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Macroeconomic and Distributional Consequences of Energy Supply Shocks in Nigeria

"Nigeria continues to experience sporadic domestic oil supply shortages. The shortages have resulted in huge economic and non-economic costs to the economy. This study investigates the causes of the shortages and provides quantitative estimates of t…

Carbon Trading in Africa

"The story of the Abu Qir factory is a snapshot of how the carbon offset market under the UN’s Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) has worked to date. Most credits are generated by industrial gas-reduction projects, using cheap end-of-pipe technologi…

The Conservative Victory and its Probable Effect on British and United States Foreign Policy towards Southern Africa

"The foregoing analysis has set out to show that there is little prospect of a change in British and American foreign policy towards white-controlled Southern Africa in the near future. Any change in these policies would represent a major shift in t…

Equitable Sharing of the Treasures of Oil and Gas In a Transparent and Environmentally Sustainable Manner

"The discussions centred on two important ideas: First, Parliament must actively engage in the legislative process and pass laws that are strong, detailed and responsive to the many risks that oil production creates. Second, Parliament must use its…

Natural Resource Management and its Implications on National and Sub-Regional Security: The Case of the Niger Delta

"The focus of this paper is poor resource management and the impact on the political, economic and environmental situations. At the root of most of the violent conflicts in history has been the competition for territory and resources, and specifical…

Climate Change and Natural Resources Conflicts in Africa

"The conference aims to address a number of questions such as: How vulnerable are the economies of Africa to the impact of climate variability and change? How are national and regional institutions preparing to adapt to the impact of climate variabi…

Nature and Extent of Environmental Crime in Kenya

"This report deals with the nature and extent of environmental crime in Kenya and was commissioned by the Environmental Crimes Project (ECP) of the Institute for Security Studies (ISS). The ECP is a project in partnership with the East African Polic…

A Strategic Conflict Assessment of Zambia

"The purpose of this study on Zambia is to present an overview of current trends, risks and opportunities for conflict mitigation. The study highlights potential areas of concern, and will conclude with recommendations to guide strategy aimed at mit…

Abyei Natural Resources Conflict

"This report explores the major factors underlying the violent conflict in Abyei. It aims to contribute to policy relevant knowledge of the link between resources and conflict and to propose a general framework for action. It examines the territor…

Workshop on Poverty and Environment in Uganda. Report of Uganda National Workshop

"The first paper, The Conceptual Framework for Poverty Analysis and Reduction in Zambia, argues that poverty analysis and reduction in Zambia is generally misconceived because of lack of adequate understanding of its real causes and vision. In the s…

The Development Trap: Militarization, Environmental Degradation and Poverty and Prospects of Military Conversion

"The main aim of this study is to analyze the direct effects of militarization, environmental stress, and poverty on socio-economic development. The novelty of the study stems from its attempt to explore the interlinkages and feedbacks of the three …

AERC Scoping Exercise on China-Africa Relations The Case of Angola

"Angola, for strategic reasons of its own, has no intention of aligning solely with Beijing. Angola is pursuing its own version of non-alignment in favour of its own home grown resource nationalist approach. Indeed in contrast to neighbouring Zimbab…

Illicit Financial Flows and the Regulatory Framework for Mineral Exploitation: Arrangements in Cameroon

From the discussion in this paper, a number of issues have been brought to the limelight regarding good governance in the extractive sector in general and the mineral exploitation sector in particular. Firsly, that Africa in general and Cameroon in …

Impacts of Fluctuating Commodity Prices on Government Revenue in the SADC region: The Case of Copper for Zambia

This study identified typical implications of price fluctuations on many of the parameters highlighted above which include: government revenue and the responses from the sector both from the state and mining companies. The report provides sources o…

An Assessment of New Coal Plants in South Africa’s Electricity Future: The cost, emissions and supply security implications of the coal IPP programme

South Africa’s coal base load independent power producer (IPP) procurement programme was launched in 2014, in line with the new coal capacity envisaged in the 2010 Integrated Resource Plan for Electricity (IRP2010) (DoE, 2011). Since the release …

Africa and the New Rentier Effect: Oil, Aid, Regime-Type

Rentier state theory grew out of an attempt to understand political development in the oil-rich states of the Middle East. The framework has since been applied to understand the politics of resource-rich countries in Latin America, Asia and Africa,…

Efficiency of Food Reserves in Enhancing Food Security in Developing Countries: The Nigerian Experience

As a policy objective, the attainment of food security in Nigeria began facing challenges prior to independence when oil exportation began in 1958. But the challenges became pronounced and persistent after the commencement of large-scale oil expor…

Issues in Fiscal Policy Management under the Economic Reforms (2003-7)

In this paper the recent policy measures are reviewed which have been introduced by the federal government to enable a more prudent management of oil revenue and also to improve the quality of the government’s capital spending. The broad conclusion …

Low Government Revenue from the Mining Sector in Zambia and Tanzania: Fiscal Design, Technical Capacity or Political Will?

Overall, the trend for Sub Saharan Africa and for Zambia specifically, is clear from 2004/5 to recent years, as there have been either negative or low rates of national adjusted savings in contrast to the trend in most of Asia and Latin America. Th…

Why is Ghana so Poor, yet Rich underneath the Soil?

On the 14th of February, 2019, the Ministry of Finance announced what is described as the biggest oil find in Africa, 450 million – 550 million barrels, with potential reserves of nearly 1 billion barrels of oil. Fortuitously, this new “find” has oc…

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