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Making the Millennium Challenge Account Work for Africa

President Bush has been rightly lauded for his visionary initiative to establish a Millennium Challenge Account (MCA) that would increase U.S. resources directed toward the most promising development investments. The administration's proposal to u...

Civil Society Participation in Uganda's APRM Process

Ugandan NGOs faced challenges in influencing their national APRM process, but this paper shows that with resourcefulness, focus and energy, motivated groups can make a difference. In Uganda, umbrella organisations were appointed to represent civil...

Engaging with Parliaments: Advice to Civil Society

Practical strategies and hands-on tactics for CSOs seeking to influence policy-making in African parliaments. This paper examines how African civil society organisations have successfully influenced policy. Often, we complain that we lack the tim...

Payment and Independence: Does a client relationship with government inhibit ‘think-tank' criticism?

This paper explores how policy research institutions (or think-tanks) will be challenged to retain their objectivity on public policy issues regardless of their source of funds, in processes such as the APRM. Drawing from the Nigerian situation (w...

The APRM's Economic Governance and Management Standards: What Civil Society Should Look For

Civil society research and advocacy groups dedicated to safeguarding the rights of citizens, may find an unexpected opportunity to monitor their own governments through the APRM process. This paper argues that, in a democratic state, citizens have...

The African Peer Review Mechanism: Assessing Origins, Institutional Relations and Achievements

"This paper assesses the origins of the APRM, the benefits that it has brought to the continent, and the obstacles that militate against success. To assess the impact of the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), it is necessary to understand where...

Strategies for Effective Policy Advocacy: Demanding Good Governance in Africa

"This study is based on a research project carried out as part of the Governance and African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) Programme of the South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA). This study attempts to distil lessons learned by a...

South Africa's founding democratic election 1994 A select and annotated bibliography

"Reflected strongly in the literature are the prevalent pre-election concerns: violence, its roots, distribution and possible escalation; pressure points, the KwaZulu-Natal cauldron, boycotts or participation, power play or mediation; accommodatio...

Summary Paper on Democratic Assistance

"This debate is started off with the examining of the causal relation between political aid and the transition to democracy in Africa. It systematically draws out other arguments on the issue of foreign assistance, democratization and elections. ...

Political Integration and Democratisation in Southern Africa: Progress, Problems and Prospects

"This study is concerned with the concept and praxis of regionalism in Southern Africa with a deliberate focus on the deepening of political integration through democratisation. This report is divided into various sections. The second section focu...

Brazilian Perspectives on Human Security

"This paper aims to advance discussions on human security and how the concept serves as a tool for approaching new(and longstanding) issues of internal and external security in the Latin American context, more specifically in the Brazilian context...

Outils Juridiques pour l'Emancipation des Citoyens Concertation Paysanne pour l'Influence de la Loi d'Orientation Agro Sylvo Pastorale au Senegal /Legal Instruments for the Emancipation of Peasant Citizens Dialogue Regarding the Influence of Agro Sylvo Pa

The experiment proposed in this case concerns the influence of farmers' organizations in the process of developing the Agro-Sylvo Pastoral Guidance Law (LOASP) in Senegal between 2002 and 2004. In addition to documenting this process, it is impor...

Tax Unrest Among Market Traders: The Local Side of Action Aid´s International Tax Justice Campaign in Nigeria

Tax justice has become a popular concept, and a number of international tax justice campaigns have exposed aspects such as the unfairness of tax havens and harmful tax breaks. Yet, the idea of tax justice at the local level is less well-known. The...

Removing Neo Colonialism's APRM Mask A Critique of the African Peer Review Mechanism

"The arguments made here should suggest a rethink by any community-based organisation, social movement, non-governmental organisation and other progressive body if they are presently legitimating NEPAD policies, Bretton Woods Institution mandates,...

Building the Capacity of Grassroots Networks to Enhance their Understanding of Climate Change Policy Processes: Lessons from Capacity Strengthening in the Least Developed Countries for Adaptation to Climate Change

The objectives of this study are twofold. On the one hand it is attempting to demonstrate the importance of capacity building in Civil Society Organisations with regard to understanding climate change policy processes. CSO's can reach a large numb...

Challenging the Negative Discourse on Human Rights in Africa

"The recent proliferation of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and independent media across Africa is an important positive development. They play an essential role by investigating government policy, exposing corruption and human rights viol...

Rapport d’étude sur l’Environnement Propice des Organisation de la Societe Civile De la République du Congo /Study Report on the Suitable Environment for Civil Society Organizations in the Republic of Congo

So, how do we define the term civil society in the Congo? 1. Civil society, normally is the part of a population outside of the political scene, as well as the defense force, consisting out of churches, youth, formal groups of women, or informall...

Pastoralists and Environment: Experiences from the Greater Horn of Africa

"Johan Helland's paper discusses the Borana pastoral society of southern Ethiopia, and asks questions about the longterm viability of such communities in the context of various development efforts. Boku Tache's paper on the Borana raises many of t...

Poverty Reduction Initiatives in Tanzania The State of the Arts, Challenges and Prospects

"A total of eighteen papers were presented during the two-day workshop. The papers presented during the workshop were essentially focused on the persistent problem of poverty in Tanzania with the aim of examining poverty reduction initiatives in T...

Encouraging Small Business: Is Government doing more harm than good?

"Many well intentioned efforts to provide support to Small and Medium Enterprises fail. It is important to understand the reasons for failure as well as unravel the reasons behind successful initiatives. What makes for a successful entrepreneur, c...

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