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Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) and Sustainable Natural Resources Exploitation in Africa: Lessons from Diamond Mining in Chiadzwa, Zimbabwe

"African countries are endowed with vast natural resources in general and mineral wealth in particular. Regrettably, most of the resource-rich countries in Africa face chronic shortages of financial capital, appropriate and advanced technologies a...

Les Relations de Genre à Propos du Sel au Gandiole Une histoire d’exploitantes exploitées / Gender Relations and Salt in Gandiole

"The rural community of Ndiébène Gandiole at the mouth of the Senegal river, is characterized by the presence of marshes which are mined for salt – a resource of great economic, social and cultural importance. While salt mining in the area has ess...

Releasing the Prisoners from their dilemma: How to Resolve Labour Tensions in South Africa's Mining Sector

"The policy briefing examines the institutional factors that contributed to this tragedy and that remain in urgent need of reform. It argues that current institutional arrangements – especially labour legislation – create strong incentives for ri...

Assessing Competitive Resource Tenders as an Option for Mining Rights Allocation in South Africa

"This paper aims to inform the current debate, focusing in particular on competitive resource allocation systems (also referred to as mineral rights auction or tender systems), which certain stakeholders have proposed as an alternative to the exi...

Towards Understanding South Africa's Differing Attitudes to the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative and Open Governance Partnership

"The paper undertakes a critical assessment of the various motivations behind South Africa’s active participation in the Open Government Partnership (OGP), as a contrast to the country’s notable absence from the Extractive Industries Transparency ...

Marikana as a Tipping Point? The Political Economy of Labour Tensions in South Africa's Mining Industry and How Best to Resolve Them

"Before 16 August 2012, the platinum-mining South African town of Marikana was still largely unknown outside the mining sector. On that fateful day, everything changed. A toxic cocktail of a brutal police force and grievance-mobilised workers re...

Challenges and Future prospects of the Mining Sector in Zimbabwe

"The report evaluate some of the governance challenges in the mining sector seen in 2013 with a view of impressing on policy makers to adapt policies that encourage economic growth of the sector at the same time upholding principles of human right...

The Social, Economic and Environmental Implications of Diamond Mining in Chiadzwa

"Diamond mining in Chiadzwa started as an illegal activity carried out by members of the community who were attempting to find alternative sources of livelihood. It is said that by 2006, De Beers (a South African Diamond Mining Company) had undert...

Raising the Community Voice in the Extractive Sector

This newsletter covers a report on Resource conflict between “illegal miners” and companies mining in Marange and Penhalonga Impact negatively on the community as incidences of human rights abuses continue to spiral and an article on the governmen...

Synthetic Gem Quality Diamonds and their Potential Impact on the Botswana Economy

"This paper considers the development of synthetic gem quality diamonds and the potential impact on Botswana, the world’s largest producer of mined diamonds by value. The paper considers the rapid growth of CVD diamonds in the past 20 years and ar...

Mining and Development : Lessons Learnt from South Africa and Beyond

"Africa is blessed with an abundance of mineral resources, yet it remains poor by most measures. Recent high growth rates have yet to translate into inclusive development. The continent must harness its mineral wealth to build human capital and in...

Mining for Development in Guinea: An Examination of the Simandou Iron Ore Project

"The Simandou Mountain Range in Guinea possesses the world’s last substantial ‘tier-one’ iron ore deposit. Discovered in 1997, mining has yet to begin. Rio Tinto acquired the original exploration rights but invested little in it. In 2008, two year...

Africa's Extractive Governance Architecture: Lessons to Inform a Shifting Agenda

"Careful reflection is needed in examining options for streamlining and capacitating the myriad Africa-led initiatives that have emerged recently in the area of resource governance. The best known among them – the Africa Mining Vision (AMV) and i...

AGC-PAC Field Report: Technical Intervention Assessment PAC ASM Gold Project (PPA)

"The Artisanal Gold Council (AGC) was contracted by PAC to help with their gold project in the DRC with the aim of helping create incentives for artisanal miners to produce gold responsibly and to sell it through a legal transparent supply chain ...

Responsible Sourcing of Artisanal Gold in Eastern DRC: Pilot Status and Planning

"This report is the second in an on-going series detailing progress in our pilot project aimed at certifying and exporting conflict-free artisanal gold from the Eastern DRC. Key elements of this report detail the results of the site selection and ...

Tracking, Certifying, and Exporting Artisanal Gold from Eastern DRC

"This project aims to formalise and register artisanal gold producers in Orientale province, where the bulk of the DRC’s gold is produced. By linking artisanal producers with buyers in a closed pipe chain, the project will create a fully transpare...

Conflict-Prone Minerals in the Great Lakes Region of Africa

"The Great Lakes Region of Africa is abundant in natural resources, including high-valued minerals. For decades these minerals have been used by artisanal miners in the Great Lakes Region of Africa as a primary source of income.Over one million ...

Seabed Mining: Lessons from the Namibian Experience

"Until recently, exploiting valuable minerals in deep waters beyond the continental shelf has not been commercially or technologically viable. Closer to shore, limited seabed mining operations have been developed for a range of commodities, inclu...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Angola 2004

"This first Annual Review of the diamond industry in Angola examines the state of the industry since UN sanctions against UNITA were ended in December 2002. It examines the potential for diamonds to serve as an engine of development rather than wa...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Democratic Republic of Congo 2004

"This Review demonstrates some of problems in tracking simple things like the ownership of diamond firms operating in the DRC. When a corporate ownership trail leads from the DRC to Montreal, Panama and then to Israel, and when even simple que...

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