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Conflict Resolution through Cultural Tolerance : An Analysis of the Michu Institution in Metekkel Region, Ethiopia

"The Nilotic groups in Ethiopia were marginalized politically and socially by the relatively organized communities in the highlands. They were dominated by the neighbouring communities, the Christian kingdoms of Ethiopia and the Sudan. They were...

Peace Implementation in the Post-2005 Era: Lessons from Four Peace Agreements in Africa

"This Policy & Practice Brief focuses on four peace agreements, namely the 2005 Sudan Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), the 2007 Ouagadougou Peace Agreement (OPA) in Côte d’Ivoire, the 2008 Kenya National Accord (KNA), and the 2008 Global Polit...

Training to Protect Civilians: Recent Developments and Recommendations

"Protection of Civilians has become one of the most important aspects of the mandates of peacekeeping operations. More recently, both the United Nations and the African Union have been engaged in strengthening their roles in addressing protection...

Making Deals for Peace: The Peace and Justice Dilemma

"Conflict mediators must constantly balance issues of peace and justice when designing peace agreements. This paper probes how peace and justice, two distinct but interrelated concepts, interact within the African peacebuilding context. Examining ...

A Regional Approach to Peacebuilding - The Mano River Region

"Contemporary conflict creates a web of interlocking conflicts involving the transfer of populations, arms, armies, finances, and conflict goods across increasingly porous borders. This Policy and Practice Brief emanates from the Mano River Region...

Mediating to Governments of National Unity – A conflict transformative approach

This brief provides insights into the spate of Governments of National Unity (GNU) emerging in Africa and recommends actions towards sustainable conflict transformation. Establishes that there have been positive developments resulting from GNUs bu...

Strategies to prevent and manage electoral violence : Considerations for policy

This Policy and Practice Brief offers insights for policymakers regarding strategies to prevent and manage electoral violence. It forms part of ACCORD’s research and interventions on elections and violence. Our work seeks to inform interventions b...

Dangers of splitting a fragile rentier state: Getting it right in Southern Sudan

"The anticipated January 2011 independence referendum in Southern Sudan with its possibility of inaugurating a new state in Africa has engaged and excited local, regional and international attention in recent time. It is not surprising that most ...

South Africa’s Peacekeeping Role in Burundi: Challenges and Opportunities for Future Peace Missions

"The objective of this study is to provide an analysis of South Africa’s role in peacekeeping in Burundi and to identify the opportunities and challenges that confronted South Africa’s peacekeeping mission. The Department of Defense (DoD) in its ...

Peacebuilding coordination in African countries: Transitioning from conflict : case studies of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia and South Sudan

"This Occasional Paper addresses some strategic, operational and tactical elements of peacebuilding experiences in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Liberia and South Sudan. The evaluations conducted in the DRC, Liberia and Sudan highli...

Towards enhancing the capacity of the African Union in mediation

"Armed conflict is one of the greatest threats to Africa’s development. Today, many African countries are in the throes of civil conflict, several more face a heightened risk of experiencing armed violence, while others are recently emerging fro...

Building peace and democracy in Angola : Challenges and opportunities

"The Angola Country Program Lessons Identified Seminar (LIS) took place in Luanda, Angola,on 01 and 02 October 2008. The overall goal of the seminar was to create a forum for sharing of experiences, analysis, and reflections by various stakeholder...

Mediating peace in Africa: Securing conflict prevention : Strengthening the mediation and conflict prevention aspects of the African peace and security architecture

"Africa is entering a new era of conflict resolution and peacebuilding. The formulation of the AU in 2002 and the Peace and Security Council (PSC) in 2004 firmly established institutions dedicated to the promotion of peace, security and stability ...

Annual Review of the Peace and Security Council 2012/2013

"The peace and security situation in Africa continues to show both continuity and change. While civil wars or armed conflicts involving rebel groups remain rare, other forms of human security threats are increasingly affecting parts of the contine...

The Ethiopia-Eritrea dispute

"The failure of Ethiopia and Eritrea to settle their differences is a serious setback to regional stability and the African renaissance. Nationalist calls on both sides make a lasting peace settlement unlikely. A return to heavy fighting will no...

The AU and the search for Peace and Reconciliation in Burundi and Comoros

"This report highlights the AU’s role in deploying and supporting these mechanisms. At the beginning of both efforts, the OAU/AU faced tremendous difficulties in implementing its policy due to its administrative and logistical weaknesses. However,...

Talking peace in Southern Africa: Deadlock in Mozambique; Breakthrough in Angola

"It is generally agreed that the process of building a prosperous future southern Africa will to a large extent be shaped by the demands for democratisation and political stability. This is true for all the countries of the region, but especially ...

Mediating Land Conflict in Burundi : A Documentation and Analysis Project

"Part I of this report highlights the multiple challenges that Burundi experiences in terms of the repatriation and reintegration of refugees, as well as reconciliation between different societal groups. It underlines the importance of land tenure...

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2011

"Peacekeeping and peacebuilding initiatives have evolved, transformed and adapted to new realities, with the aim of providing more effective and sustainable responses to armed conflicts and the processes that follow the aftermath of these conflic...

The New Sudans: The First 100 days

"This Policy & Practice Brief focuses on the challenges facing the two Sudans post separation. 17 October marks 100 days since the fracturing of the Sudan. It is, therefore, an opportune moment for reflection on the state of affairs as the two sta...

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