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Conflict in the DRC: a critical assessment of the Lusaka ceasefire agreement

"This report provides a brief background to the conflict in the DRC as it erupted in 1998. It also briefly examines the pre-negotiation stages, which ultimately led to the Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement. The Agreement itself is assessed in terms of its …

Synopsis Policy Studies Bulletin of CPS Vol 8 No 2, June 2006

"This edition of Synopsis focuses on one of South Africa’s highest foreign policy agenda items: The India-Brazil-South Africa Trilateral Dialogue Forum, more generally known as IBSA. IBSA is also a major policy dialogue initiative of the Centre for …

Post-Conflict Development What South Africa Can Achieve Through SADC

As levels of intra-state conflict rise in Africa, regional economic communities (RECs) have become increasingly important players in implementing post-conflict reconstruction and development (PCRD). For Sub-Saharan Africa, the Southern African Dev…

The DRC and its Neighbourhood: The Political Economy of Peace

"On 24 February 2013, 11 African countries signed the Addis Ababa Framework Agreement designed to bring peace to the Great Lakes Region, in particular the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), which has been in the grip of armed conflict…

Then and Now: How the United Nations Peacebuilding Architecture is Meeting its Mandate

"Since its creation in 2005, the United Nations (UN) Peacebuilding Architecture (PBA) has scored some successes in terms of increasing opportunities for financing of peacebuilding efforts and working with governments in this area. However, the broad…

Western Sahara Is There Light at the End of the Tunnel?

"Since the Spanish colonial administration withdrew from Western Sahara in February 1976 and Morocco moved in to occupy the territory, the conflict that ensued between Rabat and the Polisario Front, backed by Algeria, has proven very divisive in the…

Protecting Civilians Through Peace Agreements Challenges and Lessons of the Darfur Peace Agreement

"Why do some peace processes succeed and others don’t? More particularly, why do some peace processes create conditions for the effective protection of civilians while others don’t? It is argued in this paper that one important aspect of the answer …

Beyond ‘Shadow-Boxing’ and ‘Lip Service’ The Enforcement of Arms Embargoes in Africa

"If an Arms Trade Treaty is to be successful, it is important to have a more informed understanding of the strengths and limitations of arms embargoes. This paper, employing a comparative case study approach, therefore seeks to analyse the monitorin…

Dual Realities: Peace and War in the Sudan – An Update on the Implementation of the CPA

"This situation report highlights some of the most pressing challenges to the implementation of the CPA from the perspective of the political incumbents, international observers, and sectors of civil society including the Sudanese media. It is based…

Looking East: The Politics of Peacemaking in the Beja Region of Sudan

"As Sudan continues to make headlines because of continuing violence it is clear that the piecemeal approach to conflict in Sudan is not sustainable. Each of the regional agreements signed since 2005 cannot be implemented on an equal basis. Indeed t…

Sudan: Eighteen Months After the CPA

"This report will attempt to provide a brief overview of the current dynamics unfolding in the Sudan. It focuses on the implementation of the CPA, though, as a consequence of the rapidly changing environment, the report gives attention only to those…

Monitoring Fragile Ceasefires The Challenges and Dilemmas of the role of AMIS

"This paper focuses on the operational level, and seeks to examine the efforts of AMIS to stabilise the security situation in Darfur in order to improve the humanitarian conditions on the ground. It also looks at the non-commitment of the parties …

Conflict Early Warning Systems and Support of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Sudan

"The purpose of this meeting is to have an informed discussion on the re-engagement of Sudan with CEWARN in its engagement along the borders of neighbouring countries within the Horn, and secondly, to consider the potential and use of an early warni…

Mapping the Road to Peace in Burundi: the Pretoria Sessions

"From 8 October to 2 November 2003 South African peace-brokers finally succeeded in helping the Transitional Government of Burundi (TGoB) and the rebel Forces for the Defence of Democracy- Forces for Defence of Democracy (CNDD-FDD) reach agreement…

Angola: What hope for an end to the war?

This update reports on the war in Angola. The United States government favours a return to the Lusaka Peace process to establish peace in the region . However this is rejected outright by UNITA who argues that Angola can only be rebuild on the basis…

Peace-making in West Africa : Progress and Prospects

"The aim of this monograph is to document past ECOWAS experiences and identify lessons learned and best practices in its sub-regional peace-making processes. The focus is on major peace agreements brokered to end the conflicts in Liberia, Sierra Leo…

Studies in Reconstruction and Capacity Building in Post-conflict Countries in Africa: Some Lessons of Experience from Mozambique

"The purpose of this study is to document how Mozambique, a country that suffered catastrophic civil war, has addressed some critical capacity building challenges in the post-conflict reconstruction period, and to suggest some lessons and/or options…

South Sudan and the Collective Pain of Watching a Peace Agreement Struggle for its Life

For the past several weeks, there have been rising voices of both optimism and frustration, as reports of progress in the implementation of the so-called Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS) continued to highl…

The Convention of Geneva A Century later: Lessons Learned and Perspectives

Five Years after the Bamako Peace Agreement: Where is Mali Heading?

This policy brief highlights some of the key state building conundrums that Mali faces such as the eroding capacity of the central administration, the fragmentation of the security and justice sectors as well as identity divisions. It calls for redu…

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