government and the faction of the insurgent Sudan Liberation Army led by Minni Arkou Minawi (SLA/MM) is a first step toward ending the violence b…

Liberia- Staying Focused

2006 is a decisive year for Liberia and with it West Africa. Just as Liberia once dragged its neighbours into a horrific war, it could now – with good policy and strong donor support – become an anchor for stability in Sierra Leone, Guinea and Côte …

Katanga - The Congo’s Forgotten Crisis

Katanga province is one of the most violent yet neglected regions of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Most of its problems are the same as those that are systemic in the rest of the country but it needs urgent attention because it is both the h…

Peace in Northern Uganda?

The peace talks in Juba between the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) and the Ugandan government have made surprising progress, with a formal cessation of hostilities agreement signed on 26 August. Led by Dr Riek Machar, vice president of the Government …

Disarmament in the Congo: Investing in Conflict Prevention

There are many challenges facing the Lusaka cease-fire signatories and the wider international community in implementing the Congolese peace agreement, but perhaps none so complex as the effort to disarm the non-Congolese armed groups destabilising…

Liberia: The Key to Ending Regional Instability

While the international community has made great strides in improving the security situation in Sierra Leone, Liberia remains a wellspring for continued conflict stretching across Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea. Given the regional ambitions of its…

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