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Transnational Organised Crime The stepchild of crime-combating priorities

"Experts continue to argue about an appropriate definition for organised crime, and ordinary citizens and lawmakers do not really know what it means. We tend to feel intense about the crime categories that make up organised crime, such as the traffi…

The Drug Trade and Governance in Cape Town

"The Western Cape continues to be plagued by the drug trade and accompanying development of organised crime networks. The paper discusses the racial, economic and geographic variations in the drug trade and drug use, and the trade’s growth during th…

Crime Networks and Governance in Cape Town The Quest for Enlightened Responses

The enduring nature of organised crime in Cape Town is explained in this paper. It explores the impact of crime networks on systems and formal structures of governance. It confirms the findings of earlier research that crime networks may be more…

Towards an Assessment of Organised Crime Networks as Parallel Sovereignties

This policy brief uses a relatively new analytical framework to understand organised crime by arguing that organised crime networks should be understood as alternative or parallel sovereigns. The concept of sovereignty is no longer limited to the s…

On the Margins The City of Cape Town and Organised Crime

How has the design of the city affected the way criminal networks impact on governance in Cape Town? this policy brief does not purport to be comprehensive, but serves as an initial starting point for further study by highlighting some of the additi…

Confronting Crime Networks in Dakar

"Organised crime is increasing in Dakar, Senegal, involving drug trafficking, illicit pharmaceutical products and cybercrime. The implications for urban governance range from the risk of undermining the rule of law to state governance being weake…

The Wealth Within, The Wealth Unseen: Reflections on the Gulf of Guinea's Maritime Domain

"The rapid escalation of piracy and armed robbery at sea in the Gulf of Aden over the past decade has made maritime security a policy priority both for Africa and globally. Although maritime security incidents also increased in the Gulf of Guinea, o…

Guinea-Bissau: Beyond Rule of the Gun

Excerpt: "The assassinations of the chief of defence staff, General Batista Tagme Na Wai, on 1 March 2009 and President Joao Bernardo Nino Vieira early the next day have plunged Guinea-Bissau into deep uncertainty. National Assembly Speaker Raimundo…

Nigeria: Seizing the Moment in the Niger Delta

Excerpt: "The report of the government-constituted Technical Committee on the Niger Delta, submitted to Nigeria’s President Umaru Musa Yar’Adua on 1 December 2008, offers an opportunity to reduce violent conflict significantly and begin longer-term …

Guinea-Bissau: In Need of a State

Excerpt: "Guinea-Bissau needs a state. Its political and administrative structures are insufficient to guarantee control of its territory, assure minimum public services or counter-balance the army’s dominance. This core weakness has been at the roo…

The privatisation of Security in Africa

"There is no doubt that the role of private protectors and armies has grown as conventional war has given way in much of the world to irregular, internal conflict. Africa is a case in point, as this study points out, where more than thirty wars have…

See no evil, hear no evil: The social economy of organised crime in Mozambique

"The rapid growth of organised crime in Southern Africa over the last decade has become a serious concern for both governments and citizens living in the region. In developing countries, organised crime activities exact a high cost in terms of healt…

Fighting Money Laundering The Challenges in Africa

"The paper is organised as follows: The introduction is followed by an examination of the framework within which money laundering and terrorist financing should be analysed. The third section reviews both global and regional initiatives for address…

The Khampepe Commission The Future of the Scorpions at Stake

"While hearings at the Khampepe Commission received extensive media coverage, very few from the research community have written to provide insights into the drama that unfolded during proceedings at the commission. This paper is therefore intended t…

The Theft of Precious Metals from South African Mines and Refineries

"This study is a further endeavour to expand on the knowledge and understanding of the criminal threat that faces the precious metals mining industry in South Africa. These recommendations were acted upon by the precious metals mining industry, and…

Organised Crime and Terrorism: Observations from Southern Africa

"The prevailing global counter-terrorism strategies and initiatives continue to have a profound effect on many parts of the world. Whether the measures that have been adopted and in some cases implemented will succeed in eliminating or reducing terr…

The Threat of Gangs and Anti-Gangs Policy

"The aim of this paper is to describe and critically evaluate the most recent of the anti-gang policies that have been adopted by the authorities in the Western Cape. In order to understand the strengths and weaknesses of anti-gang policies it is es…

The Social Contradictions of Organised Crime on the Cape Flats

"Organised crime is traditionally viewed as a harmful anti-social phenomenon. However, in pockets of the Cape Flats it seems that a criminal elite gain community respect and support. This paper explores the origin of this support and contemplates th…

The Role of Auditors: Research into Organised Crime and Money Laundering

"This paper is part of a larger project into the nature of organised crime in member states of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), a topic that is currently of key concern to the Institute for Security Studies (ISS). The starting poin…

The Scorpions Analyzing the Directorate of Special Operations

"The “Scorpions”, when referred to by this nickname, are probably, outside of the police, the most recognised law enforcement body in South Africa. The impact of the Scorpions on the South African public’s psyche after four years of operation cannot…

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