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Restive Jonglei From the Conflict's Roots to Reconciliation

"This working paper analyses the roots of the conflict in Jonglei state and the role of ethnic divisions in perpetuating the conflict, and interrogates the 2012 Jonglei peace processes to determine effective pathways towards authentic and sustainabl…

Mali: Reform or Relapse

"This report is based on several dozen interviews conducted in Bamako, Gao, Niamey, Dakar and Paris with Malian political and military actors, their foreign partners and Malian civil society representatives in both the north and south of the count…

Perspectives of African Non-state Actors on the Work of the PSC

"In line with Article 20 of the Protocol Relating to the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council (PSC)of the African Union (AU) the PSC has taken steps to ‘… encourage non-governmental organizations to participate actively in the efforts ai…

The Road to Reconciliation: A case study of Liberia’s Reconciliation Roadmap

"Years after the August 2003 signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) which brought to an end Liberia’s bloody civil war, there was realisation by the Government of Liberia that the reconciliation process had stalled. To correct this, and …

Limits to Supporting Security Sector Interventions in the DRC

Since 2003, the international community has invested considerable resources in keeping the peace in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). This paper looks at the ways in which the armed forces and local community interact. It also examines the te…

Mapping Peace Initiatives in Zimbabwe

This publication can be used as a reference document with two main sections: i) dynamics in the provinces, and ii) contact information for organisations working on peace initiatives across Zimbabwe. This information can be useful to persons working …

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2014

In ‘Modern United Nations Peacekeeping: Towards a Holistic Approach to Addressing Conflict’ peacekeeping is part of the holistic approach to addressing conflict, along with conflict prevention, peacemaking, peace enforcement and peacebuilding. This …

Getting Coherence and Coordination Right: Principles for the Peacebuilding Policy Community

"This Policy & Practice Brief (PPB) seeks to establish a common understanding of the term ‘coherence’ which is specific to peacebuilding dynamics by unpacking its meaning within peacebuilding experiences. Secondly, this PPB will examine the various …

China and Liberia: Engagement in a Post-Conflict Country: 2003-2013

"Since the resumption of diplomatic relations between China and Liberia in 2003, China has been one of the major foreign participants in Monrovia’s efforts to rebuild its society. Both within the framework of the UN Mission in Liberia and at a bil…

Elections in Mozambique A Smooth Journey, or a Hurdle to Skip?

"Mozambique’s fifth democratic election is due to take place in October 2014. Until June 2014, it appeared as if Renamo would escalate its armed resistance against Frelimo, the ruling party, because of alleged unfulfilled terms of the 1992 peace agr…

Regional Reconciliation in Africa: Policy Recommendations for Cross Border Transitional Justice

The content of this Policy Brief comprises the aforementioned DIRCO-IJR Policy Workshop, and it discusses the strategies that governmental, inter-governmental and civil society institutions can adopt and implement to more effectively promote and c…

South Africa’s Peacebuilding and PCRD Activities The Role of IBSA and BRICS

This paper examined the role BRICS and IBSA play in enhancing South Africa’s development cooperation through SADPA, with a specific focus on peacebuilding and PCRD processes. Firstly, South Africa as a player in the current global development contex…

Engaging the Private Sector in Post-Conflict Recovery Perspectives for SADPA

The first of the three topical policy themes that this paper considers, is South Africa’s emerging Development Partnership Agency, whose attributes and origins give it an imperative to build relationships with other development actors. The second is…

Towards Lasting Peace in Mali: Reflections on Post-Election Challenges

After the Tuareg-led rebellion in 2011 and the subsequent occupation of the country’s northern territories by extremist groups, Mali was plunged into a state of insecurity and chaos. The post-election challenges are immense and multifaceted, altho…

Rethinking Border Management Strategies in West Africa : Experience from the Sahel

"This Policy Brief discusses border management challenges in light of the Mali and Sahel crises.It argues for documentation of existing national strategies on border management and their alignment into an ECOWAS strategy. These strategies, when enfo…

1325 and Policing in West Africa: Interrogating the Sierra Leonean Case

Apparently the UNSCR 1325 presents the only framework that emphasizes the progressive role that policewomen can play in the peacebuilding and post-conflict reconstruction process. Despite limitations identified in this Policy Brief, there has been …

Providing Peace, Security and Justice in Ghana: The Role of Non-State Actors

Those “non-state” actors that deals with peace, security and justice are local non-statutory forms of security and justice providers that exist in most African communities. With their existence a fundamental element of security and justice for peop…

Taking a Place at the Table : Analysing the Importance of UNSCR 2122 for the Women, Peace and Security Agenda

The UNSC once again demonstrated renewed commitment towards women’s participation in global peace and security on the 18th of October 2013. By adopting Resolution 2122, the UN and the international community, committed to stronger measures to promot…

The African Union 2013 Golden Jubilee Report: 50 Years Of Peacemaking In Africa – A Critical Retrospective Of OAU/AU Peacemaking

"The Fourth African Union (AU) High-Level Retreat on the Promotion of Peace, Security and Stability in Africa was held in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire on 29 and 30 October 2013 under the theme '50 Years of peacemaking in Africa: A critical retrospective o…

Between a Rock and a Hard Place The UN and the Protection of Civilians in South Sudan

The UN Security Council passed a resolution that substantially restructured the form and function of the UN mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), following the outbreak of civil war in South Sudan at the end of 2013. This signalled a departure from its…

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