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Lost in Transformation? South Africa's emerging middle class

"This study of the emerging African middle class in South Africa has been motivated by the belief that a middle class independent of the state and supportive of private enterprise is indeed a vital ingredient of sustained economic growth and pol...

Contested domains: National identity and conflict in Russia and South Africa

This document discusses the differences and similarities between nationalistic concepts in Russia and South Africa. The author mentions F. Van Zyl Slabbert classification of South African ideologies and draws comparisons between the nationalities ...

‘New Growth on Deep Roots’ Prospects for an African Union Government

"This paper traces the roots of the Pan-Africanist vision for the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), and then examines the prospects for its revival in the African Union (AU). It is evident from an analysis of OAU decisions, declarations and spe...

Democratic Republic of Congo Update: A Second Round of Elections?

"This situation report will address the general situation on Election Day, the electoral calendar after Election Day, the security situation, and possible scenarios once the results have been made public. Whatever the outcome of the first round of...

Divisions in Sudan's Ruling Party and the Threat to the Country's Future Stability

"When the South officially secedes, on 9 July 2011, the North’s problems will change little. The National Congress Party (NCP) has not addressed the root causes of Sudan’s chronic conflicts and has exacerbated ethnic and regional divisions. Facin...

Part Time Forces and the Future of the SANDF

"The composition and structuring of the SA Army, is part of the vision for national defence - an issue on which national consensus is still to be reached. That there will be both part time and full-time components are confirmed in the Interim Con...

Supporting Democracy: The South Africa-Canada Program on Governance

The purpose of this report is to record and analyze (evaluate) the accomplishments of the South Africa– Canada Program on Governance (PoG) and the lessons learned in the course of its operation from its origin in 1992 through to the end of 1997. T...

Is there a South African nation?

In the examination of nation and state it is necessary to investigate the idea of politicians and this was done by looking at the three broad streams of ideas which were running during Smuts’ s time namely: White reconciliation, Afrikaner nation...

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2006

"This issue of Conflict Trends surveys the current PCR developments in Africa, highlights the challenges that are encountered during PCR and presents case studies of best practices and lessons learned. A significant lesson from South Africa very ...

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2005

"The major questions that arise from the broad conclusions drawn are the following. How sustainable and durable are the various peace agreements and elected governments? Will the Great Lakes region be able to harness its huge potential to unlock g...

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2007

"This issue of Conflict Trends focuses on leadership in Africa, since leadership is one of the many factors that influence conflicts. This is even more significant in Africa and other parts of the developing world, where broad-based governance wi...

The Nigerian State and the Resurgence of Separatist Agitations: The Case of Biafra

In recent times, separatist movements in the South East geopolitical zone have stepped-up struggles for the actualization of the sovereign state of Biafra through protests and other forms of social mobilization. The protests have triggered tension...

The Challenges of Nationhood and State-building in Nigeria’s “Fourth” Republic

Nigeria’s eighteen years of civilian rule has been dotted with incessant ethno-nationalist agitations which have often threatened the peace and tranquillity of the Nigerian state and the orderly conduct of public and private businesses. The Nige...

Reconciliation in Kenya: Partisan Differences and Common Ground

After a tense election period, a government crackdown on opposition supporters, and months of uncertainty, the leaders of Kenya’s two major political coalitions came together in March to announce an end to their bitter fight (Wanga, 2018). With ...

Alternative Financing for Infrastructural Development in Nigeria

Infrastructure development is very critical to achieving human capital development in any society. The economic impact that infrastructure improvement has on any nation building cannot be over-emphasized as the growth of any country’s economy hu...

Heal the Beloved Country: Zimbabwe's Polarized Electorate

For a moment, Zimbabwe’s July 30, 2018, elections seemed to promise relief from a traumatic political past. An aging autocrat had been deposed and his successor intoned pledges of “a new dispensation.” A dormant opposition movement began to reawak...

Improving Gender Equality Quota Implementation in Post-Conflict South Sudan

The importance of gender equality continues to dominate governance and constitutional discourses in a range of developing and fragile societies, especially in Africa. To help foster a better understanding on how South Sudan has been grappling wit...

Tribal Feelings are Increasing in Intensity

"About half of Zambians (50%) have strong feelings of belonging to their ethnic group (tribe) while at the same time feeling a part of Zambia. A small but growing number of Zambians place their tribal identity above national identity."

Ethnicity and Democracy Findings from Afrobarometer Round 6 Survey in Zambia

This presentation is based on a survey on the ethnicity of Zambians. The survey found the most citizens belong to two tribes but also have a strong national identity.

South African Youth Patriotic, Optimistic about National Cohesion, but Low on Civic Engagement

"South Africa celebrates Youth Day every June 16 to commemorate the students who lost their lives during the Soweto Uprising in 1976. An estimated 3,000-10,000 students marched to protest the apartheid government’s directive to make Afrikaans a co...

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