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Lost in Transformation? South Africa's emerging middle class

"This study of the emerging African middle class in South Africa has been motivated by the belief that a middle class independent of the state and supportive of private enterprise is indeed a vital ingredient of sustained economic growth and pol...

Contested domains: National identity and conflict in Russia and South Africa

This document discusses the differences and similarities between nationalistic concepts in Russia and South Africa. The author mentions F. Van Zyl Slabbert classification of South African ideologies and draws comparisons between the nationalities ...

‘New Growth on Deep Roots’ Prospects for an African Union Government

"This paper traces the roots of the Pan-Africanist vision for the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), and then examines the prospects for its revival in the African Union (AU). It is evident from an analysis of OAU decisions, declarations and spe...

Democratic Republic of Congo Update: A Second Round of Elections?

"This situation report will address the general situation on Election Day, the electoral calendar after Election Day, the security situation, and possible scenarios once the results have been made public. Whatever the outcome of the first round of...

Divisions in Sudan's Ruling Party and the Threat to the Country's Future Stability

"When the South officially secedes, on 9 July 2011, the North’s problems will change little. The National Congress Party (NCP) has not addressed the root causes of Sudan’s chronic conflicts and has exacerbated ethnic and regional divisions. Facin...

Part Time Forces and the Future of the SANDF

"The composition and structuring of the SA Army, is part of the vision for national defence - an issue on which national consensus is still to be reached. That there will be both part time and full-time components are confirmed in the Interim Con...

Supporting Democracy: The South Africa-Canada Program on Governance

The purpose of this report is to record and analyze (evaluate) the accomplishments of the South Africa– Canada Program on Governance (PoG) and the lessons learned in the course of its operation from its origin in 1992 through to the end of 1997. T...

Is there a South African nation?

In the examination of nation and state it is necessary to investigate the idea of politicians and this was done by looking at the three broad streams of ideas which were running during Smuts’ s time namely: White reconciliation, Afrikaner nation...

Indirect Colonial Rule and the Political Salience of Ethnicity

"This paper identifies indirect colonial rule as an important determinant of whether ethnicity becomes politically salient in the post-colonial context. We first demonstrate the existence of a cross-national relationship between indirect colonial ...

South Africa's State-building Role in the DRC: Kicking the Can Down the Road

"As the mooted presidential election in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is postponed to December 2018, South Africa’s most significant engagement in post-conflict reconstruction and development (PCRD) since its return to African affairs in...

Horn of Africa Bulletin November-December 2014

The first article in this issue " Peacebuilding through federalism: a road half-travelled in Ethiopia" attempts to discuss the synergy between Ethiopian federalism and its' peacebuilding projects by reflecting on the 20 years of political praxis....

Towards a New Pax Africana : Making, Keeping and Building Peace in Post Cold War Africa

CCR hosted a policy research seminar on “Towards a New Pax Africana: Making, Keeping, and Building Peace in Post-Cold War Africa”. The meeting convened about 30 leading practitioners, scholars, and civil society activists from Africa, Asia, Euro...

Towards a Social Cohesion Index for South Africa using SARB Data

The aim of this paper is to create a measurement for national-level social cohesion in South Africa, by creating an index of variables that provide insight into what it is that holds our society together and conversely, what causes division within...

The State of the South Sudanese National Unity

This paper discusses the state of South Sudan’s national unity. Ever since the outbreak of the violent conflict in 2013, the landscape in South Sudan has not been the same. The conflict has created very bitter divisions and experiences that have h...

Federalism Debate in South Sudan: Laying the Foundation for Acceptable, Responsive, and Inclusive Governance

The South Sudanese parties to the conflict signed the Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (ARCISS) in August 2015 and essentially agreed to establish a federal system of government. This raises three critical questions. First, d...

Peace in Somaliland: An Indigenous Approach to State-building

Rebuilding a country after conflict is about far more than repairing damaged buildings and re-establishing public institutions. Fundamentally, it is about rebuilding relationships at all levels, restoring the people’s trust and confidence in gover...

One Team, One Nation: Football, Ethnic Identity and Conflict in Africa

Do collective experiences that prime sentiments of national unity reduce interethnic tensions and conflict? We examine this question by looking at the impact of national football teams’ victories in sub-Saharan Africa. Combining individual surve...

Understanding the Imperative of a People-Centered Constitution in South Sudan

As South Sudanese warring parties are set, albeit be grudgingly, to embark on implementing the peace agreement they signed in August 2015, a sense of cautious optimism is being expressed, and rightly so. Since it broke out in mid-December 2013, ...

Rebuilding after Conflict and Strengthening Fragile States: A View from Rwanda

Post-conflict states face more difficulties than others to develop. This is not surprising considering the many challenges associated with ensuring peace and stability, reconstructing the state, re-building infrastructure, etc. Africa indeed has...

The Nigerian State and the Resurgence of Separatist Agitations: The Case of Biafra

In recent times, separatist movements in the South East geopolitical zone have stepped-up struggles for the actualization of the sovereign state of Biafra through protests and other forms of social mobilization. The protests have triggered tension...

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