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African Urban Futures

This paper frames the future of Africa’s urban transition and looks at continental and regional long-term futures, the drivers of urbanization and the relationship between urbanization and economic development. The continent’s current and emerging m…

At the Edge Trends and Routes of North African Clandestine Migrants

Over 16 000 Algerians, Tunisians and Moroccans were caught in 2015 while attempting to migrate to Europe covertly. Though North Africans are a relatively small portion of the masses of clandestine migrants, they are a critical group to understand…

Spatial Variation in Rural Development and Internal Migration in Delta State, Nigeria

This study of the Delta State rural development pattern, has shown that rural communities in the state are at different stages of socio-economic development as some are better developed than others. The migration patterns and trends shown in this …

Labor Adaptation to Climate Variability in Eastern Africa

"As countries design climate change adaptation policies, it is important to understand how workers alter behavior in response to changes in temperature. Nonetheless, the impact of temperature on labor markets is poorly documented, especially in Afr…

Enhancing a Continental Policy on Energy Access in Africa

During a century in which people are preoccupied by climate change and sustainable development, Africa emerges as the new frontier of a global energy transition. Energy access in Africa can be reached through unity within and across the continent. E…

An Analysis of the Market for Skilled African Development Management Professionals Towards Strategies and Instruments For Skills Retention and Utilization in Sub-Saharan Africa

"Over the years, African transnational migration has evolved into a more complex and dynamic phenomenon fuelled by both push factors at home, and forces of globalization in the transit and receiving countries. While a new consensus is emerging as to…

Diaspora, Development and Morocco

This policy paper reviews what is known about the contribution that the diaspora can make to development in the country of origin, drawing from a small but rapidly growing empirical literature on the subject. It then further examines the needs of t…

Rethinking the Mediterranean Strategic Agenda in an Evolving Environment

The initiation of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership had the aim to build a space of shared prosperity and security among all the countries in the region. The objective's achievement, however, continues to be challenged by several geopolitical, econ…

Explaining South African Xenophobia

"After widespread violence in 2008 and 2015, South Africa is now clearly one of most hostile destinations in the world for African migrants. Existing research on the determinants of South African xenophobia has focused on developing and advancing th…

Europe in North Africa: Fighting Short-Termism

The stability, security and prosperity of both Europe and North Africa are inextricably linked and both regions are bound in a strategic relationship. European countries - both individually and collectively (inside and outside the framework of the …

The Effects of Minimum Wages on the Labor Market and Income Distribution in Kenya: A CGE Analysis

In Kenya, there has been increased debate on the impact of minimum wage increases and pay disparities between sectors. Long-term differences in earnings across sectors and different regions (urban and rural) are reflected through higher poverty ra…

Trust, Time and Participatory Research in Regional Social Policymaking: The African Union and Southern African Development Community

This paper reports two empirical studies undertaken in 2012 and 2014 both of which examine the extent to which International Organisations have argued for and helped to develop regional social policies in regional associations of government in Afr…

Eurafrique? Africa and Europe in a New Century

The Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, South Africa, and the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES) office in Maputo, Mozambique, held a policy advisory group meeting in Cape Town on 31 October and 1 November 2007 on the theme, “EurAfrique? Af…

Almost Half of Zimbabweans have Considered Emigrating: Job Search is Main Pull Factor

According to some estimates, up to 3-4 million Zimbabweans live outside their country – a diaspora that may be one-fourth the size of the entire in-country population (UNDP, 2010). Perhaps more than 2 million Zimbabwean emigrants live in South Afric…

Competition or Co-operation? South African and Migrant Entrepreneurs in Johannesburg

International migrant business owners in South Africa’s informal sector are, and have been for many years, the target of xenophobic attacks. This has led to public debates about their role in the South African economy and competition with their Sout…

Refugee Entrepreneurial Economies in Urban South Africa

The primary aim of this report is to examine what we call “refugee entrepreneurial economies” in urban South Africa. Within the informal sector, refugee enclaves have often been viewed as stagnant pools of desperation, providing narrow opportunities…

Living With Xenophobia: Zimbabwean Informal Enterprise in South Africa

This report examines the impact of xenophobic violence on Zimbabweans who are trying to make a living in the South African informal sector and finds that xenophobic violence has several key characteristics that put them at constant risk of losing th…

Rendering South Africa Undesirable: A Critique of Refugee and Informal Sector Policy

To understand the policy environment within which refugees establish and operate their enterprises in South Africa’s informal sector, this report brings together two streams of policy analysis. The first concerns the changing refugee policies and th…

The APRM and Migration Trends in Africa

Migration is often identified as a last resort for people hoping to improve their standard of living. Favourable global conditions such as the demand for labour in destination countries and a booming international market have, in the past, made it r…

Valetta 2015 to Abidjan 2017: Recent Trends in AU-EU Migration Relations

Ahead of the fifth AU–EU Summit in November 2017, this policy brief identifies changing trends in Africa–EU migration relations under the 2007 Joint Africa– EU Strategy (JAES), the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF) and the outcomes from the…

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