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Gathering Storm Clouds: Political and Economic Uncertainty in Central Africa

The Central African region is facing remarkable pressure along several fronts. The recent downturn in global commodity prices is exacerbating an already fragile fiscal situation in the region. Moreover, rapid population growth is accentuating the …

Sustaining Peace in Practice: Liberia and Sierra Leone

Liberia and Sierra Leone are undergoing important transitions. The countries provide important case studies on how the United Nations (UN) can ensure successful transitions, not only from peacekeeping to peace building but also from conflict to bui…

Conflict and Gender Study – South Sudan Addressing Root Causes Programme

Significant effort has already gone into studying how best to design a root cause fund programme - aimed at tackling the root causes of recurring cycles of conflict and fragile resilience - in order to maximize impact within what is an extremely dif…

The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) in the Horn of Africa

An integrated approach against regional and national challenges in peace and security is a growing practice in the Horn of Africa. Other challenges aside, the Horn is most volatile in the proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW). This …

Is the African Union’s Aspiration Towards Financial Autonomy Achievable?

The African Union (AU) is witnessing a potentially transformative era, through its decision on financial autonomy and broader reform agenda. Even though the discourse on financing of the Union is hardly new, this policy brief explains why the July…

When Spider Webs Unite They can Tie up a Lion: A Treasure Trove of Ideas and Exercises for Spinning a Web of Enhanced Relationships

This publication brings together key insights from the Learning Series and a compilation of the exercises used during the various sessions.This learning series were born out of the identified need for human rights activists and lawyers to develop or…

What Lies Beyond? Delving Below the Surface of Conflict: A Treasure Trove of Exercises, Tools and Perspectives on Transforming Conflict and How we Relate to It

The so-called 'Learning Series on the Nexus between Human Rights and Conflict Transformation' focused on bringing peace practitioners and emerging leaders in human rights in to conversation. Engaging Zimbabwean CSO actors - some with an explicit pu…

Increasing Women's Participation and Inclusion in Jubbaland Peace Processes: Women, Conflict and Peace: Learning from Kismayo

Globally, and in the Somali context, peace processes and political settlements remain elite bargaining scenarios involving mainly male actors in a conflict. Conducted with women and men in Kismayo, this research underlines how the inclusion of Somal…

Increasing Women's Participation and Inclusion in Jubbaland Peace Processes: Life Stories: Women, Conflict and Peace: Learning from Kismayo

In October 2016, the Life & Peace Institute (LPI), Peace Direct and the Somali Women Solidarity Organization (SWSO) began a qualitative study to understand better how women in Kismayo had been affected by the many armed conflicts that had taken plac…

Winning the War, and not just the Battle: Masterplan for Ending the Boko Haram Insurgency in the North East

This Briefing note recommends a multi-sectoral approach to ending the Boko Haram insurgency and recognises the several issues driving the insurgency. While amnesty and peace negotiations remain divisive and controversial issues in relation to reso…

Practical Pathways to Peace: Lessons from Liberia and South Sudan

Liberia and South Sudan represent important case studies for what sustaining peace means in practice. They provide an opportunity to interrogate how the United Nations (UN) can ensure greater inclusivity in activities carried out across the sustaini…

The Impact of Climate Change on Human Health: The Case of Schistosomiasis and Implication for Research

This newsletter discusses various issues of differing importance. The first article on page 6 is titled the Impact of Climate change on human health: the case of schistosomiasis. This article discusses several mechanisms by which climate change can…

Peacekeeping in Africa: The Importance of the Regional?

Violent conflict continues to be a drain on Africa economically, and a disruption politically. Efforts at conflict prevention and peacekeeping have grown in scale with the UN firmly in the lead in the latter with substantial missions in Mali, the C…

Generating Sustainable Livelihoods and Leadership for Peace in South Sudan: Lessons from the Ground

Following two long civil wars between 1956 and 2005, South Sudan, with a population of about 13 million, became an independent state on 9 July 2011. After independence, the country’s socio-economic challenges were enormous, and unresolved political …

Preventing Conflict: How to make the AU's Policy Work

Despite being a clear priority for the African Union (AU), conflict prevention faces many challenges in terms of both its institutionalization and political effectiveness. This report analyses the coherence of the AU’s conflict prevention instrumen…

Rejoining the High Table: South Africa and the UN Security Council

On 8 June 2018, South Africa was elected for the third time as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council, for the period 2019 to 2020. The South African government now has the opportunity to develop a strategy that will guide the country’s…

Security and Development in the Horn of Africa: Emerging Powers, and Competing Regionalisms

Emerging powers are becoming centers for varieties of conflict as well as development. With a focus on the complexities of the Horn of Africa, we highlight non-traditional security (NTS) – transnational challenges including ‘fragile states’, terrori…

How the AU can Promote Transitional Justice in South Sudan

The African Union is mandated to help South Sudan to ensure accountability for past human rights abuses through the establishment of a hybrid court. This mandate is derived from the Agreement for the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan, signed i…

Agitations for Separation and Non-Negotiability of Nigeria’s Unity: Bottling the Bomb?

The Nigerian state came into being through conquest and forceful imposition of foreign rule, which denied the indigenous peoples the opportunity to negotiate and choose what they wanted. Successive regimes have continued to hold the state together…

Separatist Agitations in Nigeria: War versus Peace Journalism

The mass media are veritable tools for information dissemination, surveillance and correlation. Conflict reporting is one of the delicate areas of media practice. The type of agenda the media set on a conflict can either fuel or quell the crisis. …

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