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The Republic of South Africa as a Supplier of Strategic Minerals: An Assessment

This paper focuses on the economic aspects of South Africa as a supplier of strategic minerals to the Western world. It furthermore describes the importance of the railway system in South Africa and the value of the Cape Sea Route for transportati...

Goodwill and Hard Bargains: The DRC, China and India

"The economic and political engagement of China and India with the African continent is growing, but the complex dynamics of this engagement, particularly at country-specific level, remain under-researched. This study explores historical, politi...

What does Hydrocarbon Wealth mean for Foreign Aid in Mozambique?

"Recent discoveries of vast gas and mineral resources in Mozambique are attracting unprecedented levels of foreign investment and could transform the country into a major African energy producer. New hydrocarbon-derived revenue streams are likely ...

Hard Currency : The Criminalized Diamond Economy of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and its Neighbours

"This paper describes the recent history of diamonds in Central Africa, and shows what must be done if the potential of diamonds is to be realized, and if their curse is to be laid to rest. The paper takes a regional perspective. The diamond econ...

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2003

‘Burundi in 2003: highlights of a 'thorny' road to peace?’ gives a preview of the year 2003 and highlights some of the key attempts undertaken to move to a situation in which peace and stability are not only obtained but sustained. ‘The Machakos P...

Zimbabwe's Marange Diamonds and the need for reform of the Kimberley Process

"In November 2011 the Kimberley Process (KP) approved the sale of diamonds from Zimbabwe’s Marange region. The decision follows two years of contention and debate regarding human rights abuses perpetrated in the mining area and the question of wh...

A 21st Century Scramble: South Africa, China and the Rare Earth Metals Industry

"The paper analyses the peculiar structure of the rare earth elements (REE) industry, a sector dominated by China, and the global implications of current upheavals within the sector, especially as they concern South Africa’s (re)emerging rare eart...

Recent Developments in Zambia

The paper gives basic information on the political status, economy and origins of GDP for Zambia. The colonial era saw the development of mining and the primary sector into highly efficient units of production, whilst the subsistence agricultural ...

The Sicomines Agreement: Change and Continuity in the Democratic Republic of Congo's International Relations

The Sicomines multibillion minerals-for-infrastructure deal was struck in 2007 between the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and China. The paper investigates the drivers behind the original conception of the agreement, outlines the structure of ...

To Bélinga or not to Bélinga? China's evolving engagement in Gabon's mining sector

"Gabon’s recent ambition to reduce its dependency on oil revenue by diversifying its economy coincides with China’s growing investment in resource-rich African countries. Within the wide range of Sino–Gabonese co-operation, the mining sector – an...

Setting the Boundaries of a social licence for mining in South Africa: The Xolobeni Mineral Sands Project

"The international minerals industry faces challenges from communities who are increasingly vocal about the potential environmental and social degradation of mining activities, as well as their right to decide on local development strategies that ...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 9

The issue contains extracts from the 1977 New Year message of the South African Prime Minister and two extracts from a statement in Parliament by the South African Prime Minister. This issue also contains the statement of President Carter on the r...

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 11, no. 2, 1987

"In the paper by Kruger and De Wit, the important issue of mineral laws and greater equity in a future South Africa is critically examined. Lourens and Kotze cast an eye on the recently held white General Election of May 1987 and suggest an alt...

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 9, no. 2, 1985

In this issue, the Smuts House Notes follow South Africa’s negotiations as the rapidly deteriorating political and internal security situation has precipitated interest and concern about Pretoria’s domestic policies and South Africa’s place in the...

Indian Mining Companies in the Democratic Republic of Congo

"The main mining companies in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) are listed in Canada, Australia and the US. These companies are being joined steadily by Chinese state-owned operators. Although Indian mining companies have a growing presence i...

Eastern Congo: Why Stabilisation Failed

"Since Bosco Ntaganda’s mutiny in April 2012 and the subsequent creation of the 23 March rebel movement (M23), violence has returned to the Kivus. However today’s crisis bears the same hallmarks as yesterday’s, a consequence of the failure to impl...

Raising Mozambique:Development through coal

"Sixteen years of civil war, which ended in 1992, left Mozambique as one of the poorest countries in the world. Still today Mozambique’s human development index ranks the lowest in Southern Africa, with a life expectancy of 52 years and a literac...

Uranium Mining in Africa: A Continent at the Centre of a Global Nuclear Renaissance

"Africa holds 18% of the world’s uranium resources. Interest in African uranium initially stemmed from the US’s military nuclear ambitions. Exploration and mining began in the DRC. However, expanding demand for energy, rising global oil prices and...

South Africa, Britain and Rhodesia

This article touches on the killing of Dr. Verwoerd and South Africa's foreign policy before and after his death and how his death might influence the South African foreign policy with regard to Namibia, Rhodesia and cooperation in the Southern Af...

Rhodesia - May 1968

The article speaks about how "economic and financial sanctions have failed and that Rhodesia is hacking out its own solution to its constitutional problems." It looks at how "the initial guerrilla attacks have failed and have brought military and ...

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