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Mineral Resources and Conflicts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo A Case of Ecological Fallacy

"Civil wars inflict considerable costs on countries which may be trapped in vicious cycles of violence. To avoid these adverse events, scholars have attempted to identify the roots of civil wars. Valuable minerals have been listed among the main d...

Publish What you Pay : Position Paper on Key Mining Reforms in Zimbabwe

The compilation of this position paper is based on submissions that were made by some of the organisations that form the PWYP Zimbabwe Coalition following a resolution from the 2015 AGM. The submissions sought to summarize some of the critical iss...

What does Hydrocarbon Wealth mean for Foreign Aid in Mozambique?

"Recent discoveries of vast gas and mineral resources in Mozambique are attracting unprecedented levels of foreign investment and could transform the country into a major African energy producer. New hydrocarbon-derived revenue streams are likely ...

The Impact of Technology on Poverty Alleviation : The Case of Artisanal Mining in Tanzania

"This study set out to explore the following broad objectives: Identification of technological problems facing artisanal mining; which includes current techniques and equipment used in mining and beneficiation, geological information, appropriate ...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 9

The issue contains extracts from the 1977 New Year message of the South African Prime Minister and two extracts from a statement in Parliament by the South African Prime Minister. This issue also contains the statement of President Carter on the r...

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 11, no. 2, 1987

"In the paper by Kruger and De Wit, the important issue of mineral laws and greater equity in a future South Africa is critically examined. Lourens and Kotze cast an eye on the recently held white General Election of May 1987 and suggest an alt...

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 9, no. 2, 1985

In this issue, the Smuts House Notes follow South Africa’s negotiations as the rapidly deteriorating political and internal security situation has precipitated interest and concern about Pretoria’s domestic policies and South Africa’s place in the...

Indian Mining Companies in the Democratic Republic of Congo

"The main mining companies in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) are listed in Canada, Australia and the US. These companies are being joined steadily by Chinese state-owned operators. Although Indian mining companies have a growing presence i...

Recent Developments in Zambia

The paper gives basic information on the political status, economy and origins of GDP for Zambia. The colonial era saw the development of mining and the primary sector into highly efficient units of production, whilst the subsistence agricultural ...

The Sicomines Agreement: Change and Continuity in the Democratic Republic of Congo's International Relations

The Sicomines multibillion minerals-for-infrastructure deal was struck in 2007 between the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and China. The paper investigates the drivers behind the original conception of the agreement, outlines the structure of ...

To Bélinga or not to Bélinga? China's evolving engagement in Gabon's mining sector

"Gabon’s recent ambition to reduce its dependency on oil revenue by diversifying its economy coincides with China’s growing investment in resource-rich African countries. Within the wide range of Sino–Gabonese co-operation, the mining sector – an...

Setting the Boundaries of a social licence for mining in South Africa: The Xolobeni Mineral Sands Project

"The international minerals industry faces challenges from communities who are increasingly vocal about the potential environmental and social degradation of mining activities, as well as their right to decide on local development strategies that ...

A 21st Century Scramble: South Africa, China and the Rare Earth Metals Industry

"The paper analyses the peculiar structure of the rare earth elements (REE) industry, a sector dominated by China, and the global implications of current upheavals within the sector, especially as they concern South Africa’s (re)emerging rare eart...

The Republic of South Africa as a Supplier of Strategic Minerals: An Assessment

This paper focuses on the economic aspects of South Africa as a supplier of strategic minerals to the Western world. It furthermore describes the importance of the railway system in South Africa and the value of the Cape Sea Route for transportati...

Goodwill and Hard Bargains: The DRC, China and India

"The economic and political engagement of China and India with the African continent is growing, but the complex dynamics of this engagement, particularly at country-specific level, remain under-researched. This study explores historical, politi...

Zimbabwe's Marange Diamonds and the need for reform of the Kimberley Process

"In November 2011 the Kimberley Process (KP) approved the sale of diamonds from Zimbabwe’s Marange region. The decision follows two years of contention and debate regarding human rights abuses perpetrated in the mining area and the question of wh...

Securing a Social Licence to Operate? From Stone Age to New Age Mining in Tanzania

"Part I of this report presents a comprehensive overview of the mining sector in Tanzania from inception of the country’s 1997 Mineral Policy. Part II is a case study of the largest mining company operating in Tanzania, the Canadian-based Barrick ...

The Myth and Reality of Chinese Investors: A Case Study of Chinese Investment in Zambia's Copper Industry

"In any attempt to analyse the implications of Chinese foreign direct investment (FDI) for African countries, Zambia is the example par excellence, its historical relationship with China and its ever-increasing economic ties with the emerging powe...

Diamonds and Human Security

Excerpt "Starting in 2003, we began to publish standalone Annual Reviews of the Diamond Industry on Sierra Leone, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Angola. The Annual Reviews, published in English (all), French (DRC) and Portuguese (Angola)...

Killing Kimberley? Conflict Diamonds and Paper Tigers

"This report was written in advance of the November 2006 Kimberley annual meeting in Gaborone Botswana, to help convince governments and industry that change was needed. It worked. The paper, however, remains unchanged for the historical record, w...

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