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Diamonds and Human Security

Excerpt "Starting in 2003, we began to publish standalone Annual Reviews of the Diamond Industry on Sierra Leone, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Angola. The Annual Reviews, published in English (all), French (DRC) and Portuguese (Angola)...

Killing Kimberley? Conflict Diamonds and Paper Tigers

"This report was written in advance of the November 2006 Kimberley annual meeting in Gaborone Botswana, to help convince governments and industry that change was needed. It worked. The paper, however, remains unchanged for the historical record, w...

Land Grabbing and Land Reform: Diamonds, Rubber and Forests in the New Liberia

"This report, co-published by PAC and Green Advocates in Monrovia, describes Liberia’s timber, rubber and diamond sectors. It lays out what must be done by the Liberian government and civil society, as well as the donor agencies, companies and NGO...

Loupe Holes: Illicit Diamonds in the Kimberley Process

"As the Kimberley Process (KP) rough diamond certification scheme’s sixth year drew to a close at the end of 2008, the trafficking in conflict and illicit stones looked more like a dangerous rule than an exception. In a joint report issued before ...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2005

"The government of Sierra Leone should tighten airport security to combat smuggling, it should establish a strategic oversight function for diamond sector regulation and enforcement, it should establish a low-cost and strategically targeted system...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Democratic Republic of the Congo 2005

"2004 was an important year for the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and for its diamond industry. Despite a series of violent flare-ups in Ituri and elsewhere, the coalition government held together, making its way towards the elections of 200...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Democratic Republic of the Congo 2007

"This Annual Review of the Diamond Industry in the DRC is the third produced by Partnership Africa Canada and CENADEP. PAC also produces Annual Reviews of the diamond industries in Sierra Leone and Angola. These three countries suffered great...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Angola 2005

"The Diamond Industry Annual Review for Angola is one of three diamond industry surveys prepared by Partnership Africa Canada and its partners in Africa. Annual Reviews covering Sierra Leone and the Democratic Republic of the Congo are also bein...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Angola 2007

"Partnership Africa Canada (PAC) has been a leader in the campaign against conflict diamonds since 1999. It has been an active member of all Kimberley Process meetings and Working Groups. It has produced several background studies on diamond-...

Diamonds and Human Security Annual Review 2008

"Diamonds are not just symbols of love, fidelity and purity, they are the most concentrated form of wealth on earth, and because of that, they attract problems. A raid on a Damiani showroom in Milan netted thieves as much as $30 million in diamo...

Diamonds and Human Security Annual Review 2009

"By all indications, and from the evidence gathered for this year’s Diamonds and Human Security Annual Review, the Kimberley Process (KP), designed to halt and prevent the return of “conflict diamonds”, is failing. The cost of a collapse woul...

Background Paper on Micro Development Issues

"A huge number of people, mostly young men, work in the alluvial diamond fields of Africa. In Sierra Leone there may be as many as 120,000. In the Congo, the government estimates 700,000. In Angola, despite the recent expulsions of illicit Congole...

Dealing for Development? A Study of Diamond Marketing and Pricing in Sierra Leone

"The aim of the Diamond Development Initiative (DDI) and thus of this report is to enhance human security in artisanal diamond mining areas, contributing to making artisanal mining less conflict-prone and more beneficial to the labourers, miners, ...

Policy Brief: The Dynamics of Diamond Pricing and Marketing in Sierra Leone

"This Policy Brief summarizes a report entitled ‘The Dynamics of Diamond Pricing and Marketing in Sierra Leone’. It also describes some of the policy implications for government, donor agencies and development organizations arising from the ...

Natural Resource Governance, Boom and Bust: The Case of Kolwezi in the DRC

"This paper considers the effects of the successive booms and busts in the mining industry and the commodity markets on the management of natural resources in Kolwezi. It focus on the commodities boom that ran from 2004–2008, and the bust that beg...

China and Africa's Natural Resources: The Challenges and Implications for Development and Governance

"This paper proposes to analyse China’s growing engagement in Africa’s mineral sector and assess its impact on local governance. China’s energy concerns have been playing an increasingly crucial role in its foreign policymaking in the new centur...

Digging Deep for Profits and Development? Reflections on Enhancing the Governance of Africa’s Mining Sector

"Africa’s wealth in mineral resources has seldom been used to the benefit of the inhabitants of the countries concerned. More often it has provided an area of contestation between governments, multinational mining companies, local communities and ...

Diamonds and Clubs: The Militarized Control of Diamonds and Power in Zimbabwe

"This report makes several other contentions. The first is that what is occurring in the two contested diamond areas — Marange in the eastern province of Manicaland and River Ranch in the south — cannot be seen in isolation. They are inextricably ...

Securing a Social Licence to Operate? From Stone Age to New Age Mining in Tanzania

"Part I of this report presents a comprehensive overview of the mining sector in Tanzania from inception of the country’s 1997 Mineral Policy. Part II is a case study of the largest mining company operating in Tanzania, the Canadian-based Barrick ...

The Myth and Reality of Chinese Investors: A Case Study of Chinese Investment in Zambia's Copper Industry

"In any attempt to analyse the implications of Chinese foreign direct investment (FDI) for African countries, Zambia is the example par excellence, its historical relationship with China and its ever-increasing economic ties with the emerging powe...

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