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Climate Change, Population Pressure and Conflict in Africa

"Africa is characterised by widespread and deeply entrenched poverty, armed conflict, slow economic development until recently, and agricultural systems proven to failure during frequent and persistent drought. With its tremendous natural resource...

Environmental Governance and Climate Change in Africa Legal Perspectives

"This book does not attempt to provide profound solutions to all the challenges posed by climate change in Africa. Rather, it aims to contribute to the ongoing discussion by investigating certain aspects of climate change and the manner in which ...

Chad: Powder Keg in the East

Excerpt: "Large-scale internal displacement and a massive influx of Sudanese refugees have upset eastern Chad’s demographic balance and intensified the struggle for resources. Both the Chadian government and rebel groups have armed their supporter...

Nigeria: Ogoni Land after Shell

Excerpt: "The Nigerian government’s 4 June 2008 decision to replace the Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC) as operator of oil concessions in Ogoni areas offers an opportunity for ending one of the longest-running conflicts between a multin...

Lifting the veil: Exploring the transparency of Canadian companies

"Improving transparency amongst companies and governments has become an important international issue. Transparency is a critical tool that can reduce corruption and improve revenue governance in countries with abundant resources. Information is...

Natural Resource Governance, Boom and Bust: The Case of Kolwezi in the DRC

"This paper considers the effects of the successive booms and busts in the mining industry and the commodity markets on the management of natural resources in Kolwezi. It focus on the commodities boom that ran from 2004–2008, and the bust that beg...

Political Economy Models of the Resource Curse: Implications for Policy and Research

"A number of studies suggest that natural resources can have a negative impact on countries’development prospects. This paper reviews political economy models of the resource curse and examines the implications of these models in terms of policy a...

China and Africa's Natural Resources: The Challenges and Implications for Development and Governance

"This paper proposes to analyse China’s growing engagement in Africa’s mineral sector and assess its impact on local governance. China’s energy concerns have been playing an increasingly crucial role in its foreign policymaking in the new centur...

Fishing for Sustainable Livelihoods in Angola: The Co-operative Approach

"This paper focuses on the fisheries sector in Angola. In particular, it considers the potential role for co-operatives in artisanal fisheries governance in Angola. The paper begins by situating fisheries governance within wider theories of natura...

Enhancing the Governance of Africa’s Oil Sector

"This paper evaluates several important international governance initiatives in the African oil sector, including the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, Publish What You Pay, Transparency International and Global Witness. What are the ...

Untangling the Nets: The Governance of Tanzania’s Marine Fisheries

"This case study of marine fisheries governance in Tanzania forms part of a three-year project entitled Strengthening the Governance of Africa’s Natural Resources conducted by the Governance of Africa’s Resources Programme of SAIIA. Funded by the ...

New Thinking on the Governance of Water and River Basins in Africa: Lessons from the SADC Region

"The Southern African Development Community (SADC) region offers useful lessons about governance in transboundary river basins. Given the high number of rivers that cross international political boundaries in the region, combined with the fact tha...

Securing a Social Licence to Operate? From Stone Age to New Age Mining in Tanzania

"Part I of this report presents a comprehensive overview of the mining sector in Tanzania from inception of the country’s 1997 Mineral Policy. Part II is a case study of the largest mining company operating in Tanzania, the Canadian-based Barrick ...

Seeing the Wood for the Trees: Forestry Governance in the DRC

This case study on forestry governance in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) forms part of a three-year project entitled Strengthening the Governance of Africa’s Natural Resources, conducted by the Governance of Africa’s Resources Programme (G...

Falling between the Cracks? Prospects for Environmental Litigation Arising from Oil Production in Southern Sudan

"Oil production in Southern Sudan has degraded agricultural lands and caused mass displacement and suffering of local pastoralist and agriculturalist communities. This paper seeks to identify the legal system governing the adjudication of environ...

Malawi: The erratic pulse of the warm heart of Africa

"Malawi after President Banda's rule is challenged with democratic reform, economic development and growth. This report discusses the numerous problems in the transition of a country that is landlocked, in debt and highly illiterate with low level...

China’s Engagement with the Nigerian Oil Sector

China used to access Nigerian oil exclusively through long-term contracts and purchases on the spot market, but its economy’s rapidly growing demand for oil has led the Chinese government to seek increased Chinese ownership of Nigerian oil reserve...

Will Oil Build or Break the Back of Ghana’s Democracy?

Ghana is about to start producing oil commercially. Amid great excitement, there is also legitimate cause for concern. Given the importance of economic diversification and the need to consolidate democratic institutions to avoid a resource curse, ...

Can Uganda's Oil Endowment Support its Economic Development?

"Global energy security concerns have fuelled the exploration of oil in Uganda. Since 2006 sizeable oil deposits have been found in the country, indicating that Uganda’s once agriculture-based economy is on the brink of a rapid transformation in f...

Why Africa Can Make it Big in Agriculture

"Self-sufficiency in food production is the new mantra of donors and policymakers in Africa. But farmers, large and small, can be much more ambitious. Agriculture is the continent’s most neglected – and important – potential competitive advantage....

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