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South Africa's State-building Role in the DRC: Kicking the Can Down the Road

"As the mooted presidential election in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is postponed to December 2018, South Africa’s most significant engagement in post-conflict reconstruction and development (PCRD) since its return to African affairs in 1…

South African Youth Patriotic, Optimistic about National Cohesion, but Low on Civic Engagement

"South Africa celebrates Youth Day every June 16 to commemorate the students who lost their lives during the Soweto Uprising in 1976. An estimated 3,000-10,000 students marched to protest the apartheid government’s directive to make Afrikaans a comp…

The Nigerian State and the Resurgence of Separatist Agitations: The Case of Biafra

In recent times, separatist movements in the South East geopolitical zone have stepped-up struggles for the actualization of the sovereign state of Biafra through protests and other forms of social mobilization. The protests have triggered tension a…

The Challenges of Nationhood and State-building in Nigeria’s “Fourth” Republic

Nigeria’s eighteen years of civilian rule has been dotted with incessant ethno-nationalist agitations which have often threatened the peace and tranquillity of the Nigerian state and the orderly conduct of public and private businesses. The Nigeri…

Reconciliation in Kenya: Partisan Differences and Common Ground

After a tense election period, a government crackdown on opposition supporters, and months of uncertainty, the leaders of Kenya’s two major political coalitions came together in March to announce an end to their bitter fight (Wanga, 2018). With th…

Alternative Financing for Infrastructural Development in Nigeria

Infrastructure development is very critical to achieving human capital development in any society. The economic impact that infrastructure improvement has on any nation building cannot be over-emphasized as the growth of any country’s economy huge…

Heal the Beloved Country: Zimbabwe's Polarized Electorate

For a moment, Zimbabwe’s July 30, 2018, elections seemed to promise relief from a traumatic political past. An aging autocrat had been deposed and his successor intoned pledges of “a new dispensation.” A dormant opposition movement began to reawaken…

Horn of Africa Bulletin November-December 2014

The first article in this issue " Peacebuilding through federalism: a road half-travelled in Ethiopia" attempts to discuss the synergy between Ethiopian federalism and its' peacebuilding projects by reflecting on the 20 years of political praxis. T…

Towards a New Pax Africana : Making, Keeping and Building Peace in Post Cold War Africa

CCR hosted a policy research seminar on “Towards a New Pax Africana: Making, Keeping, and Building Peace in Post-Cold War Africa”. The meeting convened about 30 leading practitioners, scholars, and civil society activists from Africa, Asia, Europe…

Towards a Social Cohesion Index for South Africa using SARB Data

The aim of this paper is to create a measurement for national-level social cohesion in South Africa, by creating an index of variables that provide insight into what it is that holds our society together and conversely, what causes division within i…

The State of the South Sudanese National Unity

This paper discusses the state of South Sudan’s national unity. Ever since the outbreak of the violent conflict in 2013, the landscape in South Sudan has not been the same. The conflict has created very bitter divisions and experiences that have had…

Federalism Debate in South Sudan: Laying the Foundation for Acceptable, Responsive, and Inclusive Governance

The South Sudanese parties to the conflict signed the Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (ARCISS) in August 2015 and essentially agreed to establish a federal system of government. This raises three critical questions. First, do …

Peace in Somaliland: An Indigenous Approach to State-building

Rebuilding a country after conflict is about far more than repairing damaged buildings and re-establishing public institutions. Fundamentally, it is about rebuilding relationships at all levels, restoring the people’s trust and confidence in governa…

One Team, One Nation: Football, Ethnic Identity and Conflict in Africa

Do collective experiences that prime sentiments of national unity reduce interethnic tensions and conflict? We examine this question by looking at the impact of national football teams’ victories in sub-Saharan Africa. Combining individual survey …

Understanding the Imperative of a People-Centered Constitution in South Sudan

As South Sudanese warring parties are set, albeit be grudgingly, to embark on implementing the peace agreement they signed in August 2015, a sense of cautious optimism is being expressed, and rightly so. Since it broke out in mid-December 2013, th…

Rebuilding after Conflict and Strengthening Fragile States: A View from Rwanda

Post-conflict states face more difficulties than others to develop. This is not surprising considering the many challenges associated with ensuring peace and stability, reconstructing the state, re-building infrastructure, etc. Africa indeed has a…

Improving Gender Equality Quota Implementation in Post-Conflict South Sudan

The importance of gender equality continues to dominate governance and constitutional discourses in a range of developing and fragile societies, especially in Africa. To help foster a better understanding on how South Sudan has been grappling with …

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