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Afrique : Les Revers de l'Urbanisation / Africa : The Other Side of Urbanisation

Urbanization is one of the major changes faced by the continent since independence. At the beginning of the 1960's, only 15% of the African population lived in the urban workplace. However, in 2009, nearly 40% of Africans now reside in the city. ...

Conflict-sensitive Adaptation to Climate Change in Africa

Whether natural, or caused by humans, it is becoming clear that climate change is a reality that will affect the entire globe. Our concern should be for the poorest Africans, many of whom are highly dependent on natural resources for their living....

Vulnerability and Social Protection at the Margins of the Formal Economy: Case Studies from Khayelitsha and the Eastern Cape

"This report sets out the results of an in-depth study of livelihood strategies and ‘coping mechanisms’ among poor people in one very specific, but highly significant context of poverty in South Africa. Its core concrete concern is with social g...

Riding the Sudanese Storm: China, India, Russia, Brazil and the Two Sudans

This paper offers a thematic analysis of the Chinese, Indian, Russian and Brazilian engagements since Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) of 2005, with particular focus on the changing nature and trajectory of these relationships after t...

The Biggest Fish in the Sea? Dynamic Kenyan Labour Migration in the East African Community

"This study assesses the Kenyan policy and institutional framework concerning South–South labour migration with particular focus on the East African Community (EAC) countries. It focuses mainly on one particular policy instrument, the East Africa...

The ZIPAR Quarterly Issue 1

"This quarterly newsletter takes a look at tax evasion still being a challenge in Zambia, enhancing export performance in Zambia and innovative ways of bridging the financial gap for the poor. The cover story "Lusaka needs Public Transport Reform...

The Kenyan Experience Linking Emigrant Communities for More Development Inventory of Institutional Capacities and Practices

"Kenya is an East African country with a more recent history of emigration. The early emigration patterns of Kenyans began in the late 1950s where migration was primarily for educational purposes for citizens to train overseas and return home to d...

Needs Assessment Seminar on Migration and Development Challenges in the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA)

"This paper provides an overview of the key issues in migration and development. It identifies, defines and provides relevant instances of four main issues in the migration-development debate: (i) brain drain and brain circulation; (ii) migrant re...

The Security Challenges of Pastoralism in Central Africa

"Since it began in prehistoric times, pastoralism in Africa has been a story of perpetual movement by cattle and their herders, who have adapted to the region’s climatic and security constraints over thousands of years. In Central Africa, transhum...

The Kenya Experience MTM: A Dialogue in Action Linking Emigrant Communities for More Development Inventory of Institutional Capacities and Practices

This paper focuses on the emigration history of Kenyans on the one hand and then more recent outcomes of migrations. Kenyans emigrate due to economic, labour market, political, demographic and social factors. It is estimated that 87 267 Kenyans ha...

Citizens Perception on Migration in South Africa

This bulletin gives insight into the feelings of South Africans with regard to migrants. It gives a perception of how migrants will be accepted into the workplace and neighbourhoods. It also looks at the extent to which migrants will be welcomed ...

Key Challenges for Ensuring Food Security in South Africa’s Inner Cities

"Urban influx due to large-scale rural-urban migration is a major global demographic trend. South Africa is experiencing such rapid urban influx as large volumes of people are migrating to cities, particularly inner city areas. The main drive for ...

Growth, Poverty Reduction and Inequality in Ethiopia: The Role of Labor Markets (between 1994 and 2004)

"In poverty literature, poverty reduction in a growing economy is analyzed in association with inequality. Economic growth could be accompanied with growing inequality, or with no change in inequality (distribution neutral growth), or with declini...

Migrations et Diversification des Activités Economiques locales : étude du Bassin Arachidier du Sénégal / Migration and Diversification of Local Economic Activities : Study of the Groundnut Basin in Senegal

"In this article, we are interested in the diversification of activities in the broad sense, by showing that it occupies an increasingly important place in the income of rural households in the groundnut basin of Senegal. We have distinguished two...

International Migration and Good Governance in the Southern African Region

"Southern Africa has a long history of intra-regional migration, dating back to the mid-nineteenth century. Migration was probably the single most important factor tying together all of the various colonies and countries of the sub-continent int...

Migration of Skills in South Africa: Patterns, Trends and Challenges

"It is a human inclination to want to position oneself where conditions are best for personal fulfillment, growth and success. People migrate because they perceive their environment as inadequate in terms of what they desire or deserve. The more d...

Labour Migration Trends and Policies in Southern Africa

"Since 1990, there have been major changes to longstanding patterns of intra-regional labour migration within the Southern African Development Community (SADC). At the same time, new channels of migration to and from the region have opened. Labour...

Institutional, Legal and Regulatory Reforms to Enhance Labour Export in Uganda

"Export of labour through temporary migration is increasingly recognised worldwide as a pro-poor export strategy with significant development impacts in the poorest countries. Developing countries with excess labour, high levels of unemployment an...

Issues in the Economy and Politics of Swaziland since 1968

The first chapter in this publication covers the social welfare provision in Swaziland. Chapter Two titled Economic and social aspects of Farm Squatters in Swaziland since 1982 examines some broad issues which the Droxford incidence highlighted ab...

OSSREA Bulletin Vol 5 No 1

"The principal objective of the scientific conference was to enhance the free exchange of views and ideas among African scholars, researchers, development partners, development practitioners and policymakers by facilitating for open and collaborat...

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