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Managing Relations Between Investors in the Extractive Sector and Local Communities

"In the mining sector, as in other sectors, such as agriculture, that powerfully affect the lives of local communities, there is growing recognition that communities play an essential role in governance. Across the world, people are becoming more ...

A Tale of Two Countries: A Comparison of Botswana and Zimbabwe's Diamond Industries

In 2012 SADC produced 56.1% of the rough diamonds globally, but was still one of the poorest regions. This report compares the development, constraints and stages of the diamond supply chain in Zimbabwe and Botswana. The mining legislation and bar...

Report on the Situation of Coal Mining in Hwange: Special focus on Hwange Colliery Company

After interaction with several community members the team discovered that coal mining in Hwange was doing more harm to the community and the environment than good. The situation in Hwange clearly showed that there is need to end destructive minin...

A Critique of the De-listing of ZMDC off the European Union Sanctions List

"On 16 September 2013, the European Union announced that Zimbabwe Mining Development Corporation (ZMDC) would be removed from its list of sanctioned entities, pending formalization by EU Foreign Ministers. According to the statement ZMDC would be ...

Dark side of BRICS Investment

In October 2013, Zimbabwe’s government released its economic blueprint for the next five years, the Zimbabwe Agenda for Sustainable Socio-Economic Transformation (Zim Asset). The policy focuses its funding on the BRICS. BRICS investments in Zimbab...

Civil Society's Role in Shaping Zimbabwe's Diamond Governance

"Zimbabwe confirmed that alluvial diamonds had been discovered in the Marange area in Mutare District in 2006. However, as in many other African countries, the promise diamond mining holds for economic growth has been eroded by a lack of transpar...

Digging a Future? Citizens see Positive Impact of Mining in Madagascar

"Madagascar is blessed with some of the world’s largest known natural-resource reserves, especially high-grade iron ore and precious stones such as alluvial sapphires. At the same time, its people are among the world’s poorest. Given the wealth of...

Trop Haut Trop Vite, Trop Fort? L’envolée du Prix des Minerais et des Métaux en Question / Too High, too Fast, too Loud? Questioning the Soaring Prices of Minerals and Metals

The prices of metals -most notably industrial metals- have risen significantly since January 2016, in contrast with 2014 and 2015, which were difficult years. This trend is due to substantial improvements in market fundamentals, both for demand an...

Too high, too Fast, too Loud? Questioning the Soaring Prices of Minerals and Metals

The prices of metals -most notably industrial metals- have risen significantly since January 2016, in contrast with 2014 and 2015, which were difficult years. This trend is due to substantial improvements in market fundamentals, both for demand ...

Chute du Cours de L'or, recettes fiscales et emplois: quelle stratégie d'adaptation pour le Burkina Faso? / Decline in Gold Prices, Tax Receipts and Employment: Which Adaptation Strategy for Burkina Faso?

This working Paper is also available in English. Since 2007, Burkina Faso’s mining sector has been growing quickly, with gold replacing cotton as its biggest export. However, the decline in gold prices since 2012 has hit the Burkinabe economy ...

Decline in Gold Prices, Tax Receipts and Employment: Which Adaptation Strategy for Burkina Faso?

Since 2007, Burkina Faso’s mining sector has been growing quickly, with gold replacing cotton as its biggest export. However, the decline in gold prices since 2012 has hit the Burkinabe economy hard. Using a static calculable general equilibrium...

An Analysis of Zimbabwe's Mines and Minerals Amendment Bill

The Mines and Minerals Bill (MMAB, 2015) in Zimbabwe was introduced to amend and strengthen the 1963 Mines and Minerals Act. The 1963 Act lacked provisions that would prevent mineral revenue leakages, opaque mining licensing, poor flows of taxes a...

The West African El Dorado: Mapping the Illicit Trade of Gold in Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Burkina Faso

This report maps the enforcement and governance challenges, as well as vulnerabilities posed by the illicit trade of gold in West Africa and its impact on regional peace and stability. The scope of this report focuses on the artisanal gold sector...

Gold Exploitation and Socioeconomic Outcomes: The Case of Burkina Faso

This paper investigates how the gold boom that started in 2007 has affected socioeconomic outcomes in Burkina Faso. A simple theoretical model was developed to show the expected impacts, and these were validated by an empirical analysis. Result...

Beneficiation: A Case for Zimbabwe's Diamonds

Since the start of commercial diamond mining activities in Marange in 2009, Zimbabwe has been exporting thousands of jobs annually through the export of rough diamonds and by frustrating the fledgling local cutting and polishing industry. The gove...

Towards Implementation of the Washington Declaration in Zimbabwe: A Case for Formalizing Artisanal and Small Scale Diamond Mining in Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe is lagging behind other Kimberly Process Certification Scheme participants when it comes to bringing artisanal alluvial diamonds into legitimate chain of custody. The continued criminalization of artisanal diamond diggers in Marange is co...

Illicit Financial Flows in Zimbabwe's Artisanal Mining Sector

Zimbabwe is severely affected by the problem of illicit financial flows (IFF) in the extractives industry. The artisanal mining sector is one of the worst affected sectors. Artisanal mining is a mostly povertydriven, rural activity which has debi...

The Social License to Operate in Tanzania: Case Studies of the Petroleum and Mining Sectors

The concept of a social license to operate (SLO) has become a key issue for companies, researchers, policy makers and other stakeholders in the extractive sector. Securing ‘social permission’ for extractive activities is increasingly seen as criti...

Extractives for Human Development: Maximizing Domestic Participation Along the Value Chain

Tanzania has a wealth of natural resources. . If managed well, the country’s resource deposits, especially natural gas, have the potential to fast track economic growth and development, support the diversification of the economy into higher valu...

Mineral Extraction for Socio-EconomicTransformation of Tanzania: The Need to Move from Papers to Implementation of Mining Policy and Law

Tanzania is endowed with vast quantities and types of resources. Central to the country's economic growth is the extraction of these. The challenge, however, has been translating growth in extraction activities and into inclusive and sustainable s...

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