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Divided We Stand: Libya's Enduring Conflicts

"After the 20 August 2011 fall of Tripoli and in the wake of the 23 October formal end of hostilities, communal conflicts broke out across Libya. Some grew directly out of the 2011 conflict and activities of the newly formed revolutionary brigades t…

Co-operation in Southern Africa: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow

"The establishment of international and/or regional co-operation is characterised by multi-speed process. The international economic and political order has for the best part of the last three decades been engaged in a process of transition towards …

Guinea-Bissau after Vieira: Challenges and Opportunities

"On 7 June 1998, an army mutiny led by former Chief of Staff, General Ansumane Mane, plunged the Republic of Guinea-Bissau into devasting civil war. The coup aimed to oust President Joao Bernardo Vieira, who had come to power in a military coup agai…

South Africa and U.S Policy

"The conflict in South Africa is for respect, dignity, participation, privilege, human rights, and civil Liberty liberty, as well as access to and the weilding of power in its rawest form. But instead it has been enormously difficult, for South Afr…

Rhodesia's Constitutional Problems

This paper puts into words what the author thinks the results of a possible future constitutional settlement might look like, so that those who are engaged in attempting to reach that settlement can look at the possible results of that settlement in…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution Vol.12, No.2, 2012

"The contribution of the first article in this edition will offer an analysis of the ideal of ‘African solutions to African problems’ within the framework of APSA and its role and limitations in Africa’s quest for maintaining its peace and security.…

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 24

At the opening of the first Parliament of Zimbabwe, President Canaan Banana delivered a ‘Presidential Directive’ for the development of Zimbabwe. In an address to the UN General Assembly the Zimbabwean Prime Minister urged the Zimbabwean government …

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 43

This edition contains a report on peace and security in Southern Africa as well as agreements between South Africa , Lesotho and Swaziland on monetary matters. Exerpts from press conferences and speeches with regard to Zimbabwe's attitude towards i…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2006

"The articles in this edition reflect on the deeprooted seeds of conflict by bringing closer together the void between peacekeeping and peacebuilding, and understanding the importance of human security within the context of state security. The plan…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2012

This issue looks at ACCORD at Twenty Years’ and how it has evolved into an organisation that successfully promotes reflection, education and intervention in African conflicts. ‘Bridging the Gap: Conflict Resolution Practice and Research at ACCORD’ e…

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2003

‘Burundi in 2003: highlights of a 'thorny' road to peace?’ gives a preview of the year 2003 and highlights some of the key attempts undertaken to move to a situation in which peace and stability are not only obtained but sustained. ‘The Machakos Pro…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 12, no. 3, 2012

This journal covers several topics in 6 articles. ‘Structural violence and the struggle for state power in Rwanda: What Arusha got wrong’ addresses the failings of the Arusha peace and power sharing process and makes three core arguments. ‘Building …

Other Facets no 29

In ‘Venezuela Drops Out: The Withdrawal Method’ a large Kimberley Process delegation visited Venezuela to discuss the country’s continued participation in the Kimberley Process. Venezuela, a mid-size diamond producer, has recorded almost no diamond …

Navigating Post-Peace Agreement Plebiscites: Zimbabwe and Kenya’s 2013 Elections

"This Policy & Practice Brief is informed by the persistent problem of contested electoral processes and results in a number of African countries. These are often accompanied by violence, with devastating effects not only on human security, but also…

The Troubled Road to Peace: Reflections on the Complexities of Resolving the Political Impasse in Madagascar

"Madagascar was thrown into political crisis in 2009 by an unconstitutional change in leadership which replaced Marc Ravalomanana with Andry Rajoelina as head of state. Over the past four years this crisis deteriorated into a firmly-embedded politic…

Peace Processes in Côte D’Ivoire: Democracy and Challenges of Consolidating Peace After the Post-Electoral Crisis

“The attainment of full democracy remains elusive to even some of the greatest nations in the world. The West African country of Côte d’Ivoire, which experienced a violent post-electoral crisis (November 2010 to April 2011) within the midst of 19 ye…

Democratic Progress and Regress: How can Elections in Africa Nurture Human Security and Better Livelihoods?

"Three separate topics in this paper are addressed together. Conflict and peace are omnipresent conditions of human existence. The link between elections, security and development is therefore an important domain. It is customary to consider stabil…

The Heglig Oil Conflict: An Exercise of Sovereignty or an Act of Aggression?

"This policy brief examines the hostile interaction between the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan triggered by South Sudan’s invasion of the Heglig oilfield. The cumbersome nature of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) and the ap…

Democratic Peace Theory Vis-a-Vis “Energy Peace Theory”

"In writing this short article the author wanted to show the possibility of making peace among African countries. His argument lies in the concept of "Energy Peace Theory". For the purpose of this article “Energy” is defined as any power (with the e…

Civilian Capacities in the Aftermath of Conflict: Towards Strengthened Partnerships with African Member States

"Countries emerging from conflict are typically confronted with a wide range of urgent demands to build and sustain peace. They need institutions that are sustainable, as well as responsive and accountable to their citizens. Yet, these countries are…

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