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Conflict Trends Issue 3 2013

In ‘The Other Side of Drones: Saving Wildlife in Africa and Managing Global Crime’ the negative consequences of poaching are felt in Africa and around the world, governments and law enforcement may have a way to counter this threat: the use of unarm…

The OAU/AU and an Africa at peace with itself: Time for serious business

'This Policy & Practice Brief (PPB) is a postscript to the Golden Jubilee celebrations of the founding of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) and the 21st African Union (AU) Summit which took place in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from 19 to 27 May 2013…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 13, no. 2, 2013

The first article “Conflict and conflict resolution in Africa: Engaging the colonial factor” seeks to understand the ineffectiveness of efforts at conflict management in overcoming the disasters that brought the conflicts to the African continent. “…

Brazil's Maritime Strategy in the South Atlantic: The Nexus Between Security and Resources

"The recent discovery of significant deposits of oil and gas in the pre-salt layers off the Brazilian coast has triggered new interests and concerns within the South Atlantic geopolitical space. The prospect of tapping into those maritime resources …

Creating an Enabling Peacebuilding Environment: How Can External Actors Contribute to Resilience?

"Peacebuilding theory and practice has evolved over 20 years in response to highly complex and fluid factors and contexts. Over this period, peacebuilding has developed several salient features, including its reliance on implementation in the long t…

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2014

In ‘Has the Rise of China in Africa made Democratisation Less Likely?’ the article draws on Denis Tull’s insightful framework for thinking about Chinese activities in Africa to demonstrate the need for greater nuance in the way we assess China’s imp…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 13, no. 3, 2013

"This special issue of the African Journal on Conflict Resolution (AJCR) on the theme Then and now: Perspectives on conflict resolution in South Africa (in honour of H.W. van der Merwe) is unconventional in that most of the contributions are a…

Ending war in Africa: The power of dialogue

"Africa has much to boast about these days. Crude clichés of a continent blighted by disease, poverty and bloodshed are steadily giving way to a far more promising narrative. In the face of a global economic slump, for instance, Africa keeps company…

South Sudan: A Civil War by Any Other Name

"The conflict that broke out on 15 December 2013 was decades in the making. The speed with which the SPLM and SPLA collapsed reveals the ephemeral nature of the “big tent” policy. The transition to more broadly representative political and military …

Perspectives of African Non-state Actors on the Work of the PSC

"In line with Article 20 of the Protocol Relating to the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council (PSC)of the African Union (AU) the PSC has taken steps to ‘… encourage non-governmental organizations to participate actively in the efforts ai…

The Road to Reconciliation: A case study of Liberia’s Reconciliation Roadmap

"Years after the August 2003 signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) which brought to an end Liberia’s bloody civil war, there was realisation by the Government of Liberia that the reconciliation process had stalled. To correct this, and …

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 14, no. 1, 2014

'Accounting for violence in Eastern Congo: Young people’s narratives of war and peace in North and South Kivu’ intends to give a voice to young Congolese in this troubled region in the heart of Africa. It examines the way young people in the Kivu ma…

South Africa's Cooperation and Support to Civilian Capacities in the Aftermath of Conflict

"The focus of the review was on current approaches within South Africa which promote and develop the mechanisms that provide support to post-conflict states. The international community is increasingly recognising this challenge, with the consequenc…

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2014

In ‘Modern United Nations Peacekeeping: Towards a Holistic Approach to Addressing Conflict’ peacekeeping is part of the holistic approach to addressing conflict, along with conflict prevention, peacemaking, peace enforcement and peacebuilding. This …

Getting Coherence and Coordination Right: Principles for the Peacebuilding Policy Community

"This Policy & Practice Brief (PPB) seeks to establish a common understanding of the term ‘coherence’ which is specific to peacebuilding dynamics by unpacking its meaning within peacebuilding experiences. Secondly, this PPB will examine the various …

On the Future Africa Wants: The Common African Position on the Post-2015 Development Agenda

"This Policy & Practice Brief critically discusses the Common African Position (CAP) on the Post-2015 Development Agenda against lessons learnt from operationalisation of the MDGs, particularly in light of the fact that a truly humanist future is ne…

The African Union 2013 Golden Jubilee Report: 50 Years Of Peacemaking In Africa – A Critical Retrospective Of OAU/AU Peacemaking

"The Fourth African Union (AU) High-Level Retreat on the Promotion of Peace, Security and Stability in Africa was held in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire on 29 and 30 October 2013 under the theme '50 Years of peacemaking in Africa: A critical retrospective o…

Perpetuation of instability in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: When the Kivus sneeze, Kinshasa catches a cold

"This paper aims to contribute to a better understanding of the linkage between the conflicts in the Kivus and persistent periodic instability in the DRC. It delves into and critiques post-crisis recovery efforts implemented in the country since the…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2014

In ‘South Africa and South-South Approaches to Post-conflict Development in Africa’ since 1994, promoting cordial and strategic relations with other countries in the Global South has been a key objective of South Africa’s foreign policy. Until recen…

African Union Mediation Support Handbook

"This first revised edition serves as a general reference and field study guide for mediation teams and lead mediators deployed on AU mediation missions. It is a practical tool, based on the premise that mediation is a critical and complex skill tha…

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