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Post-Conflict Development What South Africa Can Achieve Through SADC

As levels of intra-state conflict rise in Africa, regional economic communities (RECs) have become increasingly important players in implementing post-conflict reconstruction and development (PCRD). For Sub-Saharan Africa, the Southern African Dev…

The DRC and its Neighbourhood: The Political Economy of Peace

"On 24 February 2013, 11 African countries signed the Addis Ababa Framework Agreement designed to bring peace to the Great Lakes Region, in particular the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), which has been in the grip of armed conflict…

Then and Now: How the United Nations Peacebuilding Architecture is Meeting its Mandate

"Since its creation in 2005, the United Nations (UN) Peacebuilding Architecture (PBA) has scored some successes in terms of increasing opportunities for financing of peacebuilding efforts and working with governments in this area. However, the broad…

Peace Implementation in the Post-2005 Era: Lessons from Four Peace Agreements in Africa

"This Policy & Practice Brief focuses on four peace agreements, namely the 2005 Sudan Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), the 2007 Ouagadougou Peace Agreement (OPA) in Côte d’Ivoire, the 2008 Kenya National Accord (KNA), and the 2008 Global Politic…

Making Deals for Peace: The Peace and Justice Dilemma

"Conflict mediators must constantly balance issues of peace and justice when designing peace agreements. This paper probes how peace and justice, two distinct but interrelated concepts, interact within the African peacebuilding context. Examining th…

South Africa’s Peacekeeping Role in Burundi: Challenges and Opportunities for Future Peace Missions

"The objective of this study is to provide an analysis of South Africa’s role in peacekeeping in Burundi and to identify the opportunities and challenges that confronted South Africa’s peacekeeping mission. The Department of Defense (DoD) in its ow…

The politics of resources, resistance and peripheries in Sudan

"In July 2011, Southern Sudan will become Africa’s 54th independent state. Since independence in 1956, Sudanese people have been subjected to two civil wars spanning 40 years. Factors, such as clashing identities and political marginalisation that…

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2005

"The major questions that arise from the broad conclusions drawn are the following. How sustainable and durable are the various peace agreements and elected governments? Will the Great Lakes region be able to harness its huge potential to unlock gro…

Gender, Peace and Security in Southern Africa

"The aims of the workshop were to: Provide a comparative overview of the implementation of UNSCR 1325 in Africa. Analyse the conflicts in Southern Africa. Obtain first-hand knowledge from women in the region on their peace and security challenges. …

Côte d'Ivoire: What's Needed to End the Crisis

Excerpt: "On 4 March 2007, the two main actors in the Côte d’Ivoire crisis signed the Ouagadougou Peace Agreement (OPA). The deal initially produced a peaceful atmosphere. The demarcation line between the armed forces was dismantled, a new governmen…

Guinea-Bissau: Building a Real Stability Pact

Excerpt: "November 2008 legislative elections were an important test for Guinea-Bissau, whose transition to democratic rule badly needed impetus. It was uncertain whether they would take place until the last minute, but they were praised by both cit…

Sudan's Southern Kordofan Problem: The Next Darfur?

Excerpt: "The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that ended Sudan’s generation-long North-South civil war in 2005 is at risk in Southern Kordofan state, where many of the same ingredients exist that produced the vicious Darfur conflict. Both partie…

Sudan's Comprehensive Peace Agreement: Beyond the Crisis

Excerpt: "On 11 October 2007, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) announced it was suspending participation in the Government of National Unity because the National Congress Party (NCP) was not implementing key aspects of the 2005 Comprehe…

Sudan: Defining the North-South Border

"The January 2011 referendum on self-determination could result in Sudan’s partition, and the country’s North-South border may ultimately become the world’s newest international boundary. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that ended two d…

The accord of Nkomati: Context and content

"The purpose of the present article is to focus on the Accord of Nkomati in the broader context of Southern African relations, to analyse its content and to compare it with the other non-aggression agreements concluded by South Africa. Part of th…

Namibia since Geneva

"The purpose of this paper is to reflect on diplomatic efforts by the Western powers to reach a negotiated settlement of the Namibian saga. Understandably one can only reflect on the major features of what has become a lengthy diplomatic soap ope…

NATO and South Africa

"As this year is the twentieth anniversary of the establishment of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, it seemed appropriate to circulate to members information about the achievements of NATO. The article "in Alliance For All Seasons" by Warre…

Mozambique - South African relations and the resurrection of the Nkomati Accord

This brief report describes the elusive prospects for peace in Mozambique despite renewed contact between the South African and Mozambican heads of state. South Africa was willing to play a role in attempting to end the war, which is dampened by sig…

Conflict in the DRC: a critical assessment of the Lusaka ceasefire agreement

"This report provides a brief background to the conflict in the DRC as it erupted in 1998. It also briefly examines the pre-negotiation stages, which ultimately led to the Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement. The Agreement itself is assessed in terms of its …

Synopsis Policy Studies Bulletin of CPS Vol 8 No 2, June 2006

"This edition of Synopsis focuses on one of South Africa’s highest foreign policy agenda items: The India-Brazil-South Africa Trilateral Dialogue Forum, more generally known as IBSA. IBSA is also a major policy dialogue initiative of the Centre for …

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