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What's Urdu for Biltong? Can South Africa Help Pakistan?

"Following its democratic turn in 1994, Nelson Mandela wrote the year previously, the second pillar of South African foreign policy would be the principle ‘that just and lasting solutions to the problems of humankind can only come through the prom...

The DRC at 50: Confronting the Challenges of Peace and Territorial Consolidation

"On 30 June 2010 the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) celebrated 50 years of independence from colonial rule. At 50, the country is torn between competing and contradictory internal forces as it tries to negotiate a path towards self understandi...

General Smuts and South African diplomacy

This paper discusses "The three aspects of General Smuts policy, but to emphasise in each its particular relevance to South Africa. They have the advantage of constituting a rough chronological sequence, they are inevitably inter-related, and th...

South Africa's search for security since the Second World War

South Africa’s search for security before the Second World War showed a number of characteristics that stayed consistent over the years with minor changes. The Islam in Africa will be discussed to determine if the pre-war characteristics of securi...

Ballots in place of bullets? Negotiating Mozambique's future

In 1990 the Mozambique government initiated direct talks with the rebel movement Renamo, and restructured the country’s constitution. Representatives from the government and Renamo met in Rome on 10 July and issued a statement that committed both ...

IBSA Regional Security Dimensions: The South Africa Perspective

"This essay examines the challenges of international security with reference to the experience of the IBSA coalition. Specifically, it explores the role of IBSA in global security through the lens of South Africa. Its principal argument is that I...

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2016

‘Conflict Resurgence and the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan: A Hurried and Imposed Peace Pact?’ analyses the events leading to the conclusion of the ARCSS and the extent to which they undermine the owner...

South Africa and the DRC: Evaluating a South-South Partnership for Peace, Governance and Development

"The ‘Rise of the South’ and the role of ‘emerging powers’ in global development has animated much of the political and economic discourse of the past decade. There is, however, little empirical evidence on the contribution that emerging Souther...

"Bunker" Democracy and the Challenges of Sustaining Democratic Values in Nigeria - An Appraisal of the 2011 General Elections

This paper has two main focal points. First, it critically reviews Nigeria’s 2011 general elections vis-à-vis manifestations of violence, covering pre-election, election-day and post-election conflicts across all regions of the country. The second...

On Becoming a Responsible Great Power: Contextualizing China's Foray into Human Rights and Peace & Security in Africa

"The deepening of China’s engagement with Africa has also prompted the broadening of its interests on the continent. This has resulted in China’s expansion into increasingly riskier territories, which means there is a greater urgency to protect it...

At the Confluence Where Human Rights and Conflict Transformation Meet: A Selection of Content and Exercises that Explore Working at the Confluence of Human Rights and Conflict Transformation

This learning series was born out of the identified need for human rights activists and lawyers to develop or deepen their facilitation skills to meet the needs of a changing socio-political environment. There was also a benefit to exploring the ...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 29 No 2 March-April 2017

The panoramic article by Desta reviews the Information and Communications Technology for Peace (ICT4P) literature on the Horn of Africa (the Horn) and showcases the varying levels towards which peacebuilders in the Horn have been able to exploit t...

A Regional Power in the Making: Ethiopian Diplomacy in the Horn of Africa

Ethiopia’s regional engagement and foreign policy is based on its Foreign Affairs and National Security Policy and Strategy (FANSPS), launched in 2002. The country is a key player in the Horn of Africa and, despite recent internal conflict, crucia...

Horn Of Africa Bulletin Vol 29 No. 4 July-August 2017

This issue of the Horn of Africa Bulletin (HAB) " Between Co-option and Autonomy: Grassroots CVE Initiatives as the Alternative?" follows from the January-February 2016 issue of the HAB that also focused on countering violent extremism (CVE). The...

Somalia: A Nation without a State

This report summarises four seminars in a series entitled “Somalia – a nation without a state”. These took place in October and November 2007. The title of the seminar series refers to the fact that although Somalis share a common culture, languag...

Improving SADC Responses to Bring Peace to the DRC

The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) continues to skirt crisis, as the elections first postponed in 2016 to December 2017 appear once again to be postponed indefinitely. Amid opposition accusations that he is clinging to power, President Joseph ...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 29 No. 5 September-October 2017

The complex and constantly evolving relations and interactions between the societies and states in the Horn and the countries of the Persian Gulf have significant peace and security implications for the region and globally. This issue of the Hor...

Horn Of Africa Bulletin September-October 2014

The first article "The spillover effect of South Sudan in Gambella" describes the conflict between the Nuer and Anuak in the Gambella region and the implications for South Sudan. "Reasons for radicalization" is a summary of a report by Dr Anneli B...

HIV/Aids and Militaries in Southern Africa

The seminar followed an earlier meeting organised by the CCR and UNAM on the theme, “Strengthening Namibia’s Chair of the SADC Organ: HIV/AIDS and Southern Africa’s Security Architecture”, in Windhoek, Namibia, in November 2005. This meeting exam...

From Plunder to Prosperity: Resolving Resource-based Conflict in Somaliland

After decades of political upheaval in the Somali region, land tenure systems in Somaliland lie in grim disarray. Years of civil war steadily eroded traditional systems of managing land and resources and resolving conflict, the Somaliland govern...

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