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Institutional, Legal and Regulatory Reforms to Enhance Labour Export in Uganda

"Export of labour through temporary migration is increasingly recognised worldwide as a pro-poor export strategy with significant development impacts in the poorest countries. Developing countries with excess labour, high levels of unemployment an...

Issues in the Economy and Politics of Swaziland since 1968

The first chapter in this publication covers the social welfare provision in Swaziland. Chapter Two titled Economic and social aspects of Farm Squatters in Swaziland since 1982 examines some broad issues which the Droxford incidence highlighted ab...

Migrations et Diversification des Activités Economiques locales : étude du Bassin Arachidier du Sénégal / Migration and Diversification of Local Economic Activities : Study of the Groundnut Basin in Senegal

"In this article, we are interested in the diversification of activities in the broad sense, by showing that it occupies an increasingly important place in the income of rural households in the groundnut basin of Senegal. We have distinguished two...

Migration Urbanisation and Health Challenges in Sub Saharan Africa

"This paper begins by shedding light on the dominant types of internal migration in SSA, and in particular rural-urban migration as reported in previous national censuses; thereafter, it analyses urbanisation in the region, comparing the phenomeno...

The Biggest Fish in the Sea? Dynamic Kenyan Labour Migration in the East African Community

"This study assesses the Kenyan policy and institutional framework concerning South–South labour migration with particular focus on the East African Community (EAC) countries. It focuses mainly on one particular policy instrument, the East Africa...

The ZIPAR Quarterly Issue 1

"This quarterly newsletter takes a look at tax evasion still being a challenge in Zambia, enhancing export performance in Zambia and innovative ways of bridging the financial gap for the poor. The cover story "Lusaka needs Public Transport Reform...

The Kenyan Experience Linking Emigrant Communities for More Development Inventory of Institutional Capacities and Practices

"Kenya is an East African country with a more recent history of emigration. The early emigration patterns of Kenyans began in the late 1950s where migration was primarily for educational purposes for citizens to train overseas and return home to d...

Needs Assessment Seminar on Migration and Development Challenges in the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA)

"This paper provides an overview of the key issues in migration and development. It identifies, defines and provides relevant instances of four main issues in the migration-development debate: (i) brain drain and brain circulation; (ii) migrant re...

The Security Challenges of Pastoralism in Central Africa

"Since it began in prehistoric times, pastoralism in Africa has been a story of perpetual movement by cattle and their herders, who have adapted to the region’s climatic and security constraints over thousands of years. In Central Africa, transhum...

The Kenya Experience MTM: A Dialogue in Action Linking Emigrant Communities for More Development Inventory of Institutional Capacities and Practices

This paper focuses on the emigration history of Kenyans on the one hand and then more recent outcomes of migrations. Kenyans emigrate due to economic, labour market, political, demographic and social factors. It is estimated that 87 267 Kenyans ha...

Citizens Perception on Migration in South Africa

This bulletin gives insight into the feelings of South Africans with regard to migrants. It gives a perception of how migrants will be accepted into the workplace and neighbourhoods. It also looks at the extent to which migrants will be welcomed ...

Zimbabweans' (Mostly) Tolerant Views on Citizenship

Citizenship of a country is not always as clear as it seems. Citizenship can be gained through birth right, registration, naturalisation, descent or adoption. This however has been the reason for conflict in many African countries. This survey loo...

International Migration, Remittances and Poverty Alleviation in Ethiopia

"The paper explores the impact of international remittances on the Ethiopian economy and on the livelihoods and welfare of households. It uses macroeconomic data and data from the Ethiopian urban household survey. It was found that remittance shoc...

Afrique : Les Revers de l'Urbanisation / Africa : The Other Side of Urbanisation

Urbanization is one of the major changes faced by the continent since independence. At the beginning of the 1960's, only 15% of the African population lived in the urban workplace. However, in 2009, nearly 40% of Africans now reside in the city. ...

Conflict-sensitive Adaptation to Climate Change in Africa

Whether natural, or caused by humans, it is becoming clear that climate change is a reality that will affect the entire globe. Our concern should be for the poorest Africans, many of whom are highly dependent on natural resources for their living....

Riding the Sudanese Storm: China, India, Russia, Brazil and the Two Sudans

This paper offers a thematic analysis of the Chinese, Indian, Russian and Brazilian engagements since Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) of 2005, with particular focus on the changing nature and trajectory of these relationships after t...

South Africans Bemoan the Presence of Foreigners in their Spaces

"The most recent attacks on foreigners in Soweto and Kagiso that resulted in the deaths of 6 people and the looting of over 70 foreign owned shops, raises critical questions about the security of foreigners in a country that prides itself in the p...

Poverty and Changing Livelihoods of Migrant Maasai Pastoralists in Morogoro and Kilosa Districts, Tanzania

"The objective of this study was to analyse how the Maasai migrants have adapted themselves to the new ecological conditions and the impact of such adaptations on their livelihoods. Confronted with the loss of grazing land due to several geographi...

Youth Migration and Poverty Alleviation : A Case Study of Petty Traders (Wamachinga) in Dar Es Salaam

"This study begins with a proposition that there is a link between poverty, migration and policy. Its purpose is therefore to study and understand the phenomenon of rural-urban youth migration by focusing on mobile and stationary petty-traders i...

South Sudan: Compounding Instability in Unity State

"Given its history, resources, ethno-political significance and location – at once both strategic and isolated – Unity state is today a territory of unique importance and complexity. Instability must be considered in light of the complicated hist...

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