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Make Peace Happen: Strengthening Political Governance for Peace, Security and Stability in Africa

"A research report based on the AU High-level Retreat held in Cairo, Egypt, from 4–5 September 2011, organised by the African Union Peace and Security Department in cooperation with the Government of Egypt, the African Centre for the Constructive ...

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2011

This issue contains seven articles. 'Climate Change–Conflict Nexus: Framework for Policy-oriented Action' bridges the climate change-conflict gap by providing a framework or lens through which policy-action research on the nexus between climate c...

Access to Land and Other Natural Resources for Local Communities in Mozambique: Current Examples from Manica Province

"A series of measures are being promoted - mostly by civil society - to secure local rights under the Land Law, and to allow local people to participate fully in the new development process. This paper examines some of these measures as they ar...

The Impact of People-centred Approaches to Natural Resource Management on Poverty Reduction

"Community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) is often promoted by governments, NGOs and donors as a means of reducing poverty in rural communities, particularly through income-generation from various natural resource-based activities. CBNR...

The Membership Problem in People-centred Approaches to Natural Resource Management in Southern Africa

"Who should qualify to be a member of a natural resource management (NRM) programme in southern Africa with the attendant benefits and responsibilities? In Zimbabwe, membership of such programmes could be described as membership by decree, in Na...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record No 3

This edition of the Record contains extracts from an address entitled" The Union and the emergent states of Africa' on the developments in South Africa and Africa in the apartheid years, the Winds of change speech from the Prime Minister of the UK...

Pride, Conflict and Complexity: Applying Dynamical Systems Theory to Understand Local Conflict in South Sudan

'South Sudan has experienced deadly conflict for much of the last five decades. While most attention has focused on South Sudan’s civil war with the now Republic of Sudan to the north, in reality, inter- related conflicts persist in multiple layer...

Common Property Resources and Privatisation Trends in Southern Africa

"Access to common property resources (CPRs) is a significant part of the land resource base and therefore the livelihoods of many poor rural people. However, despite their central importance, CPRs are declining throughout the world due to neglect...

Community Conservancies in Namibia: An Effective Institutional Model for Commons Management?

"Common property resources (CPRs) remain of great significance for livelihoods among rural and poor communities of the world. CPRs are particularly important because in many contexts they remain resources of last resort since they provide grazing...

The Context of Land and Resource Rights Struggles in Africa

"Africa’s poor are heavily dependent on land and natural resources for livelihood, but some governments continue to resist transferring full resource management rights to them. This risks the loss or degradation of these resources, or their trans...

Ghana's Offshore Oil: Resource Curse or Blessing?

"This backgrounder explores the contentious debate surrounding Ghana’s oil discovery. It considers the ways in which Ghana’s oil could be either a ‘curse’ or a ‘blessing’ for the country. It briefly considers challenges surrounding resource extrac...

The Peace Process in the DRC: A Transformation Quagmire

"Since the 1990s the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has continued to be mired in intractable conflicts. Despite the establishment of an elected government in 2006 following the implementation of a series of peace agreements, the country st...

Wealth Distribution, Poverty and Timber Governance in Uganda A Case Study of Bodongo Forest Reserve

"This study was motivated by the fact that many communities that directly depend on natural resources have remained in abject poverty despite the increasing economic value of these resources. This is happening in key resources areas such as fisher...

The Tragedy of Natural Resources Dependent Pastoral Communities: A case of Teso-Karamoja Border Land Conflict

"This research sought to establish the linkages between land scarcity, security and ethnic conflict among the Itesot and the Karimojong in Katakwi- Moroto districts and identify options on how to resolve the conflict. Katakwi district is occupied...

Monitoring Legislative Representation: Environmental Issues in the 7th Parliament of Uganda

"The study sought to assess the effective legislative representation or performance of individual MPs, the committee on the Environment and Natural Resources and the entire 7th Parliament on Environmental matters. The utility of this initiative is...

Decentralisation and Natural Resource Management in Rural South Africa: Problems and Prospects

"In this paper, the issue of decentralisation and natural resource management will be interrogated primarily through a focus on local government reform and land administration.The focus of this paper is on the institutional arrangements that have...

A Case Study of the Lekgophung Tourism Lodge, South Africa

"The Lekgophung Lodge is a community-owned wildlife tourism lodge, located in the western part of the Madikwe Game Reserve in the North West Province of South Africa. The Lekgophung community is settled near the western boundary of this protected ...

Besides Greed and Grievances Natural Resource Characteristics and Conflicts in Africa

"This paper addresses the debate on natural resources and conflict from the point that conceptualisations of the linkages between conflicts and natural resources have generally concentrated on the human aspects of the relationship. By so doing, t...

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2003

‘Burundi in 2003: highlights of a 'thorny' road to peace?’ gives a preview of the year 2003 and highlights some of the key attempts undertaken to move to a situation in which peace and stability are not only obtained but sustained. ‘The Machakos P...

'People are not Happy' - Speaking up for Adaptive Natural Resource Governance in Mahenye. Evolution and Resilience in the Face of Adversity, or another Case of Community Based Natural Resource Mangement (CBNRM) in Crisis?

"This paper explores the ongoing events surrounding the CAMPFIRE project of Mahenye in Zimbabwe within the context of the recent discourse of crisis within community based natural resource management (CBNRM) and crisis within the country itself. D...

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