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Addressing the 'Conflict Minerals' Crisis in the Great Lakes Region

"The year 2011 heralded the convergence of various initiatives seeking to curtail the financing of conflict in the Great Lakes region through the illegal exploitation of minerals. The combined effect of seeking to comply with the various proc...

The Status of Growth and the Reduction of Income Poverty in Tanzania

"This brief summarises the status of Mkhukuta's cluster I as reported in Chapter 1 of the 2007 Poverty and Human Development Report (PHDR). The 2007 PHDR provides key information and data on national indicators, gives a framework for determining a...

South Africa, Britain and Rhodesia

This article touches on the killing of Dr. Verwoerd and South Africa's foreign policy before and after his death and how his death might influence the South African foreign policy with regard to Namibia, Rhodesia and cooperation in the Southern Af...

Rhodesia - May 1968

The article speaks about how "economic and financial sanctions have failed and that Rhodesia is hacking out its own solution to its constitutional problems." It looks at how "the initial guerrilla attacks have failed and have brought military and ...

The Heart of the Matter Sierra Leone Diamonds and Human Security

"This study is about how diamonds - small pieces of carbon with no great intrinsic value - have been the cause of widespread death, destruction and misery for almost a decade in the small West African country of Sierra Leone. Through the 1990s, Si...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record No 35

This edition of Southern Africa Record has extract from discussions concerning Mozambique and South Africa as well as the Accord of Nkomati. It includes statements and letters with regard to the relations between Lesotho and South Africa and lett...

Eastern Congo: Why Stabilisation Failed

"Since Bosco Ntaganda’s mutiny in April 2012 and the subsequent creation of the 23 March rebel movement (M23), violence has returned to the Kivus. However today’s crisis bears the same hallmarks as yesterday’s, a consequence of the failure to impl...

Raising Mozambique:Development through coal

"Sixteen years of civil war, which ended in 1992, left Mozambique as one of the poorest countries in the world. Still today Mozambique’s human development index ranks the lowest in Southern Africa, with a life expectancy of 52 years and a literac...

Uranium Mining in Africa: A Continent at the Centre of a Global Nuclear Renaissance

"Africa holds 18% of the world’s uranium resources. Interest in African uranium initially stemmed from the US’s military nuclear ambitions. Exploration and mining began in the DRC. However, expanding demand for energy, rising global oil prices and...

Hard Currency : The Criminalized Diamond Economy of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and its Neighbours

"This paper describes the recent history of diamonds in Central Africa, and shows what must be done if the potential of diamonds is to be realized, and if their curse is to be laid to rest. The paper takes a regional perspective. The diamond econ...

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2003

‘Burundi in 2003: highlights of a 'thorny' road to peace?’ gives a preview of the year 2003 and highlights some of the key attempts undertaken to move to a situation in which peace and stability are not only obtained but sustained. ‘The Machakos P...

The Kayelekera Uranium Mine and Economic Development in Malawi

"Malawi’s role as a labour supplying country to South African mines was halted by the HIV scare in 1987 and as a result, the Government of Malawi has ventured into its own mineral exploration, including the Kayelekera uranium project. Thus far, r...

Artisanal Diamond Cooperatives in Sierra Leone: Success or Failure?

“In 2005, USAID’s Integrated Diamond Management Programme (IDMP) in Sierra Leone experimented with a diamond mining cooperative scheme in order to formalize and rationalize the artisanal sector, and increase local beneficial. Two American business...

Other Facets no 36

‘The Case for KP Reform: If Not Now, When?’ looks at how lost and directionless for many years, the KP (Kimberley Process) has rightly been criticized of late for coasting on autopilot and deferring any hard action on problems that come its way. ‘...

Other Facets no 34

‘New mineral certification scheme launched’ shows that as the navel grazing and vacillation over Zimbabwe has shown a range of new mineral certification and conflict prevention initiatives are rapidly overtaking the KP – in thought and substance. ...

Other Facets no 33

'Limited Marange Exports Agreed to in St. Petersburg’ reports on how a compromise agreement allowing limited exports of diamonds from the Marange region of Zimbabwe was reached by the Kimberley Process during an extraordinary meeting of its Workin...

Other Facets no 32

In ‘Kimberley Process Plenary in Namibia: rearranging the deck chairs?’ Israel was chosen to lead the KP in 2010, with the Democratic Republic of Congo being elected Vice-Chair. The choice of Israel brings the promise that it will champion some re...

Other Facets no 30

‘Zimbabwe: Massacre, smuggling and KP dithering’ talks about how in January, the Kimberley process was urged by NGOs, industry representatives and some governments to deal with reports of an October 2008 massacre of artisanal diamond diggers by th...

Other Facets no 29

In ‘Venezuela Drops Out: The Withdrawal Method’ a large Kimberley Process delegation visited Venezuela to discuss the country’s continued participation in the Kimberley Process. Venezuela, a mid-size diamond producer, has recorded almost no diamon...

China's Economic Statecraft and African Mineral Resources: Changing Modes of Engagement

"China’s impressive inroads into Africa’s resources sectors over the past decade are explained largely by the timely match between a cash-loaded China in search of raw materials and a continent with a vast pool of underdeveloped mineral deposits, ...

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