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South Sudan: Compounding Instability in Unity State

"Given its history, resources, ethno-political significance and location – at once both strategic and isolated – Unity state is today a territory of unique importance and complexity. Instability must be considered in light of the complicated histor…

Labour Migration in Southern Africa

"This monograph will briefly outline the origins of the migratory labour system. The trends in labour movement are of particular significance and these are examined at length. Three parties are involved in any migration: the governments of the supp…

What has been Happening to Internal Labour Migration in South Africa, 1993-1999?

"The data that are available in nationally representative household surveys for the period 1993 to 1999 were explored. Three questions are being posed. First, what is the extent of temporary labour migration within South Africa and what trends emer…

Informal Social Protection in Post-Apartheid Migrant Networks: Vulnerability, Social Networks and Reciprocal Exchange in the Eastern and Western Cape, South Africa

"This paper considers the dynamics of informal social protection in the context of chronic poverty and vulnerability in post-apartheid migrant networks. It argues that in poor and marginalised households in South Africa, the indirect impacts of soci…

In Search of South Africa's 'Second Economy': Chronic Poverty, Economic Marginalisation and Adverse Incorporation in Mt Frere and Khayelitsha

"Since 2003 South African policy discourse about persistent poverty has been dominated by the notion that poor people stay poor because they are trapped in a 'second economy' disconnected from the mainstream 'First-World Economy'. This paper conside…

Land Reform, Sustainable Rural Livelihoods and Gender Relations: A Case Study of Gallawater A Farm Volume 1

"The first chapter of this report outlines the rationale for the research on gender relations, sustainable rural livelihoods and land reform. It also provides background on the analytical framework utilised in the study, and the research sites wh…

Key Challenges for Ensuring Food Security in South Africa’s Inner Cities

"Urban influx due to large-scale rural-urban migration is a major global demographic trend. South Africa is experiencing such rapid urban influx as large volumes of people are migrating to cities, particularly inner city areas. The main drive for su…

Growth, Poverty Reduction and Inequality in Ethiopia: The Role of Labor Markets (between 1994 and 2004)

"In poverty literature, poverty reduction in a growing economy is analyzed in association with inequality. Economic growth could be accompanied with growing inequality, or with no change in inequality (distribution neutral growth), or with declining…

International Migration and Good Governance in the Southern African Region

"Southern Africa has a long history of intra-regional migration, dating back to the mid-nineteenth century. Migration was probably the single most important factor tying together all of the various colonies and countries of the sub-continent into …

Migration of Skills in South Africa: Patterns, Trends and Challenges

"It is a human inclination to want to position oneself where conditions are best for personal fulfillment, growth and success. People migrate because they perceive their environment as inadequate in terms of what they desire or deserve. The more des…

Labour Migration Trends and Policies in Southern Africa

"Since 1990, there have been major changes to longstanding patterns of intra-regional labour migration within the Southern African Development Community (SADC). At the same time, new channels of migration to and from the region have opened. Labour m…

Swaziland Moves: Perceptions and Patterns of Modern Migration

"Swaziland has an unusually rich migration history. Swazi men and women have been migrating across colonial and international borders for decades for a multiplicity of reasons. Within the country, post-independence economic development was accompani…

Medical Recruits: The Temptation of South African Health Care Professionals

"Health workers are one of the categories of skilled professionals most affected by globalization. Over the past decade, there has emerged a substantial body of research that tracks patterns of international migration of health personnel, assesses c…

Northern Gateway: Cross-Border Migration Between Namibia and Angola

"Namibia shares its borders with five other SADC countries: South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Angola. Communities in southern Angola and northern Namibia share deep cultural roots and people along the border have similar cultural practic…

Early Departures: The Emigration Potential of Zimbabwean Students

"Zimbabwe is experiencing a crippling flight of professional and skilled people that has escalated to levels that have serious implications for economic growth and development. Previous studies have discovered extremely high levels of dissatisfacti…

Migration and Domestic Work in South Africa: Worlds of Work, Health and Mobility in Johannesburg

"South Africa is in the middle of a well-documented HIV/AIDS epidemic. Infection rates were calculated to be 22% of the adult population in 2003. A number of different reasons have been advanced to explain the HIV/AIDS epidemic in South Africa. Th…

The Quality of Migration Services Delivery in South Africa

"The South African Department of Home Affairs (DHA) is responsible for the implementation and management of migration policy and legislation, as well as the registration of births, marriages and deaths and the issuing of identity documents and passp…

Voices from the Margins: Migrant Women's Experiences in Southern Africa

"The concept of the feminization of migration traditionally refers to the growth in numbers and relative importance of women’s migration, particularly from and within developing countries. In Africa, for example, the proportion of female migrants r…

The Haemorrhage of Health Professionals from South Africa: Medical Opinions

"The health sector has been especially hard hit by the brain drain from South Africa. Unless the push factors are successfully addressed, intense interest in emigration will continue to translate into departure for as long as demand exists abroad (…

Migration in Southern Africa Migration Management Initiatives for SADC Member states

"As an overview, this paper highlights the migration situation in Southern Africa without delving into details that appear in the growing body of literature on the subject. It examines voluntary and forced international migration against the backdr…

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