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Capacity Building and Skills Development as Prime Mechanisms for Africa's Socio-economic Transformation: Lessons from ACBF's Interventions

This paper draws on the extant literature and experiences of selected ACBF-supported interventions to examine the importance of capacity building and skills development for Africa’s socio-economic transformation. There is now ample agreement that i…

The Economic Effects of Refugee Return and Policy Implications

According to the European Union over a million rejected asylum seekers have been ordered to return to their country of origin from Europe alone, or will be soon. To these could be added refugees that have been given temporary shelter but who could…

Informal Entrepreneurship and Cross-Border Trade in Maputo, Mozambique

This report presents the results of a SAMP survey of informal entrepreneurs connected to cross-border trade between Johannesburg and Maputo in 2014. The study sought to enhance the evidence base on the links between migration and informal entrepren…

Food Remittances: Migration and Food Security in Africa

Cash remittances have grown rapidly over the past two decades and are now at an all-time high. The World Bank estimates that international remittances reached USD436 billion in 2014, and predicts that they will increase to USD601 billion in 2016. …

Linking Migration, Food Security and Development, 2012

Two issues have recently risen to the top of the international development agenda: (a) Food Security; and (b) Migration and Development. Each has its own global agency champions, international gatherings, national line ministries and body of rese…

The Third Wave: Mixed Migration from Zimbabwe to South Africa

Migration from Zimbabwe to South Africa has been extremely well-documented by researchers. In this paper, we suggest that there is a need to periodize these migration flows in order to understand how and why they have changed over time, not simply i…

The Disengagement of the South African Medical Diaspora

Conventional wisdom holds that the ‘brain drain’ of health professionals from Africa is deeply damaging to the continent. Recently, a group of North American and European neo-liberal economists has challenged this conventional wisdom, variously arg…

Zimbabwe's Exodus to Australia, 2015

This paper focuses on emigration of Zimbabwe-born migrants to Australia, partly because Australia is largely omitted from the important text, Zimbabwe’s Exodus even though it has become an important destination, and partly because the data is better…

Migration and Development in Contemporary Mauritius

Focusing mainly on international labour migration, and viewing it within the context of a global division of labour, this policy brief provides an account of migration and development in contemporary Mauritius. The first part deals with conceptions …

International Migrants and Refugees in Cape Town’s Informal Economy

This report began with the recent military-style assault on informal traders, both migrant and South African, at the Cape Town railway station. While this whole operation seemed like massive overkill and certainly mystified the traders themselves (a…

Migration, Remittances and Development in Southern Africa

Remittances by migrants are now a focus of attention of governments and development agencies worldwide. Globally, cash remittances by international migrants now exceed $250 billion per annum, easily outweighing the value of development assistance. O…

Regionalizing Xenophobia? Citizen Attitudes to Immigration and Refugee Policy in Southern Africa

The negative attitudes of South Africans towards non-citizens, migrants and refugees have been documented in several recent studies. Xenophobia has been officially recognized as a major problem by the state and steps have been taken by government an…

The New Brain Drain from Zimbabwe

All the signs point to the existence of a growing exodus of skilled Zimbabweans from the country. Although the precise dimensions and impacts of this “brain drain” have yet to be determined, the Zimbabwean government has recently sought to stem the …

Changing Attitudes to Immigration and Refugee Policy in Botswana

For the last two decades, Botswana has had the reputation as a “country of immigration,” based on the large-scale import of skilled expatriates from Africa, Asia and the West. This policy has been accompanied by a general acceptance, and even openn…

Migration, Remittances, Labour Market and Human Development in Senegal

Ce titre est également disponible en français: Migration, transferts d’argent, marché du travail et capital humain au Sénégal. The objective of this study is therefore to understand how migration and remittances may affect labour market participat…

Social Cohesion among South Africans, and between South Africans and Foreigners: Evidence from the South African Reconciliation Barometer 2017

The first section of this paper, discusses the question: What in your view are the underlying causes of ongoing stigma and discrimination experienced by migrant communities in South Africa? In this section, the author considers the state of social c…

Migrants in Countries in Crisis: South Africa Case Study: The Double Crisis – Mass Migration From Zimbabwe And Xenophobic Violence in South Africa

The protracted economic and political crisis in Zimbabwe led directly to a major increase in mixed migration flows to South Africa. Migrants were drawn from every sector of society, all education and skill levels, equal numbers of both sexes, and …

Criminal Tendencies: Immigrants and Illegality in South Africa

The purpose of this brief has been to draw attention to the complex new forms of migration and immigration that are transforming traditional migration dynamics to South Africa. Our intention, in doing so, is to contest the view that there is any nec…

Reforming for Peace : State of Peace and Security in Africa 2018

This State of Peace and Security in Africa (SPSA) Report is a background paper for the 2018 Tana Forum on the theme: Ownership of Africa’s Peace and Security Provision: Financing and Reforming the African Union. As in previous years, this report p…

NEPAD, the City and the Migrant: Implications for Urban Governance

This policy briefly questions the ability of formal developmental interventions to understand local contexts, and, by extension, govern urban spaces. It interrogates the relevance and implications of initiatives like the New Partnership for Africa’s…

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