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Transnational Organised Crime The stepchild of crime-combating priorities

"Experts continue to argue about an appropriate definition for organised crime, and ordinary citizens and lawmakers do not really know what it means. We tend to feel intense about the crime categories that make up organised crime, such as the traf...

The Drug Trade and Governance in Cape Town

"The Western Cape continues to be plagued by the drug trade and accompanying development of organised crime networks. The paper discusses the racial, economic and geographic variations in the drug trade and drug use, and the trade’s growth during ...

Crime Networks and Governance in Cape Town The Quest for Enlightened Responses

The enduring nature of organised crime in Cape Town is explained in this paper. It explores the impact of crime networks on systems and formal structures of governance. It confirms the findings of earlier research that crime networks may be mo...

Towards an Assessment of Organised Crime Networks as Parallel Sovereignties

This policy brief uses a relatively new analytical framework to understand organised crime by arguing that organised crime networks should be understood as alternative or parallel sovereigns. The concept of sovereignty is no longer limited to the...

On the Margins The City of Cape Town and Organised Crime

How has the design of the city affected the way criminal networks impact on governance in Cape Town? this policy brief does not purport to be comprehensive, but serves as an initial starting point for further study by highlighting some of the addi...

Confronting Crime Networks in Dakar

"Organised crime is increasing in Dakar, Senegal, involving drug trafficking, illicit pharmaceutical products and cybercrime. The implications for urban governance range from the risk of undermining the rule of law to state governance being wea...

Le Golfe de Guinée, Zone de Contrastes: Richesses et Vulnérabilités / The Gulf of Guinea, an Area of Contrasts: Wealth and Vulnerabilities

The state of play of the geopolitical aspects of the Gulf of Guinea sub region, shows a significant availability of natural resources which constitute the main wealth of this area. On the contrary, it is noted that the availability of these riches...

Commodity Smuggling in the Maghreb: A Silent Threat

Though largely silent, and not often associated with the same levels of violence as other forms of organized crime, illicit trade threatens national and broader regional security in myriad ways. Insufficiently appreciated, first and foremost, is t...

The Wealth Within, The Wealth Unseen: Reflections on the Gulf of Guinea's Maritime Domain

"The rapid escalation of piracy and armed robbery at sea in the Gulf of Aden over the past decade has made maritime security a policy priority both for Africa and globally. Although maritime security incidents also increased in the Gulf of Guinea,...

The Evolution of Organised Crime in Africa Towards a New Response

"This paper attempts to better understand the drivers behind the growth of organised crime in Africa by examining its evolution over time. It finds that organised crime is inextricably linked to the development and changing nature of the African ...

Guide to Staying Safe On and Offline

This robust guide will offer you tips on how to stay safe online and offline, to avoid falling victim to kito, blackmail, or attacks.

Nature versus Human Contrivance: Advancing the Centrality of Poor Governance to Irregular Migration in Africa

One of the greatest security concerns confronting the global community in recent times is irregular migration. Not only does this trigger trans-border crimes such as terrorism, human trafficking, and the resurgence of slavery; it is also the major...

What Counts as ‘Evidence’?

Evidence-based policing is the application of empirical research to police decision-making. ‘Evidence’ means knowledge derived from the principles of scientific method, namely critical thinking and careful observation. Policing decisions should b...

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