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The Impact of the Asian Drivers on Governance in Africa

This paper starts by defining the concept of governance and human security, then goes on to highlight the weaknesses of African states, which perhaps militate against the optimum application of processes, aggregation of interests, operation of ins...

Peace and Security through Good Governance A Guide to the NEPAD African Peer Review Mechanism

"This paper is focused on the political and governance component of NEPAD peer review. Hunger, poverty, HIV/AIDS and lack of development in Africa are in the first instance political and governance issues. Both economic and corporate governance t...

A Regional Power in the Making: Ethiopian Diplomacy in the Horn of Africa

Ethiopia’s regional engagement and foreign policy is based on its Foreign Affairs and National Security Policy and Strategy (FANSPS), launched in 2002. The country is a key player in the Horn of Africa and, despite recent internal conflict, crucia...

What's Urdu for Biltong? Can South Africa Help Pakistan?

"Following its democratic turn in 1994, Nelson Mandela wrote the year previously, the second pillar of South African foreign policy would be the principle ‘that just and lasting solutions to the problems of humankind can only come through the prom...

The DRC at 50: Confronting the Challenges of Peace and Territorial Consolidation

"On 30 June 2010 the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) celebrated 50 years of independence from colonial rule. At 50, the country is torn between competing and contradictory internal forces as it tries to negotiate a path towards self understandi...

General Smuts and South African diplomacy

This paper discusses "The three aspects of General Smuts policy, but to emphasise in each its particular relevance to South Africa. They have the advantage of constituting a rough chronological sequence, they are inevitably inter-related, and th...

South Africa's search for security since the Second World War

South Africa’s search for security before the Second World War showed a number of characteristics that stayed consistent over the years with minor changes. The Islam in Africa will be discussed to determine if the pre-war characteristics of securi...

Gender, Peace and Peacekeeping Lessons from Southern Africa

"This paper alludes to the tensions between achieving gender equality (as a requirement for a just peace) and the maintenance of indigenous culture and religious traditions. The primary focus, however, is the teasing out of transformation opportun...

The challenge of building sustainable peace in the DRC

"Over the last ten years, the Democratic Republic of Congo has witnessed an extraordinary number of attempts by both regional and international actors to solve what is considered Africa's largest conflict. As we are about to celebrate the tenth an...

The Panel of the Wise: A Comprehensive Introduction to a Critical Pillar of the African Peace and Security Architecture

"This paper is an attempt to provide a comprehensive introduction to the recently established Panel of the Wise of the African Union. It commences with an overview of the developments leading up to the establishment of the Panel of the Wise, its ...

Report of a Roundtable Workshop: Strategies for the Implementation of a Union Government of Africa

"The workshop participants agree that the union government must be a union of the African people and not merely a union of states and governments. It must furthermore be based on shared values drawn from both African culture and African societies...

The future of South West Africa/Namibia a symposium

This paper contains the texts of the four brief introductory statements at a Symposium on “The Future of South West Africa/Namibia”, held at Jan Smuts House in Johannesburg on 25 July 1977. These statements cover the current negotiations in the co...

Angolan Legislative Elections: Analysing the MPLA’s Triumph

"Despite the cloak of legitimacy provided by reforms to improve the country’s international image, including measures concerning fiscal transparency and the rapid rehabilitation of infrastructure,the control and heavy-handedness with which the Ang...

Peace in the Kivu’s? An Analysis of the Nairobi and Goma Agreements

"This Situation Report analyses the 9 November 2007 Nairobi agreement,in relationship to the 30 July 2002 Pretoria agreement. It looks at the actions that have been taken since 30 July 2002 to address the DDRRR of the ex-FAR/Interahamwe/FDLR comba...

Africa Aviation Security: Implications for Peace and Security

"This paper focuses on aviation safety and security in Africa. It highlights major concerns and challenges for aviation security and safety in Africa within the global and regional context and attempts to map aviation insecurity in the region. I...

Ballots in place of bullets? Negotiating Mozambique's future

In 1990 the Mozambique government initiated direct talks with the rebel movement Renamo, and restructured the country’s constitution. Representatives from the government and Renamo met in Rome on 10 July and issued a statement that committed both ...

The 2005 General Elections in Tanzania: Implications for Peace and Security in Southern Africa

"This paper examines the significance of the recently concluded general elections in Tanzania for the consolidation of democracy in the country, whilst highlighting the political difficulties in Zanzibar. It also examines how the election outcome ...

Fusing Privatisation of Security with Peace and Security Initiatives

"This paper seeks to highlight the numerous obstacles to, and opportunities for, the consolidation of PMSCs into a security provision role on the African continent. Obstacles include the lack of definition as to what PMSCs actually are. The inabil...

The UN 'Month of Africa' A Push for Actual Peace Efforts or a Fig Leaf on the DRC?

"The ‘Month of Africa’ in the Security Council has had tremendous impact on the world’s consciousness - and conscience. More than that, I believe it has served as a genuine catalyst to explore possible solutions to some of the major problems that ...

Towards Attaining Peace in Darfur: Challenges to a Successful AU/UN Hybrid Mission in Darfur

"The paper begins with a discussion of the specific peculiarities of the conflicts in Sudan (North- South conflict and the Darfur conflict) which will enable us to understand the type of intervention chosen by both the AU and the UN and its approp...

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