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Guinea: Reforming the Army

"After decades of bad governance and misuse, the armed forces are a potential source of instability which could still throw Guinea and the region into chaos. At the very least, if not reformed thoroughly, they will continue to pose a threat to de...

The total onslaught: How does it look from Moscow?

"Consideration of the external threat to South Africa should not be a matter of party politics. One sometimes has the impression that talk of a "total onslaught" is regarded in some quarters as an exaggerated slogan used as a device for enhancing...

Security Sector Reform Monitor Burundi No. 4

"Previous editions of the Security Sector Reform (SSR) Monitor have explored police and justice reform, links between the police and the military, oversight of Burundi’s security sector and corruption in the security and defence forces. This SSR M...

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 14, no. 3, 1990

In this issue of the bulletin, Smuts House Notes look at South Africa’s transformation process and how it played a small part in the world-wide upheavals of 1990. The first article by Simon Baynham describes the impact of security and defence pol...

Sudan's Aspirational Army: A History of the Joint Integrated Units

"One of the consequences of Southern Sudan’s vote for secession in January 2011 is the disbanding of the Joint Integrated Units (JIUs), a joint force formed as part of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement, which ended the civil war between the n...

The SA Navy and an African Renaissance: Selected conference papers Annual Naval Conference 23 October 1997

"In capturing the spirit of the times, the conference is believed to serve as a significant milestone in the promotion of maritime awareness in South Africa. The contributions of eminent participants will, through stimulating informed discussion, ...

Weapons Flows in Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Swaziland

"The purpose of the current monograph is to detail the existence of weapons within three individual countries in Southern Africa and to give an indication of steps that have been taken by governments, and in some cases civil society, to prevent t...

Defense, Time For Necessary Adjustments

The debate on defense is more relevant than ever in an evolving global context that is driven by the constant reconfiguration of geostrategic equilibriums and by the importance of the impacts of the economic and financial crisis on States’ budgets...

La défense a l’heure des adaptations necessaires / Defense, Time For Necessary Adjustments.

This document is also available in English : Defense, Time For Necessary Adjustments. The debate on defense is more relevant than ever in an evolving global context that is driven by the constant reconfiguration of geostrategic equilibriums and by...

Standoff in Zimbabwe as Struggle to Succeed Mugabe Deepens

President Robert Mugabe plunged Zimbabwe into political crisis by firing his long-time ally and enforcer Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa on 6 November 2017. In this Q&A prior to an apparent army coup in Mnangagwa’s favour on 14-15 November, Cris...

Zimbabwe’s Very Peculiar Coup

Zimbabwe’s military has detained the country’s 93-year-old President Robert Mugabe and his wife, Grace Mugabe, and taken control of the streets of the capital and the main television station. The next step – apparently, a legitimate-looking transf...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 30 Issue 2 March-April 2018

Maritime insecurity has tended to be side-lined in conventional thinking on peace and security in the Horn. ‘Sea-blindness’ as a factor in peace and security policy deliberations has the effect of downgrading the criticality of the maritime domain...

How Trustworthy and Professional is Togo's Military? Depends on whom you ask

In Togo, the military is a very influential political actor. In 1967, a military coup installed Eyadema Gnassingbé as president, and he held power until his death in 2005. Immediately after his death, Eyadema’s son, Faure Gnassingbé, was declared ...

Brazil's Maritime Strategy in the South Atlantic: The Nexus Between Security and Resources

"The recent discovery of significant deposits of oil and gas in the pre-salt layers off the Brazilian coast has triggered new interests and concerns within the South Atlantic geopolitical space. The prospect of tapping into those maritime resource...

The 2014 South African Defense Review Rebuilding After Years of Abuse, Neglect and Decay

Cabinet approved the Defence Review in March 2014. The previous review with it's 15 chapters include considerable unnecessary background material. However this is as much a manual to fix the SANDF as it is a path towards the future. The result i...

The Rise of the South African Security Establishment: An Essay on the Changing Locus of State Power

'The official vehicle for co-ordinating and expressing views has been, of late, the State Security council and especially its Secretariat. The latter is heavily indebted to the South African Defence Force (SADF) for key personnel. Part of the inte...

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