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The Nigerian State and the Resurgence of Separatist Agitations: The Case of Biafra

In recent times, separatist movements in the South East geopolitical zone have stepped-up struggles for the actualization of the sovereign state of Biafra through protests and other forms of social mobilization. The protests have triggered tension a…

The Challenges of Nationhood and State-building in Nigeria’s “Fourth” Republic

Nigeria’s eighteen years of civilian rule has been dotted with incessant ethno-nationalist agitations which have often threatened the peace and tranquillity of the Nigerian state and the orderly conduct of public and private businesses. The Nigeri…

Reconciliation in Kenya: Partisan Differences and Common Ground

After a tense election period, a government crackdown on opposition supporters, and months of uncertainty, the leaders of Kenya’s two major political coalitions came together in March to announce an end to their bitter fight (Wanga, 2018). With th…

Alternative Financing for Infrastructural Development in Nigeria

Infrastructure development is very critical to achieving human capital development in any society. The economic impact that infrastructure improvement has on any nation building cannot be over-emphasized as the growth of any country’s economy huge…

Heal the Beloved Country: Zimbabwe's Polarized Electorate

For a moment, Zimbabwe’s July 30, 2018, elections seemed to promise relief from a traumatic political past. An aging autocrat had been deposed and his successor intoned pledges of “a new dispensation.” A dormant opposition movement began to reawaken…

Improving Gender Equality Quota Implementation in Post-Conflict South Sudan

The importance of gender equality continues to dominate governance and constitutional discourses in a range of developing and fragile societies, especially in Africa. To help foster a better understanding on how South Sudan has been grappling with …

Tribal Feelings are Increasing in Intensity

"About half of Zambians (50%) have strong feelings of belonging to their ethnic group (tribe) while at the same time feeling a part of Zambia. A small but growing number of Zambians place their tribal identity above national identity."

Ethnicity and Democracy Findings from Afrobarometer Round 6 Survey in Zambia

This presentation is based on a survey on the ethnicity of Zambians. The survey found the most citizens belong to two tribes but also have a strong national identity.

South African Youth Patriotic, Optimistic about National Cohesion, but Low on Civic Engagement

"South Africa celebrates Youth Day every June 16 to commemorate the students who lost their lives during the Soweto Uprising in 1976. An estimated 3,000-10,000 students marched to protest the apartheid government’s directive to make Afrikaans a comp…

Madagascar: Une identité africaine encore voilée / Madagascar: Half African, totally Malagasy

Is the Big Red Island part of Africa? Half of the citizens say they're proud to be called "African" but the other half either isn't proud or doesn't care. The results of the survey indicate that more would claim the Malagasy national identity if com…

Evaluating Botswana's Performance on National Vision 2016 Public Opinion on Development Pillars

"In monitoring progress toward Vision 2016’s four long-term goals (sustained development, rapid economic growth, economic independence, and social justice) and seven development “pillars,” the Vision 2016 Council has generally relied on a variety of…

Responsibility to Protect: Why Libya and not Syria?

"While the intervention in Libya saved relatively many lives, there is hesitation to intervene in Syria due to geopolitics, despite the threshold for intervention having been reached. However, by endorsing the notion of responsibility to protect, UN…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 7, no. 2, 2007

"This issue is the second special edition. What readers will find in this issue, are frank descriptions and discussions of the divisiveness and belligerency that may be caused or propagated by any obsession with identity. When leaders and followers …

African Journal on Conflict Resolution Vol. 8, No. 3, 2008

This issue contains four articles and a book review. 'Exhuming Trends in Ethnic Conflict and Cooperation in Africa: Some selected states' shows how conflicts ‘revolving around ethnic or religious identities’ do not only belong to the history of the …

The Role of Civil Society in Advocating for Transitional Justice in Uganda

"This paper examines the role of civil society in addressing issues of transitional justice in a society like Uganda where there has been no democratic transition. When taking into account the theoretical conceptualisation of civil society, one has …

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2006

"This issue of Conflict Trends surveys the current PCR developments in Africa, highlights the challenges that are encountered during PCR and presents case studies of best practices and lessons learned. A significant lesson from South Africa very cl…

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2005

"The major questions that arise from the broad conclusions drawn are the following. How sustainable and durable are the various peace agreements and elected governments? Will the Great Lakes region be able to harness its huge potential to unlock gro…

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2007

"This issue of Conflict Trends focuses on leadership in Africa, since leadership is one of the many factors that influence conflicts. This is even more significant in Africa and other parts of the developing world, where broad-based governance with…

Lost in Transformation? South Africa's emerging middle class

"This study of the emerging African middle class in South Africa has been motivated by the belief that a middle class independent of the state and supportive of private enterprise is indeed a vital ingredient of sustained economic growth and polit…

Contested domains: National identity and conflict in Russia and South Africa

This document discusses the differences and similarities between nationalistic concepts in Russia and South Africa. The author mentions F. Van Zyl Slabbert classification of South African ideologies and draws comparisons between the nationalities qu…

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