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Other Facets no 23

In ‘Zimbabwe diamond rush turns poisonous: Accusations lead to nationalization plan’ a diamond rush in the remote region of Marange in eastern Zimbabwe became the subject of a series of angry exchanges between the government and its critics beginni…

Devolution and Democratisation of Natural Resource Management in South Africa: A Comparative Analysis of CBNRM Policy Processes in Botswana and Zimbabwe

"This paper examines the policy processes of devolution and democratisation of natural resource management as they relate to community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) outcomes in Botswana and Zimbabwe. Devolution and democratisation of nat…

Rangeland Tenure and Pastoral Development in Botswana: Is there a Future for Community-Based Management?

"Botswana has a long history of attempts to ‘rationalise’ land tenure so as to improve livestock production, which remains a mainstay for the rural economy. This paper addresses the profound transformations in land tenure systems that have been prom…

Natural Resource Management and Land Reform in Southern Africa

"The paper begins with a discussion of environmental degradation discourses in southern Africa and how they influence policy processes. The first section highlights the link between environmental degradation and poverty. This is followed by an overv…

Exclusion through Defined Membership in People-Centred Natural Resources Management: Who defines?

"This paper investigates how community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) has determined membership to rights over forestry and wildlife resources in Botswana, Namibia and Zimbabwe. The legal frameworks in these countries emphasise geographi…

Contested Fishing Grounds: Examining the Possibility of a Transboundary Management Regime in the Lake Kariba Fishery

"Community-based natural resources management (CBNRM) programmes in the southern African region emerged as a reaction to colonial ‘fortress’ conservation policies that criminalised and marginalised local people, preventing their use of natural resou…

Policy and Institutional Dimensions of Integrated River Basin Management: Broadening Stakeholder Participatory Processes in the Inkomati River Basin of South Africa and the Pangani River Basin of Tanzania

"In recent years, water governance has undergone a remarkable paradigm shift. Old notions of water resources management dominated by a supply-orientation and reliance on civil engineering science and technical solutions to water problems have been …

Dialogue of Theory and Empirical Evidence: A Weighted Decision and Tenurial Niche Approach to Reviewing the Operation of Natural Resource Policy in Rural Southern Africa

"Considerable research has been conducted on community-based natural resource management in rural southern Africa. Many interesting insights have accumulated from the literature on the research issues of earlier generations. The challenge is to brea…

CBNRM, Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Livelihoods: Developing Criteria for Evaluating the Contribution of CBNRM to Poverty Reduction and Alleviation in Southern Africa

"This research paper explores the relationships between community-based natural resource management (CBNRM), poverty reduction/alleviation and rural livelihoods. The objectives of this paper are as follows: • to explore the current understanding o…

Valuing the Commons: Rural Livelihoods and Communal Rangeland Resources in the Maluti District, Eastern Cape

"The purpose of the study was to assess the value of the contribution that communal rangelands make to rural people’s livelihoods. The overall goal of the project is to contribute to improved management of communal rangelands, based on a better u…

Managing Natural Resources to Ensure Prosperity in Africa

"The discovery and extraction of natural resources has the potetial to finance rapid, sustained and broad-based development. However, the historical record of resource discoveries in developing countries is deeply worrying. Often discoveries have l…

Natural Resource Management in Sub Saharan Africa: Consequences and Policy Options for Africa

"The complexity of harnessing natural resources aside, it has to be done for the benefit of countries in Africa and their citizens. It is this realisation of the central importance that can be played by harnessing natural resources for growth that …

China and Africa's Natural Resources: The Challenges and Implications for Development and Governance

"This paper proposes to analyse China’s growing engagement in Africa’s mineral sector and assess its impact on local governance. China’s energy concerns have been playing an increasingly crucial role in its foreign policymaking in the new century.…

Fishing for Sustainable Livelihoods in Angola: The Co-operative Approach

"This paper focuses on the fisheries sector in Angola. In particular, it considers the potential role for co-operatives in artisanal fisheries governance in Angola. The paper begins by situating fisheries governance within wider theories of natural …

Enhancing the Governance of Africa’s Oil Sector

"This paper evaluates several important international governance initiatives in the African oil sector, including the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, Publish What You Pay, Transparency International and Global Witness. What are the le…

Untangling the Nets: The Governance of Tanzania’s Marine Fisheries

"This case study of marine fisheries governance in Tanzania forms part of a three-year project entitled Strengthening the Governance of Africa’s Natural Resources conducted by the Governance of Africa’s Resources Programme of SAIIA. Funded by the No…

New Thinking on the Governance of Water and River Basins in Africa: Lessons from the SADC Region

"The Southern African Development Community (SADC) region offers useful lessons about governance in transboundary river basins. Given the high number of rivers that cross international political boundaries in the region, combined with the fact that …

Securing a Social Licence to Operate? From Stone Age to New Age Mining in Tanzania

"Part I of this report presents a comprehensive overview of the mining sector in Tanzania from inception of the country’s 1997 Mineral Policy. Part II is a case study of the largest mining company operating in Tanzania, the Canadian-based Barrick Go…

Seeing the Wood for the Trees: Forestry Governance in the DRC

This case study on forestry governance in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) forms part of a three-year project entitled Strengthening the Governance of Africa’s Natural Resources, conducted by the Governance of Africa’s Resources Programme (GAR…

Falling between the Cracks? Prospects for Environmental Litigation Arising from Oil Production in Southern Sudan

"Oil production in Southern Sudan has degraded agricultural lands and caused mass displacement and suffering of local pastoralist and agriculturalist communities. This paper seeks to identify the legal system governing the adjudication of environme…

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