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Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2004

"It is now two years since Sierra Leone’s war formally ended. Fuelled largely by diamonds and corruption – the two were very closely linked – the decade-long conflict drew much-needed international attention to the processes of diamond mining and tr…

Mining Tax in Zambia

"With some of the worst poverty statistics in Africa, Zambia appears to have little to show for a century of mining. But given good policies, the country’s considerable mineral wealth clearly represents a real opportunity to grow the economy and tac…

All That Glitters is Not Gold: Dubai, Congo, and the Illicit Trade of Conflict Minerals

Gold is considered to be a 'conflict mineral'. In the DRC gold and diamond trade were tainted by conflict financing, tax evasion, corruption and smuggling. This resulted in the illegal trade of gold, huge financial losses for the DRC and violent con…

Minefield of Marikana: Prospects for Forging a New Social Compact

"The South African platinum belt provides a microcosm through which to explore a number of fault lines in the country’s political economy two decades into its democratic dispensation. After the Marikana tragedy of August 2012, the need to forge a …

Revamping Artisanal Gold Mining in Zimbabwe to Catalyse Poverty Reduction

"This briefing discusses the challenges and opportunities presented by the artisanal gold mining sector in Zimbabwe. It reflects on the measures needed to promote artisanal miners’ contribution to sustainable development, economic growth and povert…

Maximising Positive Impacts of Mining Projects: Stakeholders and Partnerships

"Despite the fact that mining-led growth is one of the few opportunities low-income African nations have of catching up with other countries, mining in Africa is not seen as creating local benefits. There is little co-operation among stakeholders i…

A Critical Analysis of Human Rights Due Diligence Processes in Mineral Supply Chains: Conflict Minerals in the DRC

This paper seeks to examine the challenges in developing and applying human rights due diligence processes in the mineral supply chains in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The DRC, and particularly its eastern region, is endowed with val…

Illegal Sand Mining in South Africa

"Natural sand from estuary and coastal land is one of South Africa’s most valuable resources. However, there has recently been a drastic increase in uncontrolled and unauthorised sand mining activities in rivers, valleys and estuaries throughout the…

The IEA Petroleum Transparency and Accountability Index: The PTRAC Index 2012 Report : Tracking Transparency and Accountability in Ghana's Oil and Gas Industry

The management of natural resources such as petroleum can be a blessing or a curse for developing countries. Ghana is fortunate in the sense that in anticipation of being an oil producer, it has learned lessons from countries that have managed thei…

Oil Production and Ghana's Economy: What Can We Expect?

There are two key objectives in this paper. Firstly, it seeks to estimate the impacts of oil production on Ghana’s economy using a computable general equilibrium model. Secondly, it proposes policies to mitigate the adverse impacts oil activities ma…

BIDPA Newsletter December 2014

"In 2014 the Botswana Institute for Development Policy Analysis continued to contribute to the country’s socio-economic development space. Over the years BIDPA has consolidated its position as a recognised think tank, and this was yet another year o…

Mergers in Zimbabwe’s Diamond Sector set to Evade Human Rights due Diligence

The mining of diamonds in Zimbabwe had been operating at a minimum level before the commencement of large scale alluvial diamond mining in Marange in 2010. According to the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) unpublished figures quoted in the United Nati…

Raising the Community Voice in the Extractive Sector: Government Laxity over the Deteriorating State of Affairs in the Diamond Mining Manicaland Province Raises Eyebrows

The level of deterioration of the diamond industry of Manicaland Province deeply concerns the Centre for Research and Development. The government has been an active partner since commencement of formal mining operations in 2009. Events in the last 7…

Will Zimbabwe Lift the Ban on DTZ-OZGEO Mining Activities Along Mutare River in Penhalonga?

DTZ-OZGEO is a partnership between the Development Trust of Zimbabwe (DTZ) and a Russian registered company called Econedra. Vice President Dr. Joshua Nkomo initiated the set up of DTZ in 1989 with the vision of ensuring that Zimbabweans become act…

Mineral Extraction for Socio-EconomicTransformation of Tanzania: The Need to Move from Papers to Implementation of Mining Policy and Law

Tanzania is endowed with vast quantities and types of resources. Central to the country's economic growth is the extraction of these. The challenge, however, has been translating growth in extraction activities and into inclusive and sustainable soc…

Oil Revenues, Institutions and Macroeconomic Performance in Nigeria

In this study, an elaborate econometric analysis is offered which tests the sensitivity of a number of key macroeconomic indicators to oil revenue shocks, using the Impulse Response Functions (IRFs) and Variance Decomposition (VDC) techniques within…

Botswana after Diamonds: A study into the Consequences and Responses to the Depletion of Botswana's Diamonds

"This book explores Botswana’s economic situation post the diamond era. The authors have through their research, established that within the foreseeable future the profitability of diamond mining will begin to decline and Botswana will face serious …

Towards a Diversified Economy: A Preliminary Assessment of the Potential, Prospects and Challenges of Electricity Exports from Botswana

"The paper assesses the prospects and challenges of coal-fired power exports in Botswana. Specifically, the study analyses how supply factors, that is, resource availability; environmental concerns; infrastructure and technology as well as demand fa…

Safeguarding Africa's Natural Heritage: The Case of Mining in Protected Areas

"Protected areas (PAs) are conservation management tools designed to safeguard the world’s most threatened species and protect essential ecosystem services and biological resources. Today 200 000 PAs, including national parks and indigenous and com…

Corporate Social Responsibility in South Africa's Mining Industry: An Assessment

"The corporate social responsibility (CSR) agenda has been a part of the global debate on socio-economic development for many decades. Countless claims have been made that CSR can contribute towards more inclusive development and the alleviation of …

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