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The Burundi Peace Process From Civil War to Conditional Peace

"This monograph will focus on the role played by peacekeeping missions in the Burundian peace process to ensure that agreements signed by parties to the conflict were adhered to and implemented. The deployment of peacekeeping missions went full circ…

Elimination of Mercenerism in Africa A Need for a New Continental Approach

"The monograph aims to contribute to the global debate around mercenaries,PSCs and PMCs that is earnestly seeking to influence the determination of universal norms and standards by states, especially with regard to the use of PSCs and PMCs, as there…

Private Security Sector in Africa: Country series

"As the debate around the private security industry continues, Africa in principle should not be isolated from it, because, if not properly understood, let alone effectively regulated, the industry could cause a major security threat to Africa. As t…

South Africa’s Second Term at the UN Security Council: Managing Expectations

"This paper provides a short section on how global shifts in power may impact upon the Council and the associated chances for reform, before examining key themes and issues that South Africa will likely have to confront during its imminent tenure. …

Burundi: The End of the Tunnel?

"The relief of the international community, which had laboured so long to achieve the desired breakthrough, was reflected in the agreement reached with the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund on 28 and 29 January 2009, to cancel 92 per ce…

Ethiopia and Eritrea in Turmoil: Implications for Peace and Security in a Troubled Region

"Whatever the logic of the positions it has taken, the international community has been weak and ineffective in its efforts to resolve the crisis along the Ethiopian and Eritrean border. A dangerous precedent was set when the international communi…

Trends, Impact and Policy Development on HIV/AIDS and African Armed Forces

"Papers presented at the conference reflected on HIV/AIDS challenges in Botswana, Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe, as well as the Inter-Gover…

The Hybrid Operation for Darfur A Critical Review of the Concept The Hybrid Operation for Darfur

"The paper presents a critical review of the concept of the mechanism of hybrid operations, as one of the emergent post-Cold War peacekeeping trends. While the experiential and diagnostic features of hybrid operations have previously appeared in som…

The United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC): Experiences and Lessons

"A plethora of tasks remain ahead for the Congo – and for the UN and the international community. A number of these tasks are left over from the transition: establishing a capable, responsible army and civilian police force; justice reform, includin…

Learning to Use Force on the Hoof in Peacekeeping: Reflections on the Experience of MONUC's Eastern Division

"The aim of this paper is to focus on the role of UN peacekeepers in robust Chapter VII operations; the appropriate level of military response; challenges commanders face in the field; and the need to improve their performance. The change from tradi…

The AU/UN Hybrid Operation in Darfur: Challenges, Lessons and Implications for Regional Peacekeeping Training

"This [think] piece seeks to highlight key lessons that the joint AU/UN Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID), presents and their implications for regional peacekeeping training. The piece is informed by the argument that the environment of the Afric…

Africa Command: Opportunity for Enhanced Engagement or the Militarization of U.S.-Africa Relations?

"AFRICOM will not be accepted in Africa if it does not take into account the desires and aspirations of the African people for peace, security and development. The policy that AFRICOM aims to enhance should be reflective of the African realities: g…

Who Guards the Guards? The International Criminal Court and Serious Crimes Committed by Peacekeepers in Africa

"This monograph addresses whether or not international criminal law and the newly established International Criminal Court (ICC)may have a role to play in the effective prosecution of peacekeepers who have committed serious crimes. At a meeting of…

Progress with the African Standby Force

"The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the progress that has been made towards the establishment of the African Standby Force (ASF) at continental and regional levels. The text necessarily draws heavily on a number of official docum…

Liberating Liberia Charles Taylor and the Rebels Who Unseated Him

"August 2003 was a dramatic month for Liberia. Rebels held Monrovia under siege, West African peacekeepers moved in, President Charles Taylor stepped down and the United States made its first peacekeeping foray into Africa in a decade. For Liberia, …

The Landmine Factor in the Peacekeeping Debate in Africa

"This paper examines the ways in which the establishment of peacekeeping standby forces at the continental and sub-regional levels in Africa requires a focus on landmines and how efforts to eradicate landmines fit into discussions on common defence…

Burundi Update: A New Hat for AMIB?

"This situation report gives an update of the military and political situation in Burundi, providing some comments on the possibility of a UN peacekeeping mission taking over AMIB. The security situation in Burundi has improved considerably since N…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2011

"Peacekeeping and peacebuilding initiatives have evolved, transformed and adapted to new realities, with the aim of providing more effective and sustainable responses to armed conflicts and the processes that follow the aftermath of these conflicts…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2008

This Issue features several articles under the following headings: Regional Child Warriors in West Africa. Strategies for Peace Education Integration in ECOWAS Member States’ Tertiary School Curricula. Intelligence and Peacekeeping − Are We Winning?…

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2010

"The TfP programme at ACCORD is therefore currently engaged in a series of activities that aim to increase the understanding and professionalism of the civilian dimension of peacekeeping operations. With this aim as a central focus, this Conflict …

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